Fredrikstad FK: Wikis

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Fredrikstad
Fredrikstad FK logo
Full name Fredrikstad Fotballklubb
Nickname(s) Aristokratene (The Aristocrats)
Rødbuksene (The red shorts)
F.F.K.
Founded April 7, 1903
Ground Nye Fredrikstad Stadion
Fredrikstad
(Capacity: 12.800)
Chairman Carl-Morten Gjeldnes
Manager Tom Freddy Aune
League Adeccoligaen
2009 Tippeligaen, 14th (relegated)
Home colours
Away colours

Fredrikstad Fotballklubb (also known as Fredrikstad or FFK) is a Norwegian football club from the town of Fredrikstad. They have played in the Norwegian Premier League since 2004. In the 2010 season they will play in the second tier of Norwegian football, Adeccoligaen, after losing to local rival Sarpsborg 08 in the play-offs. With nine league championships and eleven Norwegian Cup wins, FFK is one of the most successful clubs in Norwegian football. The club was founded in 1903.

After suffering relegation from the then first division in 1984, Fredrikstad spent 18 years outside the top flight, before returning to the Premier League in 2003 after two successive promotions.

Fredrikstad stadion was FFK's home ground between 1914–2006. However, its facilities where outdated and the club moved to a new stadium on the other side of river Glomma. Their new ground is located in a former shipyard, incorporating parts of the old buildings in the two sidestands.

Contents

History

Fredrikstad Fotballklubb was founded on April 7, 1903. While football in many older clubs was an addition to other established forms of sport, such as skiing or athletics, FFK was the first club in Norway to focus uniquely on playing football, and as such may be labelled the first true football club in the country. A lack of opposition meant this was in fact the third attempt at establishing a football club in Fredrikstad (tradition has it that the second attempt died out when the only football landed on a freight train bound for Moss). Finding someone in the vicinity to play against was still a problem when FFK was founded.

It so happened that the Englishman H.W. Kenworthy, who lived in the neighboring town of Sarpsborg, wanted to practise his native country's sport and travelled to Fredrikstad to take part in one of FFK's training sessions. Upon his return to Sarpsborg it was suggested that he arrange for a new club to be established. The idea was well received in Sarpsborg, and Sarpsborg F.C. was founded on May 8, 1903. The first match between the teams was played the following year in Sarpsborg in front of 600 spectators. FFK won the historical match 4–0. Sarpsborg and Fredrikstad went on to establish the first regional series, and inspired the founding of many new clubs in the region in the years to come.

FFK din't have the red and white colours when the club was founded in 1903. In fact, they changed suits 7 (!) times from 1903 to 1927, when they finally found the one they are using now.

FFK reached the Norwegian Cup final for the first time in 1932. The semifinal against Mjøndalen was played at home in front of a record 9,000 spectators, and FFK won the match 3-0. Fredrikstad met Ørn Horten in the final, winning 6–1, and were thus Norwegian Champions. This signalled the start of Fredrikstad's first successful era, in which the club claimed four more cup titles before the start of World War II. FFK became the first club to win the new nationwide league, in 1937–38, and they won The Double the following season.

During the German occupation no organised football took place, as a result of all athletes going on strike in support of the resistance. After the war football was more popular than ever, and Fredrikstad set another attendance record against Sarpsborg in the semifinal of the 1945 Norwegian Cup. There was, however, little success on the pitch. FFK reached three cup finals in four years, but lost all of them. The break came in 1949, when FFK won their third league title.

The 1950s and 1960s were highly successful years for FFK. The club secured the league title six times — back to back in 1950–51 and 1951–52 — and finished in second place seven times. The Norwegian Cup was won four times. In 1957, a new milestone was achieved when FFK won their second double. As league champions in 1960, Fredrikstad entered the European Cup as the first team from Norway, sensationally defeating Ajax 4–3 at home and drawing 0–0 in Amsterdam, in the first round.

