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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fresh Meadows is a residential neighborhood in northeastern section of the New York City borough of Queens.

Contents

Location

Fresh Meadows is bordered to the east by Cunningham Park, to the south by Union Turnpike, to the west by 164th Street, located on the northeast side of Hillcrest. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 8[1] and is served by the United States Postal Service as ZIP codes 11365 and 11366.

History

During the American Revolution General Benedict Arnold drilled his troops in the area, on the current location of M.S. 216. During the 19th century, Fresh Meadows was a farming community known as Black Stump. The name derives from the convention of defining property lines by placing blackened tree stumps at the edges of properties.[2][3] A few such boundary markers are still visible in the undeveloped areas of Cunningham Park along 73rd Avenue. Until 2004, the neighborhood was home to Klein Farm, the last surviving commercial farm in New York City, located on 73rd Avenue between 194th and 195th Streets. Efforts by local residents and civic officials to see the farm reopen are currently under way.[4]

Demographics

With an estimated population of 13,268[5], Fresh Meadows is usually considered one of Queens' more affluent neighborhoods. Residents have an average household income of $85,635, nearly twice as high as the average NYC household income.[6] The neighborhood has historically and traditionally been home to one of New York City's most thriving Jewish communities, with the Jewish population at one time making up as many as 90% of all people who live in Fresh Meadows. Today, there is an increasing presence of younger Asian American families living in the neighborhood.[7]

Transportation

The neighborhood is served by NYC Transit bus lines Q17, Q30, Q31, Q46, Q88 and QM1. Fresh Meadows is not a major transportation hub, as no New York City Subway or Long Island Railroad stations are located within its boundaries.

Education

Fresh Meadows is home to St. Francis Preparatory School, the largest Catholic high school in the United States. Public schools located in Fresh Meadows include Francis Lewis High School, George J. Ryan Middle school,P.S. 26 Rufus King school, and P.S. 173 The Fresh Meadows School.

Housing Complex

Fresh Meadows is also the name of a large apartment complex situated in the northeast section of the neighborhood. Developed in the late 1940's by the New York Life Insurance Company to house local World War II veterans. The complex and its eponymous shopping center were the first in the United States designed primarily to accommodate automobile rather than pedestrian traffic.[8]

References

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Simple English

Fresh Meadows is a neighborhood in northeastern part of the borough of Queens in New York City, which is bordered to the east by Francis Lewis Boulevard, to the south by Union Turnpike, to the north by Kissena Park, and to the west by Utopia Parkway and Fresh Meadows Lane.

Fresh Meadows is also the name of a housing development (housing estate) in the neighborhood, along 188th Street. The Fresh Meadows buildings were built in the late 1940s and were for lower middle & middle class people. It is one of three housing areas built by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company after [[World War II], the others are Stuyvesant Town in Manhattan and Parkchester in the Bronx.

The Long Island Expressway runs through the neighborhood. Main streets are 188th Street, Horace Harding Expressway, 73rd Avenue, Utopia Parkway, and Fresh Meadows Lane.

The 107th Precinct of the New York City Police Department (NYPD) covers this neighborhood.

Kissena Park and Cunningham Park are both located next to Fresh Meadows.

Fresh Meadows is also home to St. Francis Preparatory School, the largest Catholic high school in the United States. Francis Lewis High School, P.S. 26 (Rufus King school), M.S. 216 (George J. Ryan Middle School), and P.S. 173 (The Fresh Meadows School) are other schools in the neighborhood.


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