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French Foreign Legion
Grenade legion.svg
The Legion emblem.
Active 10 March 1831—present
Country France
Branch French Army
Size c. 7,700 men in nine regiments and one sub-unit
Garrison/HQ Aubagne (Headquarters)
Metropolitan France (5 regiments)
French Guiana (3rd Infantry Regiment)
Djibouti (13th Half-Brigade)
Mayotte (Detachment)
Motto "Legio Irus Actica" (The Legion is our Strength)
"Honneur et Fidélité" (Honour and Fidelity)
"Marche ou crève" (March or die, unofficial)
March Le Boudin
Anniversaries Camerone Day (30 April) and Christmas
Commanders
Current
commander
Brigade General Alain Bouquin
Legionnaires honor guard of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment stands at attention as they await the arrival of Lt. Gen. .Khalid Bin Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz, commander of Joint Forces in Saudi Arabia, during Operation Desert Shield.^ It is a special forces organisation, which during the Kafer War was dispersed around half a dozen worlds in penny packets, operating as reconnaissance, sabotage or insurgency parties.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The soldier in front is holding a 5.56mm FAMAS rifle, equipped with a bayonet.
.The French Foreign Legion (French: Légion étrangère) is a unique unit in the French Army established in 1831. The legion was specifically created for foreign nationals wishing to serve in the French Armed Forces, but commanded by French officers.^ Other nations have also maintained foreign legions.
  • FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I do think French Foreign Legion is IS elite special forces.
  • Which unit is tough monkeys? U.S.Army Ranger or French Foreign Legion? - Yahoo! Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The only woman in the French Foreign Legion .

However, it is also open to French citizens, who amounted to 24% of the recruits as of 2007.[1]
.The Legion is today known as an elite military unit whose training focuses not only on traditional military skills but also on its strong esprit de corps.^ The French Foreign Legion is known to be an elite military unit whose training focuses not only on traditional military skills, but also on the building of a strong esprit de corps amongst members.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The French Foreign Legion is known as an elite military unit whose training focuses not only on traditional military skills but also on its strong esprit de corps.
  • What is the foreign legion???? - Yahoo! UK & Ireland Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC uk.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The French Foreign Legion is known as an elite military unit whose training focuses not only on traditional military skills, but also its strong esprit de corps.
  • Which unit is tough monkeys? U.S.Army Ranger or French Foreign Legion? - Yahoo! Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.As its men come from different countries with different cultures, this is a widely accepted solution to strengthen them enough to work as a team.^ As its men come from different countries with different cultures, this is a widely accepted solution to strengthen them enough to work as a team.
  • What is the foreign legion???? - Yahoo! UK & Ireland Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC uk.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ "It is made up of friends of France, brave men of different countries who came voluntarily to fight with us against the Boche.
  • The Baldwin Project: The French Twins by Lucy Fitch Perkins 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.mainlesson.com [Source type: Original source]

.Consequently, training is often described as not only physically challenging, but also extremely stressful psychologically.^ Consequently, training is often described as not only physically challenging, but also extremely psychologically stressful.
  • What is the foreign legion???? - Yahoo! UK & Ireland Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC uk.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Consequently, training is often described as not only physically hard, but also extremely psychologically stressful.
  • Which unit is tough monkeys? U.S.Army Ranger or French Foreign Legion? - Yahoo! Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ It is often argued by Legionnaires that the Kepi Blanc should only be received after the Le Raid at the end of basic training when a much longer march is carried out.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Officially, there has been only one woman member, Briton Susan Travers.^ There was only one slight problem.
  • "Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion" (1955) 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ After creating her own uniform, Travers became the first and only woman ever to serve with the Legion, and was posted to Vietnam during the First Indo-China War.
  • BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]
  • Bayou Renaissance Man: The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC bayourenaissanceman.blogspot.com [Source type: General]
  • The only woman in the French Foreign Legion « Cervantes 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC abluteau.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The men were slowly being killed one by one until there were only three Legionnaires left.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

[2]

Contents

History

.The French Foreign Legion was created by Louis Philippe, the King of the French, on 10 March 1831. The direct reason was that foreigners were forbidden to serve in the French Army after the 1830 July Revolution, so the Legion was created to allow the government a way around this restriction.^ Recently tagged French Foreign Legion .
  • French Foreign Legion | books tagged French Foreign Legion | LibraryThing 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.librarything.com [Source type: Reference]

^ That's why it's called the French Foreign Legion.
  • Howstuffworks "Why do I have to join the French Foreign Legion under an assumed name?" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ French Foreign Legion Web site.
  • Howstuffworks "Why do I have to join the French Foreign Legion under an assumed name?" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .The purpose of the Legion was to remove disruptive elements from society and put them to use fighting the enemies of France.^ The Foreign Legion is an elite fighting force and has been used traditionally by France in her overseas territories, notably Algeria, Tunisia, French Morocco, and Indochina.
  • Foreign Legion Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The French Foreign Legion are commanded by French Officers that command non-French citizens to do the dirty fighting in the name of France just like what the Central Intelligence does.
  • Which unit is tough monkeys? U.S.Army Ranger or French Foreign Legion? - Yahoo! Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The Legion continued fighting in Mexico for a further four years before being ordered back to France to deal with more pressing matters at home.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Recruits included failed revolutionaries from the rest of Europe, soldiers from the disbanded foreign regiments, and troublemakers in general, both foreign and French.^ Today, nearly 200 years later, the legion still recruits foreign soldiers and those who might be considered undesirable elements.
  • Howstuffworks "Why do I have to join the French Foreign Legion under an assumed name?" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those selected sign a five-year enlistment contract and are dispatched for basic training (including French-language instruction, if needed) with the 4th Foreign Regiment, based at Castelnaudary, France.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Established as a means of absorbing foreign troublemakers, the Legion spearheaded French colonialism in North Africa during the nineteenth century.
  • Off to join the FFL - The Pub - Shroomery Message Board 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Algeria was designated as the Legion's home.^ A new Legion was formed in 1835 and posted to Algeria, which became its home for 125 years.
  • History of the 13th Demi Brigade of the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC legionetranger.org [Source type: General]

.In late 1831, the first Legionnaires landed in Algeria, the country that would be the Legion's homeland for 130 years and shape its character.^ The Legion would likely be the first ones in, taking sides in a conflict towards which the US, let's say, wants to remain neutral.
  • It is illegal for an American Citizen to serve in a foreign army except for... | LinkedIn Answers | LinkedIn 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.linkedin.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The building was to have two floors, and the exterior of the first floor would serve as a white backdrop to the Monument for Dead Legionnaires, a little like the "Voie Sacre" railway.

^ And therefore, during the first three years in service the Legionnaire cannot do anything a "normal" person would take for granted since they have no legal identity.
  • Join The French Foreign Legion@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.The early years in Algeria were hard for Legionnaires because they were often sent to the worst postings, received the worst assignments and were generally uninterested in the new colony of the French.^ I understand the French Foreign Legion is pretty famous outside France but do you know it was created in 1831 by king Louis-Philippe because he needed more men to conquest our former colonies and more precisely Algeria ?

^ La Legion Etranger Many people join the French Foreign Legion because they think they have a problem and they come to the Legion to overcome that problem - it is up to you to ...
  • Has anyone here ever thought of joining the French foreign legion? - Yahoo!7 Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The Initial Contract For 4 months the new legionnaire will receive basic military instruction at the 4th Foreign Regiment located in Castelnaudary after which he will be posted to a regiment, depending on his capabilities and the needs of the French Foreign Legion.
  • French Foreign Legion...? - Yahoo! Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[4] .The Legion's first service in Algeria came to an end after only four years, as it was needed elsewhere.^ Four years after France ended conscription, all 250,000 members of the armed forces are like the Legionnaires — professionals and volunteers.
  • French foreign legion fading away in time - Europe Forum 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.eupedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1960s, President Charles de Gaulle sought to disband the Legion after several regiments mutinied against his decision to end French rule in Algeria.
  • French foreign legion fading away in time - Europe Forum 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.eupedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's a tradition that dates to the founding of the legion in 1831, after France was bled by the Napoleonic wars and needed foreign men to help conquer and colonize Algeria.
  • Fabled Foreign Legion finds a new war to fight - Afghanistan- msnbc.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: News]

.The Legion was primarily used to protect and expand the French colonial empire during the 19th century, but it also fought in almost all French wars including the Franco-Prussian War and both World Wars.^ Primarily used by the French as a quick reaction force and garrisons in the remnants of their colonial Empire.
  • The French Foreign Legion - Page 2 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

^ French Army during World War One.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ After creating her own uniform, Travers became the first and only woman ever to serve with the Legion, and was posted to Vietnam during the First Indo-China War.
  • BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]
  • Bayou Renaissance Man: The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC bayourenaissanceman.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.The Foreign Legion has remained an important part of the French Army, surviving three Republics, one Second French Empire, two World Wars, the rise and fall of mass conscript armies, the dismantling of the French colonial empire and the French loss of the legion's base, Algeria.^ Even in today's modern world the Foreign Legion remains an enigma .
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The French Foreign Legion (FFL) is part of the French Army and they do the dirty work.
  • What is the foreign legion???? - Yahoo! UK & Ireland Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC uk.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ TIME.com: World Cup 2002 - French Foreign Legion .
  • TIME.com: World Cup 2002 - French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.time.com [Source type: News]

Spain

.To support Isabella's claim to the Spanish throne against her uncle, the French government decided to send the Legion to Spain.^ One regiment of the legion supported Algerian insurgency against the French government (1961) and was rapidly disbanded.
  • Foreign Legion Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were many men in the French army in North Africa, particularly in the Legion, who had no sympathy for the Vichy government and hated the Germans.
  • A Tale of Two Legions in World War II 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.conflicts.rem33.com [Source type: Original source]

^ French General Henri Navarre decided to create an air base and support center there at the road junction.
  • Historik Orders. Ltd FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historikorders.com [Source type: Original source]

On 28 June 1835, the unit was handed over to the Spanish government. .The Legion landed at Tarragona on 17 August with around 4,000 men who were quickly dubbed Los Argelinos (the Algerians) by locals because of their previous posting.^ There were many men in the French army in North Africa, particularly in the Legion, who had no sympathy for the Vichy government and hated the Germans.
  • A Tale of Two Legions in World War II 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.conflicts.rem33.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We sleep safe in our beds because rough men stand ready in the night to visit violence on those who would do us harm.
  • The French Foreign Legion - Page 2 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

^ In the Legion's history 35,000 men have died fighting for France.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

.The Legion's commander immediately dissolved the national battalions to improve the esprit de corps.^ A legion battalion also fought the Red Army in northern Russia in 1918–19, before being dissolved; many legionnaires then joined Russia’s anticommunist White forces.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The "Esprit de corps" red costs 6 Euro and the EdC rosé 7 euro.
  • Wine Tasting, Vineyards, in France: The French Foreign Legion Wine 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.wineterroirs.com [Source type: General]

