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Freiberg
Freiberg Obermarkt Rathaus.jpg
Coat of arms of Freiberg
Freiberg, Saxony is located in Germany
Freiberg, Saxony
Coordinates 50°54′43″N 13°20′34″E / 50.91194°N 13.34278°E / 50.91194; 13.34278
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Chemnitz
District Mittelsachsen
Municipal assoc. Freiberg
Town subdivisions 12
Mayor Bernd-Erwin Schramm (Ind.)
Basic statistics
Area 48.05 km2 (18.55 sq mi)
Elevation 400 m  (1312 ft)
Population 42,524  (31 July 2007)
 - Density 885 /km2 (2,292 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate FG
Postal code 09599
Area code 03731
Website www.freiberg.de
Location of the town of Freiberg within Mittelsachsen district
Map

Freiberg (i.e. free mountain) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, administrative center of the Mittelsachsen district.

The city was founded in 1186, and has been a center of the mining industry in the Ore Mountains for centuries. A symbol of this history is the Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (famously known as the Mining Academy), established in 1765 and the oldest university of mining and metallurgy in the world. Freiberg also has a notable cathedral containing two famous Gottfried Silbermann organs. Furthermore there are two other organs made by Gottfried Silbermann - one at the St. Peter's Church (Petrikirche) and the other one at the St. James' Church (Jacobikirche). The medieval part of Freiberg stands under heritage protection.

The river, Freiberger Mulde, flows through the township of Freiberg, not the city itself.

In 1944 the Flossenburg concentration camp oversaw a subcamp built outside the city of Freiberg. It housed over 500 female survivors of other camps, including Auschwitz Birkenau. Altogether 50 or so SS women worked in this camp until its evacuation in April 1945. The female survivors later reached the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria.

Contents

Literature

Cziborra, Pascal. KZ Freiberg. Geheime Schwangerschaft. Lorbeer Verlag. Bielefeld. 2008 ISBN 9783938969052

In 1985 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints built the scenic Freiberg Germany Temple here because of the large number of members in the region.

International relations

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Twin towns—Sister cities

Freiberg is twinned with:

External links

References

Notes


Simple English

Freiberg

Freiberg, Saxony
Coordinates 50°54′43″N 13°20′34″E / 50.91194°N 13.34278°E / 50.91194; 13.34278
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Chemnitz
District Freiberg Rural District
Municipal assoc. Freiberg
Town subdivisions 12
Mayor Uta Rensch (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 48.05 km2 (18.55 sq mi)
Elevation 400 m  (1312 ft)
Population 41,701  (31 December 2009)
 - Density 868 /km2 (2,248 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate FG
Postal code 09599
Area code 03731
Website www.freiberg.de

Freiberg (i.e. free mountain) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, capital of the Freiberg Rural District.

The city was founded in 1186, and has been a centre of the mining industry in the Erzgebirge Mountains for centuries.

In 1944 the Flossenburg concentration camp built a subcamp built outside the city of Freiberg. It housed over 500 female survivors of other camps, including Auschwitz Birkenau. Altogether 50 or so SS women worked in this camp until its evacuation in April 1945. The female survivors later reached the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria.

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