Fujairah: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Al Fujairah
الفجيرة
—  emirate  —
Emirate of Fujairah

Flag
Al Fujairah is located in the United Arab Emirates
Al Fujairah
Location of Al Fujairah in the UAE
Coordinates: 25°16′N 56°30′E / 25.267°N 56.5°E / 25.267; 56.5Coordinates: 25°16′N 56°30′E / 25.267°N 56.5°E / 25.267; 56.5
Emirate Fujairah
Government
 - Emir His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi
 - Crown Prince His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi
Population (2006)
 Density 1,150/km2 (2,978.5/sq mi)
 Metro 130,000
Time zone UAE standard time (UTC+4)
Website Fujairah

Fujairah (Arabic: الفجيرة‎, al-fuǧayrah) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, and the only one on the Gulf of Oman in the country's east instead of Persian Gulf (the other six emirates).

Contents

Geography

The Emirate of Fujairah covers 1,150 km2 (440 sq mi), or about 1.5% of the area of the UAE, and is the fifth largest Emirate in the UAE. Its population is around 130,000 inhabitants. Only the Emirate of Umm al-Quwain has fewer occupants.

Fujairah is the only Emirate of the UAE that is almost totally mountainous. All the other Emirates, like Dubai and Abu Dhabi are located on the west coast, and are largely covered by desert. Consequently, Fujairah boasts a higher than average yearly rainfall of the UAE, allowing farmers in the region to produce one crop every year.

The weather is seasonal, although it is warm for most of the year. The months of October to March are generally regarded as the coolest, with daytime temperatures averaging around 25 °C (77 °F) and rarely venturing above 30 °C (86 °F)—with temperatures climbing to over 40 °C (104 °F) degrees in the summer. The winter period also coincides with the rainy season and although by no means guaranteed, this is when Fujairah experiences the bulk of its precipitation. Rainfall is higher than the rest of the UAE. partly because of the effect of the mountains that encircle the Emirate, and partly because the prevailing winds are easterly bringing with them water-laden clouds off the warm Indian Ocean.

The variability of the east coast climate is partly due to the presence of the Hajjar mountain range. As with other mountainous areas, precipitation is higher, and this allows for a more varied micro-environment in the area. Tourist visitor numbers peak just before the school summer months.

Government

Power is ultimately held by the ruler of Fujairah, His Highness Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi, who has been in power since the death of his father in 1974. The Sheikh supposedly makes money himself through his own business, and the government funds are used for social housing development and beautifying the city, although there is little distinction between the state and his personal wealth. The ruler can make any decisions regarding any aspect of law, although federal laws are never repealed.

The Sheikh and his immediate family heads the cabinet of Fujairah, and a few members of respected local families make up the advisory committees. The Sheikh must ratify any decisions by the cabinet. After the ratification, such decisions may be enacted into law as Emiri decrees, which are usually effective immediately.

Land

Foreigners or visitors are not allowed to buy land. Emirati nationals can purchase land from the government, after proving their nationality. If there is no suitable land available via the official government offices, private purchases can also be made, with the eventual price being determined by the market and the individuals themselves.

Economy

Fujairah's economy is based on subsidies and federal government grants distributed by the government of Abu Dhabi (the seat of power in the UAE). Local industry consists of cement, stone crushing and mining. A resurgence in the construction activity helped the local industry. There is a flourishing free trade zone,[1] mimicking the success of the Dubai Free Zone Authority[2] which was established around Jebel Ali Port.

Building construction is a common sight in the oil-rich Emirate of Fujairah.

The federal government employs the majority of the native, local workforce, with few opening businesses of their own. Many of the locals work in the service sector. The Fujairah government prohibits foreigners from owning more than 49% of any business. The free zones have flourished, partly due to the relaxation of such prohibition within the zones, as full foreign ownership is allowed there. Shaikh Saleh Al Sharqi, younger brother to the ruler, is widely recognized as the driving force behind the commercialization of the economy.

Developments

A street in Fujairah.

