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Galesburg
City
"Welcome to Galesburg" sign
Country United States
State Illinois
County Knox
Township Galesburg City
Coordinates 40°57′8″N 90°22′7″W / 40.95222°N 90.36861°W / 40.95222; -90.36861
Area 17.1 sq mi (44 km2)
 - land 17.1 sq mi (44 km2)
Density 1,994.9 /sq mi (770 /km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 61401
Area code 309
Location of Galesburg within Illinois
Location of Galesburg within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Galesburg, Illinois

Galesburg is a city in Knox County, Illinois, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 33,706. It is the county seat of Knox County.[1] Galesburg is home to Knox College, a private four-year liberal arts college, and Carl Sandburg College, a two-year community college.

Galesburg is the principal city of the Galesburg Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Knox and Warren counties.

Contents

Geography

Outline of the Township area and the City of Galesburg in Knox County.

Galesburg is located at 40°57′8″N 90°22′7″W / 40.95222°N 90.36861°W / 40.95222; -90.36861 (40.952292, -90.368545).[2] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44 km2), of which, 16.9 square miles (44 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (1.05%) is water.

History

Galesburg was founded by George Washington Gale, a Presbyterian minister from New York state, who dreamed of establishing a manual labor college which became Knox College. A committee from New York purchased 17 acres (0.069 km2; 0.027 sq mi) in Knox County in 1835, and the first 25 settlers arrived in 1836. They built temporary cabins in Log City near current Lake Storey, just north of Galesburg, having decided that no log cabins were to be built inside the town limits.

Galesburg was home to the first anti-slavery society in Illinois, founded in 1837, and was a stop on the Underground Railroad.[3] The city was the site of the fifth Lincoln-Douglas debate, on a temporary speaker's platform attached to Knox College's Old Main building on October 7, 1858. Knox College continues to maintain and use Old Main to this day. An Underground Railroad Museum and Lincoln-Douglas Debate Museum are planned for Knox College's Alumni Hall after it is renovated.

Galesburg was the home of Mary Ann Bickerdyke, who provided hospital care for Union soldiers during the American Civil War. After the Civil War, Galesburg was the birthplace of poet, author, and historian Carl Sandburg, poet and artist Dorothea Tanning, and former Major League Baseball star Jim Sundberg. Carl Sandburg's boyhood home is now operated by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency as the Carl Sandburg State Historic Site. The site contains the cottage Sandburg was born in, a modern museum, the rock under which he and his wife Lilian are buried, and a performance venue.

Throughout much of its history, Galesburg has been inextricably tied to the railroad industry. Local businessmen were major backers of the first railroad to connect Illinois' (then) two biggest cities—Chicago and Quincy—as well as a third leg initially terminating across the river from Burlington, Iowa, eventually connecting to it via bridge and thence onward to the Western frontier. The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad sited major rail sorting yards here, including the first to use hump sorting.

A BNSF train passes through central Galesburg.

In the late 19th century, when the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway connected its service through to Chicago, it also laid track through Galesburg, making this city one of relatively few to be served by multiple railroads and even fewer to have multiple railroad depots. (Indeed, it was not until the 1990s that Amtrak finally closed the old Santa Fe depot and consolidated all passenger operations at the site of the former Burlington Northern depot.) A series of mergers eventually united both tracks under the ownership of BNSF Railway, carrying an average of seven trains per hour between them. As of the closing of the Maytag plant in fall of 2004, BNSF is once again the largest private employer in Galesburg.

In addition, Galesburg was home to the pioneering brass era automobile company Western, which produced the Gale, named for the town.[4]

The Carr Mansion in Galesburg was the site of the only presidential cabinet meeting held outside of Washington, DC.

Transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Galesburg, operating the California Zephyr, the Illinois Zephyr, the Carl Sandburg, and the Southwest Chief daily in both directions between Chicago and points west from Galesburg (Amtrak station). Galesburg Transit provides bus service to the City of Galesburg. There are 3 routes: Green Loop, Red Loop, & Blue Loop. Rail freight is provided by BNSF.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 323
1860 4,953 1,433.4%
1870 10,158 105.1%
1880 11,437 12.6%
1890 15,264 33.5%
1900 18,607 21.9%
1910 22,089 18.7%
1920 23,834 7.9%
1930 28,830 21.0%
1940 28,876 0.2%
1950 31,425 8.8%
1960 37,243 18.5%
1970 36,290 −2.6%
1980 35,305 −2.7%
1990 33,530 −5.0%
2000 33,706 0.5%
Decennial US Census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 33,706 people, 13,237 households, and 7,902 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,994.9 inhabitants per square mile (770.2 /km2). There were 14,133 housing units at an average density of 836.5/sq mi (322.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.23% White, 10.20% African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.46% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.01% of the population. 17.4% were of German, 12.6% American, 11.5% Irish, 11.3% Swedish and 9.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 13,237 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.3% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,987, and the median income for a family was $41,796. Males had a median income of $31,698 versus $21,388 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,214. About 10.7% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Galesburg will soon be home to the National Railroad Hall of Fame. Efforts are underway to raise funds for the $30 million project which got a major boost in 2006, when the United States Congress passed a bill to charter the establishment. It is hoped that the Museum will bring tourism and a financial boost to the community.

Festivals

Galesburg is the home of the Railroad Days festival held on the fourth weekend of June. The festival began in 1978. During the festival, Carl Sandburg College hosts one of the largest model railroad train shows and layouts in the U.S. Midwest. Labor Day weekend in September hosts the Stearman Fly in. Also held in September are the Great Cardboard Boat Regatta and the Annual Rubber Duck Race held out at Lake Storey. The third weekend of every August a Civil war and Pre 1840's Rendezvous is held at Lake Storey Park.

The Black Earth Film Festival has been a part of the Galesburg art community since 2004. Affiliated with the Galesburg Civic Art Center, the festival receives entries from all over the world. The Black Earth Film Festival takes place in September and presents the best in feature length, short subjects, documentaries, animation and foreign films. Awards are given for the aforementioned categories, as well as a peoples choice award for best overall film. Festival highlights include special guests from within the film industry. Past participants have included Director John D. Hancock (Bang The Drum Slowly, Prancer, Let's Scare Jessica to Death,) Filmmakers Mark Borchardt and Mike Schank (subjects of the award Winning Documentary American Movie) and Filmmakers Eric Zala and Chris Strompolos (Raiders of the Lost Ark: The Adaptation.)

There is also a kite festival every May at Lake Storey Park.

Popular culture

Media

Galesburg has multiple radio stations and newspapers delivering a mix of local, regional and national news. WGIL-AM, WAAG, WLSR-FM and WKAY-FM are all owned by Galesburg Broadcasting while Prairie Radio Communications owns WAIK-AM. The Galesburg Register-Mail is the result of the merger of the Galesburg Republican-Register and the Galesburg Daily Mail in 1928. Those two papers can trace their roots back to the mid-1800s. A daily, it is the main newspaper of the city, and was owned by Copley Press out of San Diego until it was sold to Gate House Media in April 2007. The Zephyr was started in 1989, is published on Thursdays and is the only locally-owned newspaper. There is also The Paper, which is delivered without subscription to all households every Wednesday and is also owned by Gate House Media.

FM Radio

  • 90.7 WVKC "The Voice of Knox College", College Radio
  • 92.7 WLSR "92.7 FM The Laser", Active Rock (RDS - Artist/Title)
  • 94.9 WAAG "FM 95", Country (RDS - Artist/Title)
  • 95.7 WVCL, Religious
  • 100.5 W263AO (Translates 91.5 WCIC), Christian AC (RDS)
  • 105.3 WKAY "105.3 KFM", Adult Contemporary (RDS - Artist/Title)

AM Radio

Print

  • The Paper, local weekly (free) newspaper (in the Register Mail every Wednesday)
  • Register-Mail, local daily newspaper
  • The Zephyr, local weekly newspaper

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ Underground Freedom Railroad Station
  4. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.51.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ "Knox Baseball Trounces Actors"
  7. ^ Daniel, W. Harrison (2004-01). Jimmie Foxx. McFarland. p. 206. ISBN 0786418672, 9780786418671.  
  8. ^ http://www.pixacom.com/model/551/models/Tawny-Fox.html
  9. ^ http://www.myspace.com/blondeangie
  10. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/K/KimbEl20.htm

External links








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