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Fredrik Henrik af Chapman
September 9, 1721 – August 19, 1808
F.H. af Chapman.png
F. H. af Chapman
Place of birth Gothenburg, Sweden
Place of death Sweden
Allegiance Sweden
Rank Vice admiral
Other work Manager of the shipyard at Karlskrona
The title page for Architectura Navalis Mercatoria, published 1768.
Summary of the sailing ships described in Architectura Navalis Mercatoria.

Fredric Henric af Chapman (September 9, 1721 in Gothenburg – August 19, 1808) was a Swedish naval architect, promoted to vice admiral in 1791, manager of the shipyard at Karlskrona between 1782-1793.

His father was an English naval officer, Thomas Chapman (born 1679 in Yorkshire), who moved to Sweden in 1715 and joined the Royal Swedish Navy and his mother was the daughter of a shipwright. Chapman was ennobled in 1772.

At the age of 15 Chapman moved to Stockholm to learn the art of shipbuilding, during a visit to England in 1741 he was arrested when visiting a shipyard. Upon release, he was offered English service, which he declined. In 1750, he studied mathematics under Thomas Simpson, applying Simpson's rules for integrating curves in ship design to calculate areas, volumes and moments. In 1744 he and another person established a shipyard in Gothenburg. Between 1752-56 he studied abroad. In 1757 he was commissioned as a junior shipwright by the Royal Swedish Navy and tasked with designing a couple of shallow draft vessels for the Finnish archipelago or coastal fleet. 1764 he was promoted to senior shipwright.

In 1767, af Chapman was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Chapman was the author of Architectura Navalis Mercatoria (1768) and several other shipbuilding-related works. His Tract om Skepps Buggeriet ("Treatise on Shipbuilding") published in 1775 is a pioneering work in modern naval architecture.

See also

References

Further reading

  • F. H. Chapman: the first naval architect and his work (1989) - Daniel G. Harris, Conway Maritime Press ISBN 0851774865
  • Gibson Harris, Daniel (1989). F H Chapman: The First Naval Architect and his work. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0870210521.  

External links

Logo för Nordisk familjeboks uggleupplaga.png This article contains content from the Owl Edition of Nordisk familjebok, a Swedish encyclopedia published between 1904 and 1926 now in public domain.

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Fredrik Henrik af Chapman
September 9, 1721 – August 19, 1808
File:F.H. af
F. H. af Chapman
Place of birth Gothenburg, Sweden
Place of death Sweden
Allegiance Sweden
Rank Vice admiral
Other work Manager of the shipyard at Karlskrona
File:Title page Architectura Navalis Mercatoria
The title page for Architectura Navalis Mercatoria, published 1768.
File:Chapman sammmanställning fartygstyper
Summary of the sailing ships described in Architectura Navalis Mercatoria.

Fredric Henric af Chapman (September 9, 1721 in Gothenburg – August 19, 1808) was a Swedish naval architect, promoted to vice admiral in 1791, manager of the shipyard at Karlskrona between 1782-1793.

His father was an English naval officer, Thomas Chapman (born 1679 in Yorkshire), who moved to Sweden in 1715 and joined the Royal Swedish Navy and his mother was the daughter of a shipwright. Chapman was ennobled in 1772.

At the age of 15 Chapman moved to Stockholm to learn the art of shipbuilding. During a visit to England in 1741 he was arrested when visiting a shipyard. Upon release, he was offered English service, which he declined. In 1750, he studied mathematics under Thomas Simpson, applying Simpson's rules for integrating curves in ship design to calculate areas, volumes and moments. In 1744 he and another person established a shipyard in Gothenburg. Between 1752-56 he studied abroad. In 1757 he was commissioned as a junior shipwright by the Royal Swedish Navy and tasked with designing a couple of shallow draft vessels for the Finnish archipelago or coastal fleet. 1764 he was promoted to senior shipwright. Requested by King Gustav III to comment on Patrik Miller's warship "Experiment" (which Miller had sent to the King) he called it the English (sic) sea-spook. The King as thanks despatched a snuff-box filled with Swede seeds. The snuff box, illustrated with marine scenes, including "Experiment", is now in the collection of the Victoria & Albert Museum in London. In 1767, af Chapman was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Chapman was the author of Architectura Navalis Mercatoria (1768) and several other shipbuilding-related works. His Tractat om Skepps-Byggeriet ("Treatise on Shipbuilding") published in 1775 is a pioneering work in modern naval architecture.

See also

References

Further reading

  • F. H. Chapman: the first naval architect and his work (1989) - Daniel G. Harris, Conway Maritime Press ISBN 0851774865
  • Gibson Harris, Daniel (1989). F H Chapman: The First Naval Architect and his work. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0870210521. 

External links

File:Logo fö This article contains content from the Owl Edition of Nordisk familjebok, a Swedish encyclopedia published between 1904 and 1926 now in public domain.


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