The Full Wiki

G8: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Group of Eight
Map of G8 member nations and the European Union
 Canada
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
President of the G8 for 2010
 France
President Nicolas Sarkozy
 Germany
Chancellor Angela Merkel
 Italy
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi
 Japan
Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama
 Russia
President Dmitry Medvedev
 United Kingdom
Prime Minister Gordon Brown
 United States
President Barack Obama
Also represented
 European Union
President José Manuel Barroso
.The Group of Eight (G8, and formerly the G6 or Group of Six and also the G7 or Group of Seven) is a forum, created by France in 1975, for governments of six countries in the world: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.^ Filed Under: ita g8 The ministers of the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and United States of America) are meeting today and tomorrow in Rome.
  • g8 — Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.whiteband.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The G8 is comprised of the eight main industrialised countries of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • G8 summit 2009 latest news - Telegraph 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ G8 Gleneagles 2005 In 2005, the United Kingdom holds the presidency of the Group of Eight (G8).
  • Choike - The G8 Summit 2005 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.choike.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1976, Canada joined the group (thus creating the G7).^ The six nations involved became known as the G6, and later the G7 and G8 after the respective entries of Canada (1976) and Russia (1998).
  • BBC NEWS | Americas | Country profiles | Profile: G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The Leaders decided to make the event annual and invited Canada to join them to form the G7 in 1976.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following year they were joined by Canada and, in 1977, by representatives of the european union , although the group continued to be known as the G7.
  • Economics A-Z | Economist.com 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.economist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In becoming the G8, the group added Russia in 1997. In addition, the European Union is represented within the G8, but cannot host or chair.^ Who represents the European Union and since when?
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An additional seat at the G8’s annual summit is allocated to the European Union which cannot host or chair a summit.
  • G8 summit in Italy dominated by deepening financial crisis 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.wsws.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, it cannot chair or host a summit.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] ."G8" can refer to the member states or to the annual summit meeting of the G8 heads of government.^ Both meetings are held shortly before the Summit of Heads of State and Government.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Heads of State and Government speak in their own languages at the annual G8 summit.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Barack Obama and Nicolas Sarkozy turn their heads towards Brazil's Mayara Tavares at the G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy.
  • News blog + G8 | News | guardian.co.uk 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

.The former term, G6, is now frequently applied to the six most populous countries within the European Union.^ This crisis needs the sort of response seen within the G8 countries in terms of bailing-out banks and crediting car companies.
  • g8 — Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.whiteband.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The summit is an annual meeting where the Leaders of the Eight (plus the President of the European Commission and the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union) meet to discuss important issues of the day.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The EU is represented by the President of the European Commission and by the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.G8 ministers also meet throughout the year, such as the G7/8 finance ministers (who meet four times a year), G8 foreign ministers, or G8 environment ministers.^ G7 Finance Ministers meet in Rome .
  • g8 — Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.whiteband.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is true of the meeting of foreign ministers and of the meeting of finance ministers in preparation for the Summit .
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The G8 foreign ministers: .
  • G8 Foreign Ministers Forecast Key Issues Relating to International Security 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cdi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Each calendar year, the responsibility of hosting the G8 rotates through the member states in the following order: France, United States, United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, Japan, Italy, and Canada.^ The G8 is comprised of the eight main industrialised countries of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • G8 summit 2009 latest news - Telegraph 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The G8 is chaired by each of the member countries in turn for a full calendar year.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Chair of the G8 rotates among the member countries in a fixed order.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The holder of the presidency sets the agenda, hosts the summit for that year, and determines which ministerial meetings will take place.^ With the U.K. currently holding the G8 presidency, Prime Minister Tony Blair has chosen to focus this year's agenda on climate change and Africa.
  • G8 Debates Climate Change - Forbes.com 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.forbes.com [Source type: News]

^ The North American International Auto Show, hosted each year in Detroit, appears set to return to its former glory for 2010.
  • Pontiac G8 Forum 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8forum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the host of the 2010 G8 annual summit, I urge you to make global HIV/AIDS a priority on the G8 agenda and increase investment in global HIV/AIDS programs by taking the following three steps to combat HIV/AIDS: 1.
  • Stop Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV - The Petition Site 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.thepetitionsite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lately, both France and the United Kingdom have expressed a desire to expand the group to include five developing countries, referred to as the Outreach Five (O5) or the Plus Five: Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa.^ Brazil, Mexico, India, China and South Africa form the so-called O5 (Outreach 5) which has lately been more or less included in G8 countries, forming "G8+5".
  • Can you name the G8 (+5) Countries? - sporcle 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They see themselves as members of a ‘big family’ united against the representatives of the all-powerful nations who control the world - that is, the Group of Eight nations of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • G8: the myth of ‘them and us’ | spiked 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.spiked-online.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Heiligendamm Dialogue Process (HDP), a topic-driven dialogue of the G8 with major emerging economies – China, India, Brazil, Mexico and South Africa – established in 2007, has helped to fulfil this role by serving as a platform to develop common understanding and shared responsibility in responding to the challenges of the world economy concerning investment, innovation, development and energy efficiency, which will be important for global economic growth going forward.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These countries have participated as guests in previous meetings, which are sometimes called G8+5.^ The G8 is an annual meeting for discussion and co-operation created by the world's major industrialised countries.
  • EUROPA - Press Releases - FAQs: the G8 Summit 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC europa.eu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We recommend the participation of further countries and companies in these initiatives.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She and others have been ordered to leave the country before the G8 meetings are to take place.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With the G-20 major economies growing in stature since the 2008 Washington summit, world leaders from the group announced at their Pittsburgh summit on September 25, 2009, that the group will replace the G8 as the main economic council of wealthy nations.^ Pontiac G8 2009 Pontiac G8 2008 Pontiac G8 Subscribe .
  • Pontiac G8 - Insideline.com 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.insideline.com [Source type: General]

^ G8 Research Group, 2009.

^ G8: Hokkaido Toyako Summit 2008 .

