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Communauté française
French Community

1958–1960
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Liberté, égalité, fraternité
(French: Liberty, equality, brotherhood)
Anthem
La Marseillaise
Capital Paris
Language(s) French
Political structure Confederation
Historical era Cold War
 - Fifth Republic October 5, 1958
 - Decolonization 1960
Currency French franc
CFA franc
CFP franc

The French Community (French: Communauté française) was the political entity that replaced the French Union, in 1958. The French Union was the descendant of the French colonial empire following the Second World War. It is included in the 1958 Constitution. Member territories, former French colonies, possessed substantial autonomy, with France controlling only the currency, defense, foreign affairs and national security strategy.

When the Community was established, French leader Charles de Gaulle specified that any country within it would eventually have the option of moving to complete independence. Apart from Guinea, which chose by referendum in 1958 not to join, all French-ruled territories in sub-Saharan Africa joined the new Community. In 1960, a further revision of the French constitution, compelled by the failure of the French Indochina War and the tensions in French Algeria, allowed members of the French Community to unilaterally change their own constitutions. They all obtained independence in that same year.

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Simple English

The French Community (French: Communauté française) was the body which replaced the French Union in 1958. Under the 1958 Constitution, member territories, former French colonies, had a lot of independence, but France controlled the currency, defence, foreign affairs and national security.

When the Community was established, French President de Gaulle said that any country in the French Community could move to complete independence. Apart from Guinea, which chose by referendum in 1958 not to join the Community, all French-ruled territories in sub-Saharan Africa joined the French Community. They obtained independence in 1960.

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