Fukui Prefecture: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fukui Prefecture
Japanese: 福井県
Fukui-ken
Map of Japan with Fukui highlighted
Capital Fukui
Region Chūbu, Hokuriku
Island Honshū
Governor Issei Nishikawa
Area (rank) 4,188.99 km² (34th)
 - % water 0.2%
Population  (2005)
 - Population 821,589 (43rd)
 - Density 198 /km²
Districts 7
Municipalities 17
ISO 3166-2 JP-18
Website www.pref.fukui.jp/english/
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Narcissus (Narcissus tazetta)
 - Tree Pine tree (Pinus)
 - Bird Dusky thrush (Turdus naumanni)
 - Fish
Symbol of Fukui Prefecture
Symbol of Fukui Prefecture
Template ■ Discussion ■ WikiProject Japan
Row of sakura, Asuwa River, Fukui, Fukui
Myotsu-ji Temple, Obama, Fukui

Fukui Prefecture (福井県 Fukui-ken ?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island. The capital is the city of Fukui.

Contents

History

Fukui originally consisted of the old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 1871.

During the Edo period, the daimyō of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, and was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Geography

The province faces the Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population. The mountain side of the eastern part has much snow in winter.

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Cities

Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:

Towns and villages

Towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy

  • Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses.
  • There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region.

Demographics

Culture

  • Fukui is home to Maruoka Castle, the second oldest standing castle in Japan after Inuyama Castle. It was built in 1576.
  • Eiheiji is a serene temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land of about 330,000 m².
  • Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can been seen at the Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum.
  • Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent, Fukui-ben.
  • Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto). Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.

Tourism

  • Eiheiji Temple
  • Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.
  • Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter.
  • Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is genge, a small guppy-like fish, that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
  • Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.

External links

Coordinates: 35°59′N 136°11′E / 35.983°N 136.183°E / 35.983; 136.183


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