^ As the practice of separate national units slipped quietly into abeyance, discipline improved, and an esprit de corps based on a sense of legion particularism began to develop.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Later, he also created three squadrons of lancers and an artillery battery from the existing force to increase independence and flexibility. The Legion was dissolved on 8 December 1838, when it had dropped to only 500 men. .The survivors returned to France, many reenlisting in the new Legion along with many of their former Carlist enemies.^ Before and during World War II , many Jews from Eastern Europe fled to France and ended up enlisting in the legion.
  • Tippmann Forum - french foreign legion... 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC tippmann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's part of the legion's mystique, along with a reputation for ferocity, in battle as well as in the training needed to mold men of many countries and languages into a single force.
  • Fabled Foreign Legion finds a new war to fight - Afghanistan- msnbc.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.msnbc.msn.com [Source type: News]

^ That was how it appeared to a new officer, but to many of the Legion veterans, it seemed like old times.
  • A Tale of Two Legions in World War II 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.conflicts.rem33.com [Source type: Original source]

Mexico

.It was in Mexico on 30 April 1863 that the Legion earned its legendary status.^ In choosing the anniversary of Camerone, Rollet formalized a spontaneous movement in the legion to sanctify April 30 as the unit’s official feast day.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 30 April 1863 the 3eme company of the RE in Mexico were given a mission - to ensure the safe arrival of vital supplies down the road from Vera Cruz to Puebla in Mexico.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ It participated in some interesting tactical experiments, such as mounted units, and also staked out what would become its defining legend on April 30, 1863.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A company led by Capitaine Danjou, numbering 62 soldiers and 3 officers, was escorting a convoy to the besieged city of Puebla when it was attacked and besieged by two thousand revolutionaries,[5] organised in three battalions of infantry and cavalry, numbering 1,200 and 800 respectively.^ These are two light infantry battalions, one CW battalion and one special operations battalion.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were sixty five Legionnaires to fight the ensueing hoards - numbered at nearly two thousand.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ For nearly two months the Legion held out against constant attacks from the Chinese but eventually help arrived - The Legion had however lost a third of its company strength.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

The patrol was forced to make a defence in Hacienda Camarón, and despite the hopelessness of the situation, fought nearly to the last man. .When only six survivors remained, out of ammunition, a bayonet charge was conducted in which three of the six were killed.^ The three legionnaires who were still alive at the end of the battle were not the only survivors.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The men were slowly being killed one by one until there were only three Legionnaires left.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ When all water, food and ammunition had run out, Koenig decided to lead a breakout through the minefields and three concentric rings of German tanks.
  • BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]
  • Bayou Renaissance Man: The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC bayourenaissanceman.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.The remaining three were brought before the Mexican general, who allowed them to return to France as an honour guard for the body of Capitaine Danjou.^ After the war, he visited the US and spent some time in France before returning to Denmark.
  • Legion of the Lost - Famous Legionnaires 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.legionofthelost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On this day every year the wooden hand of Capitaine Danjou is on display, paraded before the Legion and its guests.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The Mexicans who got through to the Legionnaires never returned to their group.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

.The captain had a wooden hand which was stolen during the battle; it was later returned to the Legion and is now kept in a case in the Foreign Legion museum at Aubagne, and paraded annually on Camerone Day.^ A captain in the French Foreign Legion in North Africa tries to keep the peace and battle bandit tribes while also taking care of his son, who lives with him at the Foreign Legion fort.
  • "Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion" (1955) 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ The Few, the Proud, the French Foreign Legion Newspaper article from: The Washington Post; 4/26/1992; ; 700+ words ; ...Musee de la Legion Etrangere - the Foreign Legion Museum.
  • Foreign Legion Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Memoir of an Englishman in the French Foreign Legion during the Syrian campaign of the late 1920s relates the brutal story of life in the Legion and war in the deserts of Syria.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

.It is the Legion's most precious relic.^ Today, the Hand of Danjou, the most treasured of all Legion relics, is housed in the Legion’s Salle d’Honneur in Aubagne.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

Franco-Prussian War

.According to French law, the Legion was not to be used within Metropolitan France except in the case of a national invasion, and was consequently not a part of Napoleon III’s Imperial Army that capitulated at Sedan.^ The Legion's officers are career French Army officers.
  • History of the 13th Demi Brigade of the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC legionetranger.org [Source type: General]

^ During the Franco-German War , the 1831 law that had excluded the legion from French soil was suspended after Napoleon III’s armies surrendered at Sedan and Metz in September–October 1870.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1990s, legion units served in the Persian Gulf War (as part of the French army’s Opération Daguet) and in the Balkans.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the defeat of the Imperial Army, the Second French Empire fell and the Third Republic was created.^ The Legion has survived three republics, one empire, two World Wars, the rise and fall of mass conscript armies, the dismantling of the French colonial empire and, finally, the loss of its birthplace, Algeria."
  • SpikedHumor.com » Weaponology: French Foreign Legion (1/5) » SpikedHumor.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.spikedhumor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although foreigners had served in French armies previously, King Louis Philippe created (1831) this specific foreign legion.
  • Foreign Legion Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has survived three republics, one empire, two World Wars, the rise and fall of mass conscript armies, the dismantling of the French colonial empire and, finally, the French loss of the legion's birthplace, Algeria.
  • Which unit is tough monkeys? U.S.Army Ranger or French Foreign Legion? - Yahoo! Answers 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

Monument commemorating the soldiers of the Foreign Legion killed on duty during the South-oranais campaign (1897-1902).
.The new Third Republic was desperately short of trained soldiers in the Franco-Prussian War, so the Legion was ordered to provide a contingent.^ Traditionally, Germany has been a big provider of legionnaires – somewhat ironically given the Legion’s bloody roll in two world wars.
  • The French Foreign Legion - the last option for those desperate to escape the UK - Telegraph 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The Legion, if it does decide to take you into its fold, will provide you with a new identity and will protect you from your past if necessary.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Fabled Foreign Legion finds a new war to fight - The Denver Post .
  • Fabled Foreign Legion finds a new war to fight - The Denver Post 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.denverpost.com [Source type: News]

.On 11 October 1870 two provisional battalions disembarked at Toulon, the first time the Legion had been deployed in France itself.^ In 1906, he participated in the Tour de France for the first time.
  • Legion of the Lost - Famous Legionnaires 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.legionofthelost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yes, the Legion can be a violent place, but as time goes by, the Legion is finding itself coming more and more into line with the French army and with it, French military law.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ French foreign legion 's allure fading in all-volunteer army Newspaper article from: Chicago Sun-Times; 11/2/2006; ; 629 words ; AUBAGNE, France -- The Foreign Legion isn't what it used to be.
  • Foreign Legion Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They attempted to lift the Siege of Paris by breaking through the German lines. .They succeeded in re-taking Orléans, but failed to break the siege.^ Once you join the legion they take your passport, and all personal belongings, and you're locked in for five years-.
  • Tippmann Forum - french foreign legion... 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC tippmann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

19th century colonial warfare

.During the Third Republic, the Legion played a major role in French colonial expansion.^ The Legion has survived three republics, one empire, two World Wars, the rise and fall of mass conscript armies, the dismantling of the French colonial empire and, finally, the loss of its birthplace, Algeria."
  • SpikedHumor.com » Weaponology: French Foreign Legion (1/5) » SpikedHumor.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.spikedhumor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Memoir of an Englishman in the French Foreign Legion during the Syrian campaign of the late 1920s relates the brutal story of life in the Legion and war in the deserts of Syria.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ Maybe it brought about the demise of the Roman Empire, but the French only faced a coup from their legion once (during the Algerian crisis).
  • Well It Works For The French Foreign Legion | MetaFilter 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

.They fought in North Africa (where they established their headquarters at Sidi Bel Abbès in Algeria), Benin, Madagascar, Indochina and Taiwan.^ Camels have been traded in for parachutes and 4WD vehicles and the headquarters has been moved from the sands of Sidi-bel-Abbes, Algeria , to Marsielles , France .
  • Join The French Foreign Legion@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Established as a means of absorbing foreign troublemakers, the Legion spearheaded French colonialism in North Africa during the nineteenth century.
  • Off to join the FFL - The Pub - Shroomery Message Board 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The legion’s burial ground—also originally located at Sidi Bel Abbès—and its convalescent and retirement home are located at Puyloubier, near Aix-en-Provence.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Tonkin campaign and Sino-French War

Soldier of the Foreign Legion at Keelung, January 1885
.The Legion's 1st Battalion (Lieutenant-Colonel Donnier) was sent to Tonkin in the autumn of 1883, during the period of undeclared hostilities that preceded the Sino-French War (August 1884 to April 1885), and formed part of the attack column that stormed the western gate of Son Tay on 16 December.^ The legion battalion that joined the expedition to Tonkin (northern Vietnam) in 1883 became a permanent fixture in Indochina, and eventually it was elevated to regimental status as the 5th Foreign Regiment.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1990s, legion units served in the Persian Gulf War (as part of the French army’s Opération Daguet) and in the Balkans.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the Franco-German War , the 1831 law that had excluded the legion from French soil was suspended after Napoleon III’s armies surrendered at Sedan and Metz in September–October 1870.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 2nd and 3rd infantry battalions (chef de bataillon Diguet and Lieutenant-Colonel Schoeffer) were also deployed to Tonkin shortly afterwards, and were present in all the major campaigns of the Sino-French War.^ Memoir of an Englishman in the French Foreign Legion during the Syrian campaign of the late 1920s relates the brutal story of life in the Legion and war in the deserts of Syria.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ They represent the Legionnaires of the Algerian campaigns, the Second Empire, the Tonkin Campaign and the RMLE (Rgiment de Marche de la Lgion Etranger) of the First World War.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Engage Volontaire Antoine, Deux mois de service, Deuxieme Compagnie, Section de Lieutenant Souzla, A vos ordres Caporal/Sergent/Sergent chef/etc.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Two Legion companies led the defence at the celebrated Siege of Tuyen Quang (24 November 1884 to 3 March 1885).^ December 1960: Mountain Patrol During the afternoon, two companies (2nd and 3rd) of Legion parachutists scale neighboring hills.
  • Historik Orders. Ltd FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historikorders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two basic demands are also expected from the Legionnaire: Learn most of the marching song s of the Legion and do sentry duty for at least 192 hour s (rotated in shifts of 2 on and 4 off.
  • Join The French Foreign Legion@Everything2.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ REGIMENT-LEVEL November 1961: The Tunisian Frontier A Foreign Legion parachutist regiment is spread out along fifty miles of the frontier, each company operating independently.
  • Historik Orders. Ltd FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historikorders.com [Source type: Original source]

