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Further Austria or Anterior Austria (German: Vorderösterreich, die Vorlande) was the collective name for the old possessions of the Habsburgs in Baden and Swabia (south-western Germany), Alsace and in Vorarlberg after the focus of the Habsburgs had moved to Austria. Sometimes the Tyrol was also included in definitions of Further Austria.

Border stone of 1768 with coat of arms of "Vorderösterreich" (VO) at Salhöhe, Switzerland
map of further Austria after the loss of Alsace in 1648

Further Austria comprised the Sundgau (southern Alsace) west of the Rhine and the Breisgau east of the Rhine (including Freiburg im Breisgau after 1368) and included some scattered territories throughout Swabia, the largest being the margravate of Burgau in the area of Augsburg and Ulm. Some territories in Vorarlberg that belonged to the Habsburgs were also considered part of Further Austria. The original homelands of the Habsburgs, the Aargau and much of the other original Habsburg possessions south of the Rhine and Lake Constance were lost in the 14th century to the expanding Old Swiss Confederacy after the battles of Morgarten (1315) and Sempach (1386) and were never considered part of Further Austria, except the Fricktal, which remained a Habsburg property until 1797.

At the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, the Sundgau became part of France. After the Ottoman wars many inhabitants of Further Austria were encouraged to emigrate and settle in the newly acquired Transylvania region, people that later were referred as Danube Swabians. In the 18th century, the Habsburgs acquired a few minor new territories in southern Germany such as Tettnang. As of 1790 Further Austria was subdivided into ten districts (Oberämter):

In the reorganization of the Holy Roman Empire, much of further Austria, including the Breisgau, was granted as compensation to the former Duke of Modena, whose heir was Archduke Ferdinand, the uncle of Emperor Francis II. In the Peace of Pressburg of 1805, Further Austria was entirely dissolved and the formerly Habsburg territories were assigned to Bavaria, Baden and Württemberg, as rewards for their alliance with Napoleonic France. The Fricktal had become a part of Switzerland in 1802.

Politically, Further Austria was ruled by the Duke of Austria until 1379. After that, the ruler of Further Austria was the Archduke ruling Tyrol.

Literature

  • Irmgard Christa Becker (Hg.): Vorderösterreich, Nur die Schwanzfeder des Kaiseradlers? Die Habsburger im deutschen Südwesten. Süddeutsche Verlagsgesellschaft, Ulm 1999, ISBN 3-8829-4277-0 (Katalog der Landesausstellung).
  • Christoph Döbeli: Die Habsburger zwischen Rhein und Donau. 2. Auflage, Erziehungsdepartement des Kantons Aargau, Aarau 1996, ISBN 3-952-06901-9.
  • Hans Maier, Volker Press (Hg.): Vorderösterreich in der frühen Neuzeit. Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1989, ISBN 3-7995-7058-6.
  • Friedrich Metz (Hg.): Vorderösterreich. Eine geschichtliche Landeskunde. 4. überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Rombach, Freiburg i. Br. 2000, ISBN 3-7930-9237-2.
  • Andreas Zekorn, Bernhard Rüth, Hans-Joachim Schuster und Edwin Ernst Weber (Hg.): Vorderösterreich an oberem Neckar und oberer Donau. UVK Verlagsges., Konstanz 2002, ISBN 3-89669-966-0 (hrsg. im Auftrag der Landkreise Rottweil, Sigmaringen, Tuttlingen und Zollernalbkreis).
  • Klaus Rommel (Hg.): Das große goldene Medaillon von 1716.(Donativ des Breisgaus,Schwäbisch-Österreich und Vorarlberg zur Geburt Leopolds).Rommel, Lingen 1996, ISBN 3-9807091-0-8.

External links

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