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Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha

A statue of the Buddha from Sarnath, 4th century CE.
Born c. 563 BCE or 623 BCE
Lumbini, today in Nepal
Died c. 483 BCE or 543 BCE (aged 80)
Kushinagar, today in India
Ethnicity Shakya
Known for Founder of Buddhism
Predecessor Kassapa Buddha
Successor Maitreya Buddha

Part of a series on

Buddhism
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Gautama Buddha
Disciples · Later Buddhists
.Siddhārtha Gautama (Sanskrit: सिद्धार्थ गौतम; Pali: शिद्धत्थ ङोतम Siddhattha Gotama) was a spiritual teacher from the north eastern region of South Asia who founded Buddhism.^ This is the name Siddhartha (as in Siddhartha Gautama) which is sometimes romanized from the original Sanskrit or Pali as Siddhattha (from Siddhattha Gotama).
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: General]

^ Siddhārtha Gautama ( Sanskrit : सिद्धार्थ गौतम ; Pali : Siddhattha Gotama ) was a spiritual teacher in the north eastern region of the Indian subcontinent who founded Buddhism .

^ Pali Gotama Buddha) was a spiritual teacher from ancient India and the historical founder of Buddhism.
  • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

[1] In most Buddhist traditions, he is regarded as the Supreme Buddha (Sammāsambuddha) of our age, "Buddha" meaning "awakened one" or "the enlightened one." [note 1] The time of his birth and death are uncertain: most early 20th-century historians dated his lifetime as c. 563 BCE to 483 BCE; more recently, however, at a specialist symposium on this question,[2] the majority of those scholars who presented definite opinions gave dates within 20 years either side of 400 BCE for the Buddha's death, with others supporting earlier or later dates.[3]
.Gautama, also known as Śākyamuni or Shakyamuni ("sage of the Shakyas"), is the key figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers.^ Lay followers (upasikas) practiced the Buddhist rule of life for their households.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Chapter 3 THE WHEEL OF LIFE Buddhists do not believe that death is the end of life.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Gautama, also known as Śākyamuni or Shakyamuni (”sage of the Shakyas “), is the key figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers.

.Various collections of teachings attributed to Gautama were passed down by oral tradition, and first committed to writing about 400 years later.^ Passed down by oral tradition, the Tripi?aka, the collection of discourses attributed to Gautama, was committed to writing about 400 years later.
  • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Various collections of teachings attributed to Gautama were passed down by oral tradition , and first committed to writing about 400 years later.

^ At this point, no conflict about what the Buddha taught is known to have occurred, so the teachings were divided into various parts and each was assigned to an elder and his pupils to commit to memory.

Contents

Life

.The primary sources of information regarding Siddhārtha Gautama's life are the Buddhist texts.^ The primary sources of information regarding Siddhārtha Gautama’s life are the Buddhist texts .

^ The main sources of information on Siddhartha Gautama's life are the earliest available Buddhist texts.
  • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ The scriptural works of Early Buddhism precede the Mahayana works chronologically, and are treated by many Western scholars as the main credible source for information regarding the actual historical teachings of Gautama Buddha .

.According to these, the Buddha and his monks spent four months each year discussing and rehearsing his teachings, and after his death his monks set about preserving them.^ The Buddha and his monks spent four months each year discussing and rehearsing his teachings, and after his death his monks set about preserving them.

^ It developed about a thousand years after the death of the Buddha.

^ The Buddha spent the next forty-five years of his life tramping tirelessly through the cities and towns of Northern India.
  • Buddha - A Hero's Journey to Nirvana 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.exoticindiaart.com [Source type: Original source]

.A council was held shortly after his death, and another was held a century later.^ The First Council was held shortly after the Buddha's death, at Rajagriha.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Second Council was held about a century after the Buddha's death, at Vaisali.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A council was held shortly after his death, and another was held a century later.

