Gaspar Correia or Gaspar Corrêa (c. 1496 - c. 1563 Goa) was a Portuguese historian, author of "Lendas da Índia ( "Legends of India"), one of the earliest and most important works about Portuguese rule in Asia, being referred to as a Portuguese Polybius.
There is little information about the life of the author. It is known that he lived mostly in Portuguese India, were he reported to have come very young, around 1512-14, to serve as a soldier and was chosen as secretary to Afonso de Albuquerque, of which he was very proud. He come back to Portugal in 1529 but returned to India. His work Lendas da Índia, though written in a rude style, is considered an important contemporary reference, having profited from thirty five years of Correia's work in India, and privileged sources unknown to Fernão Lopes de Castanheda or João de Barros. He made the first European account on Asiatic Cholera. One theory states that he was murdered in Malacca, by order of governor Estêvão da Gama, the son of Vasco da Gama.
Although some authors state that there was a issue of his work in 1556, it is most probable that manuscript copies of his 3.500 pages compendium had circulated among chosen recipients only, after having been brought from India to Portugal by Miguel da Gama shortly after Correia's death . His family retained the manuscript of the original "Legends of India", which was first printed in 1858 (first part) and 1864 (second part) by the Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon.