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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fredrikstad kommune
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms

Østfold within
Fredrikstad within Østfold
Coordinates (city): 59°12′19″N 10°57′0″E / 59.20528°N 10.95°E / 59.20528; 10.95Coordinates: 59°12′19″N 10°57′0″E / 59.20528°N 10.95°E / 59.20528; 10.95
Country Norway
County Østfold
Municipality ID NO-0106
Administrative centre Fredrikstad
 - Mayor (2006) Eva Kristin Andersen (Frp)
Area (Nr. 283 in Norway)
 - Total 285.9 km2 (110.4 sq mi)
 - Land 283 km2 (109.3 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - Total 72,760
 - Density 249/km2 (644.9/sq mi)
 - Change (10 years) 7.7 %
 - Rank in Norway 7
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Official language form Bokmål
Data from Statistics Norway
View towards the old town.
Fredrikstad Cathedral
Fredrikstad bridge, crossing the river Glomma.

About this sound Fredrikstad (previously Frederiksstad) (literally Fredrik's Town) is a city and municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the city of Fredrikstad.

The city of Fredrikstad was founded in 1567 by King Frederik II, and established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The rural municipality of Glemmen was merged with Fredrikstad on 1 January 1964. The rural municipalities of Borge, Onsøy, Kråkerøy, and Rolvsøy were merged with Fredrikstad on 1 January 1994.

The city straddles the river Glomma where it meets the Skagerrak. Along with neighboring Sarpsborg, Fredrikstad forms the fifth largest city in Norway: Fredrikstad/Sarpsborg. As of 1 January 2008, according to Statistics Norway, these two municipalities have a total population of 123,029 with 71,976 in Fredrikstad and 51,053 in Sarpsborg.

Fredrikstad was built at the mouth of Glomma as a replacement after Sarpsborg (15 km upstream) was burned down by the Swedes. Almost half the population of Sarpsborg stayed behind, and rebuilt their old town at its original site.

The city centre is on the west bank of the Glomma, while the old town on the east bank is Northern Europe's best preserved fortified town.

Fredrikstad used to have a large sawmill industry and was an important harbour for timber export, then later on shipbuilding, until the main yard was closed in the 1980s. The main industries are currently various chemical plants and other light industry.

In 2005, Fredrikstad was the final host port for the Tall Ships' Race, attracting thousands to the city.


General information



The city was named after the Danish king Frederik II in 1569. The last element stad means "city".

Prior to 1877, the name was spelled Frederiksstad, then from 1877-1888 it was written as Fredriksstad, and finally since 1889 it has been spelled in its current form: Fredrikstad.


The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 21 April 1967. The old arms are based on the oldest known seal of the city, which dates from 1610. They showed a fortress being guarded by a bear. Strangely, Fredrikstad had no fortifications in 1610 (it received some at the end of the 17th century). Fredrikstad was founded by citizens of Sarpsborg and both the fortress and the bear are taken from the old arms of Sarpsborg. The composition of the seal was also used as arms since the beginning of the 19th century. The new arms were granted at the 400th anniversary of the city in 1967 and show a more modern variation on the fortress and bear.[1]


After Sarpsborg was burned to the ground during the Northern Seven Years' War, the ruling king, Frederick II of Denmark, decided by royal decree to rebuild the city 15 kilometres (9 mi) south of the original location. This new site's proximity to the sea and the accessible open land surrounding it made it a better location than the old one. The name Fredrikstad was first used in a letter from the King dated 6 February 1569. The temporary fortification built during the Hannibal War (1644-1645) between Sweden and Denmark-Norway, became permanent in the 1660s.

The work on the fortifications was first led by William de Coucheron and later Johan Caspar von Cicignon. During the next 60 years, several fortifications at the Fredrikstad Fortress were built, including Isegran, Kongsten, and Cicignon. In 1735, a suburb on the western side of Glomma, Vestsiden, was founded. This part later grew faster than the old city, and became the dominant city centre. Most of the buildings in the old city burned down during a fire in 1764.

In the 1840s, timber exporting from Fredrikstad started to gain momentum. In the 1860s, several steam powered saws were built along the river, and in 1879 the railway reached Fredrikstad, leading to further growth. With the decline of the timber exports as a result of the modernization of wood-processing industries in the early 1900s, Fredrikstad's production changed to other types of products. It later became one of Norway's most important industrial centres, famous for its large shipyard, Fredrikstad Mekaniske Verksted.

Administrative divisions

Fredrikstad has five official administrative regions: Sentrum, Borge, Rolvsøy, Kråkerøy, and Onsøy.


Fredrikstad is home to nine time Norwegian football champions Fredrikstad FK who play at the Nye Fredrikstad Stadion.

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

The following cities are twinned with Fredrikstad:[2]



  1. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-13.  
  2. ^ "Våre vennskapsbyer". Fredrikstad kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-16.   (Norwegian)


  • Aschehougs Konversasjonsleksikon, Bind 7. H. Aschehoug & Co, Oslo, 1969.