.In January 1885 the Legion's 4th Battalion (chef de bataillon Vitalis) was deployed to the French bridgehead at Keelung (Jilong) in Formosa (Taiwan), where it took part in the later battles of the Keelung Campaign.^ On 18 February 1867 the 1st Battalion of the French Foreign Legion boarded the La Pomone and headed towards Algeria.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The II/1 e REP's current commander is Commandant Roland Derouaz, a Nouvelle Provenal of Algerian extraction who took over the battalion after the death of its previous commander during the Cauldron battles.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The RMLE took part in many battles around France and took many thousands of casulaties.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The battalion played an important role in Colonel Jacques Duchesne's offensive in March 1885 that captured the key Chinese positions of La Table and Fort Bamboo and disengaged Keelung.^ Apart from their basic training as airborne infantry soldiers each and every soldier has an important role to play in the heart of the regiment.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.In December 1883, during a review of the 2nd Legion Battalion on the eve of its departure for Tonkin to take part in the Bac Ninh campaign, General François de Négrier pronounced a famous mot: Vous, légionnaires, vous êtes soldats pour mourir, et je vous envoie où l’on meurt! ('Legionnaires, you became soldiers in order to die, and I'm taking you to a place where one dies!'^ A french General once said You are Legionnaires to die, I will send you where you can die.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Takes one Order Chip to Mount or Dismount in place.
  • 'Brom Geste!' French Foreign Legion Game Rules 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.zeitcom.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Legion will send you where you can die!"
  • Whose Military Is It Anyway? | Mother Jones 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

)

World War I

.In World War I, the Legion fought in many critical battles of the war, on the Western Front including Artois, Champagne, Somme, Aisne, Verdun (in 1917) and also suffered heavy casualties during 1918. The Legion was also in the Dardanelles and Macedonian front, and the Legion was highly decorated for its efforts.^ For their efforts in the first world war the Legion had become highly decorated.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The 1" World War 1914-1918.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Before and during World War II , many Jews from Eastern Europe fled to France and ended up enlisting in the legion.
  • Tippmann Forum - french foreign legion... 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC tippmann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many young foreigners, including Americans like Fred Zinn, volunteered for the Legion when the war broke out in 1914. There were marked differences between such idealistic volunteers as the poet Alan Seeger and the hardened mercenaries of the old Legion, making assimilation difficult.^ For the metropolitan French elite of an earlier era, the Foreign Legion -- best known to Americans from countless old action films—was an assemblage of military adventurers and rootless romantics, volunteers willing to man an army fighting colonial wars in far-flung places.
  • Whose Military Is It Anyway? | Mother Jones 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ In a sense, "CAPTAIN GALLANT OF THE FOREIGN LEGION" put a sort of punctuational period on the Colonial period in Africa, Asia and elsewhere; at least to the genre of colonial era films.*** NOTE: * There were many other films, including a number of versions of BEAU GESTE, the first being in 1926 with Ronald Colman.
  • "Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion" (1955) 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

^ Before and during World War II , many Jews from Eastern Europe fled to France and ended up enlisting in the legion.
  • Tippmann Forum - french foreign legion... 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC tippmann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nevertheless, the old and the new men of the Legion fought and died in vicious battles on the Western front, including Belloy-en-Santerre during the Battle of the Somme, where Seeger, after being mortally wounded by machine gun fire, cheered on the rest of his advancing battalion.^ During basic training, new legionnaires are awarded the traditional white cap, the képi blanc , in an impressive torchlight ceremony, although the green beret remains the legion’s battle-dress headgear.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rest of the Legion is made up of men from a wide variety of nationalities, with French citizens representing 25-35% of the legionnaires.
  • Tippmann Forum - french foreign legion... 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC tippmann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's part of the legion's mystique, along with a reputation for ferocity, in battle as well as in the training needed to mold men of many countries and languages into a single force.
  • Fabled Foreign Legion finds a new war to fight - The Denver Post 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.denverpost.com [Source type: News]

[6]
.As most European countries and the US were drawn into the War, many of the newer "duration only" volunteers who managed to survive the first years of the war were generally released from the Legion to join their respective national armies.^ Men between the ages of 17 and 40, of any nationality, may join the legion.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After creating her own uniform, Travers became the first and only woman ever to serve with the Legion, and was posted to Vietnam during the First Indo-China War.
  • BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]
  • Bayou Renaissance Man: The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC bayourenaissanceman.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ For the duration of your first five years you must wear uniform at all times; no civilian clothing allowed.
  • Tippmann Forum - french foreign legion... 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC tippmann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Citizens of the Central Powers serving with the Legion on the outbreak of war were normally posted to garrisons in North Africa to avoid problems of divided loyalties.^ The outbreak of World War II in 1939 offered in many respects a reprise of 1914, with foreign volunteers—central European Jews and Spanish Republicans prominent among them—directed into established regiments of the legion as well as three regiments of foreign volunteers.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After creating her own uniform, Travers became the first and only woman ever to serve with the Legion, and was posted to Vietnam during the First Indo-China War.
  • BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]
  • Bayou Renaissance Man: The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC bayourenaissanceman.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Established as a means of absorbing foreign troublemakers, the Legion spearheaded French colonialism in North Africa during the nineteenth century.
  • Off to join the FFL - The Pub - Shroomery Message Board 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Between the World Wars

In 1932, the Legion comprised 30,000 men in 6 multi-battalion regiments:
  • 1st - Algeria and Syria
  • 2d, 3d, and 4th - Morocco
  • 5th - Indochina
  • 1st Cavalry - Tunisia and Morocco.

World War II

.The Foreign Legion played a smaller role in World War II, though having a part in the Norwegian, Syrian and North African campaigns.^ Feb 4, 2009: Foreign Legion 13th DBLE - World War II Forums .
  • French Foreign Legion’s 13th Demi-Brigade Fought in World War II » HistoryNet 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historynet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The period between the fall of Syria in the summer of 1941 and the end of the North African campaign in May, 1943 might be considered the golden age of the 13th DBLE in World War II, according to historian Douglas Porch.
  • French Foreign Legion’s 13th Demi-Brigade Fought in World War II » HistoryNet 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historynet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fast-paced solo campaign is based on the Foreign Legion's most recent, heavily publicized operation: quelling a civil war in Ivory Coast.
  • Code of Honor: the French Foreign Legion - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

.The 13th Demi-Brigade was deployed in the Battle of Bir Hakeim.^ The 13th Demi-Brigade moves a company into position to block the end of the far valley.
  • Historik Orders. Ltd FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historikorders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ French Foreign Legion’s 13th Demi-Brigade Fought in World War II » HistoryNet .
  • French Foreign Legion’s 13th Demi-Brigade Fought in World War II » HistoryNet 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historynet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ French Foreign Legion’s 13th Demi-Brigade Fought in World War II .
  • French Foreign Legion’s 13th Demi-Brigade Fought in World War II » HistoryNet 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historynet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Reflecting the divided loyalties of the time, part of the Legion joined the Free French movement while another part served the Vichy government.^ Its members, recruited worldwide, but especially from French colonial possessions, were considered expendable, a fate captured in its grim, sardonic motto: "You joined the Legion to die.
  • Whose Military Is It Anyway? | Mother Jones 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ They are now officially part of the regular French army, but it is the Legion that is usually sent into combat first.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ This is part of the French Foreign Legion Intelligence service and they are very good at their job.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.A battle in the Syria-Lebanon campaign of June 1941 saw legionnaire fighting legionnaire as the 13th Demi-Brigade (D.B.L.E.) clashed with the 6th Régiment Etranger d'Infanterie at Damas in Syria.^ The period between the fall of Syria in the summer of 1941 and the end of the North African campaign in May, 1943 might be considered the golden age of the 13th DBLE in World War II, according to historian Douglas Porch.
  • French Foreign Legion’s 13th Demi-Brigade Fought in World War II » HistoryNet 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historynet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When France fell to the Nazis she made her way to London and signed up with General De Gaulle's Free French and was attached to the 13th Demi-Brigade of the Legion Etrangere, which sailed for Africa.
  • BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | The only woman in the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The 13th Demi-Brigade moves a company into position to block the end of the far valley.
  • Historik Orders. Ltd FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historikorders.com [Source type: Original source]

.Later, 1,000 of the rank and file of the Vichy Legion unit joined the 13th D.B.L.E. of the Free French forces as a third battalion.^ In the 1990s, legion units served in the Persian Gulf War (as part of the French army’s Opération Daguet) and in the Balkans.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its members, recruited worldwide, but especially from French colonial possessions, were considered expendable, a fate captured in its grim, sardonic motto: "You joined the Legion to die.
  • Whose Military Is It Anyway? | Mother Jones 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ Tony Sloane was 18 when he joined the French Foreign Legion and this was the life he knew for five years: macho, disciplined, relentlessly physical and always dependent on orders.

.Following the war, many former German soldiers joined the Legion to pursue a military career with an elite unit, an option that was no longer possible in Germany.^ I have no intention of joining the Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion - Page 2 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

^ Heck, the Legion's history is packed wall-to-wall with so many Germans several of the traditional regimental songs are German "Soldatenlieder", sung in German to this day.
  • The French Foreign Legion - Page 2 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

^ When we meet in a fashionable hotel in Oxford it is immediately obvious that the “gironne” — the baby-faced recruit who took so readily to legion life — is no longer the narrowly focused soldier whose instincts revolved around destruction.

.Germans still constitute a strong presence in the Legion.^ The Legion regiments have always had a strong German influence, especially after the World Wars and this continues to this day and the REPs are no different.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

First Indochina War

A legionnaire marches ahead of an M-24 Chaffee light tank in Indochina in 1954.
.Units of the Legion were involved in the defence of Dien Bien Phu during the First Indochina War and lost a large number of men in the battle.^ The core of the defence at Dien Bien Phu was the legionnaires.
  • Historik Orders. Ltd FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historikorders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam in 1954.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Memoir of an Englishman in the French Foreign Legion during the Syrian campaign of the late 1920s relates the brutal story of life in the Legion and war in the deserts of Syria.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

.Towards the end of the battle, Legionnaires formed the bulk of the volunteer relief force delivered by parachute to the base.^ Although legionnaires served at Gallipoli (now in Turkey) and with the Eastern Army (Armée d’Orient) based at Thessaloníki, Greece, the bulk of the legion, including its German, Austrian, and Turkish volunteers, remained in North Africa.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Towards the end of the afternoon the Mexicans increased the suffering of the Legionnaires, by igniting bales of straw piled against an the exterior wall.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The three legionnaires who were still alive at the end of the battle were not the only survivors.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

Algerian War

.The Legion was heavily engaged in fighting against the National Liberation Front and other, smaller groups in the Algerian War of Independence from 1954 to 1962. Notable operations included the Battle of Algiers and various offensives launched by General Maurice Challe including Operations Oranie and Jumelles.^ This time against the Algerian National Liberation 8 Army.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The fast-paced solo campaign is based on the Foreign Legion's most recent, heavily publicized operation: quelling a civil war in Ivory Coast.
  • Code of Honor: the French Foreign Legion - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

^ The book Devil's Guard relates a former Waffen-SS member's brutal account of joining the Legion and fighting with fellow former SS against the Vietminh in Indochina.
  • Tippmann Forum - french foreign legion... 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC tippmann.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Post-colonial Africa

Battle of Kolwezi, 1978.
A Foreign Legion soldier with a captured rebel, Ivory Coast, 10 August 2004.
.In spite of the view on the part of some that the Legion had by 1962 become an anachronism, the Legion found a new role as a rapid intervention force to preserve French interests not only in its former African colonies but in other nations as well.^ In other news, we still have a French Foreign Legion???
  • FARK.com: (4528491) French Foreign Legion accidentally starts bush fire that requires 170 firefighters, helicopters, and aircraft to extinguish. France surrenders 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1990s, legion units served in the Persian Gulf War (as part of the French army’s Opération Daguet) and in the Balkans.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of the combat compagnies of the various combat regiments undertake missions of short duration or "tournants" on a regular basis as part of its schedule, whether it be training missions in Djibouti, Gabon, Guyane, New Caledonia, Mayotte, or any of the other former French colonies.

