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Garðarr Svavarsson (modern Icelandic Garðar Svavarsson, sometimes anglicized as Gardar/Garthar Svavarsson) was a Swedish man who is considered by many to be the first Scandinavian to live in Iceland, although only for one winter.

According to Haukr Erlendsson's edition of Landnámabók, he owned land in Zealand (Denmark) and was married to a woman from the Hebrides. During a voyage to these isles (in the 860s) in order to claim his inheritance from his father-in-law, he sailed into a storm at Pentland Firth. This storm pushed his ship far to the north until he reached the eastern coast of Iceland. He circumnavigated the island, becoming the first known person to do so and thus establishing that the landmass was an island, and went ashore at Skjálfandi. He built himself a house and stayed for the winter. Since then, the place has been called Húsavík.

Having returned, he praised the new land and called it after his own name Garðarshólmi (see names of Iceland). Nothing is known of his fate afterwards, but his son emigrated to Iceland and made a feeble attempt to win it for the Norwegian king but be earl over himself and he had consulted this with the king but when the farmers knew his intent they would help him in no way and soon he was killed. He did though manage to have a son before dying, Hróar who is named as the goði at Tunga. Hroar quarelled with other men and was twice challenged to a hillbattle and won both times and killed his opponents but was eventually murderd but then avenged by his son. Hroar's wife was Arngvuthur sister of Gunnar Hamundsson who is the main character of the longest of the Icelandic stories.

Logo för Nordisk familjeboks uggleupplaga.png This article contains content from the Owl Edition of Nordisk familjebok, a Swedish encyclopedia published between 1904 and 1926 now in public domain.



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