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Louis Tocqué - Friedrich Michael von Zweibrücken.jpg

Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (born Ribeauvillé, Alsace, February 27, 1724; died Schwetzingen, August 15, 1767) was a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty. He was the father of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria. He was the son of Christian III of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken and a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach.

Frederick Michael was Palatine Fieldmarshal, Governor of Mannheim and finally in 1758 as Fieldmarshal of the Holy Roman Empire commander-in-chief of the Reichsarmee in the Seven Years' War against Frederick the Great.

He married Maria Franziska of Sulzbach and had 5 children :

He also had an illegitimate son by his mistress, Louise Cheveau :

  • Karl Friedrich Stephan (1767-1834), Baron of Schönfeld (1813), Count of Otting and Fünfstetten (1817). His daughter Luise married August von Senarclens de Grancy.


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