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Gattaca

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Andrew Niccol
Produced by Danny DeVito
Written by Andrew Niccol
Starring Ethan Hawke
Uma Thurman
Jude Law
Gore Vidal
Loren Dean
Music by Michael Nyman
Cinematography Slawomir Idziak
Editing by Lisa Zeno Churgin
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date(s) October 24, 1997
Running time 106 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $36 million
Gross revenue $12,532,777

Gattaca is a 1997 American science fiction drama film written and directed by Andrew Niccol, starring Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman and Jude Law with supporting roles played by Loren Dean, Ernest Borgnine, Gore Vidal and Alan Arkin.[1] The film was a 1997 nominee for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction — Set Decoration.

The film presents a biopunk vision of a society driven by liberal eugenics. Children of the middle and upper classes are selected through preimplantation genetic diagnosis to ensure they possess the best hereditary traits of their parents. A genetic registry database uses biometrics to instantly identify and classify those so created as valids while those conceived by traditional means are derisively known as in-valids. While genetic discrimination is forbidden by law, in practice it is easy to profile one's genotype resulting in the Valids qualifying for professional employment while the In-Valids who are susceptible to disease are relegated to menial jobs. The movie draws on concerns over reproductive technologies which facilitate eugenics, and the possible consequences of such technological developments for society. It also explores the idea of destiny and the ways in which it can and does govern lives. Characters in Gattaca continually battle both with society and with themselves to find their place in the world and who they are destined to be according to their genes.

The title is based on the initial letters of the four DNA nitrogenous bases (adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine). During the credits the letters G, C, T, and A are all highlighted.

Contents

Plot

In “the not-so distant future”, where liberal eugenics is common and DNA plays the primary role in determining social class, Vincent Freeman (Ethan Hawke) is conceived and born without the aid of this technology. As a result he is born with a high probability of heart disorder and a life expectancy of only 30.2 years. His parents regret this, and his younger brother, Anton, is conceived with the aid of genetic engineering. Growing up, their father clearly favors Anton, the stronger, taller and more perfect son. Vincent dreams of a career in space, but his parents remind him that his imperfections will preclude from ever achieving this. Vincent and Anton enjoy playing a game that they called "chicken"—both would swim out into the sea, and the first person to tire out and swim back to shore would be the loser. As children, Anton always won due to his superior genes. However, one day when they were older, Vincent, for reasons not entirely clear at the time, overtook and beat his brother. Anton cried out to his older brother for help as he was about to drown. Vincent saved him by pulling him to the shore. Vincent then left his home shortly thereafter.

Suffering from the nearly eradicated physical dysfunction of myopia, as well as being given a heart disorder probability of 99%, Vincent faces extreme genetic discrimination and prejudice. The only way he can achieve his life-long dream of becoming an astronaut is to break the law and impersonate a "valid", a person with appropriate genetic advantage.[2]

He assumes the identity of Jerome Eugene Morrow (Jude Law), a former swimming star who, despite a genetic profile "second to none", won only a silver medal in a high-profile competition. He attempted to commit suicide by jumping in front of a car, but again fell short of his goal in that he only succeeded in paralyzing himself from the waist down. However, as the incident occurred outside the country, no one knows of his newly acquired disability. Thus, Vincent can "buy" his identity with no one the wiser. Though he requires limb lengthening to increase his height, persistent practice to favor his right hand instead of his left, and contact lenses to replace his glasses while matching Jerome's eyes, he can use Jerome's "valid" DNA in blood, hair, tissue and urine samples to pass any genetic test — as long as he takes extreme measures to leave no traces of his identity as an "in-valid". But, where he was once an object of scorn and pity, he is now a perpetrator of an unspeakable fraud. Legally, exposure would only subject him to fines, but socially the consequences would be far more extreme — he is now a heretic against the new order of genetic determinism. Vincent is now a "borrowed ladder" (a play on words referring to both the structure of an un-coiled DNA strand and the idiom of altitude as social status) or in harsher language, a de-gene-erate.

