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Fruit of Islam, Chicago, March 1974
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Nation of Islam

Noi flag 2.svg


Famous leaders
Wallace Fard Muhammad · Elijah Muhammad · Malcolm X · Warith Deen Mohammed · Louis Farrakhan


History and beliefs
Saviours' Day · Nation of Islam and antisemitism · Tribe of Shabazz · Yakub · Million Man March


Publications
The Final Call · How to Eat to Live · Message to the Blackman in America · Muhammad Speaks


Subsidiaries and offshoots
American Society of Muslims · Fruit of Islam · The Nation of Gods and Earths · New Black Panther Party · United Nation of Islam · Your Black Muslim Bakery

The Fruit of Islam (FOI), or "Fruit" for short, is the male-only paramilitary wing of the Nation of Islam (NOI). The Fruit of Islam wear distinctive blue or white uniforms and caps and have units at nearly all NOI temples. Louis Farrakhan, as head of the Nation of Islam, is commander-in-chief of the Fruit of Islam, and his son, Mustapha Farrakhan, is second in command. The women's counterpart to the Fruit of Islam is Muslim Girls Training (MGT).

The Fruit of Islam draws its membership from male members in Nation of Islam temples. While NOI does not release membership figures, estimates for total membership in the NOI range from 10,000 to 50,000.[1]

Contents

History

The Fruit of Islam is one of the original institutions of the Nation of Islam, created by its founder W.D. Fard in 1933, shortly before his final disappearance. The men, mostly young, active members, were considered the "fruit" of the new nation.[2] At the time the Fruit was created to help defend the members of the NOI and all others. It existed until the death of Elijah Muhammad in 1975. When Warith Deen Muhammad took control of the Nation of Islam he disbanded the Fruit. The organization was reorganized by Louis Farrakhan when he reestablished the NOI.[3]

N.O.I. Security Agency

In 1988 the Nation of Islam created a separate security agency using members of the Fruit of Islam. The agency received contracts primarily to patrol and staff public housing complexes in tough urban areas like Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, Chicago, and Los Angeles and received at least $20 million in the 1990s for security work. NOI Security had notable successes in Washington DC projects particularly, but had difficulty in others and faced opposition by some members of Congress and the Anti-Defamation League, among others. It also faced scrutiny from federal agencies for racial and gender preference in hiring and from the IRS for failure to withhold taxes from employees.[4][5][6][7]

Mission statement

The Fruit of Islam says its mission is to teach civilization, and teach what they know to those who do not know. A Nation of Islam website urging men to enroll in the FOI describes members "brave fighter[s] for Allah" engaged in "a unique war for the very heart and soul of a people." The site explains, "The responsibility of the F.O.I. is that of a head of house: protection, provision, and maintenance of the Nation of Islam (all Original People). The F.O.I. are militant in the sense that our operations are done as a unit."[8]

The Fruit of Islam also give an oath that they will tell the masses of the people (the remainder, 85%) the truth, even if it costs them their own lives. The Captain of the Fruit of Islam always asks the members in the Fruit of Islam a question from the “Supreme Wisdom Book":

Captain’s question: “Have you not learned that your word shall be Bond regardless of whom or what?” The Fruit of Islam answer: “Yes. My word is Bond and Bond is life, and I will give my life before my word shall fail.”

References

  1. ^ Lawrence A. Mamiya, Article on Louis Farrakhan in Encyclopedia Brittanica 2007: also quotes at the high end of 50,000 in the NY Times on February 26, 2007 at http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/26/us/26farrakhan.html?_r=1&pagewanted=2
  2. ^ Gardell, Mattias, In the Name of Elijah Muhammad, Duke University Press, 1996, p.55
  3. ^ Charles Eric Lincoln, The Black Muslims in America, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1994
  4. ^ U.S. News & World Report, Propagandists or Saviors? , Sept. 4, 1994
  5. ^ Mattias Gardell, In the Name of Elijah Muhammad, Duke University Press, 1996
  6. ^ N.Y. Times, As Farrakhan Groups Land Jobs From Government, Debate Grows, March 4, 1994
  7. ^ Ralph B. Taylor, Breaking Away from Broken Windows, Westview Press, 2001
  8. ^ http://www.noibaltimore.org/foi.shtml

External links








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