The Full Wiki

Friedrich Kurt Fiedler: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Friedrich Kurt Fiedler (8 March 1894 – 11 November 1950) was a German graphic designer and a representative of the Social Democratic Party. During the Weimar Republic he was acknowledged for his poster design, his book illustrations and his drawings.[1] After World War II he was attacked as part of the communist suppression of social democratic movements.

Kurt Fiedler

Contents

Life

Advertisements

Early life and education

Kurt Fiedler was born in the little village Eichbusch near Dresden as son of a carpenter. His teacher noticed his talent and convinced the parents to allow him an artistic apprenticeship after completing Volksschule.

Together with later renowned painter Hermann Glöckner and architect Edmund Schuchardt he attended around 1910 the evening classes of the Kunstgewerbeschule Dresden.[2] Students with a simple family background were supported there and got an education in the sense of Deutscher Werkbund. Fiedler and Glöckner became friends and attended jointly the class depictions of nudity of Carl Rade. From 1911 to 1915 Fiedler got a grant to study as master scholar of Richard Guhr and Josef Goller.

Dürerbundhaus Blasewitz

World War I and Weimar Republic

During World War I Fiedler was front-line soldier in France. He learned in self-study French and became translator. After 1920 Fiedler and his family took a flat in the culturally important Dürerbundhaus in Blasewitz. Ferdinand Avenarius led here the leading cultural organization of all German speaking countries that time, the Dürerbund. In this exciting surrounding Kurt Fiedler made essential contacts immediately. For the social democratic newspaper Dresdner Volkszeitung he designed the masthead.[3] Among Fiedler's personal friends was the Jewish painter Bruno Gimpel, even after Machtergreifung by the Nazi Party.

Nazi Time

After the Machtergreifung the new rulers immediately ordered a house search because Kurt Fiedler was known as an active social democrat. Instead of following Nazi taste, he visited 1937 the Expo in Paris where he was especially inspired by paintings of Pablo Picasso. During World War II Kurt Fiedler served as translator in the camp Zeithain, which was erected by French prisoners of war from 1940. After protesting against inhuman arrest conditions Fiedler was threatened. He left army in 1942 because of poor health and earned his money with technical drawings at the Dresden University of Technology.

The Dürerbundhaus was completely destroyed during Bombing of Dresden in World War II on 13 February 1945. Among the fellow residents of the Dürerbundhaus at that time was Götz Heidelberg. Fiedler's sister-in-law, Fanny Schuchardt, used the opportunity to hide. Her transport to a concentration camp was already scheduled for 16 February. Kurt Fiedler supported her with falsified documents. She was among the very few Jews who survived the Holocaust in Dresden.

Post-war years

Kurt Fiedler and his family moved back to his parental home in Eichbusch. He belonged to the directorate of the association of fine arts in Dresden and was artistic fellow worker of the Saxon regional board of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany. There he was formally equal-ranked with Wilhelm Schubert from the Communist Party of Germany, who was later awarded with the National Prize of East Germany. However this applied only formally and as nearly all social democrats Fiedler became sidelined in following years.

Artwork

Book illustrations

Fiedler was especially known for his cover illustrations of adventure stories Fahrten und Abenteuer (Travels and Adventures), edited by the director of the world-famous circus Sarrasani.[4] It is estimated that this series, consisting of about 100 booklets, reached an overall edition of 10 million copies.

Together with Hermann Häfker, who later died in the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp, Fiedler created an astronomy book (Das Sternbilder-Buch) for the Dürerbund in 1926. It was part of the Dürerbund's ambition to distribute knowledge and evoke love of nature among the youth. In the same year, Dresden was one of the first cities which got a projection planetarium by Walther Bauersfeld (Zeiss model II) and Fiedler was selected for the promotion campaign. He designed posters, newspaper advertising and illustrated some books of the director Kurd Kisshauer.[5] It shall be noted that Kisshauer became later known as fellow worker of Alfred Rosenberg.[6]

Art exhibition Brühl's Terrace 1933.

