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GT Interactive
Former type Public
Fate Stake purchased by Infogrames
Successor Infogrames Interactive
Founded 1993
Founder(s) Ron Chaimowitz[1] and the Cayre Family
Defunct 1999
Headquarters United States New York, NY, USA
Area served World
Key people Cayre Family and CEO Ron Chaimowitz
Industry Interactive Entertainment
Products Unreal Tournament, Mortal Kombat III, Doom II, Quake
Revenue $408 million (1999)[2]
Operating income $-267 million (1999)[2][3]
Net income $-254 million (1999)[3][2]
Employees 1,168 (August, 1999) [4]
Subsidiaries Humongous Entertainment, Legend Entertainment, Reflections Interactive, Cavedog Entertainment

GT Interactive Software Corporation (Good Times[1] or GTI[1]) was an American video game publisher and distributor, which later developed both video games and PC games.

GT Interactive ceased to exist in December 1999 when Infogrames Entertainment SA (IESA) took a controlling stake and renamed the company Infogrames, Inc..[5] In 2003, Infogrames Inc. changed its name to Atari Inc.[6]

Contents

History

1993 – GT Interactive is founded

GT Interactive was founded in 1993 as a division of Good Times Home Video, a video-tape distributor owned by the Cayre family. First year's revenue reached $10.3 million.[7]

Doom was released, it sold 2.9 million copies.[8] But GT Interactive didn't publish Doom exclusively.

1994 – 880% revenue growth

GT Interactive revenue soared 880% and reached $101 million on its second year of existence and profits reached $18 million.[9] GT Interactive's partnership with id Software scored another hit with Doom II: Hell on Earth, which was released in October and sold over 2 million copies.

1995 – GT Interactive's IPO

In February, GTIS obtained the publishing rights to games based on Mercer Mayer property, which included Little Critter and Little Monster.[10] GT Interactive began to set up displays at K-Mart and Wal-Mart for low cost software.[11]

GTIS signed with Wal Mart an exclusive software supplier agreement,[12], that meant according to UBS Securities analyst Michael Wallace: "All software developers have to deal with GT if they want to sell in a Wal-Mart."[7]

In December, GT Interactive debuted on Nasdaq, its IPO raised $140 million and was one the biggest IPOs of the year only losing to the IPO of Netscape.[13][14]GT Interactive Software Corporation was listed on Nasdaq as GTIS.[15]

GT Interactive offered 10 million shares to the public at $14 each.[14] During GT Interactive's IPO, Appellee Cayre sold more than 1.4 million shares, 9.2% of his shares, for a $20 million return.[14]

GTIS reported a strong revenue growth of 134% in the year to $234.4 million, but in the first sign of trouble ahead profits increase a meager 23% to $22.6 million.[4]

1996 – Humongous Entertainment is acquired

In January, GT Interactive obtained the publish rights for the highly anticipated Quake from id Software.[16] In February, GTIS and Target signed an agreement in which GT Interactive became the primary consumer software supplier to all Target's 675 stores.[17]

In June 1996 GTIS acquired WizardWorks, which developed Deer Hunter, for 2.4 million shares and FormGen, which had the publishing rights of Duke Nukem, for 1 million shares[15] or $17 million.[18]

Quake was also released in June by GT Interactive for PC game. Quake sold 1.8 million copies and became a classic PC game.[19]

In July, the game developer Humongous Entertainment was bought by GT Interactive for 3.5 million shares or $76 million[20]. In 1995, Humongous Entertainment's revenue had risen to $10 million an increase of 233% over 1994's revenue of $3 million.[20] The deal gave GT Interactive rights to successful children's software titles such as Putt-Putt and Freddie the Fish.

In November, GTIS acquired Warner Interactive Europe for $6.3 million in cash, with this acquisition GTIS gained access to software markets in Western Europe.[15]

In a further sign of uncertainty about GT's future, GTIS, for the year, reported a net income increase of only 11% over the previous year to $25.1 million. Revenue growth also decelerated to 56%, revenue for the year was $365 million. Making matters worse, net income in the fourth quarter reduced 16.8% to $8.5 million when compared to 1995's fourth quarter.[4]

1997 – $530 million in revenues but $25 million net loss

In January, GT bought One Stop, a European value software publisher, for $800,000 in cash.[15]

In June, GTIS signed a deal with MTV, the deal gave GTIS the rights to publish games based on Beavis and Butt-head and Aeon Flux.[21]

On October, GTIS bought game developer SingleTrac for $14.7 million, $5.4 million in cash and $9.3 million in stock. SingleTrac owned and developed such games as Twisted Metal and Jet Moto.[22] In September game developer Cavedog Entertainment made its first release, Total Annihilation[23], which sold more than 1 million copies.[4] Cavedog Entertainment was a divisision of Humongous Entertainment[24]

On October 5th 1997, GTIS announced that it had signed a definitive agreement to acquire MicroProse for $250 million in stock, the deal had even been unanimously approved by the Board of Directors of both companies. The deal was expected to be completed by the end of that year.[25][26]