[2][3]

Contents

History

At the 34th G8 Summit at Toyako, Hokkaido, formal photo during Tanabata matsuri event for world leaders – Silvio Berlusconi (Italy), Dmitry Medvedev (Russia), Angela Merkel (Germany), Gordon Brown (UK), Yasuo Fukuda (Japan), George W. Bush (U.S.), Stephen Harper (Canada), Nicolas Sarkozy (France), José Barroso (EU) – July 7, 2008.
.The concept of a forum for the world's major industrialized democracies emerged following the 1973 oil crisis and subsequent global recession.^ At virtually every bump in the road over the past several decades, from the world oil crisis of 1973 to the bubble burst and economic recession of the 1990s, the Japanese government has responded with aggressive privatization measures.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We welcome major global campaigns to promote support for education, through international events, such as the FIFA World Cup in 2010.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The G8 countries consume 45% of world oil and produce 47% of global CO2 emissions.
  • G8-G20 - Indymedia-Québec (CMAQ) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cmaq.net [Source type: General]
  • Contre-Sommet - Indymedia-Québec (CMAQ) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cmaq.net [Source type: General]

.In 1974 the United States created the Library Group, an informal gathering of senior financial officials from the United States, the United Kingdom, West Germany, Japan and France.^ In 1975, six countries, the world's leading capitalist countries, ranked by gdp , were represented in France at the first annual summit meeting: the United States, the UK, Germany, Japan and Italy, as well as the host country.
  • Economics A-Z | Economist.com 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.economist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They see themselves as members of a ‘big family’ united against the representatives of the all-powerful nations who control the world - that is, the Group of Eight nations of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • G8: the myth of ‘them and us’ | spiked 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.spiked-online.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States: $3.5 billion Japan: $3 billion European Union: $1 billion a year until 2011 France: $2 billion UK: $1.8 billion Canada: $520 million Spain: $500 million Italy: $450 million Remember that this is over a [three year period], so for the USA, this is about $1.2 billion.
  • G8 Italy Summit: Leaders Meet To Discuss Climate Change, Global Security, Economy (VIDEO)(SLIDESHOW) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.In 1975, French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing invited the heads of government from West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States to a summit in Rambouillet.^ The Leaders of Italy, Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan and the United States were invited by the President of France to discuss economic and financial issues at what was then called an Economic Summit.
  • EUROPA - Press Releases - FAQs: the G8 Summit 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC europa.eu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1975, French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing invited the Leaders of Germany, Japan , the United Kingdom , the United States and Italy to a meeting at the château of Rambouillet near Paris .
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The summit eventually expanded to include a total of eight member states - the UK, US, France, Russia, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada, plus the president of the EU, and today the G8 presents itself as a forum for establishing world economic stability and tackling global problems, such as climate change, hunger, and disease, and poverty.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The six leaders agreed to an annual meeting organized under a rotating presidency, forming the Group of Six (G6).^ Annual meetings rotate among the participating states, with Russia having been selected in 2002 to serve as the 2006 host.
  • G8 Foreign Ministers Forecast Key Issues Relating to International Security 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cdi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Leaders decided to make the event annual and invited Canada to join them to form the G7 in 1976.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The year-long G8 Presidency, rotates between the group’s member nations on an annual basis, following the cycle of when a country first hosted the Summit.
  • EUROPA - Press Releases - FAQs: the G8 Summit 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC europa.eu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The following year, Canada joined the group at the behest of Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and U.S. President Gerald Ford[4] and the group became the 'Group of Seven' -or G7. The European Union is represented by the President of the European Commission and the leader of the country that holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.^ The following year they were joined by Canada and, in 1977, by representatives of the european union , although the group continued to be known as the G7.
  • Economics A-Z | Economist.com 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.economist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The EU is represented by the President of the European Commission and by the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who represents the European Union and since when?
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The President of the European Commission has attended all meetings since it was first invited by the United Kingdom in 1977[5] and the Council President now also regularly attends.^ In 1975, French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing invited the Leaders of Germany, Japan , the United Kingdom , the United States and Italy to a meeting at the château of Rambouillet near Paris .
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The summit is an annual meeting where the Leaders of the Eight (plus the President of the European Commission and the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union) meet to discuss important issues of the day.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The EU is represented by the President of the European Commission and by the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following 1994's G7 summit in Naples, Russian officials held separate meetings with leaders of the G7 after the group's summits.^ In the months that followed, the five held meeting after meeting.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The summit is an annual meeting where the Leaders of the Eight (plus the President of the European Commission and the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union) meet to discuss important issues of the day.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following year they were joined by Canada and, in 1977, by representatives of the european union , although the group continued to be known as the G7.
  • Economics A-Z | Economist.com 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.economist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This informal arrangement was dubbed the Political 8 (P8) – or, colloquially, the G7+1. At the invitation of United Kingdom Prime Minister Tony Blair and U.S. President Bill Clinton,[6] Russia formally joined the group in 1997, resulting in the Group of Eight, or G8.

Structure and activities

Leaders of the G8 on 7 June 2007, in Heiligendamm, Germany
.The G8 is intended to be an informal forum, and it therefore lacks an administrative structure like those for international organizations, such as the United Nations or the World Bank.^ Does the G8 threaten the role of the United Nations, the IMF or the World Bank?
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G8’s Record At the height of the 2008 food crisis, G8 leaders highlighted food security at their summit in Hokkaido, Japan, which cost over $600 million – compared to the $400 million annual budget of the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
  • G8 Italian Gala: Will it Feed the Hungry or Fuel Hunger? 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.oaklandinstitute.org [Source type: News]