With Jerome's impressive genetic profile he easily gains access to the Gattaca Aerospace Corporation (his interview consists entirely of a genetic analysis of a urine sample), the most prestigious space-flight conglomerate of the day. With his own equally impressive determination, he quickly becomes the company's ace celestial navigator. But a week before Vincent is scheduled to leave on a one-year mission for Saturn's moon Titan, the mission director is found bludgeoned to death with a keyboard in his office, and evidence of Vincent's own "in-valid" DNA is found in the building in the form of an eyelash. The presence of this unexpected DNA attracts the attention of the police, and Vincent must evade ever-increasing security as his mission launch date approaches and he pursues a relationship with his co-worker Irene Cassini (Uma Thurman).

After numerous close calls, the investigation eventually comes to a close as Director Josef (Gore Vidal) is arrested for the murder by the detective covering the investigation (Alan Arkin). The Director reveals that he murdered the mission director in order to buy time for the mission to launch, because the window of opportunity for the launch is only open for seven days once every seventy years, and that it is now too late to stop the launch. However, just as Vincent appears to be in the clear, he is confronted by the chief detective, who is revealed to be Vincent's estranged brother, Anton (Loren Dean). Anton tries to convince Vincent to go with him for protection before Vincent is found out. However, it soon becomes apparent that Anton is acting more out of insecurity and is more concerned with how Vincent had managed to get the better of him, despite Anton's supposed genetic superiority. Vincent and Anton settle their competition as they did when they were children, by seeing who could swim out into the ocean farthest. As he did once before when they were young, Vincent manages to beat Anton who, once again, is rescued by his older brother. When Anton asks him how, Vincent reveals that he refused to save any strength for the swim back — he was willing to risk everything to succeed. Conversely Anton was worried about preserving enough strength to return.

As the day of the launch finally arrives, Jerome bids Vincent farewell and says that he intends to travel, too. He reveals that he has stored enough genetic samples to last Vincent two lifetimes. Overwhelmed and grateful, Vincent thanks Jerome for "lending" him the identity that has allowed his success at Gattaca, but Jerome replies that it is he who should be grateful, since Vincent lent Jerome his dreams. Jerome then gives Vincent a card but asks him not to open it until he reaches space.

As Vincent moves through the Gattaca complex to the launch site, he is stopped for an unexpected urine test. Vincent reluctantly agrees to take the test, even though he has not brought any of Jerome's genetic material to hide his identity. The test result uncovers Vincent's "in-valid" status, but the doctor, Lamar, who had conducted Vincent's initial interview at Gattaca, reveals that he has known Vincent's true identity all along, saying, "For future reference, right-handed men don't hold it with their left. Just one of those things." Lamar then alters the test result to allow Vincent to proceed regardless, confessing that his son admires Vincent, and wants to be an astronaut just like him, despite an unforeseen genetic defect that would already rule him out.

The shuttle lifts off with Vincent aboard, and he opens the card from Jerome to find a few last hair samples. Back on Earth, Jerome climbs inside his home incinerator, puts on his silver medal and commits suicide by self-immolation.

Cast

Production

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Development

Filming

CLA Building complex

The exteriors (including the roof scene), and some of the interior shots, of the Gattaca complex were filmed at Frank Lloyd Wright's 1960 Marin County Civic Center in San Rafael, California.[3] The exterior of Vincent Freeman's house was shot at the CLA Building on the campus of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona).

Design

The film borrows many design and thematic ideas from the film noir genre.[4] The movie uses a swimming treadmill by Endless Pools in the opening minutes to punctuate the swimming and futuristic themes.[5] The futuristic turbine cars are based on 1960s car models like Rover P6, Citroën DS19 and Studebaker Avanti,[6] and futuristic buildings represent modern architecture of 1950s.

Major themes

The film's themes include personal identity, discrimination, courage, friendship, love, hope, the burden of perfection, sacrifice, pursuit of happiness, sibling rivalry, society and control, fate, and whether human nature and the human spirit can be defined or limited by DNA.

Release

Theatrical

Gattaca was released in theaters on October 24, 1997, and opened at number 5 at the box office; trailing I Know What You Did Last Summer, The Devil's Advocate, Kiss the Girls, and Seven Years in Tibet.[7] Over the first weekend the film brought in $4.3 million. It ended its theatrical run with a domestic total of $12.5 million against a reported production budget of $36 million.[8]

Home media

Gattaca was released on DVD on July 1, 1998. Special Edition DVD and Blu-ray versions were released on March 11, 2008. Both editions contain the essential deleted scene - 'CODA' featuring historical figures like Einstein, Lincoln, etc, who are genetically deficient. [8]

Television series

On October 30, 2009, Variety reported that Sony Pictures was developing a television adaptation of the feature film as a one-hour police procedural set in the future. The show will be written by Gil Grant, who has written for 24 and NCIS.[9]

Critical reception

The film received a "fresh" rating from Rotten Tomatoes with 82% of the 55 critics cited giving the film a favorable review. The average rating for the film was 7.1/10.[10] On Metacritic the film received "generally favorable reviews" with a score of 67 out of a possible 100.[11] Roger Ebert stated, "This is one of the smartest and most provocative of science fiction films, a thriller with ideas."[12] James Berardinelli praised it for "energy and tautness" and its "thought-provoking script and thematic richness."[13]

Despite critical acclaim, Gattaca was not a box office success but it is said to have crystallized the debate over tampering with human genetics.[14][15][16] The film's dystopian depiction of "genoism" has been cited by many bioethicists and laymen in support of their hesitancy about, or opposition to, liberal eugenics and the societal acceptance of the genetic-determinist ideology that may frame it.[17] In a 1997 review of the film for the journal Nature Genetics, molecular biologist Lee M. Silver stated that "Gattaca is a film that all geneticists should see if for no other reason than to understand the perception of our trade held by so many of the public-at-large".[18]

In 2004, bioethicist James Hughes criticized the premise and influence of the film Gattaca, arguing that:[19]

  1. Astronaut-training programs are entirely justified in attempting to screen out people with heart problems for safety reasons;
  2. In the United States, people are already discriminated against by insurance companies on the basis of their propensities to disease despite the fact that genetic enhancement is not yet available;
  3. Rather than banning genetic testing or genetic enhancement, society needs genetic information privacy laws that allow justified forms of genetic testing and data aggregation, but forbid those that are judged to result in genetic discrimination (such as the U.S. Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act signed into law on May 21, 2008.). Citizens should then be able to make a complaint to the appropriate authority if they believe they have been discriminated against because of their genotype.

Soundtrack

Gattaca
Soundtrack by Michael Nyman
Released October 21, 1997 (1997-10-21)
Genre Contemporary classical music, film scores, minimalism
Length 54:55
Label Virgin Records America
Producer Michael Nyman
Professional reviews
Michael Nyman chronology
Concertos
1997
Gattaca
1997
The Suit and the Photograph
1998
Problems listening to this file? See media help.

The score for Gattaca was composed by Michael Nyman, and the original soundtrack was released on October 21, 1997.[20]

Track listing

[21]

  1. "The Morrow" – 3:13
  2. "God's Hands" – 1:42
  3. "The One Moment" – 1:40
  4. "Traces" – 1:00
  5. "The Arrival" – 3:53
  6. "Becoming Jerome" – 1:06
  7. "Call Me Eugene" – 1:24
  8. "A Borrowed Ladder" – 1:47
  9. "Further and Further" – 2:43
  10. "Not the Only One" – 2:14
  11. "Second Morrow" – 2:24
  12. "Impromptu for 12 Fingers" – 2:55 (from Franz Schubert's "Impromptu in G-flat Major, Op. 90, No. 3")
  13. "The Crossing" – 1:24
  14. "It Must Be the Light" – 1:23
  15. "Only a Matter of Time" – 1:07
  16. "I Thought You Wanted to Dance" – 1:13
  17. "Irene's Theme" – 1:09
  18. "Yourself for the Day" – 2:20
  19. "Up Stairs" – 2:02
  20. "Now That You're Here" – 2:44
  21. "The Truth" – 2:13
  22. "The Other Side" – 3:44
  23. "The Departure" – 3:51
  24. "Irene & the Morrow" – 5:44