The ruler is planning to make changes that will affect Fujairah. Among tourism projects in the pipeline is an $817m resort, Al Fujairah Paradise, near Dibba Al-Fujairah, on the northern Omani border, next to Le Meridien Al Aqah Beach Resort. There will be around 1,000 five-star villas as well as hotels, and it is expected that all the construction work will be finished within two years.

The Sheikh is trying to improve opportunities for the local workforce, by trying to entice businesses to locate in Fujairah and diverting Federal funds to local companies in the form of development projects.

The Habshan–Fujairah oil pipeline has been announced which will create an oil export terminal in the Emirate.[3]

Health care

Health care is delivered in a mixed public and private system. Locals are treated free at the federal government hospitals, while foreigners have to pay for medical care. The national government funds the federal hospitals and subsidize health care with petrodollar revenues. There are criticisms that the government is not providing health care sufficiently for those with low income, who have to pay for critical treatment themselves.[citation needed]

The Fujairah government has built clinics, known locally as "medical houses", such Madena Medical House in Madab, and Moresheed Medical House in Moresheed. These clinics complement and help lighten the load on the main Fujairah Hospital by allowing walk-in appointments and providing ancillary medical services. These clinics turned out to be a success, visited by the local populace.[citation needed]

The chief of surgery and emergency medicine, Dr. S. C. Gautam, is recognized as the protagonist behind the modernization of health care within Fujairah. As the standards of surgical and emergency care improve in the country, Dr. Gautam became the director of the Advanced Trauma Life Support program, which helped introduce a measure to improve emergency treatment and survival rates amongst the thousands of trauma patients admitted across the country every year.

GMC Hospital is a private health care provider in Fujairah. It contains an emergency department, operating theater, pharmacy and outpatients clinics. It is located near the Ahli Club.

Education

There are many government schools in Fujairah, which are mainly for Emirati people, beside some numbers of Arab residents. Aside from government schools, there are also private schools, and due to the majority of the population of the Emirate hailing from the Indian subcontinent, most of the private schools follow the Indian Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) syllabus, accredited by the Central Education Board of India.

Three schools also provide the UK General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) syllabus[citation needed]. These schools are aimed at students of the expatriate community who subsequently intend to study in other countries.

Fujairah Private Academy, subjectively the top school in Fujairah, is a fee paying school for boys and girls from 3.5 to 18 years of age. There are 400+ pupils, with 120 in the Senior Section.

A few other schools serving other expatriate communities also exist, such as Iranian and Pakistani schools, educating a minority of the student population.

Our Own English High School, Fujairah, caters to the needs of expatriates from many countries including the subcontinent. The school follows the CBSE, New Delhi, India and the IGCSE (University of Cambridge, UK) from Kindergarten to Grade 11/12. It is part of the larger Varkey Group, which owns and runs schools around the U.A.E.

Pakistan Islamia School Fujairah (PISF) U.A.E. was established in 1982 with less than 35 students and classes in wooden cabins. The school has since then grown substantially and is now, with over 402 students and its own school purpose built-building, one of the leading Pakistani Community Schools in the UAE.

Fujairah Montessori Nursery is the only pre-school in Fujairah. It admits children from the age of two years. It is located at building number 14 in the "16 Buildings".

Travel

Travel in and around Fujairah and the surrounding towns of Khor Kalba, Khor Fakkan, Kalba and Masafi has been made easy by the development of modern highways over the last 30 years, since gaining independence in 1971. Highways are funded by the federal government directly, and contracts are tendered centrally. This is meant to safeguard the quality and delivery of the contracts and prevent corruption from damaging the construction. Highways are vital due to the unavailability of any other means of transport. There are some buses in Fujairah but not for travel; they are for schools, colleges and some companies or they come from other cities. There are no railways yet in Fujairah, though in 2008 a railway network connecting all the Persian Gulf states was planned.[4] The car and the truck are the main mode of transport. Most daily activities can become impractical, if not impossible, without a private vehicle.

