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State Committee of the State of Emergency
Государственный комитет по черезвычайному положению
Formation August 1991
Extinction 22 August 1991
Type Self-declared provisional government
Legal status Dissolved by the Russian SFSR and Soviet Union
Purpose/focus Prevention of the New Union Treaty signing, governance during 6-months state of emergency
Location  Soviet Union
Region served  Soviet Union
Official languages Russian
Chairman Gennady Yanayev
Affiliations KGB
Soviet Army
Soviet Ministry on Internal Affairs

The Gang of Eight[1] was a group of eight high level officials within the Soviet government, the Communist party and KGB. Under the guise of a State Committee of the State of Emergency (Russian: Государственный Комитет по Чрезвычайному Положению, ГКЧП), they attempted a coup against Mikhail Gorbachev on 18 August 1991. Two days later, on 20 August 1991, they were forced to give up.

The eight members were:

Pugo shot himself to avoid arrest, while the other seven members were arrested.


  1. ^ Dr Robert F. Miller, The Implosion of a Superpower.


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