References

  1. ^ "Gattaca - 1997 - Ethan Hawke, Andrew Niccol - Variety Profiles". Variety. http://www.variety.com/profiles/Film/main/27000/Gattaca.html?dataSet=1. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ "Gattaca — Movie Review". Metro times. http://www.metrotimes.com/editorial/review.asp?id=51785. Retrieved 2008-06-01. 
  3. ^ "Gattaca a Not-So-Perfect Specimen", Mick LaSalle, San Francisco Chronicle, Friday, October 24, 1997, URL retrieved 19th February 2009
  4. ^ "Review of Gattaca". Challengingdestiny.com. 2004-02-25. http://www.challengingdestiny.com/reviews/gattaca.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  5. ^ "Gattaca:the Hollywood debut of the Endless Pool". Endlesspools.com. 2009-07-30. http://www.endlesspools.com/whatis/gattaca.html. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  6. ^ ""Gattaca, 1997": cars, bikes, trucks and other vehicles". IMCDb.org. http://www.imcdb.org/movie_119177-Gattaca.html. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  7. ^ "US Movie Box Office Chart Weekend of October 24, 1997". The Numbers. 1997-10-24. http://www.the-numbers.com/charts/weekly/1997/19971024.php. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  8. ^ a b "Movie Gattaca - Box Office Data, News, Cast Information". The Numbers. http://www.the-numbers.com/movies/1997/GATTA.php. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  9. ^ "Apostle preps for post-'Rescue' life". www.variety.com. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118010604.html?categoryid=14&cs=1&nid=2562. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  10. ^ "Gattaca (1997)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/gattaca/. Retrieved 2009-08-01. 
  11. ^ "Gattaca reviews at". Metacritic.com. http://www.metacritic.com/video/titles/gattaca. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  12. ^ "Gattaca :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. 1997-10-24. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19971024/REVIEWS/710240303/1023. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  13. ^ "Review: Gattaca". Reelviews.net. http://reelviews.net/movies/g/gattaca.html. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  14. ^ Brown, Evan (2007). Gattaca Now! The sequel to the 10-year-old science fiction film is in real-life science labs. http://www.newhavenadvocate.com/article.cfm?aid=3943. Retrieved 2008-08-02. 
  15. ^ Darnovsky, Marcy (2008). Are We Headed for a Sci-Fi Dystopia?. http://www.alternet.org/story/80151/. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 
  16. ^ Pope, Marcia; McRoberts, Richard (2003). Cambridge Wizard Student Guide Gattaca. Cambridge University press. ISBN 0-521-53615-4. 
  17. ^ Kirby, D.A. (2000). The New Eugenics in Cinema: Genetic Determinism and Gene Therapy in GATTACA. Science Fiction Studies, 27: 193-215.. http://www.depauw.edu/sfs/essays/gattaca.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  18. ^ Silver, Lee M. (1997). Genetics Goes to Hollywood. http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v17/n3/pdf/ng1197-260.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  19. ^ Hughes, James (2004). Citizen Cyborg: Why Democratic Societies Must Respond to the Redesigned Human of the Future. Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-4198-1. 
  20. ^ "Gattaca soundtrack overview". Allmusic. http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:a9fuxqyjld0e. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  21. ^ "Gattaca soundtrack". SoundtrackNet, LLC. http://soundtrack.name/albums/database/?id=968. Retrieved 2008-09-06. 