External links

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel


Fredrikstad is a city in Østfold county in Norway.


Fredrikstad is served by the Norwegian State Railway [1] on the Oslo-Halden line. There are also numerous express busses between Oslo and the towns and cities in Østfold, including Fredrikstad.

The main airport serving eastern Norway is Oslo Gardermoen (OSL), which unfortunately is far north of Oslo while Fredrikstad is far south of Oslo. Nevertheless, there is a bus service (line F11) between Fredrikstad and the airport taking slightly over two hours.

Some people find a good deal if they fly to Gothenburg instead, and take the train or drive from there. Gothenburg is even further from Fredrikstad than OSL is (though the difference in time is less than an hour), but sometimes the tickets might be better there.

A new passenger terminal at the military airport at Rygge near Moss was opened in October 2007 and is considerably closer. Norwegian and a selection of charter companies service this airport.

Get around

It is fairly easy to get around the city as public transportation in form of bus is frequent and goes around town as well as to the suburbs in all directions from the center of downtown.

Taxi is available from the main taxi central in downtown, just opposite of the main walking street.

There is a ferry from downtown to the old town which is quite frequent. It is an affordable and scenic means of transportation, and you get to see the city from a different view as well, as the river offers a unique view of town. It also goes to the neighboring suburb Gressvik.

If you have a rental car, traffic is usually unproblematic, but there may be some traffic jams in the main entry roads to town around 4 - 5pm (rush hour).


The old fortified city, founded in 1567, and Kongsten fortress.

Go see Fredrikstad Football Club (Fredrikstad Fotball Klubb or FFK) play a game of soccer at their brand new stadium across the river from the riverwalk. Fredrikstad is beyond a doubt one of the most devoted cities in Norway when it comes to supporting their local team and the strong history of the sport in the city is well felt.

The riverwalk has a lot of restaurants and bars, and in the summertime, especially, it is a very busy area where people go to eat, drink a beer in the sunshine by the water and in general have a good time. People also come by boat, staying directly at the guest pier.


Take a walk around the Old Town, on a sunny day it is beautiful. Especially great for kids as there are grass to run on, old cannons to climb, a playground and lots of ducks to feed. Go for a cup of hot cocoa and a cinnamon"snail" at Mormors Café afterwards.


There are three coffeeshops in the city centre that make very good coffees, milkshakes, smooties etc. One is Verdensspeilet (World Mirror) right opposite the cinema. The second is Syversen Tea And Coffee and the third is Malenki, next to the cinema. All three have friendly staff and great coffee, and are great for a quick bite. If you want to stay a little longer, maybe have a beer and play a boardgame then Verdenspeilet is the best choice.

  • Radisson Sas hotel Fredrikstad: A five star new built hotel. Located next to the cinema and only a short walk and a ferry trip to the old city and 0,5 km to the train station. 172 rooms with two design themes; Urban and Ocean. Expensive.
  • Rica hotel Fredrikstad: 4 star hotel. Located next to the bus station and a few minutes walk to Brygga - the resturant and nightlife street by the river and 0,5 km to the train station. Hotel facilities: garage, internet, resturant, bar, nightclub, fitness room, sauna and animals allowed.
  • Hotel Valhalla: Hotel Valhalla is an old building made of wood, originally built in 1870 and run by a family. The building has been totally rebuilt and contains 24 modern rooms, divided into single/double and family rooms. The outside of the building is now like it was at the beginning of the century. All rooms contain Tv and private shower/wc. The hotel's website says that staying at this hotel is like living on the roof of the city, because of the great view. The hotel has its own park and is within walking distance to the city centre.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FREDRIKSTAD (FREDERIKSTAD), a seaport and manufacturing town of Norway in Smaalenene amt (county), 58 m. S. by E. of Christiania by the Christiania-Gothenburg railway. Pop. (1900) 14,553. It lies at the mouth and on the eastern shore of Christiania fjord, occupying both banks of the great river Glommen, which, descending from the richly-wooded district of Osterdal, floats down vast quantities of timber. The new town on the right bank is therefore a centre of the timber export trade, this place being the principal port in Norway for the export of pit-props, planed boards, and other varieties of timber. There is also a great industry in the making of red bricks, owing to the expansion of Christiania, Gothenburg and other towns. Granite is quarried and exported. Besides the large number of saw and planing mills, there are shipbuilding yards, engine and boiler works, cotton and woollen mills, and factories for acetic acid and naphtha. The harbour, which can be entered by vessels drawing 14 ft., is kept open in winter by an ice-breaker. In the vicinity is the island Hanko, the most fashionable Norwegian seaside resort. The old town on the left bank was founded by Frederick II. in 1567. It was for a long time strongly fortified, and in 1716 Charles XII. of Sweden made a vain attempt to capture it.

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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Proper noun



  1. A municipality in Østfold, Norway. The seventh-largest city in Norway.


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