Newcomers and tourists can use the taxi system, which operates all day and night. There is no central booking system for private companies, but the government is planning to apply one. Taxis are hailed by standing at the roadside and flagging one down. Fares within the city are fixed at AED 4 per journey, which equates to one dollar and nine cents(USD) or 50 pence (GBP). Destinations which are slightly outside the main city, such as the Beach Motel, Fujairah Hospital and the Jail attract a higher fare of AED 6.

Meter taxis have been introduced to Fujairah roads. The meter starts from a minimum of AED 2. A ride will cost an average of AED 6.

The Fujairah International Airport is near the city, with a large falcon statue at the airport roundabout.

A view of Fujairah at night.

Daily life

On some Fridays, one can still witness lashes meted out for minor offences, such as being drunk in public, and the transgressors are usually those with lower income. Punishments are delivered outside the main court, located next to Fujairah Tower, in the centre of the city.

Drinking alcohol is allowed at designated hotels, and as of 2000, at a few bars. Until 1998, gambling in the form of slot machines was allowed in certain hotels, but personal petitions by locals to the Sheikh outlawed the activity. It transpired that some players were losing entire monthly wages on the slots, leaving nothing for the upkeep of their families.

Fujairah is one of the safest cities in the UAE. Cinemas are generally open till late and de-sexualised versions of the Hollywood blockbusters are shown. However, the Hindi cinemas are not constrained by the censors because they are not as raunchy as some Hollywood productions.

Groups of (Emirati) youths tend to socialize together on the streets and cafés or outside games arcades, cinemas and mini malls. It is unusual to see females in these groups as Emirati society is quite segregated.

On the weekends, many Fujairah residents travel to Dubai to shop, and into the wadis surrounding the emirate on camping and hiking trips. There is also a weekly invasion by west coast residents trying to get away from the stifling heat of the desert. Watersports are very popular amongst the wealthy youth, with jet skiing, windsurfing and water skiing being the top three.

Flag

Flag of Fujairah from about 1952 until 1975

From 1902 until 1952, the flag of Fujairah was plain red. In 1952, the Emir included the name of the emirate, in white, on the red flag. This continued to be the official flag until Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed al Sharqi abolished the red flag and adopted, instead, the Federal flag for Fujairah.

See also

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The easternmost of the United Arab Emirates, Fujairah[1] is the only Emirate not to have a coastline along the Persian Gulf. It is also the youngest of the Emirates, only becoming independent from Sharjah in 1952.

Get in

By plane

While Fujairah has an airport, it is closed to passenger aviation at the present time. Airborne visitors will arrive at one of the western Emirates.

By train

There are no trains operating in the UAE.

By car

Fujairah is roughly 2 hours by car from Dubai and the trip is on sealed roads throughout.

It is also quite easy to reach Fujairah from nearby Oman, as the border is very close.

Note: Fujairah is in UAE, which is separate from Oman (two countries), although they belong to the group known as GCC Countries. Visitors must have separate visas for Oman and UAE in order to move from one to the other by car or any other mode of travelling.

By bus

Buses run reguarly from Dubai and other Emirates. Fujairah has something of a reputation as a vacation spot in the Emirates, which should equate to reliable bus coverage.

Bus services are available from Dubai to Sharjah, from where a traveller must take the Fujairah bus. The bus service bound for Fujairah from Sharjah operates every hour. The bus service is comfortable and inexpensive. As UAE is an Islamic country, male and female travellers have separate seating areas(females in the front two to three rows and males in the remaining seats.

By Taxi Taxis run from Fujairah (next to the old cinema) to Dubai and Sharjah. A shared taxi to downtown Dubai (Deira taxi stand) costs around $7 and they go as soon as the car is full. An unshared one costs about $28 but it depends on where you want to go in Dubai. Add another $15 if you want to go the Marina area where all the tourist hotels are. Beware - metered taxis from Dubai to Fujairah are twice the price.