The publishing houses Steinkopff, Teubner, and Rudolph charged Fiedler with illustrations of textbooks and bookplates. Jüdische Witze (Jewish Jokes) is especially worth noting. It was published in two editions (1928, 1930) by Rudolph under pseudonym. Today, it is not known which author is hidden behind "H. Itler", ironically referencing the later Nazi dictator.[7] Moreover, Fiedler designed various titles of Talisman-Bücherei, a successful series edited by Harry Winfield Bondegger and published by Rudolph, which was bound to the New Thought movement. Some books of this series were banned by the Nazis.[8]

Advertising and drawings

Fiedler was awarded on occasion of the World Advertising Congress 1929 in Berlin. Afterwards he became known for some of his drawings, especially of children.[9] The tourism industry [10], Villeroy & Boch, Dresden's first newspaper Dresdner Anzeiger, e. g. with a poster on occasion of its 200th anniversary in 1930, and the German Cycling Federation [11] belonged to his most important customers.

Socialist posters

Fiedler counts today as one of the leading poster artists of post-war East Germany.[12][13] Many of his works can be found in Deutsches Historisches Museum, Akademie der Künste and the German Federal Archive. Among his best known pieces of that period is Junkerland in Bauernhand, a film poster designed for the DEFA.[14] The German national picture archive of arts at the University of Marburg documents 34 of his posters from this time.

One noteworthiness

Kurt Fiedler from Dresden had been mixed for many decades with impressionist Kurt Fiedler (* 19 November 1878, Berlin). The latter, who made a military career in World War II, became attached to many of the works of Dresden's Kurt Fiedler. This mistake can be traced back to Dresslers Kunsthandbuch of 1930, which confused the Dresden address with the life of Berlin's Kurt Fiedler. This confusion was forwarded even through later lexicons.

References

Archive

  • City Archive of Dresden (17.6.3.5: 79 documents; drawings, posters, illustrations, advertising graphics)

Literature

  • Frank und Uwe Fiedler: Zwischen Dürerbund und Kulturbund – Aus dem Leben des Dresdner Grafikers Kurt Fiedler. In: Sächsische Heimatblätter. Jg. 55, 1/09, S. 10-18. Verlag Klaus Gumnior. Chemnitz 2009. ISSN 0486-8234.
  • James Aulich, Marta Sylvestrová: Political posters in Central and Eastern Europe, 1945-95: signs of the times. Ed. James Aulich, Marta Sylvestrová. Manchester University Press ND, 1999

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Catalogues of art exhibitions Dresden Brühlsche Terrasse 1931, 1933, 1935, 1936.
  2. ^ Hermann Glöckner – Ein Patriarch der Moderne. Ed. by John Erpenbeck. Der Morgen. Berlin 1983. p. 44-45.
  3. ^ Gebrauchsgraphik. Jg. 2, 3/1925. Prof. H. K. Frenzel (Hrsg.). Verlag Phöenix Illustrationsdruck und Verlag GmbH Berlin
  4. ^ Gideon Reuveni: Reading Germany: Literature and Consumer Culture in Germany before 1933. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2006.
  5. ^ wiedler.ch (Kurd Kißhauer: Der Sternenhimmel im Feldglas; Das Planetarium der Stadt Dresden.)
  6. ^ Biography Kisshauer in the Open Library
  7. ^ Richard Raskin: Life is Like a Glass of Tea. University of Aarhus, 1992.
  8. ^ Banned books by Rudolph'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
  9. ^ www.deutschefotothek.de (Sonja and Frank - the two elder children of Friedrich Kurt Fiedler)
  10. ^ Hiertstein - Katzenstein Gebiet, Poster 1930. Austrian National Library Vienna
  11. ^ www.dhm.de (Poster Riesen-Auftakt 43. Bundesfest Bund Deutscher Radfahrer)
  12. ^ Fritz Donner: Ausstellung zum 30. Jahrestag der Gründung der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Berlin, Altes Museum. 3 October - 31 December 1979, p. 324.
  13. ^ Dr. Sylke Wunderlich: Überklebt – Plakate aus der DDR. Schwerin, 24 August - 21 October 2007. Exhibition catalogue p. 11, 48, 157, 173.
  14. ^ www.progress-film.de (Junkerland in Bauernhand - Zwei Jahre Bodenreform.)

External links

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

Simple English

Friedrich Kurt Fiedler (8 March 1894 – 11 November 1950) was a German graphic designer. During the Weimar Republic he became known for his book and poster designs. Kurt Fiedler was an active member of the Social Democratic Party.

