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Provence-1.jpg
The battleship Provence
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Namesake: Region of Provence
Builder: Arsenal de Lorient
Laid down: 1 May 1912
Launched: 20 April 1913
Commissioned: June 1915
Fate: Scuttled, 27 November 1942
General characteristics
Class and type: Bretagne class battleship
Displacement: 23,230 tons standard, 26,180 tons full load
Length: 166 m
Beam: 26.9 m
Draught: 9.8 m
Propulsion: 4 shaft Parsons turbines, 18-24 boilers, 29,000 hp
Speed: 20 knots
Range: 4,700 nmi at 10 knots, 2,680 tons coal and 300 tons oil
Complement: 1,133
Armament:

10 × 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 guns in twin mounts
4 × 47 mm guns
4 × 450 mm torpedo tubes
Before 1935
22 x 1 - 138.6 mm Mle 1910 guns
After 1935
14 x 1 - 138.6 mm Mle 1910 guns

8 × 75mm/50 Modèle 1922 guns
Armour:

Belt 270 mm
three decks 40 mm each
Casemates 170 mm
340 mm turrets

314 mm conning tower

The Provence was a French Navy battleship of the Bretagne class named in honour of the French region of Provence.

Contents

Construction

She was built by Arsenal de Lorient, and her keel was laid on 1 May 1912. She was launched on 20 April 1913, and completed by June 1915, when she was commissioned.

Like her sister ships, the Provence was armed with a main armament of ten of the new 340 mm main guns from the cancelled Normandie-class battleships. The main guns were mounted two per turret; two centreline superfiring forward, two centreline superfiring aft and one amidships centreline turret that could fire to both sides.

Service

The Provence served in the Mediterranean with the two other Bretagne-class battleships during both World Wars. She was damaged by British naval gunfire at Mers-el-Kebir and beached to prevent flooding. After Mers-el-Kebir she made her way to Toulon where she was repaired, but was later sunk on 27 November 1942 during the Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon to prevent her from falling into Nazi hands.

On 11 July 1943 the Provence was raised by the Germans, and her main 13.4 in/340 mm guns were removed and used as shore batteries in "Big Willie": a heavy reinforced fortress on the island of Saint Mandrier. This island was located right at the entrance to the port of Toulon, and with a range of 22 miles, the fortress' guns commanded every approach to the port. In addition, these guns were fortified with heavy armour plate bedded into the "rocky sides" of the island.[1] In 1944, "Big Willie" was engaged by numerous Allied heavy naval units, including the Lorraine, a sister-ship of the Provence, and after days of duelling with these units, was eventually silenced and taken.

After D-Day in 1944 she was again scuttled for use as a blockship; in April 1949 she was raised and finally scrapped.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Karig, Burton and Freeland, 386.

Bibliography

  • Karig, Commander Walter; Burton, Lieutenant Earl; Freeland, Lieutenant Stephen L. (1946). Battle Report (Volume 2); The Atlantic War. New York and Toronto: Farrar and Rinehart, Inc..  
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Career (France)
Namesake:

Region of Provence

Builder: Arsenal de Lorient
Laid down: 1 May 1912
Launched: 20 April 1913
Commissioned: June 1915
Fate: Scuttled, 27 November 1942
General characteristics

Class and type: Bretagne class battleship
Displacement: 23,230 tons standard, 26,180 tons full load
Length: 166 m
Beam: 26.9 m
Draught: 9.8 m
Propulsion: 4 shaft Parsons turbines, 18-24 boilers, 29,000 hp
Speed: 20 knots
Range: 4,700 nmi at 10 knots, 2,680 tons coal and 300 tons oil
Complement: 1,133
Armament: 10 × 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 guns in twin mounts
4 × 47 mm guns
4 × 450 mm torpedo tubes
Before 1935
22 x 1 - 138.6 mm Mle 1910 guns
After 1935
14 x 1 - 138.6 mm Mle 1910 guns
8 × 75mm/50 Modèle 1922 guns
Armour: Belt 270 mm
three decks 40 mm each
Casemates 170 mm
340 mm turrets
314 mm conning tower

The Provence was a French Navy battleship of the Bretagne class named in honour of the French region of Provence.

Contents

Construction

She was built by Arsenal de Lorient, and her keel was laid on 1 May 1912. She was launched on 20 April 1913, and completed by June 1915, when she was commissioned.

Like her sister ships, the Provence was armed with a main armament of ten of the new 340 mm main guns from the cancelled Normandie-class battleships. The main guns were mounted two per turret; two centreline superfiring forward, two centreline superfiring aft and one amidships centreline turret that could fire to both sides.

Service

The Provence served in the Mediterranean with the two other Bretagne-class battleships during both World Wars. She was damaged by British naval gunfire at Mers-el-Kebir and beached to prevent flooding. After Mers-el-Kebir she made her way to Toulon where she was repaired, but was later sunk on 27 November 1942 during the Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon to prevent her from falling into Nazi hands.

On 11 July 1943 the Provence was raised by the Germans,[citation needed] and her main 13.4 in/340 mm guns were removed and used as shore batteries in "Big Willie": a heavy reinforced fortress on the island of Saint Mandrier. This island was located right at the entrance to the port of Toulon, and with a range of 22 miles, the fortress' guns commanded every approach to the port. In addition, these guns were fortified with heavy armour plate bedded into the "rocky sides" of the island.[1] In 1944, "Big Willie" was engaged by numerous Allied heavy naval units, including the Lorraine, a sister-ship of the Provence, and after days of duelling with these units, was eventually silenced and taken.

After D-Day in 1944, the Provence was again scuttled for use as a blockship; in April 1949 she was raised and finally scrapped.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Karig, Burton and Freeland, 386.

Bibliography

  • Karig, Commander Walter; Burton, Lieutenant Earl; Freeland, Lieutenant Stephen L. (1946). Battle Report (Volume 2); The Atlantic War. New York and Toronto: Farrar and Rinehart, Inc.. 


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