The town of Fredrikstad was in many ways an economic powerhouse in Norway in the previous century, first as a major supplier of machinery to the timber industry and then as a center of shipbuilding activities. At one point the shipyard in Fredrikstad was the largest in Scandinavia. It has been said that there was always an air of optimism surrounding the town and its inhabitants, and it was certainly reflected in FFK's playful and relaxed style of football, by many regarded as the most entertaining in the country. The club's first cup triumph in '32 even made Jørgen Juve, a legend in Norwegian football, state:

"This is how football is supposed to be played."

Perhaps it was because of this relaxed atmosphere that the club was so successful, and also why it eventually fell into decline. After years of glory the club was becoming conservative, although they would not admit it themselves. Other clubs were increasingly turning to professionalism, while players from FFK still played football in addition to having normal jobs. Training regimes were becoming more rigorous than before, but in Fredrikstad they felt that training more than twice a week would ruin the joy of playing football! There is also the sentiment that, in light of the club's formidable history, newer generations of FFK-players were given too much responsibility, folding to the pressure again and again whenever things were starting to look brighter.

Fredrikstad was to struggle throughout the 1970s. They reached the cup final in 1971, but lost to Rosenborg, who were by now firmly on route to becoming a giant in Norwegian football. Two years later and for the first time in the club's history, FFK were relegated. In 1975, they were back in the highest division, where they stayed for two seasons before facing relegation yet again.

The elevator ride between divisions continued until 1984. The Norwegian Cup went to Fredrikstad that year, but it must have been a bittersweet success. The club was once again relegated, and this time they were unable to make it back to the top flight. In 1992, FFK were relegated to the third highest division, where they would languish until 2002.

Fredrikstad's comeback from obscurity is largely attributed to manager Knut Torbjørn Eggen, who introduced a degree of professionalism the club had previously lacked. During his tenure, from 2001 until the end of 2006, the son of Rosenborg's successful former coach led the team to their first title in more than two decades. In 2002, they were promoted from the 2nd Division to the 1st Division, and in 2003, their centenary year, Fredrikstad finished second, earning promotion to the Premier League. Although struggling to maintain their form through an entire season, Fredrikstad have managed to retain their spot three times, and in 2006 they won the Norwegian Cup for the eleventh time in their history.

Colours and badge

In the early years of the club, Fredrikstad changed attire quite frequently. The first kit, for example, consisted of blue and white striped shirts and black shorts, but was changed after only two years, to white shirts and blue shorts. In 1910, a green and white kit was adopted ahead of the club's first semifinal in the Norwegian Cup.

The seventh and final iteration of Fredrikstad's kit was introduced after a match between Norway and Poland at Fredrikstad stadion, on October 7, 1926. Fredrikstad wanted to use the colours of the Polish national team and a letter was sent to the Polish Football Association asking for permission to use the Polish colours. Fredrikstad received the following answer:

"In Beantwortung Ihres w. Schreibens von Ende Dezember 1926 freuen wir uns sehr, dass Ihr hochverehrter Klub unsere Nationale Farben weiß-rot als seine Farben annehmen will. Gleichzetlich Ihrem Wünsche folgend, übersenden wir ein weißes Hemd und ein Paar roten Hosen"
"In response to your letter of December 1926, we are delighted that your esteemed club wants to take on our white-red national colours. Following your request we will send you a white shirt and a pair of red shorts."

The Polish association gave their kit to the club and on March 17, 1927 it was officially decided that this should be the colours of Fredrikstad. Since then the kit has changed little in appearance apart from the socks, which went from being red and white to purely white in 1997.

FFK's badge, a streamer with a football and the initials F.F. (the original abbreviation for Fredrikstad Fotballklubb was F.F.), has remained virtually unchanged since its introduction in 1909. The streamer was initially green and white, but once Fredrikstad adopted their current white and red kit, the colours of the streamer changed as well.

