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Land Rover Freelander
2008 Land Rover LR2 (US)
Manufacturer Land Rover
Parent company BMW 1996–2000
Ford 2000–2008
Tata Motors since 2008
Production 1996-present
Class Compact crossover SUV
Layout Transversely mounted, front engine, four-wheel drive

The Land Rover Freelander is a compact crossover SUV or "lifestyle 4WD"[1] made by the British company Land Rover; a subsidiary of Tata Motors. The current generation is sold as the LR2 in North America, as opposed to Freelander 2 in Europe. It is built on a unibody structure unlike traditional SUVs which use the more rugged body-on-frame structure.[2]

Contents

First generation

First generation
2004-2006 Freelander Sport 3-door
Production 1996–2006
Assembly Solihull, Birmingham
Rayong, Thailand
Body style(s) 3-door SUV
5-door SUV
Engine(s) 1.8 L K-Series I4
2.5 L Rover KV6 V6
2.0 L BMW M47 TD4
2.0 L L-Series TD I4
Transmission(s) 5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 101 in (2565.4 mm)
Length 2002–2003 5-Door: 175.0 in (4445 mm)
3-Door: 175.1 in (4447.5 mm)
2004–2005 5-Door: 174.1 in (4422.1 mm)
Width 2002–2003: 71.1 in (1805.9 mm)
2004–2005: 71.2 in (1808.5 mm)
Height 2002–2003 5-Door: 69.2 in (1757.7 mm)
2004–2005 5-Door: 72.0 in (1828.8 mm)
3-Door: 71.2 in (1808.5 mm)

The Freelander, wholly designed with Land Rover owned by the Rover Group, was born after market research in the late 1980s suggested that a market for compact off-roaders was likely to develop. In the early 1990s Rover Group had a very restricted product development budget and looked for a partner to develop the Freelander project, which was codenamed CB40 (after Canley Building 40, where the concept was initially developed). Rover's then-partner Honda declined and chose to develop its own CR-V model, which launched in 1997.

Rover decided to go it alone with the CB40, which meant using parts from a limited parts bin, as it had done with the MGF roadster. Although BMW took over Rover Group in 1994, they did not get heavily involved in the development of the Freelander. The car was launched in 1997. It became Europe's best-selling four-wheel drive model until 2002. The last Freelanders in North America were sold as 2005 models.

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Model variations

2002–2003 Land Rover Freelander SE 4-door (US)

There were a variety of models, based around 5-door estate and 3-door softback (semi-convertible), hardback, and commercial (van-like) versions. In 2004, Land Rover introduced an improved and upgraded version of the Mark I; changes included a new interior and major external revisions, including a new face and rear.

The 3-door model was available in E, S, SE, Sport and Sport Premium trim and the 5-door model in available in E, S, SE, HSE, Sport and Sport Premium trim.

Engines

Engine choices include:[3]

Manual gearboxes dominated the early models, but automatic Tiptronic-style gearboxes became increasingly popular and were standard on the V6.

Freelander K-series engines have been known to drop the cylinder liners into the block. Because the liners are cast iron and the block is alloy. The blocks were made from a poor quality alloy, which lead to many of the liners "dropping" in the blocks. This can cause the head gasket to fail. The head gasket/cylinder liner design fault has not been classified as a recall.

Marketing

While the first generation Freelander was considered quite capable off-road, earning its credentials in the Camel Trophy and Land Rover G4 Challenge, it represented a compromise. It did not have a low range gear selection, nor a locking differential, as found on larger Land Rover models. This meant that in comparison to its Land Rover stable mates, it had relatively poor off-road performance, although its sophisticated traction control system meant that on some terrain, such as wet grass or ice, it could easily embarrass a 'proper' 4x4 such as the Discovery.

The first generation was, however, the first Land Rover to feature hill descent control. This system, plus the capable off road Traction Control system used the ABS to control individual brakes and keep driving under control in offroad situations.

Lack of the MG Rover K18 and KV6 engines after the death of the MG Rover lead Land Rover to discontinue the model after 2006 in the U.S. and Canada.

