Galatasaray SK: Wikis


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Galatasaray S.K.
Galatasaray Sports Club Logo.png
Full name Galatasaray Spor Kulübü
Founded October 20, 1905
Nicknames Cim Bom
Aslanlar (The Lions)
Sarı-Kırmızılılar (The Yellow-Reds)
Avrupa Fatihi (The Conqueror of Europe)
Gala (Mostly used in Europe)
GS (abbreviation)
Anthem Re re re Ra ra ra Galatasaray Galatasaray Cim bom bom...
Club colours Yellow and Red
Stadium Ali Sami Yen Stadium
Chairman Turkey Adnan Polat
Website http://www.galatasaray.org/

Galatasaray Spor Kulübü (English: Galatasaray Sports Club), is a Turkish sports club based in Istanbul, most notable for its football section, also known as Galatasaray S.K.. It also fields teams in Athletics, Basketball, Wheelchair basketball, Volleyball, Water polo, Swimming, Rowing, Sailing, Judo, Bridge, Equestrian and Superleague Formula Motorsports.

The football team is the most successful Turksich football team and holding record number of both Turkish Cup and TSYD Cups.[1][2] They are the only Turkish team to have won the UEFA Cup in 2000.

İhsan Emre Vural and his teammate Ahmet Yumrukaya became the first world-champions in the history of Turkey when they finished first in the 2004 Under 23 World Rowing Championships held in Poznań, Poland. The club's Wheelchair Basketball team won the Champions Cup in 2008 and 2009. They also won Kitakyushu Cup and became world champion in 2008.[3][4] Galatasaray women's basketball team won the FIBA Eurocup 2009.[5]

Contents

The Name

The name Galatasaray means Galata Palace, as Galatasaray Lisesi is located near Galata, the medieval Genoese citadel at the north of the Golden Horn, also known as Pera (Peran en Sykais). Since the 19th century, the name "Pera" refers to the larger borough of Beyoğlu which includes the Galata district.

History

Active departments of Galatasaray
Football pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg
Football Volleyball (Men's) Volleyball (Women's)
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg Paralympics 2008 Wheelchair basketball pictogram.svg
Basketball (Men's) Basketball (Women's) Wheelchair Basketball
Athletics pictogram.svg Poker-sm-211-As.png Equestrian pictogram.svg
Athletics Bridge Equestrian
Judo pictogram.svg Rowing pictogram.svg Sailing pictogram.svg
Judo Rowing Sailing
Chequered flag.png Swimming pictogram.svg Water polo pictogram.svg
SL Formula Swimming Water Polo

Galatasaray Sports Club was founded in the fall of 1905, by Galatasaray Lisesi (an elite high school founded in 1481) students as a football club. Galatasaray's first president was Ali Sami Yen. Their first match was against Kadıköy Faure School and they won this match 2–0.[6] There were discussions about the clubs name, in which some suggested Gloria (victory) and others Audace (courage), but it was decided that its name would be Galatasaray.[7]

According to researcher Cem Atabeyoğlu, Galatasaray took its name from one of its first matches. In that match, Galatasaray won 2–0 over Rûm club and the spectators called them "Galata Sarayı efendileri" (in English: Gentlemen of City Palace), and, after this event, they adopted that name and started to call their club "Galata Sarayı". In 1905, during the era of the Ottoman Empire, there were no laws for associations so the club could not be registered officially, but, after the 1912 Law of Association, the club registered legally.[8]

Our aim is to play together, to have a color and a name and to beat the teams of outside of Turkey.

Ali Sami Yen

Among with the founder Ali Sami Yen, the co-founders were the ones who were keen to do this sport, such as Asim Tevfik Sonumut, Reşat Şirvani, Cevdet Kalpakçıoğlu, Abidin Daver and Kamil.

At first, the colors of the Galatasaray Sports Club were red and white. These are the colors in Turkish flag. However, Turkish Republic was not founded at that time. Therefore, this inspiration caused repressive administration of the day feel uncomfortable and the administration hounded the footballers. For this reason, the colors were changed to yellow and dark blue till 1907. In 1908, new colors were chosen as red and yellow. Ali Sami Yen stated, "We were imagining brightness of yellow - red fire over our team and thinking that it would carry us from one victory to another."[8]

While the football in Turkey began to fully develop, Galatasaray won ten more Istanbul League titles, six Sunday League titles and three Friday League titles until 1952. Upon recognition of professional football in 1952, the first professional but non-national league of Turkey, Istanbul Professional League played between 1952 and 1959. Galatasaray won three of these seven titles.

