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George Evelyn Hutchinson
Born January 30, 1903(1903-01-30)
Cambridge, England
Died May 17, 1991 (aged 88)
London, England
Residence United States
Nationality English, American (naturalized 1941)
Fields Limnology, ecology
Institutions Yale University
Alma mater University of Cambridge
Known for Birth of American limnology; creating the concept of multi-dimensional ecological niche
Notable awards National Medal of Science (1991)

George Evelyn Hutchinson (January 30, 1903 – May 17, 1991) was an Anglo-American zoologist known for his studies of freshwater lakes and considered the father of American limnology.

Born at Cambridge in England, Hutchinson was educated at Gresham's School, Holt and Emmanuel College, Cambridge. After two years of lecturing at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa, he joined the faculty at Yale University in 1928, where he taught for the next 43 years. He became a US citizen in 1941.

In 1949, Hutchinson was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and in 1950 to the National Academy of Science. He was awarded the Kyoto Prize in 1986.

After his retirement, he spent much of his time in England. He served as the literary executor for the works of Rebecca West. He died in London on May 17, 1991.

He was awarded the National Medal of Science posthumously in 1991.


Apart from many research papers, Hutchinson wrote -

  • The Clear Mirror (1936)
  • The Itinerant Ivory Tower (1953)
  • A Preliminary List of the Writings of Rebecca West, 1912–51 (1957)
  • A Treatise on Limnology (1957, 1967, 1975, 1993)
Vol I Geography, Physics and Chemistry (1957)
Vol II Introduction to Lake Biology and the Limnoplankton (1967)
Vol III Limnological Botany (1975)
Vol IV The Zoobenthos (1993)
  • The Enchanted Voyage (1962)
  • The Ecological Theater and the Evolutionary Play (1965)
  • Introduction to Population Ecology (1978) and
  • The Kindly Fruits of the Earth: Recollections of an Embryo Ecologist (Yale University Press, 1979)

About him

Myrdene Anderson 2000. Sharing G. Evelyn Hutchinson's fabricational noise. Sign Systems Studies 28: 388–396.


  1. ^ "Author Query". International Plant Names Index.  


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