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Frederik VIII of Denmark: Wikis

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Frederick VIII
King of Denmark
Reign 29 January 1906 – 14 May 1912
Predecessor Christian IX
Successor Christian X
Spouse Louise of Sweden
Issue
Christian X of Denmark
Haakon VII of Norway
Princess Louise, Princess Friedrich Georg of Schaumburg-Lippe
Prince Harald
Princess Ingeborg, Duchess of Västergötland
Princess Thyra
Prince Gustav
Princess Dagmar
House House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Father Christian IX of Denmark
Mother Louise of Hesse-Kassel
Born June 3, 1843(1843-06-03)
The Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
Died May 14, 1912 (aged 68)
Hamburg, Germany
Burial Roskilde Cathedral

Frederick VIII (Christian Frederik Vilhelm Carl) (3 June 1843 – 14 May 1912) was King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912.

Contents

Biography

He was the eldest son of King Christian IX and his wife, Denmark's heiress, Louise of Hesse - and was born in Copenhagen. As Crown Prince of Denmark he formally took part in the war of 1864 against Austria and Prussia, and subsequently assisted his father in the duties of government. He became king of Denmark on Christian's death in January 1906.

In many ways Frederick VIII was a liberal ruler who was much more favorable to the new parliamentarian system than his father had been. Because of his very late accession to the throne he only got few years to show his ability and he was weakened by ill health.

On his return journey from Nice a trip to France, King Frederick made a short stop in Hamburg, staying at the Hotel Hamburger Hof. The evening of his arrival, Frederick (incognito) took a walk on the Jungfernstieg. While walking he became faint and collapsed on a park bench and died. He was discovered by a police officer who took him to a Hafen hospital where he was pronounced dead. His cause of death was announced as a paralysis-attack. He was interred with other members of the Danish royal family in Roskilde Cathedral near Copenhagen.

The royal families of Denmark, Norway, Belgium and Luxembourg are descended from King Frederick VIII. Denmark comes naturally, Norway's family goes through the line of his son, Prince Carl, and the families of Belgium and Luxembourg are descended from his daughter, Princess Ingeborg of Denmark.

Family and issue

Louise of Hesse wanted her eldest son married as well as her two daughters, Alexandra and Dagmar had. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom had two yet unmarried daughters, Princess Helena and Princess Louise, and Louise tried to marry Frederick to one of them. However, the British Queen didn't want her daughters to marry the heirs to foreign crowns, as this would force them to live abroad. She preferred German princes who could establish homes in the UK. In addition, Victoria had always been pro-German and another Danish alliance (Frederick's sister, Alexandra, had married Victoria's eldest son, the Prince of Wales), would not have been in line with her German interests.

In July 1868, Frederick became engaged to the 17-year-old only daughter of Charles XV of Sweden, Louise of Sweden. Princess Louise's family was related by marriage to Napoleon Bonaparte. She belonged to the Bernadotte dynasty, which had ruled in Sweden since 1818, when the founder, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, one of Napoleon's generals, was elected King of Sweden with the name of Charles XIV of Sweden. He married Desiree Clary, who had once been engaged to the French Emperor. Charles XIV's son, Oscar I of Sweden, married Josephine of Leuchtenberg, grandddaughter of Napoleon's first wife, the Empress Josephine. King Oscar I and Queen Josephine were Princess Louise's paternal grandparents.

Crown Prince Frederick and Louise of Sweden married in Stockholm on 28 July 1869. They had four sons and four daughters:

  1. King Christian X of Denmark (1870–1947) - married Princess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1898 and had issue
  2. King Haakon VII of Norway (1872–1957) - married Princess Maud of Wales in 1896 and had issue
  3. Princess Louise of Denmark (1875–1906) - married Prince Frederick of Schaumburg-Lippe in 1896 and had issue
  4. Prince Harald of Denmark (1876–1949) - married Princess Helena Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg in 1909 and had issue
  5. Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (1878–1958) - married Prince Carl of Sweden and Norway in 1897 and had issue
  6. Princess Thyra of Denmark (1880–1945) - no issue
  7. Prince Gustav of Denmark (1887–1944) - no issue
  8. Princess Dagmar of Denmark (1890–1961) - married Jørgen Castenskiold and had issue

Frederick VIII was the 1,065th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Spain, the 806th Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1896 and the 152nd Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword.

Ancestors

Monarchical styles of
King Frederik VIII of Denmark
Royal Coat of Arms of Denmark (1903-1948).svg
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Sire

External links

Frederick VIII
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: June 3 1843 Died: May 14 1912
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Christian IX
King of Denmark
1906–1912
Succeeded by
Christian X
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