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In this Japanese name, the family name is Gotō.
Fumio Gotō
後藤 文夫

In office
26 February 1936 – 29 February 1936
Monarch Shōwa
Preceded by Keisuke Okada
Succeeded by Keisuke Okada

Born 7 March 1874(1874-03-07)
Ōita, Japan
Died 1 May 1980 (aged 106)
Political party Imperial Rule Assistance Association (1940–1945)
Other political
affiliations
Independent (Before 1940)
Alma mater Tokyo Imperial University

Fumio Gotō (後藤 文夫 Gotō Fumio ?, March 7, 1884–May 1, 1980) was a Japanese politician and bureaucrat, and briefly served as interim Prime Minister of Japan in 1936.

Biography

Born in Ōita Prefecture, Gotō was a graduate of the Law School of Tokyo Imperial University in 1908. During his early career in the 1920s, he worked in the Home Ministry, and was Director of Administration within the office of the Governor-General of Taiwan.

In the 1930s, Gotō was appointed to a seat in the House of Peers in the Diet of Japan. He served as Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries between 1932 and 1934 in the cabinet of Prime Minister Makoto Saito, and was later Home Minister in the cabinet of Keisuke Okada.

Immediately after the February 26 Incident, Gotō served as acting Prime Minister while Prime Minister Okada was in hiding from his attempted assassins. He was chairman of the Taisei Yokusankai from 1941-1943, and under the administration of Hideki Tojo, he served as a Minister of State.

Arrested by the American occupation authorities after the surrender of Japan, he was held in Sugamo Prison in Tokyo awaiting prosecution for war crimes, but was released in 1948 without having come to trial. From April 1953 to June 1959, he served as a member of House of Councillors in the post-war Diet of Japan.

References

  • Bix, Herbert B (2001). Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan. Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-093130-2.  
  • Sims, Richard (2001). Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Renovation 1868-2000. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0312239157.  
  • van Wolferen, Karel (1990). The Enigma of Japanese Power: People and Politics in a Stateless Nation. Harper Perennial. ISBN 0679728023.  
Political offices
Preceded by
Keisuke Okada
Prime Minister of Japan
Acting

1936
Succeeded by
Keisuke Okada
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