But on December 5th the acquisition was cancelled, according to both CEOs "the time is simply not right" for the deal. MicroProse's stock plummeted after the announcement of the deal's cancellation.[27][28]

GTIS's result was negatively affected because GTIS stopped being the exclusive computer software distributor to Wal Mart in March, Wal Mart decided to buy its software directly from the publishers.[29]

In 1997 GT Interactive's share of the Entertainment software market reached a historical low of 6.4% down from the record highs of 9% and 10% years earlier. GT Interactive was leader only on the arcade/action category, with a 20.3% market share. Making matters worse, GT Interactive also had a high debt/equity ratio of 41%, Electronic Arts had a debt/equity ratio of just 8%. For 1997 GTIS's return on equity was a dismal -16.14%.[30] For the year, GTIS 's revenue growth continued to decelerate, increased only 45% to $530 million.[31] GT Interactive posted its first net loss, during 1997 GTIS lost $25 million.[4]

1998 – Revenue growth falls to 10%

In May, Epic Games's Unreal was published by GT Interactive, in the first 10 months over 800,000 copies were sold. Coincidentally Deer Hunter II, which was released in October also sold 800,000 copies.[4]

In November, GTIS bought for $17.2 million in stock One Zero Media, becoming the first game publisher to own an entertainment Internet website.[22]

Legend Entertainment was acquired for around $2 million,[22] while Reflections Interactive was acquired for 2.3 million shares or $13.5 million.[22] Both companies were bought in December of 1998.[32]

In the fourth quarter of 1998 GT Interactive posted a net income of $16.7 million on revenues of $246.3 million.[2] For the year, GT Interactive reported revenues were almost flat rising 10% to $584 million but GT Interactive swung into black by posting a $20.3 million net income.[4][2] Results with the fiscal year ending on December 31, 1998.

1999 – Infogrames buys GT Interactive

The year of 1999 brought bad news for GT Interactive's shareholders, it posted first quarter losses of $90 million due to restructuring costs.[4] In February, in light of the bad results CEO Ron Chaimowitz was replaced.[31]

Games sales in 1999 fell in comparison to 1998, this fact had dire consequences on GTIS's finances. In April, GTIS predicted for 2000 a first quarter loss of $55 million on revenues of around just $95 million. A failure to release 5 major games and a planned relocation to Los Angeles added to the losses.[33] In June, GTIS announced it had hired Bear Stearns to look into the possibility of either a merger or a sale of the company and in October GT Interactive fired 35% of its workforce or 650 employees mostly from its distribution section.[34]

In June Reflection's Driver was released it sold approximately 1 million copies.[4] In July One Zero Media was sold for $5.2 million in cash, just six months after it was purchased.[22]

In November 16, Infogrames announced that it was buying for $135 million 70% of GT Interactive, Infogrames assumed the new subsidiary's $75 million bank debt and had invested $30 million at GT Interactive by June 2000.[34]

Ten days later GT Interactive made one of its last releases, the classic Unreal Tournament which went on to sell more than 1 million copies.[35]

IESA's acquisition came just in time because GT Interactive's 1999 result were dismal. Revenues fell 30% to $408 million in 1999 and GT Interactive posted a net loss of $254 million for 1999. [3][2] Results with the fiscal year ending on December 31, 1999.

On December 16, the deal was consummated and GT Interactive was no more, it became Infogrames, Inc., a subsidiary of IESA.[4]

GT Interactive became Infogrames, Inc., then Atari, Inc in 2003.[36]And IESA has since retired the GT Interactive brand.

Games published

Game Boy

Game Boy Color

Macintosh

Nintendo 64

PC

PlayStation

  • 40 Winks
  • Beavis and Butt-Head: Get Big in Hollywood
  • Bedlam
  • Bug Riders
  • Courier Crisis
  • Critical Depth
  • Dead Ball Zone
  • Discworld Noir
  • Driver
  • Driver 2
  • Duke Nukem: Land of the Babes
  • Duke Nukem: Time to Kill
  • Duke Nukem: Total Meltdown
  • Hexen
  • Invasion From Beyond
  • Oddworld: Abe's Exoddus
  • Oddworld: Abe's Oddysee
  • Rebel Moon
  • Rogue Trip: Vacation 2012
  • Sensible Soccer 2000
  • Streak: Hoverboard Racing
  • Tiger Shark
  • Trash It!
  • Z

Sega Saturn

Games developed

Macintosh

  • Seventeen Style Studio

PC

PlayStation

  • Beavis and Butt-Head: Get Big in Hollywood
  • Tiger Shark
  • Rogue Trip: Vacation 2012

