The Full Wiki

Freedom in the World (report): Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map reflecting the findings of Freedom House's 2009 survey, concerning the state of world freedom in 2008, which correlates highly with other measures of democracy [1]. Some of these estimates are disputed.[2]     Free (89)      Partly Free (62)      Not Free (42)
Countries highlighted in blue are designated "electoral democracies" in Freedom House's 2010 survey Freedom in the World
Map reflecting the findings of Freedom House's 2007 survey, concerning the state of international civil liberties in 2006.      Most Freedom      Least Freedom

Freedom in the World is a yearly report by US-based Freedom House that attempts to measure the degree of democracy and political freedom in every nation and significant disputed territories around the world, and which produces annual scores representing the levels of political rights and civil liberties in each state and territory, on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). Depending on the ratings, the nations are then classified as "Free", "Partly Free", or "Not Free". It is often used by researchers in order to measure democracy and correlates highly with several other measures of democracy like the Polity data series.[3] It was launched in 1973. There is some debate over the neutrality of Freedom House and the methodology used for the FITW report.[2]

Contents

Freedom in the World 2010

The rankings below are from the current year's edition of Freedom in the World (2010). Each pair of political rights and civil liberties ratings is averaged to determine an overall status of "Free," "Partly Free," or "Not Free." Those whose ratings average 1.0 to 2.5 are considered Free, 3.0 to 5.0 Partly Free, and 5.5 to 7.0 Not Free. The methodology is explained here: Methodology, Freedom house

An asterisk (*) indicates countries which are "electoral democracies". To qualify as an "electoral democracy", a state must have satisfied the following criteria:

  1. A competitive, multiparty political system;
  2. Universal adult suffrage for all citizens (with exceptions for restrictions that states may legitimately place on citizens as sanctions for criminal offenses);
  3. Regularly contested elections conducted in conditions of ballot secrecy, reasonable ballot security, and in the absence of massive voter fraud that yields results that are unrepresentative of the public will;
  4. Significant public access of major political parties to the electorate through the media and through generally open political campaigning

Freedom House's term "electoral democracy" differs from "liberal democracy" in that the latter also implies the presence of a substantial array of civil liberties. In the survey, all Free countries qualify as both electoral and liberal democracies. By contrast, some Partly Free countries qualify as electoral, but not liberal, democracies.[4]

PR - Political Rights CL - Civil Liberties
* - Electoral democracies per definition stated above

Advertisements

Sub-Saharan Africa

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
 Angola 6 5 Not Free  Liberia* 3 4 Partly Free
 Benin* 2 2 Free  Madagascar* 6 4 Partly Free
 Botswana* 3 2 Free  Malawi* 3 4 Partly Free
 Burkina Faso 5 3 Partly Free  Mali* 2 3 Free
 Burundi* 4 5 Partly Free  Mauritania 6 5 Not Free
 Cameroon 6 6 Not Free  Mauritius* 1 2 Free
 Cape Verde* 1 1 Free  Mozambique* 4 3 Partly Free
 Central African Republic 5 5 Partly Free  Namibia* 2 2 Free
 Chad 7 6 Not Free  Niger* 5 4 Partly Free
 Comoros* 3 4 Partly Free  Nigeria 5 4 Partly Free
 Republic of the Congo 6 5 Not Free  Rwanda 6 5 Not Free
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 6 6 Not Free  São Tomé and Príncipe* 2 2 Free
 Côte d'Ivoire 6 5 Not Free  Senegal* 3 3 Partly Free
 Djibouti 5 5 Partly Free  Seychelles* 3 3 Partly Free
 Equatorial Guinea 7 7 Not Free  Sierra Leone* 3 3 Partly Free
 Eritrea 7 7 Not Free  Somalia 7 7 Not Free
 Ethiopia 5 5 Partly Free  South Africa* 2 2 Free
 Gabon 6 5 Not Free  Sudan 7 7 Not Free
 Gambia 5 5 Partly Free  Swaziland 7 5 Not Free
 Ghana* 1 2 Free  Tanzania 4 3 Partly Free
 Guinea 7 6 Not Free  Togo 5 4 Partly Free
 Guinea-Bissau* 4 4 Partly Free  Uganda 5 4 Partly Free
 Kenya 4 4 Partly Free  Zambia* 3 4 Partly Free
 Lesotho* 3 3 Partly Free  Zimbabwe 6 6 Not Free