.At these councils the monks attempted to establish and authenticate the extant accounts of the life and teachings of the Buddha following systematic rules.^ Sutra Pitaka~Sutras and their explanations Vinaya Pitaka~Rules for monks and nuns Abhidharma Pitaka~The psychology and philosophy of the Buddha's teachings Buddhists treat Sutras with great respect and place them on the highest shelves in the most respected areas.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Teachings While there is disagreement amongst various Buddhist sects over more esoteric aspects of Buddha's teachings and over disciplinary rules for monks, there is generally agreement over these points: * The Four Noble Truths: that suffering is an inherent part of existence; that the origin of suffering is ignorance and the main symptoms of that ignorance are attachment and craving; that attachment and craving can be ceased; and that following the Noble Eightfold Path will lead to the cessation of attachment and craving and therefore suffering.
  • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ And, most incredibly, Gandhi claims that any element of Buddhism not assimilated by Hinduism "was not an essential part of the Buddha's life and teaching."
  • GANDHI AND MAHAYANA BUDDHISM 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.class.uidaho.edu [Source type: Original source]

.They divided the teachings into distinct but overlapping bodies of material, and assigned specific monks to preserve each one.^ At this point, no conflict about what the Buddha taught is known to have occurred, so the teachings were divided into various parts and each was assigned to an elder and his pupils to commit to memory.

^ Lao's teaching of nonresistance and the distinction which he made between action and coercion became later perverted into the beliefs of "seeing, doing, and thinking nothing."
  • The Melchizedek Teachings in the Orient: Paper 94, The Urantia Book 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.truthbook.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether a man material, ethereal, and spiritual is for the clearer comprehension of his (broadly-speaking) triple nature, divided into groups according to one or another system, the foundation and the apex of that division will be always the same.

[4] .In some cases, essential aspects of teachings attributed to the Buddha were incorporated into stories and chants in an effort to preserve them accurately.^ Some of the fundamentals of the teachings of Gautama Buddha are: .

^ In some cases, essential aspects of the Buddha ’s teaching were incorporated into stories and chants in order to preserve them accurately.

^ At this point, no conflict about what the Buddha taught is known to have occurred, so the teachings were divided into various parts and each was assigned to an elder and his pupils to commit to memory.

[5]
.From then on, the teachings were transmitted orally.^ From then on, the teachings were transmitted orally.

^ During the first few centuries after Gautama Buddha , his teachings were transmitted orally, but around the 1st Century CE they began to be written down.

.From internal evidence it seems clear that the oldest texts crystallized into their current form by the time of the second council or shortly after it.^ From internal evidence it seems clear that the oldest texts crystallized into their current form by the time of the second council or shortly after it.

^ The Time magazine (Asian Edition) reported that "he seems to get into trouble every time he opens his mouth.
  • Great Head Temple Sojiji/Szódzsi-dzsi, a nagy szerzetesképző kolostor 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC terebess.hu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seemed as though invasion were imminent, and, for the second time, Nichiren tried again to convince the government to change its ways.
  • UD Newsletter ...10-28-2003 18 September 2009 8:32 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

.The scriptures were not written down until three or four hundred years after the Buddha's death.^ Such writings were not compiled until four hundred years after the Buddhas lifetime.
  • History of Buddhism 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.truthnet.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The scriptures were not written down until three or four hundred years after the Buddha ’s death.

^ Thats 2 - 4 hundred years after his death.

.By this point, the monks had added or altered some material themselves, in particular magnifying the figure of the Buddha.^ By this point, the monks had added or altered some material themselves, in particular magnifying the figure of the Buddha .

^ However those who have seen the figure of the Buddha in some past existence can recall to their minds the figure of the Gohonzon gradually through T’ien-t’ai’s method of speculation.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A century after the death of the Buddha the monks of Vaishali relaxed the rules on ten minor points, leading to contributions of money to the monks.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]
.The ancient Indians were generally not concerned with chronologies, being more focused on philosophy.^ The ancient Indians were generally not concerned with chronologies, being far more focused on philosophy.

^ Magadhi is also known as the ancient Indian language ( Prakrit, Pali ), its most widespread script being Brahmi, which was thought to have been used as the main language to spread Buddhism.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The two characteristics of Impermanence and Suffering in the world were well recognized in ancient indian philosophies and have never been peculiar to Buddhism.
  • Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddhist texts reflect this tendency, providing a clearer picture of what Shakyamuni may have taught than of the dates of the events in his life.^ The Buddhist texts reflect this tendency, providing a clearer picture of what Shakyamuni may have taught than of the dates of the events in his life.