.Some notable operations include: the Suez Crisis in 1956; the Chadian-Libyan conflict in 1969-72, 1978-79, and 1983-87; Kolwezi in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo in May 1978; Rwanda in 1990-94; and the Côte d'Ivoire (the Ivory Coast) in 2002 to the present.^ The fast-paced solo campaign is based on the Foreign Legion's most recent, heavily publicized operation: quelling a civil war in Ivory Coast.
  • Code of Honor: the French Foreign Legion - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

^ There has been a war going on in nearby 79 Suriname for some years and every now and again a body is seen floating down the river as a result of mercenary operations that go on.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ LA LEGION SAUTE SUR KOLWEZI VHS $ 9.99 Film with George de Beauregard, Bruno Cremer and Pierre Vaneck .Zaire May 1978.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

Gulf War

.In September 1990, the 1e REC, the 2e REI, and the 6e REG were sent to the Persian Gulf as a part of Opération Daguet.^ In the 1990s, legion units served in the Persian Gulf War (as part of the French army’s Opération Daguet) and in the Balkans.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1 REC forms part of France's Force d'Action Rapide along with the 2 REI and the 6 REG. 4 erne Regiment .
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ How can I get into the REP / REI / REG / REC / DBLE or any other regiment of choice?

.They were a part of the French 6th Light Armoured Division, whose mission was to protect the coalition's left flank.^ They are now officially part of the regular French army, but it is the Legion that is usually sent into combat first.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The Viet Minh surrounded Dien Bien Phu and moved them closer and closer to French lines, until they were able to move almost directly from the protection of the trenches to the French entrenchments.
  • Historik Orders. Ltd FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historikorders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both Soldeirs are doomed.And The French Foreign Legion is in the middle of all that.Part of the UN Peace keepers, they try to help the 3 Soldiers out of the trench.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

.After a four-week air campaign, coalition forces launched the ground campaign.^ All the Sections go to Bel Air aAer about four weeks for a period of three weeks.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The air offensive was won first - this took four weeks, after which the coalition forces penetrated deep into Iraq.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.It quickly penetrated deep into Iraq, with the Legion taking the Al Salman airport, meeting little resistance.^ Al Salman airport was taken by the Legion forces with little resistance.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The Camion will meet you at a pre-arranged RV (Normally the old Legion quartier in the town of Castelnaudary) to take you back to the Quartier.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The Legion takes the hill, and pursues the Arabs beyond the frontier into Tunisia.
  • Historik Orders. Ltd FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.historikorders.com [Source type: Original source]

.The war ended after a hundred hours of fighting on the ground, which resulted in very light casualties for the Legion.^ Very light casualties were taken and after one hundred hours fighting on the ground the war was over.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Membership

.Open to people of any nationality, most Legionnaires still come from European countries but a growing percentage comes from Latin-America, 24%.^ The ones who find it most difficult are undoubtedly the Japanese, the Chinese and those who come from countries whose language is far removed from the French language.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Recruitment into the Lgion trangre is open to people of all nationalities, and still offers the traditional anonymity and opportunity to adopt a nom de guerre sometimes desired by people running from their problems.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (The Legion states that you are officially not allowed to leave the country for the first three years of the contract - but most Legionnaires do).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Most of the Legion's commissioned officers are French with approximately 10% being former Legionnaires who have risen through the ranks.^ The story is then brought fully up to date with accounts and anecdotes from those foreign legionnaires who continue to fight for French interests around the globe.
  • Off to join the FFL - The Pub - Shroomery Message Board 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Despite the danger involved in its task and the gross misinformation circulating about it, the Legion attracts nearly 10,000 applicants each year from all over the world, most of them non-French citizens.
  • The Old Joel on Software Forum - Joining the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC discuss.fogcreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yes it is a funny thing about the FRENCH foreign legion, most of them were from other countries apart from France!
  • The French Foreign Legion - Page 2 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

.Membership of the Legion is a useful guide to political history: specific national representations generally surge whenever a country has a political crisis, and tend to subside once the crisis is over and the flow of recruits dries up.^ I imagine that the economic impact would pretty much bankrupt most nations as the flow of low priced goods that we are used to simply dries up.
  • Well It Works For The French Foreign Legion | MetaFilter 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ Maybe it brought about the demise of the Roman Empire, but the French only faced a coup from their legion once (during the Algerian crisis).
  • Well It Works For The French Foreign Legion | MetaFilter 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: General]

^ A lot of the Legion's work here is run from boats hollowed out of trees known as "pirogues", as are used by the natives of the country.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.After the First World War, many (Tsarist) Russians joined.^ For their efforts in the first world war the Legion had become highly decorated.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ They represent the Legionnaires of the Algerian campaigns, the Second Empire, the Tonkin Campaign and the RMLE (Rgiment de Marche de la Lgion Etranger) of the First World War.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

.Immediately before the Second World War, Czechs, Poles and Jews from Eastern Europe fled to France and ended up enlisting in the Legion.^ Color plates and b&w photos of the Legion in the World Wars, in the post-WWI colonial campaigns.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ For their efforts in the first world war the Legion had become highly decorated.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a right way and a wrong way to do everything in the Legion - if the kit is not placed in the correct place it will soon end up on the floor.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Following the break-up of Yugoslavia, there were many Serbian nationals.^ The number starts at one and continues up to however many there are of you.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ There were many Europeans caught up in the crisis - some taken hostage.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ There will then follow a round of jokes told by all ranks followed up closely by Legion songs and Christmas carols.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Also in the 1990s, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the changes in the former Warsaw Pact countries, led to an increase in recruitment from Poland and from the former republics of the USSR.
.However, in addition to the fluctuating numbers of political refugees, asylum seekers and economic migrants from a wide variety of nations, there has been, since the end of World War Two, a strong core from Germany and Britain.^ There are two straps which hang down the front and are very handy when on non-tactical operations to slip the nose and arse end of the weapon through.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition to these there are eight gun crews trained on a variety of French and other nation's artillery systems.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Legion regiments have always had a strong German influence, especially after the World Wars and this continues to this day and the REPs are no different.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Legion appears to have become as much a part of these two nations' culture as a French institution, and a certain stability in recruitment levels has developed.^ In addition to these there are eight gun crews trained on a variety of French and other nation's artillery systems.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The French Revolution saw most of these regiments disbanded as they were Royalist institutions.
  • The French Foreign Legion - Page 2 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

^ At any one time there are approximately ninety to one hundred different nationalities serving in the French Foreign legion.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

After the fall of the Third Reich, Germans, long a major presence in the legion, are believed to have accounted for roughly sixty percent of its manpower.[citation needed]. .After the war, the French administered two zones of Western Germany adjacent to France.^ Spectacular pictorial (from Gazette des Uniformes) on the French Foreign Legion through World War Two.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ Big new history of the French Foreign Legion in World War Two.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ Like America’s Vietnam War veterans these French soldiers found no customary ceremony with which France normally greeted her soldiers returning from war.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

.In these zones, recruitment offices enabled many former German POWs to join the legion almost immediately after their release from prison camps.^ Its members, recruited worldwide, but especially from French colonial possessions, were considered expendable, a fate captured in its grim, sardonic motto: "You joined the Legion to die.
  • Whose Military Is It Anyway? | Mother Jones 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ The French Foreign Legion -- an elite fighting force surrounded by romance, myth and intrigue -- is actively recruiting men tough enough to join its ranks.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ Guy Bertrand, who spent three years in a World War II German prison camp and resents that he has never seen action.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

.However, Bernard B. Fall, a leading expert on French Indochina and the author of the famous accounts Street without Joy and Hell in a Very Small Place, disputes this figure and claims that Germans made up thirty-five percent of the Legion at most in the post-WWII period.^ It is a very small detachment made up of the Legionnaires of some experience.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Most famous and beloved of all novels on the French Foreign Legion.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ The Swedish infantry was colour-coded, the colours tended to follow the commander, but the "Green Brigade" was identifiably Scotish, while the "White Brigade" was made up of Germans, Pommeranians.
  • The French Foreign Legion - Page 2 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

.Nevertheless, the image of a German-dominated postwar Foreign Legion is the setting for the well-known novel Devil's Guard, which narrates a former Waffen-SS member's brutal experience of joining the Legion and fighting alongside other former SS against the Viet Minh in Indochina.^ The legion battalion that joined the expedition to Tonkin (northern Vietnam) in 1883 became a permanent fixture in Indochina, and eventually it was elevated to regimental status as the 5th Foreign Regiment.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The French Foreign Legion is known to be an elite military unit whose training focuses not only on traditional military skills, but also on the building of a strong esprit de corps amongst members.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Its members, recruited worldwide, but especially from French colonial possessions, were considered expendable, a fate captured in its grim, sardonic motto: "You joined the Legion to die.
  • Whose Military Is It Anyway? | Mother Jones 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

.During the late 1980s, the Legion saw a large intake of trained soldiers from the UK. These men had left the British Army following its restructuring and the Legion's parachute unit was a popular destination.^ A history of the Legion's parachute units is here .
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the 1990s, legion units served in the Persian Gulf War (as part of the French army’s Opération Daguet) and in the Balkans.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Memoir of an Englishman in the French Foreign Legion during the Syrian campaign of the late 1920s relates the brutal story of life in the Legion and war in the deserts of Syria.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

.At one point, the famous 2eme REP had such a large number of British citizens amongst the ranks that it was a standing joke that the unit was really called '2eme PARA', a reference to the 2nd Battalion, the Parachute Regiment of the British Army.^ I'd have to agree with Gruff.  The Legion's 2nd REP (parachute regiment) is one of the most respected airborne units in the world.  Battalions from the 2nd REP have performed very well in Bosnia and other international hot spots.  The goofy rumors you hear about the Legion (i.e., sadistic indoctrination ceremonies) are not true - France considers the Legion to be an integral part of the French Army and the Legion is highly professional.  French politicians may lack the stomach to prescribe tough foreign policy, but do not doubt the Legion's professionalism or resolve.  By the way, I was a paratrooper in the U.S. Army.
  • The Old Joel on Software Forum - Joining the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC discuss.fogcreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, there are other specialities which exist for those that are willing, including but not limited to: IT (information technology), food-preparation, telecommunications repairs and various regiment-specific jobs such as the 2e REP's SEPP, where one can make a career out of folding and repairing the many different parachutes used by the regiment.

