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Friedrich Karl Akel
Born September 5, 1871
Died July 3, 1941
Cause of death Executed by the NKVD
Nationality Estonia
Occupation Physician
Head of state
Known for Member of the
International Olympic Committee

Friedrich Karl Akel (September 5, 1871 in Halliste, Estonia – July 3, 1941 in Tallinn) was an Estonian diplomat and politician, a member of the International Olympic Committee. [1] , and Head of State of Estonia in 1924.

Akel attended the Alexander Gymnasium in Tartu, and studied in the department of medicine of Tartu University in 1892–1897.

He was an assistant in the Tartu University Clinic, a doctor in the Reimers ophthalmology clinic in Riga, 1899–1901 a doctor in the Ujazdov hospital in Warsaw. In 1901, he studied in Berlin, Prague and Leipzig. Akel worked a private ophthalmologist in Tallinn, and in 1907 he was one of the founders of the Private Clinic of Estonian Physicians. In 1912 he founded his own eye clinic. In 1904–1905 he was in the Russo-Japanese war as a physician. He was also a member and a chairman of the Tallinn Municipal Council, and the Honorary Justice of the Peace in the Tallinn-Haapsalu Peace Council.

Akel was a member the Board of the Northern Baltic Union of Physicians and the Tallinn Popular Education society, Chairman of the sports society "Kalev", building society of "Estonia" theatre and the Estonian Society "Estonia" in Tallinn, Member and Chairman of the Council and member of the Board of the Tallinn Loan and Savings Society, later the Tallinn "Krediitpank" (Credit Bank), 1920–1922 secular Vice President of the Consistory of the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church, and in 1927–1932 Estonia's representative in the International Olympic Committee.

Akel was Estonia's Elder of State in March - December 1924, and served three times as foreign minister. He was also Estonia's envoy in Finland, Sweden and Germany. In 1923–1929, Akel was a member of the Riigikogu, and in 1938–1940 he was a member of the Riiginõukogu (the second Chamber of the Estonian Parliament).

In October 1940, Akel was imprisoned by the NKVD. He was shot to death in Tallinn on 3 July 1941. His wife, Adele Karoline Tenz, was deported in June 1941 and died in 1944.


Preceded by
Konstantin Päts
State Elder of Estonia
Succeeded by
Jüri Jaakson
Preceded by
Aleksander Hellat
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1923 – 1924
Succeeded by
Otto Strandmann
Preceded by
Ants Piip
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1926 – 1927
Succeeded by
Aleksander Hellat
Preceded by
Julius Seljamaa
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1936 – 1938
Succeeded by
Karl Selter


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