Stadium

The old Fredrikstad stadion was inaugurated in 1914 and was the first stadium in Norway with flood lighting. FFK's record attendance was set in 1956 against Larvik Turn. 15,534 spectators showed up for this quarter final match of the Norwegian Cup. The stadium's last renovation occurred ahead of the 2004 season, putting the capacity at around 10,500.

A new home ground was built for the 2007 season at Fredrikstad Mekaniske Verksted (colloquially known as "Værste"), an old shipyard in the centre of Fredrikstad. This was once the largest shipyard in Scandinavia, and the architecture of the stadium is such that two of the now defunct mechanical workshops, dating from as far back as 1870, are converted into stands at the sides. In addition, two separate stands are built at the ends of the pitch. The new stadium (with the same name, Fredrikstad stadion) have an all-seater capacity of 12,500.

Achievements

  • Norwegian Premier League:
    • Winners (9): 1937-38, 1938-39, 1948-49, 1950-51, 1951-52, 1953-54, 1956-57, 1959-60, 1960-61
    • Runners-up (9): 1949-50, 1954-55, 1955-56, 1958-59, 1964, 1966, 1969, 1972, 2008
  • Norwegian Football Cup:
    • Winners (11): 1932, 1935, 1936, 1938, 1940, 1950, 1957, 1961, 1966, 1984, 2006
    • Runners-up (7): 1945, 1946, 1948, 1954, 1963, 1969, 1971
    • Winners of Costa Blanca cup: 2006

Recent history

Season Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Notes
2004 ES 10 26 9 5 12 42 54 32 3rd round
2005 ES 11 26 8 7 11 35 44 31 last 16
2006 ES 8 26 8 8 10 38 46 32 winner
2007 ES 8 26 9 9 9 37 40 36 3rd round
2008 ES 2 26 14 6 6 38 28 48 quarter final
2009 ES 14 30 10 4 16 39 44 34 4rd round Relegated to Adeccoligaen

Records

  • Greatest home victory: 10-0 vs. Odd Grenland, August 20, 1961
  • Greatest away victory: 10-0 vs. Grindvoll, 7 July 2002
  • Heaviest home loss: 0-5 vs. Vålerenga I.F. Fotball, August 23, 1992
  • Heaviest away loss: 3-9 vs. Strømsgodset I.F., May 11, 1972
  • Highest attendance, Fredrikstad stadion: 15,534 vs. Larvik Turn, September 9, 1956
  • Highest average attendance, season: 11798, 2007
  • Most appearances, total: 325, Reidar Lund 1972-1984
  • Most appearances, league: 273, Atle Kristoffersen 1982-1997
  • Most goals scored, total: 147, Per Kristoffersen 1956-1968

Current squad

As of September 7, 2009.

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Norway GK Lasse Staw
4 Norway DF Vidar Martinsen
5 Norway DF Agim Shabani
6 Norway MF Hans Erik Ramberg
7 Norway FW Alex Valencia
9 Estonia DF Raio Piiroja
10 Sweden FW Mattias Andersson
15 Norway MF Joachim Thomassen
16 Norway MF Martin Elvestad
No. Position Player
17 Brazil DF Wallace
18 Norway MF Amin Askar
19 Sweden FW Andreas Tegström
21 Norway MF Simen Rafn
22 Costa Rica MF Celso Borges
23 Norway DF Jonas Becken
24 Norway DF Jan Tore Ophaug
25 Finland GK Jon Masalin
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Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
 

Coaching staff

Coach Tom Freddy Aune
Assistant coaches Per Morten Haugen
Goalkeeping coach Jerry Knutsson
Physio Erik Strøm
Doctors Tor Vedeler & Asbjørn Sorteberg

References

Bibliography

  • Simensen, Jens Olav (2005). Godfotarven: Knut Torbjørn Eggen i samhandling med Nils A.. Aschehoug. ISBN 82-03-23225-6. 

External links


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