File:Kurt
Kurt Fiedler

Contents

Life

Kurt Fiedler was born in the little village Eichbusch near Dresden as son of a carpenter. Together with the later known painter Hermann Glöckner he attended around 1910 the evening classes of the Kunstgewerbeschule Dresden.[1] The students were educated in an aesthetic style, which was propagated by Deutscher Werkbund. From 1911 to 1915 Fiedler got a grant to study as master scholar of Richard Guhr and Josef Goller. During World War I Fiedler served as front-line soldier in France. After the war, Ferdinand Avenarius introduced him to the Dürerbund. Fiedler lived in the house of this leading cultural organization in Blasewitz for about 20 years. For the social democratic newspaper Dresdner Volkszeitung he designed the masthead.[2]

The Nazis hindered Kurt Fiedler because he was known as an active social democrat. During World War II Kurt Fiedler served as translator for French prisoners of war. He left army in 1942 because of poor health. Until the end of Nazi Germany he earned his money with technical drawings at the Dresden University of Technology. The home of Kurt Fiedler was completely destroyed during Bombing of Dresden in World War II on 13 February 1945. After the war, Kurt Fiedler belonged to the directorate of the association of fine arts in Dresden. He was artistic fellow worker of the Saxon regional board of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany. As nearly all social democrats Fiedler became sidelined in following years.

Artwork

Fiedler worked for the leading publishing houses of Dresden. B.G. Teubner, Theodor Steinkopff-Verlag, Wilhelm-Limpert-Verlag, Buchdruckerei der Dr. Güntz'schen Stiftung and Rudolph'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung were known nationwide. Fiedler designed books on astronomy for the Dürerbund and the local planetarium.[3] Especially known were his cover illustrations for adventure stories of the famous circus Sarrasani.[4] Some of the books for Talisman-Bücherei of Rudolph were banned by the Nazis.[5]. They were bound to the New Thought movement.

On occasion of the World Advertising Congress 1929 in Berlin, Fiedler was awarded for his poster design. Some important posters were Hiertstein - Katzenstein Gebiet [6], Riesen-Auftakt 43. Bundesfest Bund Deutscher Radfahrer for the German Cycling Federation [7], and 200 Jahre Dresdner Anzeiger on occasion of the jubilee of the first newspaper of Dresden. After 1930 Fiedler became known for some of his drawings, especially of children.[8]

Fiedler counts today as one of the leading poster artists of post-war East Germany.[9][10] Many of his works can be found in Deutsches Historisches Museum, Akademie der Künste and the German Federal Archive. Among his best known pieces of that period is Junkerland in Bauernhand, a film poster designed for the DEFA.[11] The German national picture archive of arts at the University of Marburg documents 34 of his posters from that time.

References

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found

Archive

  • City Archive of Dresden (17.6.3.5: 79 documents; drawings, posters, illustrations, advertising graphics)

Literature

  • James Aulich, Marta Sylvestrová: Political posters in Central and Eastern Europe, 1945-95: signs of the times. Ed. James Aulich, Marta Sylvestrová. Manchester University Press ND, 1999

Notes

  1. John Erpenbeck: Hermann Glöckner – Ein Patriarch der Moderne. Der Morgen. Berlin 1983. p. 44-45.
  2. Gebrauchsgraphik. Jg. 2, 3/1925. Prof. H. K. Frenzel (Hrsg.). Verlag Phöenix Illustrationsdruck und Verlag GmbH Berlin
  3. wiedler.ch (Kurd Kißhauer: Der Sternenhimmel im Feldglas; Das Planetarium der Stadt Dresden.)
  4. Gideon Reuveni: Reading Germany: Literature and Consumer Culture in Germany before 1933. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2006.
  5. Banned books by Rudolph'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
  6. Limpert 1930, Austrian National Library Vienna, EPOC project of the European Union
  7. Deutsches Historisches Museum
  8. Deutsche Fotothek (Sonja and Frank - the two elder children of Friedrich Kurt Fiedler)
  9. Fritz Donner: Ausstellung zum 30. Jahrestag der Gründung der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Berlin, Altes Museum. 3 October - 31 December 1979, p. 324.
  10. Dr. Sylke Wunderlich: Überklebt – Plakate aus der DDR. Schwerin, 24 August - 21 October 2007. Exhibition catalogue p. 11, 48, 157, 173.
  11. www.progress-film.de (Junkerland in Bauernhand - Zwei Jahre Bodenreform.)

Other websites

Persondata
NAME Fiedler, Friedrich Kurt
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Fiedler, Kurt
SHORT DESCRIPTION Graphic Designer
DATE OF BIRTH 8 March 1894(1894-03-08)
PLACE OF BIRTH Eichbusch, Germany
DATE OF DEATH 11 November 1950
PLACE OF DEATH Dresden, Germany

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message