References

  1. ^ a b c Kushner, David (2003) (paperback). Masters of Doom. Random House. ISBN 0-8129-7215-5.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f SEC Info - Atari Inc - 10-Q - For 12/31/99, As Of 2/14/00 - Table in Document 1 of 2 - 10-Q - Gt Interactive Software Corp
  3. ^ a b c SEC Info - Atari Inc - 10-K - For 3/31/99, On 6/29/99 - Table in Document 1 of 9 - 10-K - Gt Interactive Software Corp
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j SEC Info - Atari Inc - 10-K - For 3/31/99
  5. ^ "Infogrames Entertainment Corporate Profile and Annual Report" (PDF). Infogrames Entertainment SA. Fiscal Year 2005-2006. pp. 7. http://corporate.infogrames.com/MT-3.34-en/mt-static/FCKeditor/UserFiles/File/DOCDEREF05_06GB.pdf. Retrieved 2007-11-06.  
  6. ^ Atari Inc. (March 31, 2003). "10-KT · For 3/31/03, Overview Subsection". Atari Inc.. http://www.secinfo.com/dsvr4.28Z7.htm#5ug. Retrieved 2007-11-06.  
  7. ^ a b 09/02/96 LOTS OF "DOOM" BUT NO GLOOM
  8. ^ Now What Was That GT and Hasbro Were Saying
  9. ^ SEC Info - Atari Inc - 10-K - For 3/31/99, On 6/29/99 - Table in Document 1 of 9 - 10-K - Gt Interactive Software Corp
  10. ^ GT INTERACTIVE REPORTS RECORD SECOND QUARTER REVENUES; Publishing Business Increases Nearly 300 Percent. - Free Online Library
  11. ^ SEC Info - Atari Inc - POS AM - On 5/1/97
  12. ^ Software tops retailers' sales growth list for '94/'96 - Hot Growth Categories | Discount Store News | Find Articles at BNET.com
  13. ^ GT Interactive Co-founder Named CEO of The Auction Channel — Ron Chaimowitz to Lead U.S. Launch and Global Roll-out of The Auction Channel Programming | Business Wire | Find Articles at BNET.com
  14. ^ a b c FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Case Law, Federal and State Resources, Forms, and Code
  15. ^ a b c d SEC Info - Atari Inc - 10-Q - For 6/30/97
  16. ^ GT Interactive Software signs id Software's highly anticipated 'QUAKE'; GT to Publish 'Quake' for all gaming hardware systems | Business Wire | Find Articles at BNET.com
  17. ^ GT Interactive and Target Stores enter distribution agreement; GT Interactive to Become Primary Software Vendor to More Than 600 Target Stores Nationwide. - Free Online Library
  18. ^ Game Matters: Royal tease
  19. ^ Now What Was That GT and Hasbro Were Saying
  20. ^ a b Humongous lives up to name with $76 million sale - Puget Sound Business Journal (Seattle):
  21. ^ GT Interactive and MTV: Music Television announce global multi-title publishing agreement | Business Wire | Find Articles at BNET.com
  22. ^ a b c d e SEC Info - Atari Inc - 10-Q - For 12/31/99
  23. ^ cavedog - GameSpot
  24. ^ MobyGames - Cavedog Entertainment
  25. ^ GT Interactive to Expand as World's Fastest Growing Interactive Entertainment Company Through Acquisition of MicroProse | Business Wire | Find Articles at BNET.com
  26. ^ $250 Million Stock Deal for Microprose - New York Times
  27. ^ MICROPROSE AND GT INTERACTIVE CALL OFF MERGER - Computer Business Review
  28. ^ Company News; Microprose And Gt Interactive End Merger Talks - New York Times
  29. ^ GT Interactive loses ground at Wal-Mart. (GT Interactive Software; retail company) | Video Business | Find Articles at BNET.com
  30. ^ ElecArts.PDF
  31. ^ a b Gt Interactive Hires Disney Honcho, Raises Cash
  32. ^ Amazon.com: Game Design, Second Edition: Books: Bob Bates
  33. ^ GT Interactive Predicts Q4 Loss, Cuts 650 Jobs - Company Financial Information | Computergram International | Find Articles at BNET.com
  34. ^ a b Infogrames Gets Control of GT Interactive - New York Times
  35. ^ Infogrames Unleashes Unreal Tournament: Game Of The Year Edition To The Mass Market This Fall | Market Wire | Find Articles at BNET.com
  36. ^ Microsoft Word - couverture_GB.doc
  37. ^ Nintendo Power, Volume 86, page 15

External links


Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Category:GT Interactive article)

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GT Interactive
Founded
Website http://gtinteractive.com

Subcategories

This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.

B

T

Pages in category "GT Interactive"

The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total.

B

  • Blood II: The Chosen

D

D cont.

  • Duke Nukem: Time to Kill

H

O

  • Oddworld: Abe's Oddysee

Q

T

T cont.

  • Total Annihilation: Battle Tactics
  • Total Annihilation: The Core Contingency

U


Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

GT Interactive
Type Private
Founded 1993
Headquarters New York, New York, USA
Products
Parent Company Infogrames
Website http://www.atari.com/us/
Developer stub
This video game developer-related article is a stub. You can help by adding to it.

Stubs are articles that writers have begun work on, but are not yet complete enough to be considered finished articles.


This article uses material from the "GT Interactive" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.







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