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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Garden furniture, also called patio furniture, is a type of furniture specifically designed for outdoor use. It is typically made of weather resistant materials. The oldest surviving examples of garden furniture were found in the gardens of Pompeii.

Types of furniture

An area of typical patio furniture, including umbrellas, in Taiwan

Garden furniture is often sold as a patio set consisting of a table, four or six chairs, and a parasol. Garden parasols are a specialized type of umbrella designed to provide shade from the sun. Parasols fit through a hole in the centre of the table and are secured in a base. Long chairs, referred to as chaise lounges, are also common items. Patio heaters, that run on bottled butane or propane, are often used to enable people to sit outside at night or in cold weather. A picnic table is used for the purpose of eating a meal outdoors such as in a garden

Materials

Green plastic garden furniture

The materials used to manufacture modern patio furniture include stones, metals, vinyl, plastics, resins, glass, and treated woods.

The most commonly sold types of patio sets are plastic, wood, teak, aluminium, wicker, and wrought iron.

Plastic garden furniture is naturally waterproof, so it can be left out year-round. However, rain water will collect at the back of chairs and in nooks and crannies. As such, a surprising amount of dirt can form.

Wooden garden furniture can suffer through exposure to the elements and therefore needs to be periodically treated. Teak is a commonly used material for outdoor furniture. It naturally contains silica, which makes it resistant to fungal decay, many of the effects of water (such as rot, swelling and warping), as well as chemicals. It is also resistant to fire, acid and alkalis, and there are certain oils specifically for the treatment of teak to help it resist weather and the adverse effects of being outside.

Aluminum garden furniture is robust and long-lasting. Despite that, agents such as suntan lotions, perspiration and car exhaust can eat away at the powder coating that protects it, although aluminum does not rust. If the protective coating is compromised it will corrode and cannot usually be salvaged.

Wicker outdoor living furniture is made from two types of material. Originally made from the stems of any one of 600 species of palms found in tropical regions all over the world, most modern rattan is made from synthetic resin, increasing the life expectancy and reducing manufacturing costs. The palm stems are tightly woven into interlocking panels, and formed into the desired structure.

References

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