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Friedrich von Rabenau in 1937

Friedrich von Rabenau (10 October 1884 - 15 April 1945) was a German career-soldier, general, theologian and opponent of National Socialism.

Contents

Life

In 1936, von Rabenau was assigned by the then head of the general staff, Generaloberst Ludwig August Theodor Beck, to set up (out of the Reichsarchiv) the first central archive of the German army, in Potsdam. Well suited to the task, Rabenau strove to prevent ideological falsifications with a scientific diligence in gathering sources that was second to none.

His Christian beliefs led him to join the opposition to Nazism early. Rabenau was a Rechtsritter in the supradenominational Order of Saint John. As a Protestant Christian and a general, he successfully applied to the then Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler for permission to take over Maria Laach Abbey, which had been seized from Cardinal Graf von Galen in Münster. Rabenau joined no resistance group, though he did act as a conduit between Generaloberst Ludwig Beck and Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, whom he knew from his time as a Abteilungskommandeur in Königsberg/OPr..

In 1937, Rabenau signed Die Erklärung der 96 evangelischen Kirchenführer gegen Alfred Rosenberg (Declaration of 96 Protestant Church Leaders Against Alfred Rosenberg), in opposition to Rosenberg's Protestantische Rompilger. [1]

Flossenbürg April 9 1945 Memorial.JPG

In mid-1942, von Rabenau was relieved of his office, transferred to the rank of Generals der Artillerie, and sent into premature retirement. He studied Protestant theology at the University of Berlin and in 1943 was made Licentiatus theologiae, writing his dissertation on military chaplaincy.[2].

Rabenau was arrested in the aftermath of the 20 July 1944. Later—without being charged or tried—on 15 April 1945, he was hanged, on the specific orders of Himmler, as one of the last inmates of Flossenbürg concentration camp. Surviving him were his widow Eva Kautz and their two daughters.

Works

  • Die alte Armee und die junge Generation. Berlin: Mittler 1925.
  • Buch und Schwert. Leipzig: Oberbürgermeister 1940.
  • Operative Entschlüsse gegen einen an Zahl überlegenen Gegner. Berlin: Mittler 1935.
  • Von Geist und Seele des Soldaten. Berlin: Eher 1940.
  • Geistige und seelische Probleme im jetzigen Krieg. Berlin: Eher 1940.
  • Scharnhorst nach 1808 - Seeckt nach 1918. Berlin: Landesgeschichtl. Vereinigg. f. d. Mark Brandenburg 1939.
  • Seeckt. Leipzig: v. Hase & Koehler 1938.
    • Hans von Seeckt. Aus seinem Leben 1866-1917.
    • Hans von Seeckt. Aus seinem Leben 1918-1936.
  • Vom Sinn des Soldatentums. Köln 1941: Du Mont Schauberg.

From: Liste der auszusondernden Literatur (Berlin: Zentralverlag, 1946), Deutsche Verwaltung für Volksbildung in der sowjetischen Besatzungszone [3]

Sources

  1. ^ Friedrich Siegmund-Schultze (Hg.): Ökumenisches Jahrbuch; Zürich: Max Niehans Verlag, 1939
  2. ^ Nachlass im Bundesarchiv
  3. ^ Datenbank Schrift und Bild 1900-1960
  • Mühleisen, Horst: „Friedrich von Rabenau : Soldat, Archivar und Gelehrter ; zu seinem fünfzigsten Todestag.“ In: Archivalische Zeitschrift 79 (1996) 127 - 140. [1]

External links

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