^ Two centuries later during the life of Mahavira there were still followers of Parshva, and they are mentioned in Buddhist texts as well as in Jaina scriptures.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The main sources of information on Siddhartha Gautama's life are the earliest available Buddhist texts.
  • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.These texts contain descriptions of the culture and daily life of ancient India which can be corroborated from the Jain scriptures, and make the Buddha's time the earliest period in Indian history for which significant accounts exist.^ Life of the Buddha, according to the ancient texts and monuments of India.

^ These texts contain descriptions of the culture and daily life of ancient India which can be corroborated from the Jain scriptures, and make the Buddha ’s time the earliest period in Indian history for which substantial accounts exist.

^ The scriptural account of the Buddha's enlightenment gives further significance to trees.
  • Newsletter ...10-1-2002 16 September 2009 4:16 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .According to Michael Carrithers, there are good reasons to doubt the traditional account, though, according to Carrithers, the outline of "birth, maturity, renunciation, search, awakening and liberation, teaching, death" must be true.^ According to the traditional account, in time, she gave birth to a son, Rahula .

^ According to Michael Carrithers, there are good reasons to doubt the traditional account, though the outline of “birth, maturity, renunciation, search, awakening and liberation, teaching, death” must be true.

^ Now there is a doubt that has arisen in me, but I have faith that he could teach me the Dhamma in such a way that I might abandon that doubt.'
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

[7]

Conception and birth

Maya Devi Temple in Lumbini, Nepal.
.
Birth of Buddha at Lumbini.
^ Birth of Buddha at Lumbini.

^ They record his visit to the Buddha's birth place (Lumbini), his restoration of the nearby stupa and indicate a visit to the Bodhi tree at Bodh Gaya, site of the Buddha's enlightenment.
  • Newsletter ...10-1-2002 16 September 2009 4:16 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Picture of a painting in a Laotian Temple.
Prince Siddhartha Gautama, Musée Guimet, Paris
.Siddhartha was born in Lumbini[8] and raised in the small kingdom or principality of Kapilvastu, both of which are in modern day Nepal[9].^ Siddhartha was born in Lumbini [ 10 ] and raised in the small kingdom or principality of Kapilvastu , both of which are in modern day Nepal .

^ The Shakya clansmen dwelt along the river Rohini that flowed among the southern foothills of the Himalayas and it is at nearby Lumbini (now in Nepal) that Siddhartha Gautama was born in or around 563 bce on a full moon night.

^ The founder of Buddhism; born as the Prince of the Sakyans, a tribe of warriors (near today's Lumbini, in Nepal), and was called Siddhartha Gautama.

.At the time of the Buddha's birth, the area was at or beyond the boundary of Vedic civilization, the dominant culture of northern India at the time; it is even possible that his mother tongue was not an Indo-Aryan language.^ At the time of the Buddha ’s birth, the area was at or beyond the boundary of Vedic civilization , the dominant culture of northern India at the time; it is even possible that his mother tongue was not an Indo-Aryan language .

^ At the time of Buddha's birth, India had a strong caste system.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ At first, the Chinese viewed Buddhism as a foreign type of Taoism and for many centuries the Chinese even believed that Buddha had been taught by Lao-tzu or that Lao Tzu had been reborn in India as Buddha.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

[10] .At the time, a multitude of small city-states existed in Ancient India, called Janapadas.^ At the age of 80 they met for the last time in a small city very far from the capital and he stopped to see the Buddha and he made a few declarations that have been recorded by the Buddha.
  • Eye of the Buddha Retreat - Non-discriminative Wisdom. The bodies of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.plumvillage.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is related that at that time the Midsummer Festival had been proclaimed in the city of Kapilavatthu, and the multitude were enjoying the feast.
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ At that time, there was a small country in what is now southern Nepal that was ruled by a clan called the Shakyas.
  • Antique Zen Asian Antiques, Art and Buddhist Antiquities 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.antiquezen.com [Source type: Original source]

.Republics and chiefdoms with diffused political power and limited social stratification, were not uncommon amongst them, and were referred to as gana-sanghas.^ Republics and chiefdoms with diffused political power and limited social stratification, were not uncommon amongst them, and were referred to as gana-sanghas .