Türkiye Profesyonel 1. Ligi (Turkcell Super League today) formed in 1959. This is the top-flight professional league in Turkish nationwide football, and the most popular sporting competition in the country. Galatasaray joined all seasons and won 17 league titles since then.[9]

The Turkish Football Federation starts to organize "Turkish Cup" (today it is organized with the name Fortis Turkey Cup) in the 1962–63 season for Turkish clubs to qualify for the UEFA competitions. This is the only national cup competition in Turkey. Galatasaray joined all seasons and won 14 trophies since then.[10]

Departments

Galatasaray-Steau Bükreş2.ogg
Galatasaray-Steaua Bucuresti 2008
Galatasaray old logo - Gayın Sin
Sport Team
Football Galatasaray S.K.
Volleyball Galatasaray Women's Volleyball Team
Volleyball Galatasaray Men's Volleyball Team
Basketball Galatasaray Café Crown
Basketball Galatasaray Women's Basketball Team
Wheelchair Basketball Galatasaray Wheelchair Basketball Team
Athletics Galatasaray Athletics
Bridge Galatasaray Bridge
Equestrian Galatasaray Equestrian
Judo Galatasaray Judo
Rowing Galatasaray Rowing
Sailing Galatasaray Sailing
SL Formula Galatasaray S.K.
Swimming Galatasaray Swimming
Water Polo Galatasaray Water Polo Team

Stadium

Galatasaray played during its first years in different fields, since there were not any stadiums in Istanbul. In 1921, the first stadium, Taksim Stadium opened.[11] Galatasaray played there until 1940. When the historic Taksim Stadium was demolished, Galatasaray decided to build a large, modern stadium. Due to difficulties stemming from World War II, construction was delayed for over two decades. In this period, they played in İnönü Stadium.

On 20 December 1964, Ali Sami Yen Stadium opened.[12] It is named after the founder of the club, Ali Sami Yen. It is in the Mecidiyeköy quarter of the Şişli district at the center of the city. In 1964, the stadium had a capacity of over 35,000. Today, due to improvements in security and prohibition of standing spectators, it has an all-seater capacity of 24,990.[13]

After 2002, when Atatürk Olympic Stadium was built for Istanbul's Olympic Games bid, Galatasaray started to play European Cup matches there. The attendance record for a Turkish stadium was broken there, in aGalatasarayOlympiacos match played in front of 82,000 spectators. But the Ali Sami Yen Stadium has historic importance for Galatasaray fans although it is smaller and older.[14]

The new Türk Telekom Arena stadium is set to open in October 2010 and will be the new home ground for Galatasaray S.K., replacing the old Ali Sami Yen Stadium. The new stadium will have a capacity of 52,647 seats and 61,000 people (standing). The stadium will also be the first part of Ali Sami Yen Complex at Aslantepe, İstanbul. The Complex will also include a 15,500 seat multi-purpose sports hall, an Arena Complex (shopping-entertainment-business center) and a cineplex.[15]

Since 1998, after every goal scored by Galatasaray, the last part of the song I Will Survive by the Hermes House Band is played. Although the song is in English, the part used has no lyrics except "la la la la". This makes it easy for fans to participate.

In addition, before every game the Florida State Warchant is played accompanied by what the fans call a "scarf show" where fans display and wave their Galatasaray scarves. A lot of people call the stadium 'Cehennem' (hell) because of the stadium anthem[16]

Other facilities

Squad

As of 30 December 2009

No. Position Player
1 Turkey GK Aykut Ercetin
2 Turkey DF Emre Güngör
3 Turkey DF Uğur Uçar
4 Australia DF Lucas Neill
5 Turkey DF Gökhan Zan
6 Sweden MF Tobias Linderoth
7 Turkey MF Aydın Yılmaz
8 Germany MF Barış Özbek
9 Brazil MF Elano
10 Turkey MF Arda Turan (Captain)
11 Côte d'Ivoire MF Abdul Kader Keita
14 Turkey MF Mehmet Topal
15 Czech Republic FW Milan Baroš
16 Turkey MF Mustafa Sarp
18 Turkey MF Ayhan Akman
19 Australia MF Harry Kewell
No. Position Player
20 Democratic Republic of the Congo FW Shabani Nonda
21 Turkey DF Emre Aşık
22 Turkey DF Hakan Balta
23 Turkey DF Serkan Kurtuluş
25 Argentina GK Leo Franco
28 Turkey DF Semih Kaya
39 Turkey MF Serdar Eylik
55 Turkey DF Sabri Sarıoğlu
76 Turkey DF Servet Çetin
80 Turkey DF Murat Akça
86 Turkey GK Ufuk Ceylan
88 Turkey DF Caner Erkin
90 Turkey DF Çetin Güngör