Americas

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
 Antigua and Barbuda* 3 2 Free  Guyana* 2 3 Free
 Argentina* 2 2 Free  Haiti* 4 5 Partly Free
 Bahamas* 1 1 Free  Honduras* 4 4 Partly Free
 Barbados* 1 1 Free  Jamaica* 2 3 Free
 Belize* 1 2 Free  Mexico* 2 3 Free
 Bolivia* 3 3 Partly Free  Nicaragua* 4 4 Partly Free
 Brazil* 2 2 Free  Panama* 1 2 Free
 Canada* 1 1 Free  Paraguay* 3 3 Partly Free
 Chile* 1 1 Free  Peru* 2 3 Free
 Colombia* 3 4 Partly Free  Saint Kitts and Nevis* 1 1 Free
 Costa Rica* 1 1 Free  Saint Lucia* 1 1 Free
 Cuba 7 6 Not Free  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines* 2 1 Free
 Dominica* 1 1 Free  Suriname* 2 2 Free
 Dominican Republic* 2 2 Free  Trinidad and Tobago* 2 2 Free
 Ecuador* 3 4 Partly Free  United States* 1 1 Free
 El Salvador* 2 3 Free  Uruguay* 1 1 Free
 Grenada* 1 2 Free  Venezuela 5 4 Partly Free
 Guatemala* 4 4 Partly Free

Asia-Pacific

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
 Afghanistan 6 6 Not Free  Nauru* 1 1 Free
 Australia* 1 1 Free  Nepal 4 4 Partly Free
 Bangladesh* 3 4 Partly Free  New Zealand* 1 1 Free
 Bhutan 4 5 Partly Free  North Korea 7 7 Not Free
 Brunei 6 5 Not Free  Pakistan 4 5 Partly Free
 Burma 7 7 Not Free  Palau* 1 1 Free
 Cambodia 6 5 Not Free  Papua New Guinea* 4 3 Partly Free
 China (mainland) 7 6 Not Free  Philippines 4 3 Partly Free
 Timor-Leste* 3 4 Partly Free  Samoa* 2 2 Free
 Fiji 6 4 Partly Free  Singapore 5 4 Partly Free
 India* 2 3 Free  Solomon Islands 4 3 Partly Free
 Indonesia* 2 3 Free  South Korea* 1 2 Free
 Japan* 1 2 Free  Sri Lanka* 4 4 Partly Free
 Kiribati* 1 1 Free  Taiwan (Republic of China)* 1 2 Free
 Laos 7 6 Not Free  Thailand 5 4 Partly Free
 Malaysia 4 4 Partly Free  Tonga 5 3 Partly Free
 Maldives 3 4 Partly Free  Tuvalu* 1 1 Free
 Marshall Islands* 1 1 Free  Vanuatu* 2 2 Free
 FS Micronesia* 1 1 Free  Vietnam 7 5 Not Free
 Mongolia* 2 2 Free

Central & Eastern Europe & the former Soviet Union

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
 Albania* 3 3 Partly Free  Lithuania* 1 1 Free
 Armenia 6 4 Partly Free  Republic of Macedonia* 3 3 Partly Free
 Azerbaijan 6 5 Not Free  Moldova* 3 4 Partly Free
 Belarus 7 6 Not Free  Montenegro* 3 2 Free
 Bosnia and Herzegovina* 4 3 Partly Free  Poland* 1 1 Free
 Bulgaria* 2 2 Free  Romania* 2 2 Free
 Croatia* 1 2 Free  Russia 6 5 Not Free
 Czech Republic* 1 1 Free  Serbia* 2 2 Free
 Estonia* 1 1 Free  Slovakia* 1 1 Free
 Georgia 4 4 Partly Free  Slovenia* 1 1 Free
 Hungary* 1 1 Free  Tajikistan 6 5 Not Free
 Kazakhstan 6 5 Not Free  Turkmenistan 7 7 Not Free
 Kyrgyzstan 6 5 Not Free  Ukraine* 3 2 Free
 Latvia* 2 1 Free  Uzbekistan 7 7 Not Free

