Fulbright Program: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright-Hays Program, is a program of grants for international educational exchange for scholars, educators, graduate students and professionals, founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright.

The Fulbright Program is one of the most prestigious awards programs worldwide, operating in over 155 countries and with 50 commissions. More Fulbright alumni have won Nobel Prizes than those of any other academic program (for a total of 40, including one in 2009 Oliver Williamson).

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History

The Fulbright Commission aims to bring a little more knowledge, a little more reason, and a little more compassion into world affairs and thereby increase the chance that nations will learn at last to live in peace and friendship.[1]

Created in the aftermath of the Second World War through the efforts of Senator Fulbright, The Fulbright Program promotes peace and understanding through educational exchange. The senator believed that this would be an essential vehicle for mutual understanding between individuals, institutions and future leaders. There are over 300,000 alumni of the program, split approximately equally between science & technology and arts & humanities. About 7,000 new grants are awarded each year.

The Fulbright Program in the Philippines is the oldest continuously operating Fulbright program in the world. The Philippine-American Educational Foundation (PAEF) was established on March 23, 1948. In spite of the increasing cost of higher education in the U.S. and limited funding allocation, PAEF strives to place/send qualified Filipino Fulbrighters to competitive American universities, including Ivy League schools.

The US-UK Fulbright Commission was created by treaty on 22 September 1948, and since its inception has expanded its program to include grants for study in a wide variety of fields: MBA awards, filmmaking, sports science, performing arts, science, politics, history, literature and dance to name a few. Since 1949, approximately 12,000 UK Nationals have studied in the U.S. and 9,600 U.S. Nationals in the UK through the Fulbright Program.

The program

The programs were established to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills.

The Fulbright Program provides funds for students, scholars, and professionals to undertake graduate study, advanced research, university teaching, and teaching in elementary and secondary schools abroad. The initial reach of this program had been primarily European countries, but now the program operates worldwide.

The Fulbright Program essentially works in two modes: a U.S. citizen receives funding or other support to go to a foreign country (U.S. Student Program) or a non-U.S. citizen comes to U.S. (Foreign Student Program)

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Foreign Student Program

In a foreign student program, a non-U.S. citizen comes to US under J1 visa. A two-year home country requirement is imposed on all foreign students to make sure that the foreign country does not suffer from out-flux of students( this problem is sometimes referred to as brain drain). Fulbright program organizes a conference for such foreign students to exchange cultural ideas. A foreign student usually pays out-of-state tuition rate. Fulbright support may not be sufficient to cover university tuition just from the funds received by the foreign student from Fulbright. Many students are subject to increased security requirements from anti-terrorism efforts by US government. For example, a US program officer must authorize any travel outside US by signing their visa form. This authorization is valid for 6 months and must be repeated any time a student wants to travel outside US.

Administration and funding

The program is administered by 50 binational Fulbright commissions, U.S. embassies, and cooperating organizations.

A Fulbright Commission is a foundation established abroad to co-sponsor and administer Fulbright grants locally. Unlike countries where Fulbright grants are paid by the U.S. Department of State, Commissions pay some or all of the scholarships.

Grants for recent B.A. graduates, graduate students and younger professionals are administered by the Institute of International Education. These grants are available for U.S. citizens with a bachelor's degree to study in other countries, and for citizens of other countries to do graduate study in the U.S. Grants for faculty and professionals, as well as grants for U.S. institutions wishing to host scholars from other countries, are administered by the Council for International Exchange of Scholars. Grants for K-12 teachers and administrators are also available. Fulbright-Hays grants, including grants for doctoral and postdoctoral research, summer seminars abroad, and group projects abroad, are sponsored by the United States Department of Education.

The Program is funded by Congressional appropriations and funding provided by partner governments. The program also receives important in-kind and financial support from academic institutions, foundations, and the private sector. Fulbright grants for students, teachers, college faculty and professionals are sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State, governments in other countries, and the private sector. Fulbright-Hays grants for graduate students, teachers, and faculty are sponsored by the United States Department of Education.

J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding

The J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding, established in 1993, is awarded by the Fulbright Association to recognize individuals who have made extraordinary contributions toward bringing peoples, cultures, or nations to greater understanding of others. Fulbright Prize laureates include:

Fulbright Alumni

Fulbright alumni associations exist in 71 countries around the world[2]. In the United States, the Fulbright Association[3] counts over 9,000 members. The Fulbright Academy of Science & Technology[4] focuses on professional advancement and collaboration needs among the 100,000+ Fulbright alumni in science, technology and related fields.

Notable Fulbright Scholars

The following list is a selected group of distinguished people who were also Fulbright grant recipients:[5]

See also

References

External links


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