^ In May 1978 , the 2nd Foreign parachute Regiment saved hundreds of European and African civilians in Kolwezi, Zaire, from certain death.

.While no serious studies have been made of the motives for enlistment over the years, the majority in the Legion's ranks were either those transient souls in need of escape and a regular wage, or refugees from countries undergoing crises.^ Make no mistake however, that serving five years in the French Foreign Legion is not easy.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Those years yielded their share of military gallantry, for there were other battles which litter the Legion’s combat record during the Mexican adventure.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (The Legion states that you are officially not allowed to leave the country for the first three years of the contract - but most Legionnaires do).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.In recent years, however, the improved conditions and professionalism of the Legion have in turn attracted a new kind of 'vocational' recruit, from middle-class backgrounds in stable and prosperous countries, such as the US, Britain and France itself.^ For their professionalism and their parachuting capability they are paid one of the highest salaries in the Legion - around about E650 per month for a Legionnaire deuxieme classe.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Once the “Spanish Legion” disbanded in 1838, survivors—such as Achille Bazaine , another future marshal of France—were offered the opportunity to join the nouvelle légion .
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The numerous color photos show uniforms, badges, weapons, training and recent little-known operations, such as France's secret war in Corsica.
  • French Foreign Legion La Legion Etrangere French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.warbooks.com [Source type: General]

.In the past, the Legion had a reputation for attracting criminals on the run and would-be mercenaries, but the admissions process is now severely restricted and background checks are performed on all applicants.^ "Despite the danger involved in its task and the gross misinformation circulating about it, the Legion attracts nearly 10,000 applicants each year from all over the world, most of them non-French citizens.
  • The Old Joel on Software Forum - Joining the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC discuss.fogcreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Accepting volunteers from all parts of the world, the Legion acquired an aura of mystery - and a less than enviable reputation for brutality within its ranks.
  • Off to join the FFL - The Pub - Shroomery Message Board 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Interpol regularly sends profiles of its wanted criminals to Aubagne, which are cross-checked with all the new recruits' files.

Generally speaking, convicted felons are prohibited from joining the service. Legionnaires can choose to enlist under a pseudonym ("declared identity"). .This disposition exists in order to allow people who want to start their lives over to enlist.^ And the people who desert have to live with it for the rest of their lives.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.French citizens can enlist under a declared, fictitious, foreign citizenship (generally, a francophone one, often that of Canada or Monaco).^ One French General was reputedly quite shocked to see a disembarking Legion unit clad and equipped as a German Partisan squad.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In simple terms all that is required is to present yourself in front of the gates of the French Foreign Legion and inform the guard that you wish to enlist.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ At this stage there is only one more thing left to do - that is the solemn declaration of honour and fidelity to serve the French Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.After one year's service, Legionnaires can regularise their situation under their true identity.^ Thus, for those that ask for rectification straight away and can get their paperwork squared away quickly can have their RSM at one year and five-six months of service.

^ Having satisfied the initial prerequisite conditions (not being sous-anonymous being the key one) you can ask for rectification after one year of service.

^ On completion of one years service (Service starts from the day you sign the Contract into the Legion) you automatically become a Legionnaire 1 ere Classe.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.After serving in the Legion for three years, a legionnaire may apply for French citizenship.^ This is the home for the former Legionnaires who have completed more than three contracts in the Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ On completion of one years service (Service starts from the day you sign the Contract into the Legion) you automatically become a Legionnaire 1 ere Classe.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ France may surrender (and I have a few freinds currently serving in the Armee de Terre who would violently dispute that), but the Legion doesn't, nor do " les Marsouins ".
  • FARK.com: (4528491) French Foreign Legion accidentally starts bush fire that requires 170 firefighters, helicopters, and aircraft to extinguish. France surrenders 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .He must be serving under his real name, must no longer have problems with the authorities, and must have served with “honour and fidelity”.^ Now the Problems start to even increase.There is no peace in Bosnia and Politics makes it even more Difficult.A must see Movie.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ At this stage there is only one more thing left to do - that is the solemn declaration of honour and fidelity to serve the French Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Furthermore, a soldier who becomes injured during a battle for France can apply for French citizenship under a provision known as “Français par le sang versé” ("French by spilled blood").^ Before making ready for Le Raid there will be a few days spent at one of the French army camps towards the centre of France.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ As France refocused on Continental defense, French conscripts, who had provided the bulk of the conquerors of Algeria, became increasingly scarce abroad.
  • French Foreign Legion (military organization) :: History -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It should be noted that the medics who do their training here will be practicing their new found skills on you, should you become injured.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Ranks

Soldats du rang (Basic Legionnaire)

All French Foreign Legion NCOs begin their careers as legionnaires with one in four becoming an NCO.
Legion rank Equivalent rank Period of service Insignia
Engagé Volontaire Recruit .15 weeks basic training.^ That link was an interesting read.  I was surprised that the training is 15-17 weeks, though.  I mean, how long does it really take to learn how to surrender?
  • The Old Joel on Software Forum - Joining the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC discuss.fogcreek.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who pass the initial 2 week testing phase, about 1/3, are accepted into the Legion as ' engags volontaires ' and go on for basic training.
  • Parachute Regiments of the L�gion �trang�re 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.users.globalnet.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 15-17 weeks isn't to learn how to surrender, it's to train you how to run away very fast.
  • The Old Joel on Software Forum - Joining the French Foreign Legion 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC discuss.fogcreek.com [Source type: Original source]

None
Legionnaire 2e Classe 2nd Class Legionnaire On completion of training. None
Legionnaire 1e Classe 1st Class Legionnaire Within 2 years of service. Première classe.png
Caporal Corporal After 2 years of service. Caporal.png
Caporal Chef Senior Corporal After 6 years of service.
.(No further promotions are given on attaining this rank.^ It is a unique rank whereby the soldier can progress no further in the rank structure once he has reached the position of Caporal Chef.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

)
Caporal-chef.png

Sous-Officiers (Non-commissioned Officers)

.Sous-officiers account for 25% of the current legion's total manpower.^ The wifes of the Sous officiers and above understand the traditions of the Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Legion rank Equivalent rank Period of service Insignia
Sergent Sergeant After 3 years of service. Sergent.png
Sergent Chef Senior Sergeant After 3 years as Sergent and between 7 to 14 years of service. Sergent-chef.png
Adjudant Warrant Officer After 3 years as Sergent Chef. Adjudant.png
Adjudant Chef Senior Warrant Officer .After 4 years as Adjutant and at least 14 years service.^ It is normally a posting that Legionnaires receive after at least a year's service.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The rank of Caporal Chef is not normally achieved before at least eight to ten years service.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Adjudant-chef.png
Major Regimental Sergeant Major Appointment by either: (i) passing an examination
(ii). promotion after a minimum of 14 years service without an examination.
Major-French-Army.png
^ †: Since 1st January 2009, the French military rank of Major has been attached to the Sous-officiers. Prior to this, Major was an independent rank between NCOs and commissioned officers. .It is an executive position within a regiment or brigade responsible for senior administration, standards and discipline.^ An extremely high standard of fitness is a pre- requisite for a position within this unit.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]


Officiers (Officers)

.Most officers are seconded from the French Army, though roughly 10% of officers are former NCOs promoted from the ranks of La Légion.^ Then came the rest of the company, followed by the rearguard, who where the company's most experienced men commanded by an experienced NCO, Sergeant Louis Morzycki, an Italian Campaign veteran and son of a Polish officer who took refuge in France and a French mother.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two subalterns from HQ company, both former sergeant-majors promoted out of the ranks, joined him.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Corporal Evariste Berg for example, was an officer in the French army and a Lgion d'Honneur Medal winner, who had served in Crimea, Italy, North Africa and Syria.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

Legion rank Equivalent rank Command responsibility Insigna
Aspirant Cadet - Aspirant de l'armée de terre.png
Sous-Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Junior section leader Sous-lieutenant.png
Lieutenant First Lieutenant A section. Lieutenant.png
Capitaine Captain A compagnie. Capitaine.png
Commandant Major A bataillon. Commandant.png
Lieutenant-Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Junior régiment or demi-brigade leader. Lieutenant-colonel.png
Colonel Colonel A régiment or demi-brigade. Colonel.png
Général de Brigade Brigadier General Entire French Foreign Legion Insigne général de brigade.png

Code of Honour

Every Legionnaire must know by heart the "Legionnaire's Code of Honour". The Legionnaires spend many hours learning it, reciting it, and then getting the vocal synchronisation together:
.
  • Légionnaire, you are a volunteer serving France with "Honour and Fidelity".
  • Every legionnaire is your brother-in-arms, regardless of his nationality, race, or religion.^ (Every Legionnaire is your brother in arms, regardless of nationality, race or religion.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (Legionnaire, you are a volunteer serving France with honour and faithfulness) "Chaque Legionnaire est ton frere d'arme, quelle que soit su nationalite, sa race, sa religion.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You may also find that because there are forty Legionnaires all trying to get a telephone, there are queues outside every phone kiosk.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    You will demonstrate this by strict solidarity which must always unite members of the same family.
  • Respect of traditions, devotion to your leaders, discipline and comradeship are your strengths, courage and loyalty your virtues.
  • Proud of your status as Legionnaire, you display this in your uniform, which is always impeccable, your behaviour always dignified but modest, your living quarters always clean.
  • An elite soldier, you will train rigorously, you will maintain your weapon as your most precious possession, you are constantly concerned with your physical form.
  • A mission is sacred, you will carry it out until the end respecting laws, customs of war, international conventions and, if necessary, at a risk of your life.
  • In combat, you will act without passion and without hate, you will respect the vanquished enemy, you will never abandon your dead or wounded, nor surrender your arms.

"Le boudin"

."Le boudin" is the French Foreign Legion's marching song.^ The French Foreign Legion was formed on the 9 of March 1831.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Established as a means of absorbing foreign troublemakers, the Legion spearheaded French colonialism in North Africa during the nineteenth century.
  • Off to join the FFL - The Pub - Shroomery Message Board 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.shroomery.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Joining the French Foreign Legion is a relatively simple task.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Tiens, voilà du boudin, voilà du boudin, voilà du boudin
Pour les Alsaciens, les Suisses et les Lorrains,
Pour les Belges y'en a plus (bis)
Ce sont des tireurs au cul
Pour les Belges y'en a plus (bis)
Ce sont des tireurs au cul.
I Nous sommes des dégourdis, nous sommes des lascars,
Des types pas ordinaires,
Nous avons souvent notre cafard,
Nous sommes des Légionnaires.
II
Au Tonkin, la Légion immortelle
A Tuyen-Quang illustra notre Drapeau.
Héros de Camerone et frères modèles
Dormez en paix dans vos tombeaux.
III
Nos anciens ont su mourir
Pour la Gloire de la Légion,
Nous saurons bien tous périr
Suivant le tradition.
IV
Au cours de nos campagnes lointaines,
Affrontant la fièvre et le feu,
Nous oublions avec nos peines
La mort qui nous oublie si peu
Nous, la Légion.