^ The G8+05 is an informal forum for international debate on any global subject, whereas the G20 is primarily concerned with the international financial system.
  • Can you name the G8 (+5) Countries? - sporcle 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The group does not have a permanent secretariat, or offices for its members.^ This bulletin is prepared by some members of Moscow group of Network Against G8 (SPB8) and does not necessarily reflect opinions of all members of the network.
  • Dissent a network of resistance - Against the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC archive.dissent.org.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2008, the president of the European Union Commission participated as an equal in all summit events.^ European Union (EU) also participating.
  • G8 Foreign Ministers Forecast Key Issues Relating to International Security 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cdi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The summit is an annual meeting where the Leaders of the Eight (plus the President of the European Commission and the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union) meet to discuss important issues of the day.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The EU is represented by the President of the European Commission and by the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The presidency of the group rotates annually among the member countries, with each new term beginning on 1 January of the year.^ The Chair of the G8 rotates among the member countries in a fixed order.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The summit is an annual meeting where the Leaders of the Eight (plus the President of the European Commission and the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union) meet to discuss important issues of the day.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, since 1996, G8 members G8 members have stepped up their dialogue with countries, groups of countries and institutions outside their group and especially with the Southern, emerging and least developed countries.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The country holding the presidency is responsible for planning and hosting a series of ministerial-level meetings, leading up to a mid-year summit attended by the heads of government.^ In 1975, six countries, the world's leading capitalist countries, ranked by gdp , were represented in France at the first annual summit meeting: the United States, the UK, Germany, Japan and Italy, as well as the host country.
  • Economics A-Z | Economist.com 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.economist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A meeting of a new nature, which is expected to be attended by the Heads of State and Government of over a dozen developing, emerging and poor countries, is planned to take place together with the summit in Evian.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Japanese government will host some Ministerial meetings before the G8 summit in Toyako in July.
  • G8を問う連絡会 | 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.jca.apc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ministerial meetings bring together ministers responsible for various portfolios to discuss issues of mutual or global concern.^ Bindi points to high-level meetings prior to the summit as hopeful examples of participants speaking freely on issues of global concern like climate change and nuclear proliferation.
  • G8 Summit - Brookings Institution 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.brookings.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The summit is an annual meeting where the Leaders of the Eight (plus the President of the European Commission and the Leader of the country holding the Presidency of the European Union) meet to discuss important issues of the day.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The leaders are set to discuss: climate change, global security, the global recession amongst various other international issues.
  • G8 Italy Summit: Leaders Meet To Discuss Climate Change, Global Security, Economy (VIDEO)(SLIDESHOW) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

.The range of topics include health, law enforcement, labor, economic and social development, energy, environment, foreign affairs, justice and interior, terrorism, and trade.^ Prevention of international terrorism, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, international trade and development financing, amongst others, have also been named as as important topics for the international community.
  • CRIN - Child Rights Information Network - Crinmail - CRINMAIL 798 - Special Edition on the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.crin.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has been preceded by preliminary meetings, including ministerial-level talks in the areas of foreign affairs, justice, finance, energy, the environment, health and education.
  • G8 Foreign Ministers Forecast Key Issues Relating to International Security 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cdi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the same time, stable and secure energy availability is indispensable for social and economic development; it is essential to ensure global energy security and energy access in developing countries, particularly the most vulnerable.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are also a separate set of meetings known as the G8+5, created during the 2005 Gleneagles, Scotland summit, that is attended by finance and energy ministers from all eight member countries in addition to the five "Outreach Countries": Brazil, China, India, Mexico, and South Africa.^ Meetings of ministers are also held in the G8 format.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G7 Finance Ministers meet in Rome .
  • g8 — Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.whiteband.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Only China, of the five permanent UNSC members, is not represented on the G8.

.In June 2005, justice ministers and interior ministers from the G8 countries agreed to launch an international database on pedophiles.^ The G8 leaders agreed to review progress of the initiative at the June 2003 G8 summit in France.
  • NTI: Issue Brief: G8 10 plus 10 over 10 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.nti.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G8 action plan includes numerical goals in health and meditation for developing countries (Jpn) Japan Times, 27 June 2008.
  • G8 Media Watch 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.ias.unu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the response by the G8 countries has been poor, in-terms of its 2005 pledges.
  • g8 — Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.whiteband.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .The G8 officials also agreed to pool data on terrorism, subject to restrictions by privacy and security laws in individual countries.^ Russia’s commitment: Elected officials from G8 countries need to know that Russian financial commitment and support is adequate for assistance programs to move forward.
  • NTI: Issue Brief: G8 10 plus 10 over 10 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.nti.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G8 members need to agree on how much each country will commit and when.
  • NTI: Issue Brief: G8 10 plus 10 over 10 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.nti.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative: The good, the bad and the ugly (Jubilee Debt Campaign) In July 2005, the G8 agreed to cancel some of the debts of some of the poorest countries in the world.
  • Choike - The G8 Summit 2005 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.choike.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]

Global energy

G8 leaders confer together during the 2009 summit in L'Aquila (Abruzzo, Italy).
.At the Heiligendamm Summit in 2007, the G8 acknowledged a proposal from the EU for a worldwide initiative on energy efficiency.^ 'Energy Dissent' and the 2006 G8 Summit in Russia .
  • G8-G20 - Indymedia-Québec (CMAQ) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cmaq.net [Source type: General]

^ G8-G20 ) First paragraph (Teaser): Here is the English translation of the call for mass blockades of the 2007 G8 summit.
  • G8-G20 - Indymedia-Québec (CMAQ) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cmaq.net [Source type: General]

^ The G8 leaders agreed to review progress of the initiative at the June 2003 G8 summit in France.
  • NTI: Issue Brief: G8 10 plus 10 over 10 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.nti.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They agreed to explore, along with the International Energy Agency, the most effective means to promote energy efficiency internationally.^ We are committed to promoting economic recovery together with a significant change in investment patterns that will accelerate the transition towards low-carbon, energy efficient growth models.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are determined to generate political momentum at international, regional and national levels for the internationally agreed goals, including the MDGs and their targets on safe water and basic sanitation.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To this end, we endorse the “Carta di Siracusa” on Biodiversity as an effective means to promote a long-term strategy to enhance the conservation of biodiversity.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A year later, on 8 June 2008, the G8 along with China, India, South Korea and the European Community established the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation, at the Energy Ministerial meeting hosted by Japan holding 2008 G8 Presidency, in Aomori.^ Japan Times, 7 June 2008.
  • G8 Media Watch 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.ias.unu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Japan Times, 23 June 2008.
  • G8 Media Watch 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.ias.unu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Heiligendamm Dialogue Process (HDP), a topic-driven dialogue of the G8 with major emerging economies – China, India, Brazil, Mexico and South Africa – established in 2007, has helped to fulfil this role by serving as a platform to develop common understanding and shared responsibility in responding to the challenges of the world economy concerning investment, innovation, development and energy efficiency, which will be important for global economic growth going forward.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]
.G8 Finance Ministers, whilst in preparation for the 34th Summit of the G8 Heads of State and Government in Toyako, Hokkaido, met on the 13 and 14 June 2008, in Osaka, Japan.^ The G8 summit will be held in Hokkaido, Japan.
  • G8を問う連絡会 | 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.jca.apc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G8: Hokkaido Toyako Summit 2008 .

