The Full Wiki

Fuerteventura: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fuerteventura

Sobriquet: The place where no-one used to turn to, but now do and Paradise Island
Flag of Fuerteventura with coat of arms.png
Flag of Fuerteventura
Geography
FU Canarias.png
Location Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates 28°20′N 14°1′W / 28.333°N 14.017°W / 28.333; -14.017
Archipelago Canary Islands
Total islands 7
Area 1,660 km²
Highest point Pico de Jandía (807 m)
Country
Spain
Autonomous Community  Canary Islands
Province Las Palmas
Largest city Puerto del Rosario (pop. 28,357)
Demographics
Population 74,983 (as of 2003)
Density 45 /km2 (120 /sq mi)
Morro Jable

Fuerteventura, a Spanish island, is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. It is situated at 28°20' north, 14°00' west. At 1,660 km² it is also the second largest of the islands.

Contents

History

The first settlers are believed to have arrived here from North Africa - the word Mahorero (Majorero) or Maho is still used today to describe the people of Fuerteventura and comes from the ancient word 'mahos' meaning a type of goatskin shoe worn by the original inhabitants. They lived in caves and semi-subterranean dwellings, a few of which have been discovered and excavated revealing relics of early tools and pottery. In antiquity, the island was known as Planaria, among other names, in reference to the flatness of most of its landscape.

In the 11th century BC, the Phoenician settlers arrived in Fuerteventura and Lanzarote. In 850 BC, the island was mentioned by Homer in the Odyssey, the Canary Islands as Insulae Fortunatae.

Several Spanish and Portuguese expeditions occurred in about 1340 around the island and the island were inhabited by Maurs and were afflicted with European slave holders.

In 1405, the French conqueror Jean de Béthencourt took the island and gave his name to the former capital, Betancuria, on the west coast (Puerto Rosario took over the mantle as island capital in 1835). The name of the island itself is believed to have come from Bethencourt's exclamation "Quelle forte aventure!" ("What a grand adventure"). However the name Fuerteventura simply means "strong fortune" when translated literally from Spanish to English.

In 1852, the free trade zone was extended by Isabella II to the Canary Islands. The military rule over the island which began from 1708 dissolved in 1859 and Puerto de Cabras (now Puerto del Rosario) became entirely the new capital.

Caleta de Fuste and its castle

The Canary Islands obtained the right to self-govern in 1912.

In 1927, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote became part of the province of Gran Canaria.

By the 1940s the island had an airport (just west of Puerto del Rosario on the road to Tindaya, still visible today).

Tourism arrived in the mid-1960s with the building of the present airport at El Mattoral and the first tourist hotels.

The seat of the island government (cabildo insular) is in Puerto del Rosario. A total of 74,983 people (2003) live on the island.

Since the island is close to Africa, many illegal African immigrants try to enter the European Union through it, by a dangerous boat trip from Morocco.

Geography

The elongated island has an area of 1660 km². The island is 100 km long and 31 km wide.

It is part of the province of Las Palmas. It is divided into six municipalities:

100 individual settlements are distributed through these municipalities. A nearby islet, Islote de Lobos, is part of the municipality of La Oliva.

Located just 100 kilometres off the coast of North Africa, it is the second biggest of the islands, after Tenerife, and has the longest beaches in the archipelago. The island is a paradise for sun, beach and watersports enthusiasts.

The island is on the same latitude as Florida and Mexico and temperatures here rarely fall below 18 °C (64 °F) or rise above 24 °C (75 °F). There are no fewer than 152 beaches along its coastline - 50 kilometres of fine, white sand and 25 kilometres of black volcanic shingle.

Geology

Fuerteventura is the oldest island in the Canary Islands dating back 20 million years to a volcanic eruption from the Canary hotspot. The majority of the island was created about 5 million years ago and since then has been eroded by wind and weather. On the seabed off the west coast of the island rests a block of rock 22 km long and 11 km wide, which appears to have slid off the island largely intact at some point in prehistory, similar to the predicted future collapse of Cumbre Vieja, a geological fault on the neighboring island, La Palma. The last volcanic activity in Fuerteventura was between 4,000 and 5,000 years ago.