Second generation

Second generation
2008 Land Rover Freelander 2
Also called Land Rover LR2
Land Rover Freelander 2
Production since 2007
Assembly Halewood, England
Body style(s) 5-door SUV
Platform Ford EUCD platform
Engine(s) 3.2 L Ford SI6 i6
2.2 L PSA DW12 TD4
Transmission(s) 6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Wheelbase 104.7 in (2659.4 mm)
Length 177.2 in (4500.9 mm)
Width 75.2 in (1910.1 mm)
Height 68.5 in (1739.9 mm)
Curb weight 3,902 lb (1,770 kg) - 4,300 lb (1,950 kg)
Related Volvo S80

The Freelander 2 debuted at the 2006 British International Motor Show. While the new model retained the Freelander nameplate in Europe, it was marketed as LR2 in North America (mirroring the marketing of the new third generation Land Rover Discovery as LR3). Preceding the official debut, a private presentation at the Kensington Roof Gardens had been held for journalists, featuring celebrity tennis player Maria Sharapova.[4]

The second generation Freelander is based on the EUCD platform, which itself is based on the C1 platform. The EUCD platform will be used by more upcoming vehicles from Volvo. The engine range is all-new for Freelander, featuring transversely-mounted 3.2 litre I6 engine of the Volvo SI6 series, which first debuted in the new Volvo S80, as well as the 2.2 litre DW12 common rail turbodiesel engine, co-developed by PSA Peugeot Citroën.

Unlike previous Land Rovers, this car is manufactured alongside the Jaguar X-Type at Halewood, near Liverpool. The new Freelander features improved ground clearance and promises greater off-road capabilities, closer to other Land Rover models and significantly above those of rivals such as BMW and Audi.[5] It has improved quality interior with more safety features as standard.[6] The Freelander 2 features a modified version of the Terrain Response off-road driving system as fitted to the Discovery 3 and the Range Rover. The 4WD system was developed in conjunction with Haldex. It uses Haldex's Third generation coupling.

2007 interior.

The new Freelander was first sold in the U.S. in 2007 as the LR2. The 2008 version is called the LR2 HSE. The HSE has added side trim and 19 inch wheels. A Volvo 3.2 litre inline six-cylinder engine producing 230 hp (170 kW) is standard, with a six-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive. The petrol engine is not available in the United Kingdom. Interior appointments include an Alpine 440 watt 14 speaker surround sound audio and touch navigation screen options. (Technology Package). There is also a Cold Climate Package that includes heated front windscreen, heated front seats with two heating levels and heated windscreen washer jet and a Lighting Package that includes Bi-Xenon headlights, Adaptive Front-Lighting System, memory system for the driver seat and exterior mirrors and approach and puddle lamps.

Freelander 2 TD4_e

The Freelander TD4_e marks the first SUV in Britain with stop-start technology that improves fuel economy and reduces carbon emissions. The "e" means the vehicle is part of Land Rover's "e_Terrain Technologies", which is its green, environmentally friendly programme. Eventually, e_Terrain Technologies will release a diesel hybrid production model. Currently the "e" signals a stop/start system, which means the engine cuts out when the vehicle is stationary, neutral is selected and the clutch engaged, and starts again when the clutch pedal is depressed.[7] This is implemented with a heavy-duty starter motor that also acts as a generator to recover energy through regenerative braking which is then stored in capacitors to restart the engine without excessive stress on the vehicle's starter battery and electrical system components.[8] The Stop/Start system will be available from spring 2009 on all Freelander 2 TD4 models.

References

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Etymology

free + land + -er

Noun

Singular
Freelander

Plural
Freelanders

Freelander (plural Freelanders)

  1. A person or group seeking political or personal freedom through emigration to and settlement of open land.
    • 1922, Lewis Mumford, The Story of Utopias‎, page 28:
      ... or the Freelanders who dwelt within the imagination of a dry little Austrian economist, have had more influence upon the, lives of our contemporaries
    • 1995, Charles Pierce LeWarne, Utopias on Puget Sound, 1885-1915‎, page 120:
      Residents farmed and fished to provide family needs— Freelanders initiated no ... The Freelanders recognized that their vision must remain limited.
    • 2002, Donald F. Busky, Communism in history and theory, page 103:
      The Freelanders would instruct the black African natives in civilized ways,

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