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Group of Eight + Five
Gruppe der Acht + Fünf
Groupe de Huit + Cinq
Gruppo di Otto + Cinque
主要国+5新興国
Группа Восьми + Пять
Grupo de los Ocho + Cinco
Grupo dos Oito + Cinco
Groep van Agt + Vyf
आठ का समूह + पाँच
八国集团同发展中国家
مجموعة الثمانية+خامسة
Map of G8 countries

G8 + 5

 Canada
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
 France
President Nicolas Sarkozy
 Germany
Chancellor Angela Merkel
 Italy
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi
President of the G8+5 for 2009
 Japan
Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama
 Russia
President Dmitri Medvedev
 United Kingdom
Prime Minister Gordon Brown
 United States
President Barack Obama

 Brazil
President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
 China
President Hu Jintao
 India
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
 Mexico
President Felipe Calderón
 South Africa
President Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma

The G8+5 group of leaders consists of the heads of government from the G8 nations (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States), plus the heads of government of the five leading emerging economies (Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa).

Contents

February 2007 Declaration

On February 16, 2007, at meeting of the G8+5 Climate Change Dialogue in Washington, D.C., a non-binding agreement was reached to cooperate on tackling global warming. The group accepted that the existence of man-made climate change was beyond doubt, and that there should be a global system of emission caps and carbon emissions trading applying to both industrialized nations and developing countries. The group hopes that this will be in place by 2009, to supersede the Kyoto Protocol, the first phase of which expires in 2012.[1][2]

Foundation

The G8+5 group was formed in 2005 when Tony Blair, then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in his role as host of the 31st G8 summit at Gleneagles, Scotland, invited the leading emerging countries to join the talks. The hope was that this would form a stronger and more representative group that would inject fresh impetus into the trade talks at Doha, and the need to achieve a deeper cooperation on climate change.

Following the meeting, the countries issued a joint statement looking to build a "new paradigm for international cooperation" in the future.

The G8+5 Climate Change Dialogue was launched on February 24, 2006, by the Global Legislators Organisation for a Balanced Environment (GLOBE)[3] in partnership with the Com+ alliance of communicators for sustainable development.[4]

Institutionalization

Following the 33rd G8 summit Heiligendamm 2007, German chancellor Angela Merkel announced the establishment of the "Heiligendamm Process" through which the full institutionalization of the permanent dialogue between the G8 countries and the five greatest emerging economies will be implemented. This will include the establishment of a common G8 and G5 platform at the OECD. (see: "Die G8 - Akteure in einer globalen Entwicklungspartnerschaft; http://www.bmz.de/de/service/infothek/fach/spezial/index.html)

Most recently on August 28, 2007, French president Nicolas Sarkozy in a foreign policy statement proposed that Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa should become members of G8: "The G8 can't meet for two days and the G13 for just two hours.... That doesn't seem fitting, given the power of these five emerging countries." Nevertheless, for the time being (2008) formal enlargement of G8 is no realistic political option since G8 states have diverging positions on this issue. The US and Japan have been against enlargement, the United Kingdom and France actively in favour, whereas Italy, Germany, Russia and Canada are reserved..

See also

External links

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In the media

References


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