^ Toyako Summit will be on food crisis (Jpn) Japan Times, 7 June 2008.
  • G8 Media Watch 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.ias.unu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They agreed to the “G8 Action Plan for Climate Change to Enhance the Engagement of Private and Public Financial Institutions.” In closing, Ministers supported the launch of new Climate Investment Funds (CIFs) by the World Bank, which will help existing efforts until a new framework under the UNFCCC is implemented after 2012.[10]

The Annual Summit

.The annual G8 leaders summit is attended by eight of the world's most powerful heads of government.^ Obama joins fellow world leaders at G8 summit .
  • G8 Italy Summit: Leaders Meet To Discuss Climate Change, Global Security, Economy (VIDEO)(SLIDESHOW) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The Heads of State and Government speak in their own languages at the annual G8 summit.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In order to help answer those questions, the Social Watch secretariat has compiled a table comparing the language agreed by the heads of State and Government in different recent Summits: The World Summit on Social Development (1995), the G7 meeting of 1999, the Millennium Summit in 2000, the Financing for Development Summit in 2002 and the most recent G8 meeting in Scotland.
  • Choike - The G8 Summit 2005 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.choike.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, as noted by commentators the G-8 summit is not the place to flesh out the details of any difficult or controversial policy issue in the context of a three-day event.^ Protesters are organizing various events in the upcoming days of the G8 Summit, between the 7th and 9th of July.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After three days of talking, the Italian G8 Summit 2009 was more about broken promises and photo opportunities, instead of real progress on solving poverty.
  • G8 Summit Italy 2009 | Oxfam International 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.oxfam.org [Source type: General]

^ Please follow our guidelines for notes and comments and review our competing interests policy .
  • PLoS ONE: The Liver-Selective Thyromimetic T-0681 Influences Reverse Cholesterol Transport and Atherosclerosis Development in Mice 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.plosone.org [Source type: Academic]

.Rather, the meeting is to bring a range of complex and sometimes inter-related issues.^ We are rather compelled to fight for analyzes that do not simplify complex social relations.
  • ZNet - G8-Summit Protests 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The G8 summit brings leaders together not so they can dream up quick fixes, but to talk and think about them together.^ Together they add to the G8's lick on a mountain road but not necessarily in our handling tests.
  • 2008 Pontiac G8 GT Full Test 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.insideline.com [Source type: General]

^ Here’s Neil talking about his Pontiac G8 , which is featured in the GM booth.

^ The G8 is currently thinking about changing the way it is run.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.The G8 summit is an international event which is observed and reported by news media, but the G8's relevance is unclear.^ The hopes of protesters at the MAKEPOVERTYHISTORY event in Edinburgh on 2 July and Greenbelt '05; together with news, images and observations from the Catholic Institute for International Relations .

^ WATCH (Watch Human Rights on Summit) Network of Lawyers observing Human Rights around the G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit 2008 .
  • G8を問う連絡会 | 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.jca.apc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Protesters are organizing various events in the upcoming days of the G8 Summit, between the 7th and 9th of July.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12] The member country holding the G8 presidency is responsible for organising and hosting the year's summit, held for three days in mid-year; and for this reason, Tony Blair and the United Kingdom accumulated the lion's share of the credit for what went right (and wrong) at Gleneagles in 2005. Similarly, Yasuo Fukuda and Japan hope to garner the greater part of the credit for what went well (and what did not) at the Hokkaido Summit in 2008.
.Each of the 35 G8 summit meetings could have been called a success if the events had been re-framed as venues to generate additional momentum for solving problems at the other multilateral conferences that meet throughout the year.^ While such events are rarely the venues for breakthroughs in major controversies such as that of climate change, they often impart additional momentum to the issues at hand.
  • G8 Debates Climate Change - Forbes.com 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.forbes.com [Source type: News]

^ The goal of the conference was two-fold: to generate ideas that transcend the tyranny of the urgent and could help inform preparations for the Italy-hosted G8 Summit in July 2009; and to generate debate and discussion on longer-term efforts to reform the international system.
  • G8 Summit - Brookings Institution 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.brookings.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the last years, police authorities of different countries have been suppressing civil movements related to the G8 Summits partly with violence.
  • G8を問う連絡会 | 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.jca.apc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The G8 summit sets the stage for what needs to be done and establishes an idea of how to do it, even if that idea is, at best, rough and patchy.^ "Though the G8 promised to double aid to Africa at the 2005 Gleneagles Summit, there is no plan on how to do so.
  • G8 Italy Summit: Leaders Meet To Discuss Climate Change, Global Security, Economy (VIDEO)(SLIDESHOW) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: General]

^ The G8 delegates had to reach the summit by air or sea, and even the sea was not completely secure as a Greenpeace boat breached the security zone.
  • ZNet - G8-Summit Protests 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G8 members need to agree on how much each country will commit and when.
  • NTI: Issue Brief: G8 10 plus 10 over 10 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.nti.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.The summits have also been the site of numerous, large-scale anti-globalization protests.^ As part of the protest actions against the G8 summit, an action day was organized under the slogan "Global Freedom of Movement."
  • ZNet - G8-Summit Protests 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.zmag.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The meek shall inherit the Earth, and the meek are getting ready, said graffiti at one of the previous anti-globalisation protests.