External links


Gattaca
File:Gataca Movie Poster
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Andrew Niccol
Produced by Danny DeVito
Written by Andrew Niccol
Starring Ethan Hawke
Uma Thurman
Jude Law
Gore Vidal
Loren Dean
Music by Michael Nyman
Cinematography Slawomir Idziak
Editing by Lisa Zeno Churgin
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date(s) October 24, 1997
Running time 106 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $36 million
Gross revenue $12,532,777 (North America)

Gattaca is a 1997 American science fiction film written and directed by Andrew Niccol. It stars Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman and Jude Law with supporting roles played by Loren Dean, Ernest Borgnine, Gore Vidal and Alan Arkin.[1] The film was a 1997 nominee for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction — Set Decoration.

The film presents a vision of a society driven by liberal eugenics where potential children are selected through preimplantation genetic diagnosis to ensure they possess the best hereditary traits of their parents. A genetic registry database uses biometrics to instantly identify and classify those so created as "valids" while those conceived by traditional means are derisively known as "in-valids". While genetic discrimination is forbidden by law, in practice it is easy to profile a person's genotype resulting in the Valids qualifying for professional employment while the In-Valids (who are considered to be more susceptible to physical and intellectual and psychological dysfunction and under-performance) are relegated to menial jobs. The movie draws on concerns over reproductive technologies which facilitate eugenics, and the possible consequences of such technological developments for society. It also explores the idea of human spirit and the ways in which it can and does govern lives. Characters in Gattaca continually battle both with the society and with themselves to find their place in the world and who they are destined to be according to their genes.

The title is based on the initial letters of the four DNA nitrogenous bases (adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine). During the credits the letters G, C, T, and A are all highlighted.

Contents

Plot

In “the not-so-distant future”, liberal eugenics is common and DNA plays the primary role in determining social class. Vincent Freeman (Ethan Hawke) is conceived and born without the aid of this technology. He has a high probability of mental illness, heart disorder and a life expectancy of 30.2 years. His parents initially placed their faith in natural birth and now regret it; Vincent's younger brother, Anton, is conceived with the aid of genetic selection. Anton surpasses his older brother in many aspects including a game that they call "chicken" — both swim out into the sea, and the first to give up and swim back to shore is the loser. Anton always wins due to his superior physical stamina. Vincent dreams of a career in space, but is constantly reminded of his genetic inferiority. One day when the two brothers are older, Vincent decides to leave the house, and for the last time challenges Anton with a game of chicken. For an unknown reason, Vincent swims farther out than his brother, while Anton runs into trouble and begins to drown. Vincent saves him, then leaves home shortly thereafter.

Due to frequent screening, Vincent faces genetic discrimination and prejudice. The only way he can achieve his dream of becoming an astronaut is to become a "borrowed ladder", a person who impersonates a "valid" with appropriate genetic profile.[2] He assumes the identity of Jerome Eugene Morrow (Jude Law), a former swimming star with a genetic profile "second to none", who had an accident that left him paralyzed from the waist down. Vincent "buys" Jerome's identity and uses his "valid" DNA in blood, hair, tissue, and urine samples to pass screening. In order for his status to remain hidden, he has to be meticulous about cleaning up his genetic material and replacing it with Jerome's. With Jerome's genetic profile Vincent gains access to the Gattaca Aerospace Corporation, the most prestigious space-flight conglomerate. He becomes Gattaca's top celestial navigator and is selected for a manned spaceflight to Saturn's moon Titan. A week before Vincent is to leave on the one-year mission, one of Gattaca's managing directors is found murdered in his office. Police discover evidence of Vincent's own "in-valid" DNA, making him the prime suspect.