The highest point in Fuerteventura is Mount Jandía (807 m) in the southwestern part of the island. Geographical features include Istmo de la Pared which is 5 km wide and is the narrowest part of Fuerteventura. The island is divided into two parts, the northern portion which is Maxorata and the southwestern part called the Jandía peninsula. The island is the least settled in the Canary Islands.

Climate

Ajuy beach

The climate on Fuerteventura is pleasant throughout the year. The island is also often referred to as the island of eternal spring. The sea adjusts the temperature making the hot Sahara winds blow away from the island. The island's name in English translates as 'strong fortune' or 'strong wind', the Spanish word for wind being 'viento'. During the winter months, temperatures average a high of 22 °C (72 °F) and a low of around 15 °C (59 °F) whereas during the summer a mean high of 35 °C (95 °F) and a low of 20 °C (68 °F) can be expected. Precipitation is about 147 mm per year, most of which falls in the winter.

A sandstorm known as the Calima - (similar to the Scirocco wind that blows North from the Sahara into Europe) - blows to the southwest from the Sahara desert and can cause high temperatures, low visibility and drying air. Temperatures during this phenomenon rise temporarily by approximately 10 degrees Celsius. The wind brings in fine white sand, visibility can drop to between 100 to 200 m (328.08 to 656.17 ft) or even lower and can even bring the African locusts to the island.

Economy

Fuerteventura Coastline

The economy of Fuerteventura is mainly based on tourism. Primary tourist areas are located around the existing towns of Corralejo in the north and Morro Jable in Jandia, plus the purely tourist development of Caleta de Fuste, south of Puerto del Rosario. Other main industries are fishing and agriculture (cereals and vegetables). The famous Majorero cheese is locally made from the milk of the indigenous majorera goat.

Tourism

The first tourist hotel was built in 1965 followed by the construction of Fuerteventura Airport at El Mattoral, heralding the dawn of a new era for the island. Fuerteventura, with its 3,000 sunshine hours a year, was placed firmly on the world stage as a major European holiday destination.

The summer Trade Winds and winter swells of the Atlantic make this a year-round surfers' paradise. Sailors, scuba divers and big-game fishermen are all drawn to these clear blue Atlantic waters where whales, dolphins, marlin and turtles are all common sights.

Much of the interior, with its large plains, lavascapes and volcanic mountains, consists of protected areas which can be best be explored in a 4x4 or (for the more daring) with a cross-country motorbike on an organised tour.

Mountaintop of Cardón (619 m), view from the west

Flag

The flag colour of Fuerteventura is green on the left and white on the right.

Sites of interest

Nudism in Fuerteventura.

Sites of interest include Corralejo and El Jable to the north which are made up of fine sand dunes whilst the south is filled with long beaches and remote bays. The constant winds blowing onto the beaches provide a paradise for windsurfing. Surfing is common on the west and north coasts where there are large waves. Windsurfing is common around Corralejo and Playas de Sotavento and wave sailing (windsurfing on the waves) on the coast along the northern half of the island.

At Cofete on the western side of Jandía a remote and imposing house - Villa Winter - looks out to sea across wide and generally empty beaches. It was reputedly built by a Mr Winter on land given by Generalisimo Franco.

On 18 January 1994 the SS American Star (former America, USS Westpoint, Australis) was beached in Playa de Garcey during a storm. By 2007 the ship had collapsed onto its side, almost completely submerged. In 2008 the wreck finally slipped below the surface.

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Fuerteventura is one of the islands that makes up the Canary Islands (Spanish: Las Islas Canarias).

Regions

Fuerteventura is divided into six municipalities: Antigua, Betancuria, La Oliva, Pájara, Puerto del Rosario, and Tuineje.

Caleta de Fuste

Understand

Fuerteventura is a volcanic island, in some places untouched but in others heavily developed for tourism. Note that "Fuerteventura" roughly translates to "strong winds" or Fuerte (Strong) Ventura (Venture) depending on your level of Spanish, and the island is known for its wind surfing and kite surfing.

Talk

Spanish is the national language in Fuerteventura, although English and German are widely spoken in many tourist areas.