[11] .The Buddha's community does not seem to have had a caste system.^ At the time of Buddha's birth, India had a strong caste system.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Buddha also played the role of social reformer, continuing to condemn the Brahmin priests and attacking the inhumane caste system of Indian society, a position that was not always popular.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition, the Buddha totally rejected the caste system, which Gandhi wanted to preserve in a revised form.
  • GANDHI AND MAHAYANA BUDDHISM 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.class.uidaho.edu [Source type: Original source]

.It was not a monarchy, and seems to have been structured either as an oligarchy, or as a form of republic.^ It was not a monarchy, and seems to have been structured either as an oligarchy , or as a form of republic.

[12] .The more egalitarian gana-sangha form of government, as a political alternative to the strongly hierarchical kingdoms, may have influenced the development of the Shramana type Jain and Buddhist sanghas, where monarchies tended toward Vedic Brahmanism.^ The more egalitarian gana-sangha form of government, as a political alternative to the strongly hierarchical kingdoms, may have influenced the development of the Shramana type Jain and Buddhist sanghas , where monarchies tended toward Vedic Brahmanism .

^ Republics and chiefdoms with diffused political power and limited social stratification, were not uncommon amongst them, and were referred to as gana-sanghas .

^ Compared to the Jains, the Buddhists conceive of ahimsa as a positive virtue or, more precisely, an enabling virtue for higher virtues.
  • GANDHI AND MAHAYANA BUDDHISM 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.class.uidaho.edu [Source type: Original source]

[13]
.According to the traditional biography - to which modern scholars give little credence, aside from the broad outline[14] - the Buddha's father was King Suddhodana, the leader of Shakya clan, whose capital was Kapilavastu, and who were later annexed by the growing Kingdom of Kosala during the Buddha's lifetime; Gautama was the family name.^ His father Suddhodana was a rajah of the Sakya clan.
  • Jesus, Zoroaster, Buddha, Socrates and Muhammad, by Edwin Yamauchi 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.irr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the traditional biography, his father was King Suddhodana , the leader of Shakya clan, whose capital was Kapilavastu, and who were later annexed by the growing Kingdom of Kosala during the Buddha ’s lifetime; Gautama was the family name .

^ Buddha's father was Suddhodana, king of the Sakhyas.
  • The Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Lord Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.dlshq.org [Source type: Original source]

.His mother, Queen Maha Maya (Māyādevī) and Suddhodana's wife, was a Koliyan princess.^ Gotama was the son of Suddhodana, ruler of Kipalavatthir, and his mother was Maha Maya.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ His mother was Queen Maya (Mayadevi), King Sudhodhana's wife, who was a Koliyan princess.
  • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ His father was King Suddhodana and his mother was Queen Maya.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.On the night Siddhartha was conceived, Queen Maya dreamt that a white elephant with six white tusks entered her right side,[15] and ten months later Siddhartha was born.^ In that dream a beautiful white elephant entered her womb through her side.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ In ten months he is born, a beautiful child.
  • Antique Zen Asian Antiques, Art and Buddhist Antiquities 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.antiquezen.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to legend, the Buddha’s mother (Lady Māyā, aka Mahāmāyā or Māyādevī) dreamt of a divine being atop a white elephant descending from heaven, touching her side, and entering her womb.
  • Shaka (Siddhartha, Gautama) - Historical Buddha, Japanese Buddhism Photo Gallery 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.onmarkproductions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As was the Shakya tradition, when his mother Queen Maya became pregnant, she left Kapilvastu for her father's kingdom to give birth.^ His father was King Suddhodana and his mother was Queen Maya.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As was the Shakya tradition, when his mother Queen Maya became pregnant, she left Kapilvastu for her father’s kingdom to give birth.

^ Siddhartha's mother, Maya, gave birth to Siddhartha in the garden of Lumbini, near Kapilavastu By Dreamy   |  Published 7/29/2008 More topics: Siddhartha .

.However, she gave birth on the way, at Lumbini, in a garden beneath a sal tree.^ However, she gave birth on the way, at Lumbini , in a garden beneath a sal tree.