Composition

Legionnaires of the 2REI during training. France, 2006
Previously, the Légion was not stationed in mainland France except in wartime. .Until 1962, the Legion headquarters were located in Sidi Bel Abbès, Algeria.^ On April 30, 1931, General Rollet, made it official by inviting dignitaries, generals, foreign officers and delegates to Sidi-bel-Abbs, Algeria, (the home of the Legion until 1962) to be part of the celebration.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After four months of haggling, Bazaine paid the ransom and the hand was returned to Legion Headquarters at Sidi-bel-Abbes.
  • Nine Articles by Luis Silva - THE FRENCH FOREIGN LEGION’S FIGHT TO THE DEATH: THE BATTLE OF CAMERONE 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

Nowadays, some units of the Légion are in Corsica or overseas possessions, while the rest are in the south of mainland France. Current headquarters are in Aubagne, France, just outside Marseille.
Legionnaires parachute from a plane while training in Corsica.
There are nine regiments and one independent sub-unit:

Disbanded unit and attempted coup

.The 1st Foreign Parachute Regiment (1e Régiment Étranger Parachutiste, 1e REP) was established in 1955 during the Algerian War and disbanded in April 1961 as the entire regiment rose against the French government of Charles de Gaulle (Algiers Putsch), in protest against moves to negotiate an end to the Algerian War and providing Algeria's independence from France.^ Le Groupe de Commando Parachutistes (Para- Commandos) These legionnaires take a prestigious place in the heart of the 2 eme REP. They are the elite of the French Foreign Legion and are specialised in all aspects of combat training from amphibious ops to mountain warfare to HALO parachuting (High altitude Low Opening parachuting where oxygen is required to facilitate the jump).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ REP. (Regiment Etranger des Parachutists) CALVI - Corsica This is the most prestigious and most professional of all the Regiments.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ There also exists within the 2eme REP - "Le Groupe de Commandos Parachutistes) formally "Les C.R.A.P." (Les commandos de Recherche et D'action dans le Profondeur).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Following the independence of Algeria in 1962, the Legion was reduced in numbers but not disbanded, unlike most other units comprising the Armée d’Afrique: Zouaves, Tirailleurs, Meharistes, Harkis, Goums, Chasseurs d'Afrique and all but one of the Spahi regiments).^ REP. (Regiment Etranger des Parachutists) CALVI - Corsica This is the most prestigious and most professional of all the Regiments.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The camp is one of the most modernised of all the Legion quartiers and is an impressive set-up.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ This regiment deals predominantly with administration and support as well as personnel movements and maintaining all aspects of the Legion's contact with the outside world.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The effect was to retain the Foreign Legion as a professional force which could be used for military interventions outside France and not involve the politically unpopular use of French conscripts.^ The French Foreign Legion is known to be an elite military unit whose training focuses not only on traditional military skills, but also on the building of a strong esprit de corps amongst members.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Yes it is a funny thing about the FRENCH foreign legion, most of them were from other countries apart from France!
  • The French Foreign Legion - Page 2 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: General]

^ Commando course de Forces Francaise en Allemagne.Held back in the 1980`, by the French Military including the French Foreign Legion.Foreign Military was invited to that event.Blanco and for collection only.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

.The subsequent abolition of conscription in France in 2001 and the creation of an entirely professional army might be expected to put the Legion's long-term future at risk but as of 2009 this has not been the case.^ As an integral part of the French army, the French Foreign Legion is a professional fighting unit using the same equipment and with the same missions as any other infantry, tank, or engineer unit of the French army.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

Current deployments

Paratroopers of the 2REP in Djibouti.
These deployments are current as of December 2008:[8]
Snipers of the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment (2REI) using a PGM Hécate and a FR-F2 in Afghanistan in 2005
Note: English names for countries or territories are in parentheses.
Units
Acronym French Name English Meaning
CEA Compagnie d'éclairage et d'appuis Reconnaissance and Support Company
CAC Compagnie anti-char Anti-Tank Company
UCL Unité de commandement et de logistique Unit of Command and Logistics
EMT État-major tactique Tactical Command Post
NEDEX Neutralisation des explosifs Neutralisation and Destruction of Explosives
OMLT Operational Monitoring and Liaison Team (The official name for this branch is in English)

Recruitment process

  • First Day - In a Legion Information Center. .Reception, Information, and Terms of contract
  • Preselection - 1 to 3 days in a Legion Recruitment Center (Paris - Aubagne).^ (Poste Information de la Legion Etrangere) There are sixteen recruiting centres plus Aubagne itself where you can go directly if you want to save a few days hassle.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ On completion of one years service (Service starts from the day you sign the Contract into the Legion) you automatically become a Legionnaire 1 ere Classe.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    .Confirmation of motivation, initial medical check-up , finalising enlistment papers and signing of 5-year service contract.
  • Selection - 1 to 10 days in the Recruitment and Selection Center in Aubagne.^ You will be told that the contract is for five years and given the paper to sign.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There will probably be up to about fifty or sixty engages volontaires at Aubagne at any one time, all at various stages of their three weeks selection.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Once you have been at the sub-recruiting centre for a few days and there are enough recruits ready, a Caporal Chef or a Sergent will accompany you down to Aubagne itself to start the three week selection procedure.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    .Psychological and personality tests, logic tests (no education requirements), medical exam, physical condition tests, motivation and security interviews.^ It is here that they will find out about your past, they will test you mentally, physically and psychologically.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    .Confirmation or denial of selection.
  • Final Selection - 7 days: Signing and handing-over of the five-year service contract.^ (On completion of the first five year contract).
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You will be told that the contract is for five years and given the paper to sign.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ On this day every year the wooden hand of Capitaine Danjou is on display, paraded before the Legion and its guests.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    Incorporation into the Legion as a trainee.

Legion basic training

Basic training is conducted in the 4th Foreign Regiment with a duration of 15 weeks:
  • Initial training of 4 weeks - initiation to military lifestyle; outdoor and field activities; learning legion traditions.
  • March "Képi Blanc" and graduation ceremony - 1 week.
  • Technical and practical training (alternating with barracks and field training) - 3 weeks.
  • Mountain training (Chalet at Formiguière in the French Pyrenees) - 1 week.
  • Technical and practical training (alternating barracks and field training) - 2 weeks.
  • Examinations and obtaining of the elementary technical certificate (CTE) - 1 week.
  • March ending basic training - 1 week.
  • Light vehicle / trucks school - 1 week.
  • Return to Aubagne before reporting to the assigned regiment - 1 week.

Recruitment chart

American poet Alan Seeger in his Legion uniform
.The following is a chart showing the national origin of the more than 600,000 Legionaries of the force from 1831 to 1961, which was compiled in 1963. It should be noted that, at a given moment, principal original nationalities of the foreign legion reflect the events in history at the time they join.^ It is a slightly more relaxing time than usual - but as always assume nothing.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes there is a gift given to a Legionnaire which is worth more than any other - that is the right to wear civilian clothes when out on the town.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ They are done to try and find out what you trade or skill you might be suited to in the Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The legion allows men to escape from the worries of war, especially if their native country has lost.^ By using your Carte D 'Identite (Legion ID card) and the Titre De Permission (Leave pass) you will be allowed to leave the country by any of the airports.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ A lot of the Legion's work here is run from boats hollowed out of trees known as "pirogues", as are used by the natives of the country.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ (The Legion states that you are officially not allowed to leave the country for the first three years of the contract - but most Legionnaires do).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

The large numbers of Germans joining in the wake of WWII led to the misconception that the Legion was full of former Waffen SS and Wehrmacht personnel. It is not surprising to see that a large number of German enlistments in the period following WWII, but the figures do not show whether or not the post-WWI period had a similar boost. Bernard B. Fall, writing in the context of the First Indochina War, has called the notion that the Foreign Legion was mainly German at that time:
"a canard . . . with the sub variant that all those .Germans were at least SS generals and other much wanted war criminals.^ Is Reicher really SS war criminal Martin Bruner, and is Corbett after him?
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

.As a rule, and in order to prevent any particular nation from making the Legion into a Praetorian guard, any particular national component is kept at about 25 percent of the total.^ For the most hassle free route into the Legion you should make your way down to Aubagne near Marseille in the south.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Mental toughness is a vital attribute to make it into the Legion.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

.Even supposing (and this was the case, of course) that the French recruiters, in the eagerness for candidates would sign up Germans enlisting as Swiss, Austrian, Scandinavian and other nationalities of related ethnic background, it is unlikely that the number of Germans in the Foreign Legion ever exceeded 35 percent.^ Joining the French Foreign Legion is a relatively simple task.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Even in today's modern world the Foreign Legion remains an enigma .
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ This act epitomizes the spirit of the French Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, without making an allowance for losses, rotation, discharges, etc., the maximum number of Germans fighting in Indochina at any one time reached perhaps 7 000 out of 278 000. As to the ex-Nazis, the early arrivals contained a number of them, none of whom were known to be war criminals.^ If you can learn these numbers quickly then you will not be the one that feels the might of a size ten boot when the Sergent has been calling out the weapon number six times at the armoury doors (Le Magasine).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Very light casualties were taken and after one hundred hours fighting on the ground the war was over.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

French Intelligence saw to that. .Since, in view of the rugged Indochinese climate, older men without previous tropical experience constituted more a liability than an asset, the average age of the Legion enlistees was about 23. At the time of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, any Legionnaire of that age group was at the worst, in his "Hitler Youth" shorts when the [Third] Reich collapsed.^ Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam in 1954.
  • Hard to Find TV & Movie Classic's from around the World Plus DVD Cases & VHS cases 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.videomediaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ It is a slightly more relaxing time than usual - but as always assume nothing.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes there is a gift given to a Legionnaire which is worth more than any other - that is the right to wear civilian clothes when out on the town.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

[9]
.When looking at the overall recruitment chart, one must keep in mind that the Legion accepts people enlisting under a nationality that is not their own.^ If however you are accepted into the Legion the clothing is lost forever - do not therefore wear expensive clothing when you come to enlist.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Often they will be more friendly to their own nationality and keep you slightly more informed as to what is on the agenda during the coming days.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the Legion will accept people of various backgrounds they will not accept murderers or those they consider to be of a dangerous nature.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The large number of Swiss and Belgians are actually more likely than not Frenchmen who wish to avoid detection.^ But when you do you will more than likely have a reasonable pay packet to take with you.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ As an engage volontaire you will more than likely be taken here to Malmousce to carry out any jobs that are necessary - such as odd jobbing or helping out in the kitchens.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the home for the former Legionnaires who have completed more than three contracts in the Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

