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Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, epsilon
Symbols GABRE;
External IDs OMIM300093 MGI1330235 HomoloGene68425 GeneCards: GABRE Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE GABRE 204537 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 2564 14404
Ensembl ENSG00000102287 ENSMUSG00000031340
UniProt P78334 n/a
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_004961 NM_017369
RefSeq (protein) NP_004952 NP_059065
Location (UCSC) Chr X:
150.87 - 150.89 Mb
Chr X:
68.51 - 68.53 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit epsilon is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GABRE gene.[1][2][3]

The product of this gene belongs to the ligand-gated ionic channel (TC 1.A.9) family. It encodes the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor which is a multisubunit chloride channel that mediates the fastest inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. This gene encodes an epsilon subunit. It is mapped to chromosome Xq28 in a cluster of genes encoding alpha 3, beta 4 and theta subunits of the same receptor. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[3]


See also


  1. ^ Davies PA, Hanna MC, Hales TG, Kirkness EF (Mar 1997). "Insensitivity to anaesthetic agents conferred by a class of GABA(A) receptor subunit". Nature 385 (6619): 820-3. doi:10.1038/385820a0. PMID 9039914.  
  2. ^ Garret M, Bascles L, Boue-Grabot E, Sartor P, Charron G, Bloch B, Margolskee RF (Apr 1997). "An mRNA encoding a putative GABA-gated chloride channel is expressed in the human cardiac conduction system". J Neurochem 68 (4): 1382-9. PMID 9084408.  
  3. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: GABRE gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor, epsilon".  

Further reading

  • Jones BL, Henderson LP (2007). "Trafficking and potential assembly patterns of epsilon-containing GABAA receptors.". J. Neurochem. 103 (3): 1258–71. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2007.04833.x. PMID 17714454.  
  • Rosen A, Bali M, Horenstein J, Akabas MH (2007). "Channel opening by anesthetics and GABA induces similar changes in the GABAA receptor M2 segment.". Biophys. J. 92 (9): 3130–9. doi:10.1529/biophysj.106.094490. PMID 17293408.  
  • Wilkins ME, Hosie AM, Smart TG (2005). "Proton modulation of recombinant GABA(A) receptors: influence of GABA concentration and the beta subunit TM2-TM3 domain.". J. Physiol. (Lond.) 567 (Pt 2): 365–77. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2005.088823. PMID 15946973.  
  • Porter BE, Zhang G, Celix J, et al. (2005). "Heterogeneous GABAA receptor subunit expression in pediatric epilepsy patients.". Neurobiol. Dis. 18 (3): 484–91. doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2004.12.010. PMID 15755675.  
  • Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, et al. (2004). "Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.". Nat. Genet. 36 (1): 40–5. doi:10.1038/ng1285. PMID 14702039.  
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences.". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMID 12477932.  
  • Davies PA, McCartney MR, Wang W, et al. (2002). "Alternative transcripts of the GABA(A) receptor epsilon subunit in human and rat.". Neuropharmacology 43 (4): 467–75. doi:10.1016/S0028-3908(02)00153-3. PMID 12367593.  
  • Sinkkonen ST, Hanna MC, Kirkness EF, Korpi ER (2000). "GABA(A) receptor epsilon and theta subunits display unusual structural variation between species and are enriched in the rat locus ceruleus.". J. Neurosci. 20 (10): 3588–95. PMID 10804200.  
  • Russek SJ (1999). "Evolution of GABA(A) receptor diversity in the human genome.". Gene 227 (2): 213–22. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(98)00594-0. PMID 10023064.  
  • Wilke K, Gaul R, Klauck SM, Poustka A (1997). "A gene in human chromosome band Xq28 (GABRE) defines a putative new subunit class of the GABAA neurotransmitter receptor.". Genomics 45 (1): 1–10. doi:10.1006/geno.1997.4885. PMID 9339354.  
  • Whiting PJ, McAllister G, Vassilatis D, et al. (1997). "Neuronally restricted RNA splicing regulates the expression of a novel GABAA receptor subunit conferring atypical functional properties [corrected; erratum to be published]". J. Neurosci. 17 (13): 5027–37. PMID 9185540.  

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.



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