^ Carniaval against Capitalism Anti-G8 Protest Successful in Russia Despite Massive Police Arrests Ahead of Bush visit and G8 Summit .
  • G8-G20 - Indymedia-Québec (CMAQ) 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.cmaq.net [Source type: General]

Date Host country Host leader Location held Website Notes
1st November 15–17, 1975  France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Rambouillet G6 Summit
2nd June 27–28, 1976  United States Gerald R. Ford Dorado, Puerto Rico Canada joins the group, forming the G7
3rd May 7–8, 1977  United Kingdom James Callaghan London President of the European Commission is invited to join the annual G-7 summits
4th July 16–17, 1978  West Germany Helmut Schmidt Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia
5th June 28–29, 1979  Japan Masayoshi Ōhira Tokyo
6th June 22–23, 1980  Italy Francesco Cossiga Venice
7th July 20–21, 1981  Canada Pierre E. Trudeau Montebello, Quebec
8th June 4–6, 1982  France François Mitterrand Versailles
9th May 28–30, 1983  United States Ronald Reagan Williamsburg, Virginia
10th June 7–9, 1984  United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher London
11th May 2–4, 1985  West Germany Helmut Kohl Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia
12th May 4–6, 1986  Japan Yasuhiro Nakasone Tokyo
13th June 8–10, 1987  Italy Amintore Fanfani Venice
14th June 19–21, 1988  Canada Brian Mulroney Toronto
15th July 14–16, 1989  France François Mitterrand Paris
16th July 9–11, 1990  United States George H. W. Bush Houston, Texas
17th July 15–17, 1991  United Kingdom John Major London
18th July 6–8, 1992  Germany Helmut Kohl Munich, Bavaria
19th July 7–9, 1993  Japan Kiichi Miyazawa Tokyo
20th July 8–10, 1994  Italy Silvio Berlusconi Naples
21st June 15–17, 1995  Canada Jean Chrétien Halifax, Nova Scotia
22nd June 27–29, 1996  France Jacques Chirac Lyon .International organizations' debut to G8 Summits periodically.^ Four nights ago, an organizer with G8 Action Network briefed a group of international participants.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Protesters are organizing various events in the upcoming days of the G8 Summit, between the 7th and 9th of July.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Repression Against Local and International Activists As the G8 meeting approaches, the Japanese government is waging an escalating battle of repression and control against Japanese and international grassroots organizations and movements.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The invited ones here were: United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization.^ Italy personally invited the presidents of South Africa , Mali and Nigeria , the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the President of the World Bank and the directors-general of WHO and the FAO. Likewise, four Heads of State from the countries that initiated the NEPAD attended Kananaskis: Algeria , Nigeria , Senegal and South Africa , along with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • G8 - Sommet Evian Summit 2003 - Questions about the G8 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.g8.fr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Given the development impact of remittance flows, we will facilitate a more efficient transfer and improved use of remittances and enhance cooperation between national and international organizations, in order to implement the recommendations of the 2007 Berlin G8 Conference and of the Global Remittances Working Group established in 2009 and coordinated by the World Bank.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We recognize the critical role and contribution of the Global Fund, WHO and the World Bank.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]
23rd June 20–22, 1997  United States Bill Clinton Denver, Colorado [14] Russia joins the group, forming G8
24th May 15–17, 1998  United Kingdom Tony Blair Birmingham, England [15]
25th June 18–20, 1999  Germany Gerhard Schröder Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia [16] First Summit of the G-20 major economies at Berlin
26th July 21–23, 2000  Japan Yoshiro Mori Nago, Okinawa [17] Formation of the G8+5 starts, when South Africa was invited. Since then, it has been invited to the Summit annually without interruption. .Also, with permission from a G8 leader, other nations were invited to the Summit on a periodical basis for the first time.^ You are invited to this meeting if you are the leader of a rich, powerful country interested in colluding with other governments to consolidate the power of the global wealthy elite.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is exactly because we were not invited to the 2008 Group of Eight (G8) Summit that we feel we must go.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We also welcome the update of the Accountability Report: Implementation Review of G8 on Anti-Corruption Commitments which was presented for the first time in Toyako.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nigeria, Algeria and Senegal accepted their invitations here. .The World Health Organization was also invited for the first time, too.^ We also encourage multilateral institutions – including WHO, World Bank, GFATM, GAVI, UNITAID and UN Organizations – to continue to support health system strengthening.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]
27th July 20–22, 2001  Italy Silvio Berlusconi Genoa [18] Leaders from Bangladesh, Mali and El Salvador accepted their invitations here.[13] .Demonstrator Carlo Giuliani is shot and killed by police during a violent demonstration.^ The demonstration started in Princes Street and was quickly penned in by police, with some people arrested violently.

28th June 26–27, 2002  Canada Jean Chrétien Kananaskis, Alberta [19] Russia gains permission to officially host a G8 Summit.
29th June 2–3, 2003  France Jacques Chirac Évian-les-Bains [1] The G8+5 was unofficially made, when China, India, Brazil, and Mexico were invited to this Summit for the first time. .South Africa has joined the G8 Summit since 2000. Other first-time nations that were invited by the French president included: Egypt, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and Switzerland.^ G8's Okinawa Summit , Okinawa, Japan, July 19-20, 2000.

^ We strongly support the work undertaken at the Washington and London Summits for the reform of financial regulation, IFIs and the FSB. We are fully committed to implement these decisions in a timely manner and we urge other partners to join our efforts.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We also welcome the update of the Accountability Report: Implementation Review of G8 on Anti-Corruption Commitments which was presented for the first time in Toyako.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]
30th June 8–10, 2004  United States George W. Bush Sea Island, Georgia [20] A record number of leaders from 12 different nations accepted their invitations here. Amongst a couple of veteran nations, the others were: Ghana, Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Turkey, Yemen and Uganda.[13]
31st July 6–8, 2005  United Kingdom Tony Blair Gleneagles, Scotland [21] The G8+5 was officially formed. On the second day of the meeting, suicide bombers killed over 50 people on the London Underground and a bus. Nations that were invited for the first time were Ethiopia and Tanzania. .The African Union and the International Energy Agency made their debut here.^ Analysis has highlighted the potential to curtail emissions by focusing on specific sectors and we welcome the ongoing work of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and others in this respect.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]
32nd July 15–17, 2006  Russia Vladimir Putin Strelna, St. Petersburg [2] First G8 Summit on Russian soil. Also, the .International Atomic Energy Agency and UNESCO made their debut here.^ In close collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), we will continue to promote the development and implementation of robust international treaties, standards, recommendations, and monitoring procedures both at international and national levels.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Analysis has highlighted the potential to curtail emissions by focusing on specific sectors and we welcome the ongoing work of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and others in this respect.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13]
33rd June 6–8, 2007  Germany Angela Merkel Heiligendamm, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [3] Seven different international organizations accepted their invitations to this Summit. The .Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Commonwealth of Independent States made their debut here.^ Kirton, John J. "Economic Co-operation: Summitry, Institutions, and Structural Change."