Vincent must evade increasing security measures as his launch date approaches. Simultaneously, he becomes close to both Jerome and one of his co-workers, Irene Cassini (Uma Thurman). These valids also suffer from the genetic hierarchy of the society. Irene is resigned to her less favorable treatment within Gattaca due to her less perfect profile; her initial attraction to Vincent is largely due to his perceived "second to none" superiority. Jerome suffers from the burden of his genetic perfection. When he won only a silver medal in a high-profile competition, it was seen by his peers as a failure due to his genetic advantage. While intoxicated, Jerome confesses that he did not have a car accident. Rather, he attempted suicide by jumping in front of a car, but only paralyzed himself from the waist down.

After numerous close calls, Vincent's identity is revealed to Irene. Irene finally sees Vincent for who he is and they fall in love. The investigation unexpectedly comes to a close as Director Josef (Gore Vidal) is arrested for the murder. The Director reveals that he murdered the mission director because the victim was trying to cancel the Titan mission. As Vincent appears to be in the clear he is confronted by the youthful chief detective, who is revealed to be Vincent's estranged younger brother, Anton (Loren Dean). Anton accuses Vincent of fraud and asserts that Vincent is unworthy of his place at Gattaca. Vincent offers to prove his worthiness by challenging Anton to chicken. As he did before, Vincent beats Anton who once again must be rescued by his brother. When Anton asks him how he did it, Vincent reveals that he never saved any strength for the swim back.

As the day of the launch arrives, Jerome bids Vincent farewell. He reveals that he has stored enough genetic samples to last Vincent two lifetimes. Overwhelmed and grateful, Vincent thanks Jerome, but Jerome replies that it is he who should be grateful, since Vincent lent Jerome his dreams. Jerome gives Vincent a card but asks him not to open it until he reaches space.

As Vincent moves through the Gattaca complex to the launch site, he is stopped for an unexpected last urine test. Vincent has not brought Jerome's urine to hide his identity as he assumed there would not be any more tests once inside Gattaca. The test result uncovers Vincent's identity, but Lamar, the doctor conducting the test (and who also conducted Vincent's initial interview at Gattaca) reveals he has known Vincent's identity for some time. Lamar reminds Vincent that he has wanted to tell Vincent about his son -- his son admires Vincent and wants to be an astronaut despite a genetic defect that would rule him out. Lamar switches the test result, allowing Vincent to proceed.

The shuttle lifts off with Vincent, and he opens the card from Jerome to find no words -- just a hair sample, reflecting all DNA can express, and cannot. On Earth, Jerome climbs inside his home incinerator, puts on his silver medal and fires up the flames, killing himself as Vincent's shuttle flight lifts off. Vincent says via voiceover that he is suddenly sad to leave Earth, despite never being meant for it. He explains that "they say every atom in our bodies was once a part of a star," and wonders, "Maybe I'm not leaving, maybe I'm going home."

Cast

Production

Development

Filming

The exteriors (including the roof scene), and some of the interior shots, of the Gattaca complex were filmed at Frank Lloyd Wright's 1960 Marin County Civic Center in San Rafael, California.[3] The parking lot scenes were shot at the Otis College of Art and Design, distinguished by its punchcard-like windows, located near LAX in Los Angeles.

The exterior of Vincent Freeman's house was shot at the CLA Building on the campus of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona).

Design

The film borrows many design and thematic ideas from the film noir genre,[4] making the film a notable example of tech noir. The movie uses a swimming treadmill by Endless Pools in the opening minutes to punctuate the swimming and futuristic themes.[5] The futuristic turbine cars are based on 1960s car models like Rover P6, Citroën DS19 and Studebaker Avanti,[6] and futuristic buildings represent modern architecture of the 1950s.

