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Gérard Chaliand (born 1934) is a French-Armenian expert in armed-conflict studies and in international and strategic relations, especially asymmetric conflicts (e.g., guerillas, terrorism). He is one of the most prolific international theoricians on these subjects. Gérard Chaliand is also a writer and a poet (La marche têtue suivie de Feu nomade, 1996).



After graduating from the National Institute of Oriental Civilisations and Languages (INALCO, Paris) and earning his PhD in third-cycle (Paris V – Sorbonne), Gérard Chaliand committed himself with anti-colonialist guerillas (like Portuguese Guinée-Bissau with Amilcar Cabral) sometimes as an observer, sometimes as a fighter. For approximatively 40 years, he has led research in more than 60 countries in Africa, the Middle East, South-East Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe, and the Commonwealth of Independent States (Central Asia). From 1964 to 2000, he completed more than 12 terrain-researches as a war observer in countries like Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iraq, Nagorno-Karabakh, Sri Lanka (with the Tamil Tigers, whom he called one of the most efficient and ruthless guerrilla organizations[1]), Chechnia, Peru, Chiapas, and Kurdistan. He has developed theories and systems which explain the workings of asymmetric conflicts.

Professional achievements

Gérard Chaliand is not a member of any academic or think tank institutions, and only works freelance. He has been a lecturer (maître de conférence) at the Ecole Nationale d’Administration (ENA) (1980-1989), professor at the Ecole Supérieure de Guerre, and director of the Centre Européen d’Etude des Conflits (1997-2000). Chaliand has been a consultant for the Centre d’Analyse et de Prévision of the French Minister of Foreign Affairs since 1984. Since 1970, he has been a visiting professor in several countries, including the United States, Japan, Canada, China, and Colombia.

Selected bibliography

  • The Art of War in World History. Univ. of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-07964-9 ([1])
  • Guerrilla Strategies: An Historical Anthology from the Long March to Afghanistan (California, 1982 [2])
  • The Penguin Atlas of Diasporas. New York: Viking Books, 1995. xxi + 183 pp. Illustrations, maps, bibliographical references. ISBN 0-670-85439-5
  • Atlas du millénaire, avec J-P. Rageau, Paris, éd. Hachette, 1998
  • 2000 ans de chrétienté, Paris, éd. Odile Jacob, 2000 (avec Sophie Mousset).
  • Puissances et influences. Annuaire géopolitique et géostratégique 2000 - 2001, co-edited with A. Blin et F. Géré, Paris, ed. Mille et une nuits, 2000.
  • Guerres et civilisations. De l'Assyrie à l'époque contemporaine, Odile Jacob, 2005.
  • 'Histoire du terrorisme : de l'Antiquité à Al-Qaïda, Bayard, 2004.
  • Atlas du nouvel ordre mondial, Robert Laffont, 2003.
  • Mythes révolutionnaires du Tiers-monde, Seuil, 1979.
  • Anthologie mondiale de la stratégie, Robert Laffont, 1996.
  • Voyages dans 40 ans de guérillas, 2006. ISBN 2-915752-13-3 (extracts)
  • Le Génocide des Arméniens (avec Yves Ternon), Complexe, 1981, 1991, 2002.
  • Slovik le déserteur in L'Algérie pour théâtre, L'Aube, 2003. (Theater)
  • La marche têtue and Feu nomade, L'Aube, 1996. (Poetry)
  • Poésie populaire des turcs et des kurdes.
  • Ernesto Che Guevara. La Guerre de guérilla et autres textes militaires (with Juliette Minces), La Découverte, 1961, 2002.


  1. ^ INTERVIEW-Sri Lanka can't crush Tigers, says terror expert

External links



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