[10]
Rank Country of origin Total numbers
1  Germany 210,000
2  Italy 60,000
3  Belgium 50,000
4  France 50,000
5  Spain 40,000
6  Switzerland 30,000
7  Poland 10,000
8  Russia 6,000
9  Austria 5,000
10  Hungary 4,000
11  Greece 4,000
12  Czechoslovakia 4,000
13  Netherlands 3,000
14  Yugoslavia 3,000
15  Luxembourg 2,300
16  United Kingdom 1,500
17  Romania 1,500
18  Portugal 1,300
19  Denmark 1,000
20  Turkey 1,000
21  United States 700
22  Bulgaria 500
23  Finland 500
24  Sweden 500
25  Algeria 500
26  Vietnam 200
27  Morocco 200
28  Tunisia 200
29  Argentina 100
30  Brazil 100
31  Japan 100
32  Canada 100
33  Lithuania 100
34  Latvia 100
35  Norway 100
36  Egypt 100
.Regarding recruitment conditions within the Foreign Legion, please see the official page (in English) dedicated to the subject: [11].^ By using a running English-to-French thesaurus at the bottom of each page, this edition of The Border Legion by Zane Grey was edited for three audiences.
  • French Foreign Legion - Lulu.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ So he became an outcast American in a hard-bitten group of recruits-men on the run from their pasts, men without hope: He joined the French Foreign Legion.
  • French Foreign Legion - Lulu.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ The recruit has promised equally to serve within the ranks of the Foreign Legion wherever the government might 68 deem it necessary to send him, and after having read the present act has enjoined his signature; Recruit's signature.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.However, with regard to age limits, recruits can be accepted from ages ranging from 17 ½ (with parental consent) to 40 years old.^ The age limits are officially 18-40.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ If the recruit id less than 18 years old.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Candidates over seventeen and one day are accepted but must have a written consent from either parent, made out in front of an official witness.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Uniforms

Légionnaires in modern dress uniform. .Note the green and red epaulettes and the distinctive white kepi.^ Similarly not all Legionnaires wear white Kepis; Sergents and above wear black with a red top.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

They carry France's standard assault rifle, the FA-MAS.
White kepi of the French Foreign Legion.
Green beret (Béret vert) of the French Foreign Legion
.From its foundation until World War I the Legion wore the uniform of the French line infantry for parade with a few special distinctions.^ For their efforts in the first world war the Legion had become highly decorated.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Yes, the Legion can be a violent place, but as time goes by, the Legion is finding itself coming more and more into line with the French army and with it, French military law.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Summary: The World War I flying ace has the flu of 1918, and the French waitress takes care of him and brings him mail.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "French Connection" to "French Whorehouses" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The field uniform was often modified under the influence of the extremes of climate and terrain in which the Legion served. Shakos were soon replaced by the light cloth kepi which was far more suitable for North African conditions. .One short lived aberration was the wearing of green uniforms in 1856 by Legion units recruited in Switzerland for service in the Crimean War.^ The beret issued in the Legion is green in colour from day one.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ When you depart for Castelnaudary you will be wearing the uniform that has offically been issued, which includes the Legion beret.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The green combat uniform that is worn on a daily basis is not ironed in the Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.In the early 1900s the Legionnaire wore a red kepi with blue band and piping, dark blue tunic with red collar, red cuff patches, and red trousers.^ Similarly not all Legionnaires wear white Kepis; Sergents and above wear black with a red top.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The most distinctive features were the green epaulettes (replacing the red of the line) worn with red woollen fringes; plus the embroidered Legion badge of a red flaming grenade, worn on the kepi front instead of a regimental number.^ There is nothing like the sound of 40 plus Legionnaires (better still a company of 150) singing in tune, on the march, with Kepis on their heads and red epaulettes on their shoulders.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The Kepi is worn most of the time except during excercises and active working engagements.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1945 the 5REI left to be replaced by a long line of legion Regiments - The 2 REI, 13DBLE, 1 REC and the 3 REI. In the meantime the 3REI remained to fight in other areas.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

In the field a light khaki cover was worn over the kepi, sometimes with a protective neck curtain attached. The standard medium-blue double breasted greatcoat (capote) of the French infantry was worn, usually buttoned back to free the legs for marching. Around the waist was a broad blue sash, copied from that of the Zouaves. The blue sash provided warmth and support as well as (supposedly) preventing intestinal diseases. White linen trousers tucked into short leather leggings were substituted for red serge in hot weather. This was the origin of the "Beau Geste" image of the Legion.
In barracks a white bleached kepi cover was often worn together with a short dark blue jacket ("veste") or white blouse plus white trousers. The original kepi cover was khaki and due to constant washing turned white quickly. .The white or khaki kepi cover was not unique to the Legion at this stage but was commonly seen amongst other French units in North Africa.^ The 13 DBLE based in Djbouti, North East Africa are the big earners of the Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Many other Regiments wear Kepis too but not white.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Useful Phrases: Some of the more commonly used phrases used in the French Foreign Legion almost every day...
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.It later became particularly identified with the Foreign Legion as the unit most likely to serve at remote frontier posts (other than locally recruited tirailleurs who wore fezzes or turbans).^ Make no mistake however, that serving five years in the French Foreign Legion is not easy.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ So he became an outcast American in a hard-bitten group of recruits-men on the run from their pasts, men without hope: He joined the French Foreign Legion.
  • French Foreign Legion - Lulu.com 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC www.lulu.com [Source type: General]

^ Passing French Foreign Legion training is within the capability of most men in a reasonably fit condition - (in mind and in body).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The variances of climate in North Africa led the French Army to the sensible expedient of letting local commanders decide on the appropriate "tenue de jour" (uniform of the day) according to circumstances.^ As evening approaches you are allowed back to the block to get changed into Tenue de Combat (Normal working green uniform).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ (Uniform worn when allowed into the town) and the "Tenue De Parade" (Uniform worn when on parade).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Then you must present yourself before the Chef de Post at the main gate - who will decide whether or not to let you out or not.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Thus a Legionnaire might parade or walk out in blue tunic and white trousers in hot weather, blue tunic and red trousers in normal temperatures or wear the blue greatcoat with red trousers under colder conditions.^ The Legion has great experience of working in hot conditions and takes this sort of weather very seriously.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ There is normally an assistant attached to each group of six to assist in tucking up the trousers under the elastics to make a neat finish and to fetch and carry.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Similarly not all Legionnaires wear white Kepis; Sergents and above wear black with a red top.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

The sash could be worn with greatcoat, blouse or veste but not with the tunic. .Epaulettes were a detachable dress item worn only with tunic or greatcoat for parade or off duty wear.^ The only uniform that is ironed is the "Tenue de Garde" (Uniform worn on guard duty), "Tenue de sortie".
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Officers wore the same dark blue (almost black) tunics as those of their colleagues in the French line regiments, except that black replaced red as a facing colour on collar and cuffs.^ The colours remain the same throughout the various Regiments and are as follows: 1er Companie - Blue.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1945 the 5REI left to be replaced by a long line of legion Regiments - The 2 REI, 13DBLE, 1 REC and the 3 REI. In the meantime the 3REI remained to fight in other areas.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Gold fringed epaulettes were worn for full dress and rank was shown by the number of gold rings on both kepi and cuffs. .Trousers were red with black stripes or white according to occasion or conditions.^ Similarly not all Legionnaires wear white Kepis; Sergents and above wear black with a red top.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.All-white or light khaki uniforms (from as early as the 1890s) were often worn in the field or for ordinary duties in barracks.^ The only uniform that is ironed is the "Tenue de Garde" (Uniform worn on guard duty), "Tenue de sortie".
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Non-commissioned officers were distinguished by red or gold diagonal stripes on the lower sleeves of tunics, vestes and greatcoats. Small detachable stripes were buttoned on to the front of the white shirt-like blouse.
Prior to 1914 units in Indo-China wore white or khaki Colonial Infantry uniforms with Legion insignia, to overcome supply difficulties. This dress included a white sun helmet of a model that was also worn by Legion units serving in the outposts of Southern Algeria, though never popular with the wearers. .During the initial months of World War I Legion units serving in France wore the standard blue greatcoat and red trousers of the French line infantry, distinguished only by collar patches of the same blue as the capote, instead of red.^ It is after all, the French that you will be relying on to learn the language and, during the initial stages, to translate what has been said by the Caporal or Sergent.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ For their efforts in the first world war the Legion had become highly decorated.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ This is a term applied to a select few Legionnaires who have been offered accelerated promotion due to a good performance during their own in 27 basic training - they therefore, have only served a few months more than yourselves in the Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

After a short period in sky-blue the Legion adopted khaki with steel helmets, from early 1916. A mustard shade of khaki drill had been worn on active service in Morocco from 1909, replacing the classic blue and white. The latter continued to be worn in the relatively peaceful conditions of Algeria throughout World War I, although increasingly replaced by khaki drill. The pre-1914 blue and red uniforms could still be occasionally seen as garrison dress in Algeria until stocks were used up about 1919.
.During the early 1920s plain khaki drill uniforms of a standard pattern became universal issue for the Legion with only the red and blue kepi (with or without a cover) and green collar braiding to distinguish the Legionnaire from other French soldiers serving in North African and Indo-China.^ For the Legionnaires in Indo China the war was now over.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ All the ranks can be distinguished by subtle changes in their Kepi (apart from legionnaires and Caporaux).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ It is often argued by Legionnaires that the Kepi Blanc should only be received after the Le Raid at the end of basic training when a much longer march is carried out.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The neck curtain ceased to be worn from about 1915, although it survived in the newly raised Foreign Legion Cavalry Regiment into the 1920s.^ As a result of this the RMLE was formed (French Foreign Legion Marching regiment) whose job it was to preceed any troops into battle.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon after you have had your second interview you will be informed of whether or not you have been accepted into the French Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Illustrated facts about the French foreign legion in Caldern, Mxico.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "French Connection" to "French Whorehouses" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The white blouse (bourgeron) and trousers dating from 1882 were retained for fatigue wear until the 1930s.
At the time of the Legion's centennial in 1931, a number of traditional features were reintroduced at the initiative of the then commander Colonel Rollet. These included the blue sash and green/red epaulettes. .In 1939 the white covered kepi won recognition as the official headdress of the Legion to be worn on most occasions, rather than simply as a means of reflecting heat and protecting the blue and red material underneath.^ Similarly not all Legionnaires wear white Kepis; Sergents and above wear black with a red top.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Most of them have seen action on more than one occasion during their careers.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ (The Legion states that you are officially not allowed to leave the country for the first three years of the contract - but most Legionnaires do).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

