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Freistaat Anhalt
Free State of Anhalt
State of Germany

1918 – 1945

Flag of Anhalt


Location of Anhalt
The Free State of Anhalt (red), within Germany
Capital Dessau
51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.25°E / 51.833; 12.25Coordinates: 51°50′N 12°15′E / 51.833°N 12.25°E / 51.833; 12.25
Government Republic
Prime Minister
 - 1918-1919 (first) Wolfgang Heine
 - 1940-1945 (last) Rudolf Jordan
Historical era Interwar period
 - Established 12 November 1918
 - Abolition (de facto) May 1932
 - Abolition (de jure) 23 July 1945
 - 1925 2,314 km² (893 sq mi)
 - 1925 351,045 
     Density 151.7 /km²  (392.9 /sq mi)

The Free State of Anhalt (German: Freistaat Anhalt) was formed after Joachim Ernst, Duke of Anhalt abdicated on 12 November 1918, ending the Duchy of Anhalt. It was a state of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic. In May 1932 the Nazi Party came to power in Anhalt and, after the Nazis attained power at the federal level in 1933, Anhalt was abolished de facto by the federal Nazi government, becoming part of the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt.

At the end of World War II, when Germany was divided into zones of occupation, Anhalt was merged with the bulk of the Prussian Province of Saxony to form the Soviet-administered German state of Saxony-Anhalt. This state was then dissolved in 1952 but reformed in 1990 after the reunification of Germany.

Ministers-presidents of Anhalt



Reichsstatthalter for Anhalt and Brunswick (headquarters in Dessau)

External links

Detailed map of Anhalt


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