[13]
34th July 7–9, 2008  Japan Yasuo Fukuda Toyako (Lake Toya), Hokkaido [22] Nations that accepted their G8 Summit invitations for the first time are: Australia, Indonesia and South Korea.[13]
35th July 8–10, 2009  Italy Silvio Berlusconi L'Aquila, Abruzzo [4] This G8 Summit was originally planned to be in .La Maddalena (Sardinia), but was moved to L'Aquila as a way of showing Prime Minister Berlusconi's desire to help the region in and around L'Aquila after the earthquake that hit the area on the April 6th, 2009. Nations that accepted their invitations for the first time were: Angola, Denmark, Netherlands and Spain.^ We, the Leaders of the Group of Eight meeting in L’Aquila, express our heartfelt solidarity to the people of Abruzzo affected by the tragic earthquake which struck the region on 6th April 2009, and to all those around the world who have been touched by natural disasters.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23] .A record of TEN (10) international organizations were represented in this G8 Summit.^ Four nights ago, an organizer with G8 Action Network briefed a group of international participants.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Protesters are organizing various events in the upcoming days of the G8 Summit, between the 7th and 9th of July.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Paper presented at the Civil G8 International Forum, March 9-10, 2006, Moscow.

.For the first time, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the World Food Programme, and the International Labour Organization accepted their invitations.^ We invite international organisations, in particular the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), to enhance their cooperation and to improve coherence.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Agriculture and food security should be placed at the core of the international agenda.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We acknowledge the central role that the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) plays in fostering an integral vision and coherent development of the international IP system.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24]
36th June 25–27, 2010[25]  Canada Stephen Harper Huntsville, Ontario[26] [5] Possible final G8 Summit to be held.
37th 2011  France TBD

G8 member facts

.All eight of the G8 countries are amongst the ten (10) top-ranked leading export countries.^ A number of G8 countries are considering and taking forward specific Leading Group and Task Force recommendations.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] .The UK, the USA, Canada, France, Germany, Italy have nominal per capita GDP over US$35,000.[28] Some of the world's twenty (20) largest stock exchanges by market value are in G8 countries[29] (U.S., Japan, UK, France, Canada, Germany).^ The summit eventually expanded to include a total of eight member states - the UK, US, France, Russia, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada, plus the president of the EU, and today the G8 presents itself as a forum for establishing world economic stability and tackling global problems, such as climate change, hunger, and disease, and poverty.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ G8's Okinawa Summit , Okinawa, Japan, July 19-20, 2000.

^ From Italy to Calgary, Switzerland to Japan, people have come together to try and prevent the G8 from making any more decisions that will adversely affect people's lives.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The G8 countries represent 7 of the 9 largest economies by nominal GDP[30] (Russia isn't one of the 9 largest economies by nominal GDP but has the 7th largest real GDP; Canada was 8th in 2006 but in 2007 it lost 8th place to Spain, as it did in 2003,[30] prompting the previous government headed by José María Aznar to request Spain's entrance in the G8).^ She and others have been ordered to leave the country before the G8 meetings are to take place.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Revised draft of a paper prepared for "The Future of the G8: Global Economic Governance and the Potential for a Revision of Institutional Arrangements," sponsored by the Centre for International Governance Innovation and the Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin, May 30, 2007.

^ G8, but with two Gs, both placed upside down (one backwards), on both sides of the 8, so the Gs looks like two fists (or spirals) with an infinity in the middle, but all upside down of course, to represent it's overthrow, our success.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Spain is neither a member by itself of the G-20 major economies.
.The 2nd and 3rd largest oil producers (USA and Russia) and the country with the 2nd largest reserves (Canada) are in the G8.[31] Seven of the nine largest nuclear energy producers are in the G8[32] (USA, France, Japan, Russia, Germany, Canada, UK).^ The summit eventually expanded to include a total of eight member states - the UK, US, France, Russia, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada, plus the president of the EU, and today the G8 presents itself as a forum for establishing world economic stability and tackling global problems, such as climate change, hunger, and disease, and poverty.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We call on all countries interested in the civil use of nuclear energy to engage in constructive international cooperation.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We witness that a growing number of countries have expressed interest in nuclear power programmes as a means to address climate change and energy security concerns.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 7 largest donors to the UN budget for the 2009 annual fiscal year are in the G8[33] (U.S., Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Canada).^ The summit eventually expanded to include a total of eight member states - the UK, US, France, Russia, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada, plus the president of the EU, and today the G8 presents itself as a forum for establishing world economic stability and tackling global problems, such as climate change, hunger, and disease, and poverty.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Paper prepared for the first annual "Learning Forum on Global Health Research" of the Canadian Coalition for Global Health Research, Ottawa, Canada, October 25, 2009.

^ Written by J.J. King on July 10, 2008 During their annual summit meeting in Japan, the G8 members agreed to get the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) ready for implementation by the end of the year.
  • G8 Pushes Anti-Piracy Trade Agreement | TorrentFreak 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC torrentfreak.com [Source type: Original source]

The G8 and the G8+5 make up some of the 15-nation "trillion dollar club of nations".