Club officials

Board of Directors
Position Name
President Turkey Adnan Polat
Deputy President Turkey Mehmet Helvacı
Transfer President Turkey Haldun Üstünel
Vice-President Turkey Yiğit Şardan
Presidents
From-to Names
1905–1918 TurkeyAli Sami Yen
1990–1996 TurkeyAlp Yalman
1996–2001 TurkeyFaruk Süren
2001–2002 TurkeyMehmet Cansun
2002–2008 TurkeyÖzhan Canaydın
2008– TurkeyAdnan Polat

Notes

  1. ^ Turkish Football Federation Official Website
  2. ^ Erdinc Sivritepe's Archive
  3. ^ Kitakyushu Cup Champion is Galatasaray!
  4. ^ Galatasaray European Wheelchair Basketball Champion!
  5. ^ Galatasaray EuroCup Champion!
  6. ^ "First match and foundation". Galatasaray.org. 2007-11-17. http://www.galatasaray.org/English/Corporate/history/detail.asp?pid=2422&haberid=289785.  
  7. ^ "How Galatasaray Founded". Galatasaray.org. 2007-11-23. http://www.cimbom.org/general/founded.html.  
  8. ^ a b "History of founding from official site". Galatasaray.org. 2007-11-22. http://www.galatasaray.org/English/Corporate/history/detail.asp?pid=2422&haberid=289786.  
  9. ^ "Türkiye Profesyonel 1. Ligi". Galatasaray.org. 2007-11-21. http://www.galatasaray.org/English/Corporate/history/detail.asp?pid=2422&haberid=289790.  
  10. ^ "Information about Turkish Cup". Tff.org. 2007-11-20. http://www.tff.org/default.aspx?pageID=411.  
  11. ^ "En Eski Stadı". İstanbul'un Enleri. 2007-09-16. http://www.istanbulunenleri.com/?p=23.  
  12. ^ "Ali Sami Yen Stadium". http://www.galatasaray.org/english/corporate/facilities/tesis.asp?tesis=1. Retrieved 2007-11-26.  
  13. ^ "Ali Sami Yen Stadium Information". The Stadium Guide. http://www.stadiumguide.com/alisemiyen.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-26.  
  14. ^ "Zulümpiyat! Stadı". Fotomaç. 2006-10-20. http://www.fotomac.com.tr/2006/10/20/gal105.html. Retrieved 2007-07-15.  
  15. ^ "STADIUM OF THE DREAMS... ASLANTEPE!". http://www.galatasaray.org/en/turktelekomarena/haber/47.php. Retrieved 2007-11-26.  
  16. ^ Galatasaray fans show at Youtube

References

  • Birand, M. A., & Polat, M. M. (2006). Passion that continues for 100 years. İstanbul: D Yapım. OCLC 164788939
  • Turagay, U., Özgün, G., Gökçin, B., Ahunbay (2006). 17 May: The story of a championship. İstanbul: D Yapım. OCLC 169899400
  • Hasol, D. (2004). Dreams/realities in Galatasaray. İstanbul: Yapı Yayın. ISBN 975-8599-44-5
  • Tuncay, B. (2003). Galatasaray with European Success and Notable Players. Yapı Kredi Kü̈ltü̈r Sanat Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-975-08-0427-4
  • Yamak, O. (2001). Galatasaray: Story of 95 years. Sinerji. OCLC 59287768
  • Çakar, A. (1995). 90 questions about history of Galatasaray SK. Cağaloğlu, İstanbul: Demir Ajans Yayınları. OCLC 42434622
  • Tekil, S. (1986). History of Galatasaray, 1905–1985. Galatasaray Spor Kulübü. OCLC 25025508
  • Tekil, S. (1983). Galatasaray 1905–1982: Memories. Arset Matbaacılık Koll. Şti. OCLC 62614035
  • İsfendiyar, F. (1952). History of Galatasaray. İstanbul: [Doğan Kardeş yayınları]. OCLC 27753643

External links








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