Get around

Fujairah city itself is most emphatically 'not' designed for pedestrians, being dominated by main roads. Thankfully, taxis, which have been completely changed to a new fleet of Nissan Altimas and Toyota Camrys, are metered,and start at 2 dirhims during the day (2.50 at night.) are plentiful. In fact, visitors attempting to walk around the city will attract horn tooting from taxi drivers, who seriously cannot believe that anyone would choose to walk.

See

Despite its location, there is very little to see in Fujairah city. The city is a business centre first and foremost, with none of the enticing atmosphere of the other large cities of the UAE.

Of some interest is the fort, located just outside the city itself. The main structure is still undergoing renovations, but visitors may walk around the reasonably large site (for free). Compared to other forts in the UAE, though, Fujairah Fort is a poor cousin.

Do

While the Indian Ocean is enticingly close, some parts of the beach would not seem to be a good option to swim at. However, the city of Diba which is 30km far from Fujairah city would be a good choice, where you can enjoy the sunny beaches and you can practice any sea activity you like. One more interesting thing to do is that you can make a boat trip to one of many islands that lay in the Gulf of Oman, a really wonderful places to visit and it is a good place for fishing.

All things considered, Fujairah is probably more suited as a base from which to go on excursions to the surrounding areas (most of which are enclaves of Sharjah), rather than doing anything much else. The city is growing in stature as a business destination, particularly where oil is concerned, but tourism remains some how significantly behind...

Buy

The local souk tends to sell products for residents (plants, spices etc) rather than tourist merchandise. A smaller souk is open along the Corniche in the evenings, but the main focus there is on generic goods - and copies of brand-name items.

For souvenirs, most top-level hotels have at least one gift shop with the customary array of items. Prices are not negotiable and tend to the higher end of the spectrum.

Eat

Mid-range

The al-Meshwar restaurant is located in the centre of the city in a whimsical-looking building and features a ground-floor "cafe" serving the regional staples (shawarma, felafel etc) and shishas. Above that is the main restaurant, which serves good-quality Lebanese fare.

A franchise of the Persian restaurant chain Sadaf is also to be found in the city. The decor is rather startling (including a waterfall in the middle of the dining room), but the food is of a good standard.

Drink

There are no local specialties as far as drink goes, which means that the usual collection of water, juices, tea, coffee and softdrinks are readily available.

Alcohol is mostly only available within top-quality hotels. Cheaper alternatives include the Fujairah Marine Club on the corniche and Fujairah Beach Motel, which also has a retail "hole-in-the-wall." You'll have to ask as it's hidden away a bit.

Sleep

Budget

Fujairah is not rich...but is developing along with U.A.E

Splurge

The Al Diar Siji Hotel (part of Abu Dhabi-based Al Diar Hotels) is generally designed for business travellers. Staff are attentive and the rooms are pleasant. There are also a number of clubs attached to the hotel, including a 10-pin bowling alley.

Al Diar Siji Hotel Fujairah

Hilton Fujairah

Le Meridien Al Aqah Beach Resort

Miramar Beach Resort

JAL Fujairah Beach Resort

Fujairah Rotana Beach Resort

All Hotels Fujairah [http://www.hoteldeals.ae

Stay safe

The customary cautions regarding drivers in the UAE apply in Fujairah as well. Road rules are understood to exist, but drivers will tend to take risks which would seem borderline-suicidal to many visitors. Additionally, bear in mind that most roads are multi-lane in each direction in the city, which may well mean that a taxi or one's own car is the best bet here.

Surprisingly for such a simply laid-out city, many taxi drivers do not know their way around Fujairah. Be prepared to play navigator in these situations. Additionally, where the trip meter is either not present or "not working", agree on the fare before starting the trip.

Get out

A trip to nearby Khor Fakkan (an enclave of Sharjah) is highly recommended, as the beach is regarded as one of the best in the region.

A drive through the Hajar Mountains (which extend over the border into Oman) may also be enjoyable, however this will require some planning as regards the standard of car to be driven.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message