Cumulative influence of member nations

Stephen Harper and Nicolas Sarkozy, the 36th and 37th chairs of the G8 Summit
.Together the eight countries making up the G8 represent about 14% of the world population, but they represent about 60% of the Gross World Product[34] as measured by gross domestic product, all 8 nations being within the top 12 countries according to the CIA World Factbook.^ Comment (7) Share: Nations represented at the G8 Summit of the world's major industrial powers have promised to raise U.S. $20 billion to promote sustainable agricultural development in developing countries.
  • allAfrica.com: Africa: G8 Nations Pledge U.S. $20 Billion for Agriculture 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

^ No coffins being shown on American TV news, it’s all about distraction, .
  • G8 Pushes Anti-Piracy Trade Agreement | TorrentFreak 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC torrentfreak.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We welcome the report of our Africa Personal Representatives on measures to strengthen the G8-Africa partnership and support the reform process of the Africa Partnership Forum.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(see the CIA World Factbook column in List of countries by GDP (nominal)), the majority of global military power (seven are in the top 8 nations for military expenditure[35]), and almost all of the world's active nuclear weapons.^ We welcome major global campaigns to promote support for education, through international events, such as the FIFA World Cup in 2010.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We must all become aware that privatization of everything on this planet is the goal of the powerful interests behind globalization.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Just Words Collective is a group of four friends who are engaged in various global justice struggles and believe in the power of words and action to change the world.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36] In 2007, the combined G8 military spending was US$850 billion. This is 72% of the world's total military expenditures. .(see List of countries and federations by military expenditures) Four of the G8 members, the United Kingdom, United States of America, France and Russia, together account for 96–99% of the world's nuclear weapons.^ The summit eventually expanded to include a total of eight member states - the UK, US, France, Russia, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada, plus the president of the EU, and today the G8 presents itself as a forum for establishing world economic stability and tackling global problems, such as climate change, hunger, and disease, and poverty.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The policies instituted by G8 member states do the exact opposite of the G8's stated "humanitarian" goals; they give "aid packages" that trap the poorest countries into debt while removing social programs.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Paper presented at a conference on “The World Dimension of Russia's Energy Security,” sponsored by the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), Moscow, April 21, 2006.

[37](see List of states with nuclear weapons)

Criticism and demonstrations

20 July 2001, 27th G8 summit in Genoa, Italy: Protestors burn a police vehicle which was abandoned by police during a clash with protestors.
.As the annual summits are extremely high profile, they are subject to extensive lobbying by advocacy groups and street demonstrations by activists.^ They think it is not fun if you have thirty consecutive days of street demonstrations.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was a colorful demonstration, with a wide variety of groups and nationalities proceeding through the streets carrying signs, banners, and giant puppets.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The most widespread criticisms centre on the assertion that members of G8 are responsible for global problems such as poverty in Africa and developing countries - through debt and trade policy; global warming - due to carbon dioxide emissions; and the AIDS problem - due to strict medicine patent policy and other issues related to globalization.^ The summit eventually expanded to include a total of eight member states - the UK, US, France, Russia, Germany, Japan, Italy, Canada, plus the president of the EU, and today the G8 presents itself as a forum for establishing world economic stability and tackling global problems, such as climate change, hunger, and disease, and poverty.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We call upon major economies, developing countries, international institutions and other global actors to work together with us to identify and implement collective and individual responses and produce concrete results in the fight against poverty.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Kamagasaki community members resisted water cannons and shield-wielding riot police, the G8 Finance Ministers issued their Communiqué to the world from Osaka, strongly pushing to further the policies of corporate "free" trade, speculative capitalism, and neo-liberalism that are largely responsible for the poverty and homelessness of those in Kamagasaki and around the world.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the 31st G8 summit in Scotland, 225,000 people took to the streets of Edinburgh as part of the Make Poverty History campaign calling for Trade Justice, Debt Relief and Better Aid.^ People got angry and took to the street.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A staggering 30,000 people live on the streets of Japan, most of whom are single, older men.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Written by J.J. King on July 10, 2008 During their annual summit meeting in Japan, the G8 members agreed to get the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) ready for implementation by the end of the year.
  • G8 Pushes Anti-Piracy Trade Agreement | TorrentFreak 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC torrentfreak.com [Source type: Original source]

Numerous other demonstrations also took place challenging the legitimacy of the G8.[38]
.One of the largest and most violent anti-globalization movement protests occurred for the 27th G8 summit.^ Protesters are organizing various events in the upcoming days of the G8 Summit, between the 7th and 9th of July.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The G8 summit is undemocratic at its core, setting policies that affect the world, while denying the input of most of the global population.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In response to the G8, as well as other transnational institutions that generate neo-liberal policies, a global resistance movement has blossomed.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] .Following those events and the September 11, 2001 attacks two months later, the G8 have met at more remote locations.^ Jul 11, 2008 at 01:03 by Anonymous Policing the internet is a far more difficult and expensive task then the fools at G8 believe.
  • G8 Pushes Anti-Piracy Trade Agreement | TorrentFreak 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC torrentfreak.com [Source type: Original source]

.The 7 July 2005 London bombings were timed to coincide with the 31st G8 summit in Scotland.^ G8 Summit 2005: Mapping the Challenges.

^ G8's Okinawa Summit , Okinawa, Japan, July 19-20, 2000.

^ Protesters are organizing various events in the upcoming days of the G8 Summit, between the 7th and 9th of July.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The group has also been criticized for its membership, which critics argue has now become unrepresentative of the world's most powerful economies.^ At this point I hope India becomes a World Power.
  • G8 Pushes Anti-Piracy Trade Agreement | TorrentFreak 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC torrentfreak.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Just Words Collective is a group of four friends who are engaged in various global justice struggles and believe in the power of words and action to change the world.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For a long time the world economy enjoyed a combination of robust growth and low inflation, but it now faces headwinds.
  • G8 Dispatches: Organizing for Justice: Inside the Anti-G8 | PEEK | AlterNet 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In particular, China has recently surpassed every economy except the United States and Japan. Canada has been in recent years overtaken by Brazil and Spain by nominal GDP. .Russia now has a nominal GDP in the top eight (8) in the world by the International Monetary Fund and the CIA World Factbook for 2008 [Ninth (9th), according to the World Bank].^ We recognize the critical role and contribution of the Global Fund, WHO and the World Bank.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We invite international organisations, in particular the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), to enhance their cooperation and to improve coherence.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Paper presented at a conference on “The World Dimension of Russia's Energy Security,” sponsored by the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), Moscow, April 21, 2006.