Release

Theatrical

Gattaca was released in theaters on October 24, 1997, and opened at number 5 at the box office; trailing I Know What You Did Last Summer, The Devil's Advocate, Kiss the Girls, and Seven Years in Tibet.[7] Over the first weekend the film brought in $4.3 million. It ended its theatrical run with a domestic total of $12.5 million against a reported production budget of $36 million.[8]

Home media

Gattaca was released on DVD on July 1, 1998.[citation needed] Special Edition DVD and Blu-ray versions were released on March 11, 2008.[citation needed] Both editions contain a deleted scene featuring historical figures like Einstein, Lincoln, etc., who are genetically deficient.[8]

Critical reception

The film received a "fresh" rating from Rotten Tomatoes with 82% of the 55 critics cited giving the film a favorable review. The average rating for the film was 7.1/10.[9] On Metacritic the film received "generally favorable reviews" with a score of 67 out of a possible 100.[10] Roger Ebert stated, "This is one of the smartest and most provocative of science fiction films, a thriller with ideas."[11] James Berardinelli praised it for "energy and tautness" and its "thought-provoking script and thematic richness."[12]

Despite critical acclaim, Gattaca was not a box office success but it is said to have crystallized the debate over tampering with human genetics.[13][14][15] The film's dystopian depiction of "genoism" has been cited by many bioethicists and laymen in support of their hesitancy about, or opposition to, liberal eugenics and the societal acceptance of the genetic-determinist ideology that may frame it.[16] In a 1997 review of the film for the journal Nature Genetics, molecular biologist Lee M. Silver stated that "Gattaca is a film that all geneticists should see if for no other reason than to understand the perception of our trade held by so many of the public-at-large".[17]

In 2004, bioethicist James Hughes criticized the premise and influence of the film Gattaca, arguing that:[18]

  1. Astronaut-training programs are entirely justified in attempting to screen out people with heart problems for safety reasons;
  2. In the United States, people are already discriminated against by insurance companies on the basis of their propensities to disease despite the fact that genetic enhancement is not yet available;
  3. Rather than banning genetic testing or genetic enhancement, society needs genetic information privacy laws that allow justified forms of genetic testing and data aggregation, but forbid those that are judged to result in genetic discrimination (such as the U.S. Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act signed into law on May 21, 2008.). Citizens should then be able to make a complaint to the appropriate authority if they believe they have been discriminated against because of their genotype.

Soundtrack

Gattaca
Soundtrack by Michael Nyman
Released Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.
Genre Contemporary classical music, film scores, minimalism
Length 54:55
Label Virgin Records America
Producer Michael Nyman
Professional reviews
Michael Nyman chronology

Concertos
1997
Gattaca
1997
The Suit and the Photograph
1998

The score for Gattaca was composed by Michael Nyman, and the original soundtrack was released on October 21, 1997.[19]

Track listing

[20]

  1. "The Morrow" – 3:13
  2. "God's Hands" – 1:42
  3. "The One Moment" – 1:40
  4. "Traces" – 1:00
  5. "The Arrival" – 3:53
  6. "Becoming Jerome" – 1:06
  7. "Call Me Eugene" – 1:24
  8. "A Borrowed Ladder" – 1:47
  9. "Further and Further" – 2:43
  10. "Not the Only One" – 2:14
  11. "Second Morrow" – 2:24
  12. "Impromptu for 12 Fingers" – 2:55 (from Franz Schubert's "Impromptu in G-flat Major, Op. 90, No. 3")
  13. "The Crossing" – 1:24
  14. "It Must Be the Light" – 1:23
  15. "Only a Matter of Time" – 1:07
  16. "I Thought You Wanted to Dance" – 1:13
  17. "Irene's Theme" – 1:09
  18. "Yourself for the Day" – 2:20
  19. "Up Stairs" – 2:02
  20. "Now That You're Here" – 2:44
  21. "The Truth" – 2:13
  22. "The Other Side" – 3:44
  23. "The Departure" – 3:51
  24. "Irene & the Morrow" – 5:44

Television series

On October 30, 2009, Variety reported that Sony Pictures was developing a television adaptation of the feature film as a one-hour police procedural set in the future. The show will be written by Gil Grant, who has written for 24 and NCIS.[21]

References

Cite error: Invalid tag— no input is allowed. Use the {{Reflist}} template or the tag; see the help page.