^ Siddhartha's mother, Maya, gave birth to Siddhartha in the garden of Lumbini, near Kapilavastu By Dreamy   |  Published 7/29/2008 More topics: Siddhartha .

^ Now between the two cities, and belonging to the inhabitants of both, there was a pleasure-grove of sal-trees, called Lumbini Grove.
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The day of the Buddha's birth is widely celebrated in Theravada countries as Vesak.^ The day of the Buddha ’s birth is widely celebrated in Theravada countries as Vesak .

^ The day of the Buddha's birth is widely celebrated in Buddhist countries as Vesak.
  • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Buddhism May 2nd is Buddha Day - The Buddhist Equivalent of Christmas The most significant celebration for Buddhists happens every May on the night of the full moon, when all over the world they celebrate the birth, enlightenment and death of the Buddha over 2,500 years ago.

[16] .Various sources hold that the Buddha's mother died at his birth, a few days or seven days later.^ His mother died seven days after giving birth.
  • Shaka (Siddhartha, Gautama) - Historical Buddha, Japanese Buddhism Photo Gallery 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.onmarkproductions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seven days after birth mother expires.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His mother Maya died a few days after his birth.
  • Jesus, Zoroaster, Buddha, Socrates and Muhammad, by Edwin Yamauchi 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.irr.org [Source type: Original source]

.The infant was given the name Siddhartha (Pāli: Siddhatta), meaning "he who achieves his aim". During the birth celebrations, the hermit seer Asita journeyed from his mountain abode and announced that the child would either become a great king (chakravartin) or a great holy man.^ Shakyamuni's given name was Siddhartha Gautama.
  • Nichiren Shoshu Seiganzan Myoshinji Temple - Intro to True Buddhism 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.nichirenshoshumyoshinji.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Siddhartha is his given name.

^ A famous seer named Asita predicted that the child would either become a great king or, if he left home, a great teacher.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

[17] .This occurred after Siddhartha placed his feet in Asita's hair and Asita examined the birthmarks.^ This occurred after Siddhartha placed his feet in Asita’s hair and Asita examined the birthmarks.

Suddhodana held a naming ceremony on the fifth day, and invited eight brahmin scholars to read the future. .All gave a dual prediction that the baby would either become a great king or a great holy man.^ All gave a dual prediction that the baby would either become a great king or a great holy man.

^ Born a prince, his father, King Suddhodana , was supposedly visited by a wise man shortly after Siddhartha was born and told that Siddhartha would either become a great king ( chakravartin ) or a holy man ( Sadhu ).
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the birth celebrations, the hermit seer Asita journeyed from his mountain abode and announced that the child would either become a great king ( chakravartin ) or a great holy man .

[17] .Kaundinya (Pali: Kondanna), the youngest, and later to be the first arahant other than the Buddha, was the only one who unequivocally predicted that Siddhartha would become a Buddha.^ Siddhartha Gautama , the Buddha, is thus only one among other buddhas before or after him.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Buddha realized that that he was not the first to become a Buddha.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He was predicted by the Dipankara Buddha that one day he would become a Buddha after aeons.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

[18]
.While later tradition and legend characterized Śuddhodana as a hereditary monarch, the descendant of the Solar Dynasty of Ikṣvāku (Pāli: Okkāka), many scholars believe that Śuddhodana was the elected chief of a tribal confederacy.^ While later tradition and legend characterized Śuddhodana as a hereditary monarch , the descendant of the Solar Dynasty of Ikṣvāku (Pāli: Okkāka), many scholars believe that Śuddhodana was the elected chief of a tribal confederacy.

^ Buddha never instituted any rites of his own which led many scholars to characterize his teachings as rational moralism.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For the Buddha of the Pāli Nikāyas, as well as for later Buddhist tradition, there is always a multiplicity of causes and conditions at play.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

Early life and marriage

.Siddhartha, said to have been destined to a luxurious life as a prince, had three palaces (for seasonal occupation) especially built for him.^ Later he said that three palaces had been built for him - one for hot weather, one for cold, and one for the rainy season.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Siddhartha, destined to a luxurious life as a prince, had three palaces (for seasonal occupation) especially built for him.