.Timothy Geithner, the US Treasury Secretary, has said: "We are committed to reforming the international system and our interests are best served by giving China a stake in the process.^ We reaffirm our existing commitments, including the US$ 60 billion investment to fight infectious diseases and strengthen health system by 2012.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reform efforts must address these flaws in international economic and financial systems with resolve.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We will further promote and foster Corporate Social Responsibility through encouragement of adherence to the existing relevant international instruments, in accordance with our Heiligendamm commitments.
  • G8 Declaration 15 January 2010 5:56 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

We would like to build with China the kind of relationship we had with the G-7."[40]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ The EU has the privileges and obligations of membership but does not host/chair summits. It is represented by the Commission and Council Presidents. 967. "EU and the G8". European Commission. http://www.deljpn.ec.europa.eu/union/showpage_en_union.external.g8.php. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Officials: G-20 to supplant G-8 as international economic council". CNN. 2009-09-25. http://www.cnn.com/2009/US/09/24/us.g.twenty.summit/index.html. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  3. ^ "G20 to replace the G8". SBS. 2009-09-26. http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1099172/G20-to-replace-the-G8. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  4. ^ G8: The Most Exclusive Club in the World, Thomas S. Axworthy, The Canadian Encyclopedia, Historica Foundation of Canada, Toronto, Undated.Accessed07-12-2008.
  5. ^ "EU and the G8". European Union. http://www.deljpn.ec.europa.eu/union/showpage_en_union.Harry.g8.php. Retrieved 2006-07-17. 
  6. ^ "Russia — Odd Man Out in the G-8", Mark Medish, The Globalist, 02-24-2006.Accessed: 07-12-2008
  7. ^ G8 to launch international pedophile database David Batty June 18, 2005 The Guardian
  8. ^ G8 to pool data on terrorism Martin Wainwright June 18, 2005 The Guardian
  9. ^ The International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC). June 8, 2008.
  10. ^ CLIMATE-L.ORG: G8 Finance Ministers Support Climate Investment Funds
  11. ^ a b Feldman, Adam. "What's Wrong With The G-8," Forbes (New York). July 7, 2008.
  12. ^ Lee, Don. "On eve of summit, G-8's relevance is unclear," Los Angeles Times. July 6, 2008
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kirton, John. "A Summit of Substantial Success: The Performance of the 2008 G8"; page 88 and 89 G8 Information Centre — University of Toronto July 17, 2008.
  14. ^ "Denver Summit of the Eight". State.gov. http://www.state.gov/www/issues/economic/summit/g8.html. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  15. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/19981212012854/http://birmingham.g8summit.gov.uk/
  16. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20050226154039/http://www.sipri.org/contents/expcon/1999summit.html
  17. ^ "Kyushu-Okinawa Summit". MOFA. http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/summit/2000/. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  18. ^ "Vertice di Genova 2001". Web.archive.org. 2001-08-06. http://web.archive.org/web/20010806171931/http://www.g8italia.it/index.html. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  19. ^ "UT G8 Info. Centre. Kananaskis Summit 2002. Summit Contents". G8.utoronto.ca. http://www.g8.utoronto.ca/summit/2002kananaskis/. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  20. ^ "Sea Island Summit 2004". Georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/g8/2004/. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  21. ^ "Special Reports | G8_Gleneagles". BBC News. 2008-09-17. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/uk/2005/g8_gleneagles/default.stm. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  22. ^ "Hokkaido Toyako Summit - TOP". Mofa.go.jp. http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/summit/2008/index.html. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  23. ^ "G8 Summit 2009 - official website - Other Countries". G8italia2009.it. http://www.g8italia2009.it/G8/Home/Summit/Partecipanti/G8-G8_Layout_locale-1199882116809_AltriPaesi.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  24. ^ "G8 Summit 2009 - official website - International Organizations". G8italia2009.it. http://www.g8italia2009.it/G8/Home/Summit/Partecipanti/G8-G8_Layout_locale-1199882116809_OrganizzazioniInternazionali.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  25. ^ http://www.g8.utoronto.ca/evaluations/2010muskoka/2010plans/2010-g8plans-100129.pdf
  26. ^ "Prime Minister of Canada: Prime Minister announces Canada to host 2010 G8 Summit in Huntsville". Pm.gc.ca. http://pm.gc.ca/eng/media.asp?id=2155. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  27. ^ "exports". cia factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2078rank.html. 
  28. ^ "nominal GDP per capita". World Bank (2008). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(nominal)_per_capita. 
  29. ^ "stock exchange". securities exchange commission. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_stock_exchanges. 
  30. ^ a b "nominal gdp". imf, world bank, cia factbook. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_past_GDP_(nominal). 
  31. ^ "oil reserves". U.S. energy information administration. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_reserves#Proved_reserves. 
  32. ^ "nuclear power". world nuclear power reactors 2007–08 and uranium requirements. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_power_by_country. 
  33. ^ "united nations". report of the committee on contributions. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations#Funding. 
  34. ^ "United Nations Development Programme". Undp.org. http://www.undp.org. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  35. ^ "World Wide Military Expenditures". GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/spending.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  36. ^ "The G8 and the Nuclear Industry". The Campaign for Nuclear Phaseout. June 2002. http://www.cnp.ca/resources/g8-and-nuclear.html. Retrieved 2007-11-28. 
  37. ^ "Federation of American Scientists: Status of World Nuclear Forces". Fas.org. http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclearweapons/nukestatus.html. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  38. ^ David Miller "Spinning the G8", Zednet, May 13th 2005.
  39. ^ Italy officials convicted over G8, BBC News
  40. ^ "Reuters, via Straits Times". Straitstimes.com. http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking%2BNews/Money/Story/BgSty_384128_1.html. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 

External links

.

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology

Abbreviation of "Group of 8" (nations).

Abbreviation

Singular
G8
Plural
-
G8
  1. The eight leading industrialized nations - Germany, Canada, the United States, France, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and Russia.
  2. The annual meeting of their leaders

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on G8, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message