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Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich: Wikis

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The Right Honourable
 The Viscount Goderich 
PC


In office
31 August 1827 – 21 January 1828
Monarch George IV
Preceded by George Canning
Succeeded by The Duke of Wellington

In office
31 January 1823 – 20 April 1827
Monarch George IV
Preceded by Nicholas Vansittart
Succeeded by George Canning

Born 1 November 1782(1782-11-01)
London
Died 28 January 1859 (aged 76)
Putney Heath, London
Political party Tory
Alma mater St John's College, Cambridge

Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon, PC (1 November 1782 – 28 January 1859), better known with the title The 1st Viscount Goderich, was a British statesman and Prime Minister.

He was born to the 2nd Baron Grantham and his wife, the former Lady Mary Yorke. After studying at Harrow and St John's College, Cambridge,[1] Robinson entered Parliament in 1806. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1812, and served in various minor positions in the government of Lord Liverpool, including joint-Paymaster of the Forces, from which position he sponsored the Corn Laws of 1815, before entering the Cabinet in 1818 as President of the Board of Trade. In 1823 Robinson succeeded Nicholas Vansittart as Chancellor of the Exchequer. While he held this position he was called "Prosperity Robinson" by the sarcastic journalist William Cobbett. William Cobbett also gave him the name "Goody Goderich" during an economic crisis in 1825.

In 1827 he was raised to the Peerage as Viscount Goderich, of Nocton in the County of Lincoln, and served as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies and Leader of the House of Lords in George Canning's short-lived government. On Canning's death Goderich succeeded him as leader of a tenuous coalition of moderate Tories - also known as the Canningites and Whigs, but it only lasted a few months and did not even meet Parliament. Goderich had been an able minister but when it came to leading he was unsure and the government couldn't be run effectively as a number of Tory MPs stepped in to become the unofficial Prime Minister in an effort to help Goderich run the country. It is reported that when Goderich resigned to King George IV he burst into tears and the King had to lend Goderich a handkerchief as he didn't have one. Goderich was succeeded by the Duke of Wellington.

In 1830 Goderich moved over to the Whigs and joined Lord Grey's cabinet, again as Colonial Secretary. In 1833 he was created Earl of Ripon, and became Lord Privy Seal. But the next year he broke with the Whigs over Irish church reform.

He later served in Sir Robert Peel's second administration as President of the Board of Trade (1841–1843) and then as President of the Board of Control (1843–1846).

His son, George, Viscount Goderich (who succeeded him as Earl of Ripon and was later created Marquis of Ripon), was a noted Liberal statesman and Cabinet Minister.

Lord Ripon served as President of the Royal Geographical Society from 1830 to 1833, and President of the Royal Society of Literature from 1834 to 1845. [2]

Lord and Lady Ripon are buried in the memorial chapel at All Saints' Church, Nocton.

Lord Goderich's Government, September 1827 – January 1828

References

  1. ^ Robinson, the Hon. Frederick John in Venn, J. & J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses, Cambridge University Press, 10 vols, 1922–1958.
  2. ^ Wright, Thomas (1846). Biographia Britannica Literaria: Or, Biography of Literary Characters of Great Britain and Ireland. J.W. Parker.  

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
George Rose
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
1812 – 1818
Succeeded by
Thomas Wallace
Preceded by
Lord Charles Somerset
Paymaster of the Forces
1813 – 1817
with Charles Long
Succeeded by
Charles Long
Preceded by
The Earl of Clancarty
President of the Board of Trade
1818 – 1823
Succeeded by
William Huskisson
Preceded by
George Rose
Treasurer of the Navy
1818 – 1823
Preceded by
Nicholas Vansittart
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1823 – 1827
Succeeded by
George Canning
Preceded by
The Earl Bathurst
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
1827
Succeeded by
William Huskisson
Preceded by
George Canning
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
31 August 1827 – 21 January 1828
Succeeded by
The Duke of Wellington
Preceded by
The Earl of Liverpool
Leader of the House of Lords
1827 – 1828
Preceded by
Sir George Murray
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
1830 – 1833
Succeeded by
Lord Stanley
Preceded by
The Lord Durham
Lord Privy Seal
1833 – 1834
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Preceded by
Henry Labouchere
President of the Board of Trade
1841 – 1843
Succeeded by
William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by
Lord FitzGerald and Vesey
President of the Board of Control
1843 – 1846
Succeeded by
Sir John Cam Hobhouse
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Michael Symes
Member of Parliament for Carlow
1806 – 1807
Succeeded by
Andrew Strahan
Preceded by
Sir James Graham
Charles Allanson-Winn
Member of Parliament for Ripon
with George Gipps 1807–1826
Lancelot Shadwell 1826–1827

1807 – 1827
Succeeded by
Lancelot Shadwell
Louis Hayes Petit
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Ripon
1833 – 1859
Succeeded by
George Robinson
Viscount Goderich
1827 – 1859
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Simple English

The Viscount Goderich
File:Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon by Sir Thomas


In office
31 August 1827 – 21 January 1828
Preceded by George Canning
Succeeded by The Duke of Wellington

In office
January 31, 1823 – April 20, 1827
Preceded by Nicholas Vansittart
Succeeded by George Canning

Born 1 November 1782
London
Died 28 January 1859
Putney Heath, London
Political party Tory

Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon PC (November 1, 1782January 28, 1859) was a British statesman and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (when he was known as Lord Goderich).

Titles

  • Frederick John Robinson (1782 - 1827)
  • The Viscount Goderich (1827 -1833)
  • The Earl of Ripon ( 1833 - 1859)


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