^ The king built them three palaces, one for each season, and lavished them with luxuries.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.His father, King Śuddhodana, wishing for Siddhartha to be a great king, shielded his son from religious teachings or knowledge of human suffering.^ His father, King Śuddhodana, wishing for Siddhartha to be a great king, shielded his son from religious teachings or knowledge of human suffering .

^ Born a prince, his father, King Suddhodana , was supposedly visited by a wise man shortly after Siddhartha was born and told that Siddhartha would either become a great king ( chakravartin ) or a holy man ( Sadhu ).
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His father, warned by a Sage that Siddartha would either be a great king or a great Sage, shelters his son from the outside world so that he won't see the evil of the real world and become a Holy Man.
  • Antique Zen Asian Antiques, Art and Buddhist Antiquities 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.antiquezen.com [Source type: Original source]

.Siddhartha was brought up by his mother's younger sister, Maha Pajapati.^ Siddhartha was brought up by his mother’s younger sister, Maha Pajapati .

^ Her sister Maha Prajapati Gotami married the king and brought up Siddhartha.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After the death of King Suddhodana, when the Buddha's foster-mother Maha Pajapati Gotami became a Bhikkhuni, Yasodhara also entered the Order and later attained Arahantship (Enlightenment).
  • The Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

[19]
.As the boy reached the age of 16, his father arranged his marriage to Yaśodharā (Pāli: Yasodharā), a cousin of the same age.^ As the boy reached the age of 16, his father arranged his marriage to Yaśodharā (Pāli: Yasodharā), a cousin of the same age.

^ My initial ordination took place when I was very young with 58 other boys, mostly of the same age with me.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to the traditional account, in time, she gave birth to a son, Rahula.^ According to the traditional account, in time, she gave birth to a son, Rahula .

^ According to Michael Carrithers, there are good reasons to doubt the traditional account, though the outline of “birth, maturity, renunciation, search, awakening and liberation, teaching, death” must be true.

^ According to the traditional Buddhist account, shortly after the Buddha’s death five hundred disciples gathered to compile his teachings.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Siddhartha spent 29 years as a Prince in Kapilavastu.^ Siddhartha spent his boyhood at Kapilavastu and its vicinity.
  • The Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Attendant : Aren't you Prince Siddhartha, son of the great King Suddhodana, ruler of the Sakyas, heir to the kingdom of Kapilavastu?
  • Siddhartha: A Musical Journey to Enlightenment 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prince Siddhartha Gautama was born in the garden of Lumbini, near Kapilavastu, at the foot of the Himilayas near Nepal.
  • Antique Zen Asian Antiques, Art and Buddhist Antiquities 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.antiquezen.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although his father ensured that Siddhartha was provided with everything he could want or need, Siddhartha felt that material wealth was not the ultimate goal of life.^ Realizing little Siddhartha will have trouble adjusting to a life without the material things he is used to, his father is patient with him.
  • Siddhartha: a Study Guide for the Hermann Hesse Novel 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cummingsstudyguides.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Siddhartha works toward the goal of of recognizing the relationship between the Atman (self) and Brahman (reality) as he changes roles in life, moving to understand himself and his relationship with reality.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ What is it that you wanted to learn from teachings and teachers, and although they taught you much, what was it they could not teach you?
  • A Symposium on Hermann Hesse 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.aasianst.org [Source type: Original source]

[19]

Departure and Ascetic Life

The Buddha travelled the plain of the Ganges river, where his philosophy attracted followers.
The Great Departure. Gandhara, 2nd century.
.
Prince Siddharta shaves his hair and become an ascetic.
^ Prince Siddharta shaves his hair and become an ascetic.

^ The monks practice renunciation, a mild form of asceticism, in which clothing is worn, hair and beard are shaved and general cleanliness practiced..
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

Borobudur, 8th century.
.At the age of 29, Siddhartha left his palace in order to meet his subjects.^ View More Details Hide Details Siddhartha set out on his quest for the key to enlightenment at age 29 after his own first and only child was born.
  • Buddha Statues - Nepal Crafts 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.himalayacrafts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His father's best-laid schemes in ruins, Siddhartha left the palace, traded garments with his stunned charioteer, and headed off for the woods.

