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Gadmen
Gadmen - Valley of Gadmen
Valley of Gadmen
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Gadmen
Canton Berne
District Interlaken-Oberhasli
46°44′N 8°20′E / 46.733°N 8.333°E / 46.733; 8.333Coordinates: 46°44′N 8°20′E / 46.733°N 8.333°E / 46.733; 8.333
Population 250 (December 2007)
  - Density 2 /km2 (6 /sq mi)
Area 116.4 km2 (44.9 sq mi)
Elevation 1,205 m (3,953 ft)
Postal code 3863
SFOS number 0781
Mayor Barbara Kehrli
Surrounded by Engelberg (OW), Göschenen (UR), Guttannen, Innertkirchen, Oberwald (VS), Wassen (UR)
Twin towns Volketswil (Switzerland)
Website www.gadmen.ch
SFSO statistics
Gadmen is located in Switzerland
Gadmen
Gadmen

Gadmen is a municipality in the Interlaken-Oberhasli administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

The name Gadmen comes from the Old High German "gadum," meaning barn or small house, and was first mentioned in 1382.

The municipality is in a municipal partnership with Volketswil in the Canton of Zürich.

Contents

History

Gadmen is first mentioned in 1382 as im Gadmen.[1]

Demographics

View of Steinsee and Gadmen from the Susten Pass

Gadmen has a population (as of 31 December 2008) of 248.[2] As of 2007, 2.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -15.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (98.5%), with French being second most common ( 0.4%) and Spanish being third ( 0.4%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 52.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (22.1%), the FDP (13.6%) and the local small left-wing parties (4.6%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 21.3% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 53.7% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 25%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Gadmen about 51.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).

Gadmen has an unemployment rate of 1.12%. As of 2005, there were 52 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. 13 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 43 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 13 businesses in this sector.[3] The historical population is given in the following table:[1]

year population
1764 354
1850 739
1900 672
1950 485
1960 510
2000 272

Geography

Gadmen has an area of 116.6 square kilometers (45.0 sq mi). Of this area, 9.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 15.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (75%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

Gadmen lies in the Bernese Oberland, and the Susten Pass lies on the eastern border of the municipality. It lies in the Gadmer watershed. The neighboring municipalities are Engelberg, Wassen, Göschenen, Guttannen, Innertkirchen and Kerns.

There are three glaciers in Gadmen, the Stein Glacier, the Trift Glacier and the Wenden Glacier. Beneath the Stein Glacier is Lake Stein. The most famous mountain in Gadmen is the Titlis.

Economy

The largest industries are tourism and agriculture.

External links

References

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