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The Gallup Poll is the division of Gallup that regularly conducts public opinion polls in more than 140 countries around the world. Gallup Polls are often referenced in the mass media as a reliable and objective measure of public opinion. Gallup Poll results, analyses, and videos are published daily on Gallup.com in the form of data-driven news.

The Gallup Poll is named after its inventor, the American statistician, George Gallup. Dr. Gallup founded the American Institute of Public Opinion, the precursor of The Gallup Organization, in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1935. To ensure his independence and objectivity, Dr. Gallup resolved that he would undertake no polling that was paid for or sponsored in any way by special interest groups such as the Republican and Democratic parties, a commitment that Gallup upholds to this day.

Historically, the Gallup Poll has measured and tracked the public's attitudes concerning virtually every political, social, and economic issue of the day, including highly sensitive or controversial subjects. In 2005, Gallup began its World Poll, which continually surveys citizens in more than 140 countries, representing 95% of the world's adult population. General and regional-specific *questions, developed in collaboration with the world's leading behavioral economists, are organized into powerful indexes and topic areas that correlate with real-world outcomes.

Gallup Polls are best known for their accuracy in predicting the outcome of the current United States presidential election. A notable exception is the 1948 Thomas Dewey-Harry S. Truman election, where nearly all pollsters predicted a Dewey victory. This is largely attributed to the polling methods and technology available at the time in comparison to today. The Gallup Poll also inaccurately projected a slim victory by Gerald Ford in 1976, where he lost to Jimmy Carter by a small margin.

For the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Gallup was rated 17th out of 23 polling organizations in terms of the precision of its pre-election polls relative to the final results.

In 2008, Gallup interviewed no fewer than 1,000 U.S. adults each day, providing the most watched daily tracking poll of the race between John McCain and Barack Obama. Gallup publishes the results of its tracking survey in a three-day rolling average on Gallup.com.

In addition to political questions, Gallup has partnered with Healthways to track the well-being of U.S. residents through the surveys it conducts every day. Results of The Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index will be released at the national, statewide, and local level through events and news articles published on Gallup.com.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

Eponym.

Noun

Singular
Gallup poll

Plural
Gallup polls

Gallup poll (plural Gallup polls)

  1. A poll of the opinion of randomly chosen persons, used to represent the opinion of the public, conducted by w:George Gallup or one the companies he founded.
  2. (by extension, informal) Any poll of the opinion of randomly chosen persons, used to represent the opinion of the public.
    • 1971, Herman Wouk, The Winds of War, chapter 42,
      "Pity we live in the same century with that strange creature. Say, we have here two men who talked at length face to face with the fellow. Let's take a Gallup poll. Sumner, do you think Hitler is a madman?"
    • 1988, Martha E. Gellhorn, The View from the Ground, Atlantic Monthly Press, ISBN 0871132125, page 223,
      My tiny personal Gallup poll unearthed plenty of refugees who were happy where they were and had no desire to return to Palestine, no matter what;... .
    • 1999 (date of publication), The Freedom Writers and Erin Gruwell, The Freedom Writers Diary, ISBN 038549422X, Diary 54,
      It was like that until I transferred to Ms. Gruwell's class. Up until that point it had always been: "So, Joyce, how do black people feel about Affirmative Action?"...
      I just new I wouldn't have to keep sending Gallup polls out to Negroes all around the country. And that is how I found myself starting my junior year in Ms. Gruwell's class.

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