Get in

Several ferries run from Tenerife, Grand Canaria, Puerto del Rosario, and Lanzarote. The two major lines are:

  • Fred Olsen [1]
  • Navier Armas [2]

Flights from Spain, Europe, as well as from the other islands land daily.

The airport [3] on Fuerteventura is located on the coast close to Puerto del Rosario. It plays host to a mix of scheduled flights from national operators such as:

  • Iberia [4]
  • British Airways [5]

Being a tourist destination there are also numerous charter operators flying into the airport. These include:

The airport has only one runway and 5 boarding bridges but is still undergoing expansion. It handles around 45,000 flights and 5 million passengers per year.

Get around

A hire car is the best option for discovering the remote wilderness regions. Reputable companies include Top Car Auto Reisen, CICAR, Cabrera Medina, PaylessCAR.

The bus lines from Puerto del Rosalio (via airport) to Correlejo, Caleta de Fuste, Morro del Jable and Cotillo are easy to handle, cheap and very reliable [8]. It is extremely easy to get from Correlejo to the sand dune beaches south of town.

Sleep

Apparently you could sleep from €25,- per night and up, The official web of the Canary Islands [9] has a nice system for locating hotels and offers in Fuerteventura.

  • Atalaya de la Rosa del Taro, +34 928 175 10, [10]. Is in a quiet inland area 13 km from the capital It's a small, traditional, restored house for two or three people, sun-wind energy and recycled water, reused for the plants. It has a bedroom, a kitchen-living room with fridge and CD-radio-cassette, a bathroom and a terrace with panoramic views. The house is situated , far away from the tourist resorts, but very well linked. The nearest beach is ten minutes drive away  edit
  • Casa de la Burra, +34 928 175 014 (), [11]. Isolated of the urban centers, this small but welcoming house for two persons are a green retreat with solar energy for the sanitary hot water and biological purification of residual waters used for watering. *Fraggle Roca, 53 Castillo Mar (Opposite the San Jorge hotel), +34 928 160 117, [12]. Sea view from upstairs bedroom balcony. One bedroomed duplex. Situated in the town centre of Caleta de Fuste. Close to everything, the beaches, the restaurants, the bars. Just a quick 10 min taxi (approx 10 euros)from the Airport. Caleta is popular with families and couples, quieter than other resorts. sleeps 3 Adults or 2 adults and 2 children. Includes, twin beds, sofa bed, washingmachine, microwave, british TV, Aircon in the bedroom. Communal pool.  edit  edit
  • Oasis Jandia Golf, Barranco de Vinamar, La Mancha, Jandia, 35625, +34 928 546 550 (), [13]. Right on a 18 hole golf course, and good views views of Barranco de Vinamar.  edit

Get out

Take the air conditioned buses which run regularly up and down the island, or hire a car to really see this quiet and beautiful island. Famous for its long white sandy beaches in the north and south of the island. Go into the mountains to see how the locals survived on this arid island over the centuries. And discover the strong connections with the countries of South America. Learn a few words like GuaGua (wah wah) means bus. Worth the effort to leave the resorts.

  • Their appears to be a lot of surfing going on.
  • One website mentions it is possible to get around for $40-50 [14]
  • Appartently you could sleep from €25,- per night and up [15]
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

FUERTEVENTURA, an island in the Atlantic Ocean, forming: part of the Spanish archipelago of the Canary Islands _ Pop. (1900) 11,669; area 665 sq. m. Fuerteventura lies between Lanzarote and Grand Canary. It has a length of 52 m., and an average width of 1 2 m. Though less mountainous than the other islands, its aspect is barren. There are only two springs of fresh water, and these are confined to one valley. Lava streams and other signs of volcanic action abound, but there has been no igneous activity since the Spaniards took possession. At each extremity of the island are high mountains, which send off branches along the coast so as to enclose a large arid plain.. The highest peak reaches 2500 ft. In external appearance, climate and productions, Fuerteventura greatly resembles Lanzarote. An interval of three years without rain has been known. Oliva (pop. 1900, 2464) is the largest town. A smaller place in the centre of the island named Betancuria (586) is the administrative capital. Cabras (r000) on the eastern coast is. the chief port. Dromedaries are bred here.


<< Fuero

Fugger >>








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message