Free State of Brunswick: Wikis


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Freistaat Braunschweig
Free State of Brunswick
State of Germany

1918 – 1946

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Brunswick
Capital Brunswick
Government Republic
Council chairman
 - 1918 - 1919 Sepp Oerter
 - 1919 - 1920 Heinrich Jasper
 - 1919 - 1920 Heinrich Jasper
 - 1946 Alfred Kubel
Historical era Interwar period
 - Established 10 November 1918
 - Abolition de facto 14 October 1933
 - Disestablished 23 November 1946

The Free State of Brunswick (German: Freistaat Braunschweig) was a republic formed after the abolition of the Duchy of Brunswick at the end of World War I. It was a member state of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic.

In 1946, the Free State of Brunswick was broken up by the Allied administration of Germany. The majority of Brunswick became part of the newly founded state (Land) of Lower Saxony under British administration while some small parts (mainly around Blankenburg am Harz) became part of Soviet-administered Saxony-Anhalt.


Leaders of Brunswick

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissioners of the Republic of Brunswick, 1918–1919

  1. 1918–1919: Sepp Oerter (USPD)
  2. 1919–1920: Heinrich Jasper (SPD)

Ministers-president of the Republic of Brunswick, 1919–1946

  1. 1919–1920: Heinrich Jasper (SPD)
  2. 1920–1921: Sepp Oerter (USPD)
  3. 1921–1922: August Junke (SPD)
  4. 1922: Otto Antrick (SPD)
  5. 1922: Heinrich Jasper (SPD)
  6. 1924–1927: Gerhard Marquordt (DVP)
  7. 1927–1930: Heinrich Jasper (SPD)
  8. 1930–1933: Werner Küchenthal (DNVP)
  9. 1933–1945: Dietrich Klagges (NSDAP)
  10. 1945–1946: Hubert Schlebusch (SPD)
  11. 1946: Alfred Kubel (SPD)


Reichsstatthalter for Anhalt and Brunswick (headquarters in Dessau)

  1. 1933-1935: Wilhelm Loeper
  2. 1935-1937: Fritz Sauckel
  3. 1937-1945: Rudolf Jordan

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