Western & Southern Europe

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
 Andorra* 1 1 Free  Luxembourg* 1 1 Free
 Austria* 1 1 Free  Malta* 1 1 Free
 Belgium* 1 1 Free  Monaco* 2 1 Free
 Cyprus* 1 1 Free  Netherlands* 1 1 Free
 Denmark* 1 1 Free  Norway* 1 1 Free
 Finland* 1 1 Free  Portugal* 1 1 Free
 France* 1 1 Free  San Marino* 1 1 Free
 Germany* 1 1 Free  Spain* 1 1 Free
 Greece* 1 2 Free  Sweden* 1 1 Free
 Iceland* 1 1 Free  Switzerland* 1 1 Free
 Ireland* 1 1 Free  Turkey* 3 3 Partly Free
 Italy* 1 2 Free  United Kingdom* 1 1 Free
 Liechtenstein* 1 1 Free

Middle East & North Africa

Country PR CL Status Country PR CL Status
 Algeria 6 5 Not Free  Libya 7 7 Not Free
 Bahrain 6 5 Not Free  Morocco 5 4 Partly Free
 Egypt 6 5 Not Free  Oman 6 5 Not Free
 Iran 6 6 Not Free  Qatar 6 5 Not Free
 Iraq 5 6 Not Free  Saudi Arabia 7 6 Not Free
 Israel* 1 2 Free  Syria 7 6 Not Free
 Jordan 6 5 Not Free  Tunisia 7 5 Not Free
 Kuwait 4 4 Partly Free  United Arab Emirates 6 5 Not Free
 Lebanon 5 3 Partly Free  Yemen 6 5 Not Free

Related/Disputed Territories

Country / Territory PR CL Status Country / Territory PR CL Status
 Abkhazia (Georgia) 5 5 Partly Free  Palestinian Authority-Administered Territories 5 6 Not Free
 Chechnya (Russia) 7 7 Not Free  Puerto Rico (United States) 1 1 Free
 Hong Kong (People's Republic of China) 5 2 Partly Free  Somaliland (Somalia) 5 4 Partly Free
India Kashmir (Indian Administered) 5 4 Partly Free  South Ossetia (Georgia) 7 6 Not Free
Pakistan Kashmir (Pakistani Administered) 6 5 Not Free People's Republic of China Tibet (People's Republic of China) 7 7 Not Free
 Kosovo (Serbia) 5 4 Partly Free  Transnistria (Moldova) 6 6 Not Free
 Macau (People's Republic of China) [5] 6 4 Partly Free Israel Israeli-occupied territories 6 6 Not Free
 Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan) 5 5 Partly Free  Western Sahara (Morocco) 7 6 Not Free
 Northern Cyprus (Cyprus) 2 2 Free

Global trends in freedom

Year Under Review Free Partly Free Not Free
1975 41 (27%) 48 (32%) 63 (41%)
1980 51 (32%) 54 (33%) 56 (35%)
1985 53 (32%) 59 (35%) 55 (33%)
1990 61 (37%) 44 (26%) 62 (37%)
1995 76 (40%) 61 (32%) 54 (28%)
2000 85 (44%) 60 (31%) 47 (25%)
2005 89 (46%) 54 (28%) 49 (26%)
2010 89 (46%) 58 (30%) 47 (24%)
FreedomInTheWorld1973–2010.png


See also

Notes

  1. ^ http://polisci.la.psu.edu/faculty/Casper/caspertufisPAweb.pdf
  2. ^ a b Bollen, K.A. (1992) Political Rights and Political Liberties in Nations: An Evaluation of Human Rights Measures, 1950 to 1984. In: Jabine, T.B. and Pierre Claude, R. "Human Rights and Statistics". University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 0812231082
  3. ^ Casper, Gretchen, and Claudiu Tufis. 2003. “Correlation Versus Interchangeability: the Limited Robustness of Empirical Finding on Democracy Using Highly Correlated Data Sets.” Political Analysis 11: 196-203
  4. ^ http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=35&year=2005 Methodology, Freedom house
  5. ^ Last available data for Macau are from 2002

References

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message