Gaston Doumergue: Wikis

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Gaston Doumergue

Portrait of Gaston Doumergue by Henri Manuel

In office
9 December 1913 – 9 June 1914
Preceded by Louis Barthou
Succeeded by Alexandre Ribot

In office
13 June 1924 – 13 June 1931
Preceded by Alexandre Millerand
Succeeded by Paul Doumer

In office
9 February 1934 – 8 November 1934
Preceded by Édouard Daladier
Succeeded by Pierre-Étienne Flandin

Born 1 August 1863
Aigues-Vives
Died 18 June 1937 (aged 73)
Aigues-Vives, France
Religion Protestant

Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (Aigues-Vives, Gard, 1 August 1863 – 18 June 1937 in Aigues-Vives) was a French politician of the Third Republic.

Doumergue came from a Protestant family. Beginning as a Radical, he turned more towards the political right in his old age. He served as Prime Minister from 9 December 1913 to 2 June 1914. He held the portfolio for the colonies through the ministries of Viviani and Briand until the Ribot ministry of March, 1917, when he was sent to Russia to persuade the Kerensky government not to make a separate peace with Germany and Austria. He was elected the twelfth President of France on 13 June 1924, the only Protestant to hold that office. He served until 13 June 1931, and again was Prime Minister in a conservative national unity government, following the riots of 6 February 1934. This government lasted from 6 February to 8 November 1934.

He was widely regarded as one of the most popular French Presidents, particularly after highly controversial Alexandre Millerand, who was his predecessor. Doumergue was single when elected, and became the first President of France to marry in office.[1]

Contents

Doumergue's First Ministry, 9 December 1913 - 9 June 1914

Changes

  • 17 March 1914 - René Renoult succeeds Caillaux as Finance Minister. Louis Malvy succeeds Renoult as Minister of the Interior. Raoul Péret succeeds Malvy as Minister of Commerce, Industry, Posts, and Telegraphs.
  • 20 March 1914 - Armand Gauthier de l'Aude succeeds Monis as Minister of Marine.

Doumergue's Second Ministry, 9 February - 8 November 1934

Changes

  • 13 October 1934 - Pierre Laval succeeds Barthou (assassinated 9 October) as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Paul Marchandeau succeeds Sarraut as Minister of the Interior. Louis Rollin succeeds Laval as Minister of Colonies.
  • 15 October 1934 - Henri Lémery succeeds Chéron as Minister of Justice.

See also

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Albert Decrais
Minister of Colonies
1902–1905
Succeeded by
Étienne Clémentel
Preceded by
Minister of Labour
1906
Succeeded by
René Viviani
Preceded by
Georges Trouillot
Minister of Commerce and Industry
1906–1908
Succeeded by
Jean Cruppi
Preceded by
Aristide Briand
Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
1908–1910
Succeeded by
Maurice Faure
Preceded by
Louis Barthou
Prime Minister of France
1913–1914
Succeeded by
Alexandre Ribot
Preceded by
Stéphen Pichon
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1913–1914
Succeeded by
Léon Bourgeois
Preceded by
René Viviani
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1914
Succeeded by
Théophile Delcassé
Preceded by
Maurice Raynaud
Minister of Colonies
1914–1917
Succeeded by
André Maginot
Preceded by
Léon Bourgeois
President of the Senate
1923–1924
Succeeded by
Justin de Selves
Preceded by
Alexandre Millerand
President of France
1924–1931
Succeeded by
Paul Doumer
Preceded by
Édouard Daladier
Prime Minister of France
1934
Succeeded by
Pierre Étienne Flandin
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Alexandre Millerand and Justí Guitart i Vilardebó
Co-Prince of Andorra
1924-1931
with Justí Guitart i Vilardebó
Succeeded by
Paul Doumer and Justí Guitart i Vilardebó
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