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Gattaca is a 1997 science fiction film.

Written and directed by Andrew Niccol.
There Is No Gene For The Human Spirit.

Contents

Vincent Freeman

  • For someone who was never meant for this world, I must confess I'm suddenly having a hard time leaving it. Of course, they say every atom in our bodies was once part of a star. Maybe I'm not leaving... maybe I'm going home. [A reference to the opening monologue of the play The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds]

Jerome Eugene Morrow

  • I got the better end of the deal. I only lent you my body - you lent me your dream.

Dialogue

[Vincent's parents are planning a second child, and are shown four candidate embryos]
Geneticist: We want to give your child the best possible start. Believe me, we have enough imperfection built in already. Your child doesn't need any more additional burdens. Keep in mind, this child is still you. Simply, the best, of you. You could conceive naturally a thousand times and never get such a result.

[Vincent is looking at a picture of a 12-fingered pianist]
Irene: You didn't know?
Vincent: Oh, yes. Yeah.
Irene: Wonderful, wasn't it?
Vincent: Twelve fingers, or one, it's how you play.
Irene: That piece can only be played with twelve.

[at the classroom]
Anton Freeman: Vincent. My God you have changed. Has it been so long, you don't recognize your own brother?
Vincent Freeman: Are we brothers?
Anton: Our parents both died thinking they'd outlived you. [Pause] I had my doubts.
Vincent: What are you doing here Anton?
Anton: I should ask you that question. I have a right to be here. You don't.
Vincent: You almost sound as if you believe that. I committed no murder. You must be disappointed.
Anton: You committed fraud. [Pause] Listen, you're in a lot of trouble Vincent. I can get you out of here-
Vincent: Do you have any idea what it took to get IN here?!
Anton: You've gone as far as you can go. You come with me now!
Vincent: There is still a few million miles left to go..
Anton: It's over..
Vincent: Is it the only way you can succeed is to see me fail?
Anton: I'm telling you.....
Vincent: MY GOD, EVEN YOU ARE GOING TO TELL ME WHAT I CAN AND CAN'T DO NOW!? In case you haven't noticed, I don't need any rescuing, but you did once. Well.. you've got all the answers, how do you explain that?
Anton: You didn't beat me that day. I beat myself.
Vincent: Who are you trying to convince?
Anton: Do you want me to prove it to you?
Vincent: It's not important Anton. It's forgotten.
Anton: I'll prove it to you. YOU WANT ME TO PROVE IT TO YOU?! I'LL PROVE IT TO YOU!
Vincent: I do.

[Prior to launch, Vincent is confronted with an unexpected urine test without one of Jerome's samples]
Vincent: What's this?
Dr. Lamar: New policy. What's the matter? Flight got you nervous?
Vincent: Well, there's a problem Lamar...
Dr. Lamar: I never did tell you about my son, did I? He's a big fan of yours.
Vincent: Just remember that I was as good as any, and better than most...
Dr. Lamar: He wants to apply here.
Vincent: I could've gone up and back and nobody would've been the wiser.
Dr. Lamar: unfortunately, my son's not all that they promised. But then, who knows what he could do. Right? [test reveals Vincent as an invalid] For future reference, right-handed men don't hold it with their left. It's just one of those things. [Lamar overrides the results with Jerome's valid ID] You don't want to miss your flight, Vincent.

Coda

Text at the conclusion of the film in a scene available on DVD

Cast

  • Ethan Hawke - Vincent Freeman
  • Uma Thurman - Irene Cassini
  • Jude Law - Jerome Eugene Morrow
  • Gore Vidal - Director Josef
  • Xander Berkeley - Dr. Lamar
  • Jayne Brook - Marie Freeman
  • Elias Koteas - Antonio Freeman
  • Ernest Borgnine - Caesar
  • Alan Arkin - Det. Hugo
  • Loren Dean - Anton Freeman

External links

Wikipedia
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