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The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright-Hays Program, is a program of grants for international educational exchange for scholars, educators, graduate students and professionals, founded by United States Senator J. William Fulbright.
The Fulbright Program is one of the most prestigious awards programs worldwide, operating in over 155 countries and with 50 commissions. More Fulbright alumni have won Nobel Prizes than those of any other academic program (for a total of 40, including one in 2009 Oliver Williamson).
The Fulbright Commission aims to bring a little more knowledge, a little more reason, and a little more compassion into world affairs and thereby increase the chance that nations will learn at last to live in peace and friendship.
Created in the aftermath of the Second World War through the efforts of Senator Fulbright, The Fulbright Program promotes peace and understanding through educational exchange. The senator believed that this would be an essential vehicle for mutual understanding between individuals, institutions and future leaders. There are over 300,000 alumni of the program, split approximately equally between science & technology and arts & humanities. About 7,000 new grants are awarded each year.
The Fulbright Program in the Philippines is the oldest continuously operating Fulbright program in the world. The Philippine-American Educational Foundation (PAEF) was established on March 23, 1948. In spite of the increasing cost of higher education in the U.S. and limited funding allocation, PAEF strives to place/send qualified Filipino Fulbrighters to competitive American universities, including Ivy League schools.
The US-UK Fulbright Commission was created by treaty on 22 September 1948, and since its inception has expanded its program to include grants for study in a wide variety of fields: MBA awards, filmmaking, sports science, performing arts, science, politics, history, literature and dance to name a few. Since 1949, approximately 12,000 UK Nationals have studied in the U.S. and 9,600 U.S. Nationals in the UK through the Fulbright Program.
The programs were established to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills.
The Fulbright Program provides funds for students, scholars, and professionals to undertake graduate study, advanced research, university teaching, and teaching in elementary and secondary schools abroad. The initial reach of this program had been primarily European countries, but now the program operates worldwide.
The Fulbright Program essentially works in two modes: a U.S. citizen receives funding or other support to go to a foreign country (U.S. Student Program) or a non-U.S. citizen comes to U.S. (Foreign Student Program)
Foreign Student Program
In a foreign student program, a non-U.S. citizen comes to US under J1 visa. A two-year home country requirement is imposed on all foreign students to make sure that the foreign country does not suffer from out-flux of students( this problem is sometimes referred to as brain drain). Fulbright program organizes a conference for such foreign students to exchange cultural ideas. A foreign student usually pays out-of-state tuition rate. Fulbright support may not be sufficient to cover university tuition just from the funds received by the foreign student from Fulbright. Many students are subject to increased security requirements from anti-terrorism efforts by US government. For example, a US program officer must authorize any travel outside US by signing their visa form. This authorization is valid for 6 months and must be repeated any time a student wants to travel outside US.
Administration and funding
The program is administered by 50 binational Fulbright commissions, U.S. embassies, and cooperating organizations.
A Fulbright Commission is a foundation established abroad to co-sponsor and administer Fulbright grants locally. Unlike countries where Fulbright grants are paid by the U.S. Department of State, Commissions pay some or all of the scholarships.
Grants for recent B.A. graduates, graduate students and younger professionals are administered by the Institute of International Education. These grants are available for U.S. citizens with a bachelor's degree to study in other countries, and for citizens of other countries to do graduate study in the U.S. Grants for faculty and professionals, as well as grants for U.S. institutions wishing to host scholars from other countries, are administered by the Council for International Exchange of Scholars. Grants for K-12 teachers and administrators are also available. Fulbright-Hays grants, including grants for doctoral and postdoctoral research, summer seminars abroad, and group projects abroad, are sponsored by the United States Department of Education.
The Program is funded by Congressional appropriations and funding provided by partner governments. The program also receives important in-kind and financial support from academic institutions, foundations, and the private sector. Fulbright grants for students, teachers, college faculty and professionals are sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State, governments in other countries, and the private sector. Fulbright-Hays grants for graduate students, teachers, and faculty are sponsored by the United States Department of Education.
J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding
The J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding, established in 1993, is awarded by the Fulbright Association to recognize individuals who have made extraordinary contributions toward bringing peoples, cultures, or nations to greater understanding of others. Fulbright Prize laureates include:
Fulbright alumni associations exist in 71 countries around the world. In the United States, the Fulbright Association counts over 9,000 members. The Fulbright Academy of Science & Technology focuses on professional advancement and collaboration needs among the 100,000+ Fulbright alumni in science, technology and related fields.
Notable Fulbright Scholars
The following list is a selected group of distinguished people who were also Fulbright grant recipients:
- Ralph Abraham, American mathematician
- Raj Aggarwal, American business and finance professor, former dean of University of Akron College of Business Administration
- Shamshad Akhtar, Pakistani banker, former governor of the State Bank of Pakistan (2006-2009)
- Arlene Alda, American author, photographer, and musician
- Francis Andersen, Australian Hebrew and biblical studies scholar
- Nancy Andreasen, American neuroscientist, recipient of the National Medal of Science in 2000
- Richard Antoun, American professor of anthropology at Binghamton University, murdered by graduate student in 2009
- Naana Jane Opoku-Agyemang, First female vice chancellor of a Ghanian university
- Sima Avramovic, Serbian law professor and legal author
- Craig Barrett, Former Chairman of the Board of Intel Corporation
- Melissa Block, American radio host, co-host of All Things Considered on National Public Radio
- Amar Bose, Chairman and founder of Bose Corporation
- Jeffery Bradshaw, American research scientist
- Michael Bryant, Canadian politician, former Attorney General of Ontario
- Storm Bull, American musician, composer, and educatior
- Steven Campbell, Scottish artist
- Cheng Ming Yu, Malaysian economist
- Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland
- A. D. Coleman, American photography critic and author
- Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer
- Barbara Debs, Former president of Manhattanville College (1975-1985)
- Richard Debs, American investment banker, founding president of Morgan Stanley International Inc.
- Niels Diffrient, American industrial designer
- William C. Dowling, scholar, author, social critic
- John W. Downey, contemporary classical composer
- Peter Drysdale, economist, his work provided the intellectual foundations for the establishment of APEC
- William Durden, president of Dickinson College
- Charles Figley, president Green Cross academy of traumatology
- Christian Filippella, film director and writer
- Andrea Fitting, founder and CEO of Fitting Group, a challenger branding agency
- John Miles Foley, scholar of comparative Oral tradition
- Carlo Forlivesi, composer and researcher
- John Hope Franklin, James B. Duke professor emeritus of history at Duke University and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
- Jonathan Franzen, novelist
- András Gerevich, poet and screenwriter
- Austan Goolsbee, economist and Presidential advisor
- Milton Glaser, graphic designer
- George J. Graham, Jr., political theorist
- John Granville, United States Agency for International Development diplomat assassinated in Sudan
- Harold J. Grimm, Professor of History and an authority on the Protestant Reformation
- Charles Gwathmey, architect
- Dr. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General, The Supreme Council of Antiquities; Egypt
- Joseph Heller, author
- Deborah Hertz, Herman Wouk Chair in Modern Jewish Studies at the University of California, San Diego
- Urs Hölzle, Senior Vice President of Operations & Google Fellow at Google Inc.
- Greg Hunt, Australian Politician
- Alex Kahn, pageant performance artist
- Kusuma Karunaratne, Sri Lankan academic, university administrator, Professor and scholar of Sinhalese language and literature
- Shirley Strum Kenny, president of Stony Brook University
- H.T. Kirby-Smith, author and poet
- Andrew Koontz-Garboden, Linguist in Semantics University of Manchester
- Werner Krieglstein, a German-American University of Chicago fellow, philosopher, author, and actor
- S.M. Krishna, Former chief minister of Karnataka, India and the current Foreign Minister of India.
- Laila Lalami, author and essayist
- Ben Lerner, poet
- Jack Levine, American painter and printmaker
- William S.W. Lim, Chinese architect and author
- John Lithgow, actor
- Alvin Lucier, composer of experimental music
- Dolph Lundgren, actor
- Reinhard H Luthin, historian and author
- Walter E. Massey, physicist, former president of Morehouse College and Chairman (2009) of Bank of America.
- John Mendelsohn, president of the University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
- Anna Moffo, operatic soprano
- Monica Myzezi, President IVFonline
- Loretta Napoleoni, economist, author, journalist and political analyst
- Robert Neffson, artist
- Dr. Donna J. Nelson, chemistry professor and scientific workforce scholar
- Marcus Nispel, film director
- Hilda Ochoa-Brillembourg, president and CEO of Strategic Investment Group
- Carlos Ott, Uruguayan architect
- Olara Otunnu, Ugandan advocate for child rights, and Uganda Presidential Candidate in 2010
- Tarik O'Regan, composer
- Dr. Diana S. Perdue, tenured mathematics education professor, author and presenter
- Thomas R. Pickering, former under secretary of state for political affairs
- Sebastian Piñera, president-elect of Chile
- Sylvia Plath, poet
- Saeed Jaffrey, Actor and recipient of OBE
- Michael Pyatok, architect, Professor of Architecture at the University of Washington in Seattle
- Dr. David Reagan, former director of Pepperdine University's Center for International Business, currently an evangelist and founder of Lamb and Lion Ministries
- Stephan Reimertz, writer and art historian
- Michael A. Rice, professor of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Rhode Island and state representative Rhode Island House of Representatives.
- Stefan Sagmeister, Graphic Designer and Typographer
- Nilofar Sakhi, women's rights activist in Afghanistan
- Ross Scaife, Founder and co-editor of The Stoa: A Consortium for Electronic Publication in the Humanities and founding editor of Suda On Line
- Ruth J. Simmons, president of Brown University
- Tom Smith, jazz musician, educator
- Javier Solana, former Secretary General of NATO and current EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy
- Theodore J. St. Antoine, Dean of University of Michigan School of Law and expert in labor relations and collective bargaining
- Joseph Stiglitz, Nobel prize winning economist
- Olen Steinhauer, author
- Terence Tao, mathematician, recipient of the Fields Medal
- Julie Taymor, designer and director
- Bernt Wahl, American mathematician, entrepreneur, author and Industry Fellow at U.C. Berkeley
- Patricia Wasley, dean of the College of Education at the University of Washington and renowned education scholar
- Ulrich Wickert, German journalist and TV presenter
- Colin H Williams, Professor, School of Welsh, Cardiff University
- Jonathan Shapiro ("Zapiro"), South African cartoonist
- Jean Choplin, France, co-founder of AIESEC
- David G. Bradley, Owner of the Atlantic Media Company and founder of the Advisory Board Company and the Corporate Executive Board
- Liam Byrne, UK Labour Party politician
- Muhidin Hamamdzic, Academic, Former Mayor of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Nathan Collett , filmmaker
- Cillian O. Conchuir, Irish Journalist