The 3rd REI adopted white tunics and trousers for walking out dress during the 1930s and all Legion officers were required to obtain full dress uniforms in the pre-war colours of black and red from 1932 to 1939.
.During World War II the Legion wore a wide range of uniform styles depending on supply sources.^ Refers to the World War II resistance against German occupation.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "French Connection" to "French Whorehouses" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For their efforts in the first world war the Legion had become highly decorated.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Refers to the World War II underground movement against German occupation.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "French Connection" to "French Whorehouses" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These ranged from the heavy capotes and Adrian helmets of 1940 through to British battledress and US field uniforms from 1943 to 1945. The white kepi was stubbornly retained whenever possible.
.The white kepis, together with the sash and epaulettes survive in the Legion's modern parade dress.^ It will be said by you at the Remise Du Eepi Blanc (Presentation parade) prior to donning the famous white Kepi.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Le Kepi Blanc - The White Eel The Kepi Blanc is the identifying symbol unique to the Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Since the 1990s the modern kepi has been made wholly of white material rather than simply worn with a white cover. .Officers and senior NCOs still wear their kepis in the pre-1939 colours of dark blue and red.^ Similarly not all Legionnaires wear white Kepis; Sergents and above wear black with a red top.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.A green tie and (for officers) a green waistcoat recall the traditional branch colour of the Legion.^ The beret issued in the Legion is green in colour from day one.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.From 1959 a green beret became the ordinary duty headdress of the Legion, with the kepi reserved for parade and off duty wear.^ The beret issued in the Legion is green in colour from day one.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Unlike some armies where a blue beret is issued until training has been completed - in the Legion it is the Kepi that you earn.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The beret you are issued with at Aubagne will be green - you do not earn the beret as you do in some of the British forces; it is the Kepi that you earn.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Other items of dress are the standard issue of the French Army. .Officers seconded to the Foreign Legion reportedly retain one Legion button on the vests of their dress uniforms upon returning to their original regiments.^ It is a tradition of the Foreign Legion to prepare the equipment for return to the stores immediately on return to the guartier after the final march.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of this the RMLE was formed (French Foreign Legion Marching regiment) whose job it was to preceed any troops into battle.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon after you have had your second interview you will be informed of whether or not you have been accepted into the French Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

FAMAS F1

Equipment

.The Foreign Legion is basically equipped with the same equipment as similar units elsewhere in the French Army.^ This is part of the French Foreign Legion Intelligence service and they are very good at their job.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Joining the French Foreign Legion is a relatively simple task.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Soon after you have had your second interview you will be informed of whether or not you have been accepted into the French Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

These include:
.
  • The FAMAS assault rifle, a French-made automatic bullpup-style rifle, most of which were designed for the 5.56x45mm NATO round.^ Le FAMAS - 5.56 calibre personal assault rifle.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Junior Guide to French / Annabel Warrender and Sophie Brudenell-Bruce ; illustrated by Joseph McEwan ; designed by Graham Round ; edited by Jenny Tyler.
    • Index to Comic Art Collection: "French Connection" to "French Whorehouses" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ French / Annabel Warrender and Sophie Brudenell-Bruce ; illustrated by Joseph McEwan ; designed by Graham Round ; edited by Jenny Tyler.
    • Index to Comic Art Collection: "French Connection" to "French Whorehouses" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In bullpup-style firearms, the action and magazine are located behind the trigger which increases the barrel length relative to the overall weapon length. This permits shorter weapons for the same barrel length, saves weight and improves ease of handling.

Marching step

.Also notable is the marching pace of the Legion.^ (In the French Foreign Legion the marching is done at 80 paces per minute as opposed to 120 in the British army).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.In comparison to the 120-step-per-minute pace of other French units, the Legion has an 88-step-per-minute marching speed.^ (In the French Foreign Legion the marching is done at 80 paces per minute as opposed to 120 in the British army).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The French Foreign Legion was formed on the 9 of March 1831.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ All bandsmen go through French Foreign Legion basic training just the same as any other Legionnaire.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

It is also referred to by Legionnaires as the "crawl." .This can be seen at ceremonial parades and public displays attended by the Legion, particularly while parading in Paris on 14 July (Bastille Day).^ On this day every year the wooden hand of Capitaine Danjou is on display, paraded before the Legion and its guests.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Because of the impressively slow pace, the Legion is always the last unit marching in any parade.^ The Section will almost always march and sing their way across the Place D'arme (Parade square).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ (In the French Foreign Legion the marching is done at 80 paces per minute as opposed to 120 in the British army).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ There are always foot and body inspections after every march or excercise in the Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The Legion is normally accompanied by its own band which traditionally plays the march of any one of the regiments comprising the Legion, except that of the unit actually on parade.^ The beer is cheap and there was, until recently a brothel run by the Legion on camp (this was the last Regiment to run its own brothel).
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of this the RMLE was formed (French Foreign Legion Marching regiment) whose job it was to preceed any troops into battle.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ That is whether or not you play an instrument or have any inclination to become a musiciain and any desire to play in the Legion band.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The regimental song of each unit and "Le Boudin" is sung by Legionnaires standing at attention.^ Le Boudin is probably the most famous of all the Legion SOllgS. 34 It is also the only song that must be sung at the Gardez vous position.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The first verse of Le Boudin is often all that is sung, for example prior to eating a meal.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.Also, because the Legion must always stay together, it does not break formation into two when approaching the presidential grandstand, as other French military units do, in order to preserve the unity of the Legion.^ The Legion, if it does decide to take you into its fold, will provide you with a new identity and will protect you from your past if necessary.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ All bandsmen go through French Foreign Legion basic training just the same as any other Legionnaire.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Likewise in the French Foreign Legion they must instill discipline into the Section as soon as possible and this will be done by whatever means is deemed necessary.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Contrary to popular belief, the adoption of the Legion's slow marching speed was not due to a need to preserve energy and fluids during long marches under the hot Algerian sun. Its exact origins are somewhat unclear, but the official explanation is that although the pace regulation does not seem to have been instituted before 1945, it hails back to the slow, majestic marching pace of the Ancien Régime, and its reintroduction was a "return to traditional roots". [12]

References in popular culture

.Beyond its reputation as an elite unit often engaged in serious fighting, the recruitment practices of the French Foreign Legion have also led to a romantic view of it being a place for a wronged man to leave behind his old life to start a new one, yet also full of scoundrels and men escaping justice.^ Make no mistake however, that serving five years in the French Foreign Legion is not easy.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Every year, on the 30 April, in every quarter of the French Foreign Legion - this day is remembered and is known simply as Camerone Day.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ If you feel that the French Foreign Legion way of life is for you, further contracts can be signed with the Legion after the initial five years.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Emulation by other countries

Spanish Legion

.The Spanish Legion was created in 1920, in emulation of the French one, and had a significant role in Spain's colonial wars in Morocco and in the Spanish Civil War on the Nationalist side.^ There are approximately ninety to a hundred different nationalities serving in the French Foreign Legion at any one time.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ More recently the Legion was again asked to carry out peace keeping roles in war torn areas of the globe.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The one great advantage in the French Foreign Legion is that promotion can come relatively quickly for those that are deserving.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

Unlike its French model, the number of non-Spanish recruits never exceeded 25%, most of these from Latin America. It now only recruits Spanish nationals.

Israeli Mahal

.In Israel, the Mahal (Hebrew: מח"ל‎, an acronym for Mitnadvei Hutz LaAretz which means Volunteers from outside the Land [of Israel]) is a term used to describe About 4,000 both Jewish and non-Jewish volunteers who went to Israel to fight in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War including Aliyah Bet.^ It is one of those things that most people only hear about or had a friend of a friend who actually went and did it.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

[13] .The Mahalniks were mostly World War II veterans from American and British armed forces.^ Refers to the World War II resistance against German occupation.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "French Connection" to "French Whorehouses" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After six long months waiting and a build up of world forces which had not been seen 9 since World War Two, the war began.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ Refers to the World War II underground movement against German occupation.
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "French Connection" to "French Whorehouses" 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the 2000s, overseas residents serve with the IDF through various Mahal-IDF-Volunteers programs.

Netherlands KNIL Army

.Though not named "Foreign Legion", the Dutch Koninklijk Nederlandsch-Indische Leger (KNIL), or Royal Netherlands-Indian Army (in reference to the Dutch East Indies, now Indonesia), was created in 1830, a year before the French legion, and is therefore not an emulation but an entirely original idea and had a similar recruitment policy.^ You are essentially now in the French Foreign Legion and it is a tough army with a tough lifestyle.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ There will now be a lecture on postings in the French Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ This is part of the French Foreign Legion Intelligence service and they are very good at their job.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.It stopped being a foreign legion around 1900 when recruitment was restricted to Dutch citizens and to the indigenous peoples of the Dutch East Indies.^ The French Foreign Legion today, is alive and kicking and as always, actively recruiting.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ The 13 DBLE based in Djbouti, North East Africa are the big earners of the Foreign Legion.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

.The KNIL was finally disbanded on 26 July 1950, seven months after the Netherlands formally recognised Indonesia as a sovereign state, and almost five years after Indonesia declared its independence.^ The pay during your five years can vary from F50 a week to tens of thousands of Francs per month.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

^ These can be for either six months, one year, eighteen months, two years, three years, four years or five years.
  • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Jean-Dominique Merchet, La Légion s'accroche à ses effectifs
  2. ^ http://www.amazon.com/Tomorrow-Be-Brave-Memoir-Foreign/dp/0743200020/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1259276560&sr=1-1
  3. ^ Porch p. 2-4
  4. ^ Porch p. 17-18
  5. ^ "About the Legion". http://www.channel4.com/life/microsites/E/escape_to_the_legion/legion.html. Retrieved 2007-03-09. 
  6. ^ Shortly before his death, Seeger wrote, "I have a rendez-vous with Death, at some disputed barricade...And I to my pledged word am true, I shall not fail that rendevous."
  7. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions About the Legion (French)". http://www.legion-recrute.com/fr/faq.php#f4. Retrieved 2008-09-10. 
  8. ^ http://www.legion-etrangere.info/index.php?post/2008/12/D%C3%A9cembre-2008
  9. ^ Bernard B. Fall, Street Without Joy, pp. 279-280
  10. ^ Evan McGorman, Life in the French Foreign Legion, p. 21
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Szecsko, P.17
  13. ^ Benny Morris, 1948, 2008, p.85.

Bibliography

  • Geraghty, Tony. .March or Die: A New History of the French Foreign Legion, 1987, ISBN 0816017948
  • McGorman, Evan.^ Joining the French Foreign Legion is a relatively simple task.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This act epitomizes the spirit of the French Foreign Legion.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You will work long hard days - and that is life in the French Foreign Legion.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    .Life in the French Foreign Legion: How to Join and What to Expect When You Get There. Hellgate Press, 2000. ISBN 1-55571-633-4
  • Porch, Douglas.^ And then there are those from the former eastern block countries, or for that matter absolutely any country in the world, who seek a new life in the western world accompanied by the French passport.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Joining the French Foreign Legion is a relatively simple task.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This act epitomizes the spirit of the French Foreign Legion.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    .The French Foreign Legion. New York: Harper Collins, 1991. ISBN 0-06-092308-3
  • The French Foreign Legion in Kolwezi Roger Rousseau, 2006. ISBN 2-9526927-1-8
  • Szecsko, Tibor.^ Joining the French Foreign Legion is a relatively simple task.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This act epitomizes the spirit of the French Foreign Legion.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You will work long hard days - and that is life in the French Foreign Legion.
    • The French Foreign Legion. La Legion Etranger 16 January 2010 21:021 UTC lib.ru [Source type: Original source]

    Le Grand Livre des Insignes de la Légion Etrangère. Aubagne, I.I.L.E / S.I.H.L.E, 1991. ISBN 2-9505938-0-1

External links

Books

Citable sentences

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