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Galo is the name of a tribe inhabiting the south-central portion of the North East Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It is also the name of the language spoken by Galo tribespeople.

Contents

Demographics

The Galo population is estimated at 80,597 (2001 census). Galo people are found primarily in the southern half of West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh, as well as in small pockets in East Siang and Upper Subansiri districts, and in the state capital Itanagar. Traditionally Galo practice shifting cultivation. Wet rice and terrace cultivation has been recently introduced to foothill and hilly areas respectively. Galo are socio-economically dominant in their area. Around 95% of Galo children learn Galo as a first language, although most are also bilingual and borrow frequently from Assamese, Hindi and English. Education is mainly in Hindi. Donyi-Polo religious traditions persist to a degree in most Galo areas, although Christianity is rapidly on the rise in all Assamese contact areas. Galo are often referred to by non-Galo as Gallong – an archaic pronunciation reflecting an earlier stage of the Galo language prior to its loss of velar nasal codas – and also as Adi – a generic term for a loose grouping of several central and eastern Tani tribes speaking several distinct languages. In most Tani languages, Adi (Galo adìi) means simply ‘hill (people)’.

Naming of children

Among the various tribes inhabiting the hills of Arunachal Pradesh, the Galo follow a unique method to name their children. The last syllable of the father's name is used as the first syallable of the child's name. For instance, if the father's name is Tani, then the children may be named as Nito, Niya and Nishi. Now this may continue as Tani---Nito---Topo---Polo---Loshi---Hiko---Kopak---Paktu---Tuni---Nigo---Goaa---Aalo and so on. In fact this is how the name Aalo (Along) - headquarters of West Siang district - has come about. It might be noted that since it is a patriarchal system, children are not named after their mother. This unique method has been practiced since time immemorial. Since the Galo people had no written language of their own, this method of naming helped them in remembering their origins.

Language

Galo is a Tibeto-Burman language of the Western Tani branch. It is genetically closest to Nyishi/Nishi, Tagin and Hill Miri, and is to some degree mutually-intelligible with them (depending on the dialects in question). However, due to a very long period of close contacts with and frequent bilingualism in the Eastern Tani language Minyong Adi - whose villages directly abut the Galo in several areas - Galo and Minyong languages have to some degree structurally converged. A mistaken belief has thus come about to the effect that Galo is a dialect of Adi language. In fact, although certain Adi and Galo tribespeople are in practice able to converse without great difficulty, this has mostly to do with the specific language experiences of the individuals involved. In their pure forms, Adi and Galo languages are mutually unintelligible and descend from distinct ancestors within opposite branches of the Tani subgroup.

References

Post, Mark W. (2007). A Grammar of Galo. PhD Dissertation. Melbourne, La Trobe University Research Centre for Linguistic Typology.


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Gallus gallus article)

From Wikispecies

Gallus gallus
Gallus gallus

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Galliformes
Familia: Phasianidae
Subfamilia: Phasianinae
Genus: Gallus
Species: Gallus gallus
Subspecies: G. g. bankiva - G. g. gallus - G. g. jabouillei - G. g. murghi - G. g. spadiceus - G. g. domesticus

Name

Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Reference

Vernacular names

Català: Gall (male/mascle) and gallina (female/femella)
Deutsch: Bankivahuhn
Diné bizaad: Naʼahóóhai
English: Red Junglefowl
Italiano: Gallo rosso
Nederlands: Bankivahoen
日本語: セキショクヤケイ
Português: Galo (male/macho) and Galinha (female/fêmea)
Svenska: Röd djungelhöna
Tagalog: Manok
中文: 原雞
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Gallus gallus on Wikimedia Commons.







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