^ Siddhartha, at the age of twenty-nine, leaves the palace to pursue the ascetic life.
  • Antique Zen Asian Antiques, Art and Buddhist Antiquities 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.antiquezen.com [Source type: Original source]

.Despite his father's effort to remove the sick, aged and suffering from the public view, Siddhartha was said to have seen an old man.^ At 29 or 30 he went for a ride in the royal park and saw four signs that were to decide his career: an aged man, a sick man, a corpse, and a wandering religious mendicant.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally, inspired to find the purpose for life, he steals out of the palace and witnesses, for himself, the evils of the world: old age, sickness and death.
  • Antique Zen Asian Antiques, Art and Buddhist Antiquities 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.antiquezen.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Unsatisfied with this type of life, he had a crisis when he realized that everything was ephemeral and that his existence was subject to old age, sickness, and death.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Disturbed by this, when told that all people would eventually grow old by his charioteer Channa, the prince went on further trips where he encountered, variously, a diseased man, a decaying corpse, and an ascetic.^ On subsequent trips outside the palace, he encountered various sufferings such as a diseased man, a decaying corpse , and a monk or an ascetic .
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Born a prince, his father, King Suddhodana , was supposedly visited by a wise man shortly after Siddhartha was born and told that Siddhartha would either become a great king ( chakravartin ) or a holy man ( Sadhu ).
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soon after the young prince's birth, a wise sage named Asita predicted that the child would grow up to be a holy man, rather than following his father as ruler.
  • The Life of Buddha in Legend and Art 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.exoticindia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Deeply depressed by these sights, he sought to overcome old age, illness, and death by living the life of an ascetic.^ Gautama, deeply depressed by these four sights, sought to overcome old age, illness, and death by living the life of an ascetic.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Life is subject to age and death.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Returning to his old ascetical colleagues he preached to them the dharma (doctrine) of desire as the cause of suffering and the cessation of desire as the key to blissful Nirvana, already in this life.

.Siddhartha escaped his palace, accompanied by Channa aboard his horse Kanthaka, leaving behind this royal life to become a mendicant.^ Gautama escaped his palace, leaving behind this royal life to become a mendicant .
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But Siddhartha leaves his life of luxury, nearly commits suicide over his unhappiness, and ends up becoming a simple (or not-so-simple) ferryman on a river.
  • Siddhartha (Mass Market Paperback) by Hermann Hesse - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ And he, if he continue to live the household life, will become a Universal Monarch; but if he leave the household life and retire from the world, he will become a Buddha, and roll back the clouds of sin and folly of this world."
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

It is said that, "the horse's hooves were muffled by the gods"[20] to prevent guards from knowing of the Bodhisatta's departure. .This event is traditionally called "The Great Departure". Siddhartha initially went to Rajagaha and began his ascetic life by begging for alms in the street.^ Determination is most featured in His life as Sumedha, the ascetic, Prince Mahajanaka and Prince Siddhartha.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Siddhartha Directing Life from Flux to Fixity Buddha has often been called the rebel child of Hinduism, and the Hindus never allowed Buddhism to flourish in India.

^ Realizing that Vakula was climbing Vulture Peak to commit suicide, Shakyamuni went after him and called him back lest he destroy the conditions for winning great fruit.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

.Having been recognised by the men of King Bimbisara, Bimbisara offered him the throne after hearing of Siddhartha's quest.^ There, before him, lay many thousands of worlds, like a great open court; and in them, gods and men, making offerings to him of perfumes, garlands, and so on, were saying, .
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In particular, the king wanted to keep away from Siddhartha the 'four signs' which would move him to enter into the ascetic life.
  • The Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Lord Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.dlshq.org [Source type: Original source]

.Siddhartha rejected the offer, but promised to visit his kingdom of Magadha first, upon attaining enlightenment.^ The Dai-Gohonzon can bestow upon us the cause of attaining enlightenment - the practice of numerous austerities -and its meritorious result - innumerable blessings.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There under the Bodhi tree, Siddhartha finally found Enlightenment and attained Buddha-hood.
  • Siddhartha: A Musical Journey to Enlightenment 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Siddartha told him that he was purifying himself in order to achieve nirvana, and he promised to teach the king after he attained enlightenment.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

.Siddhartha left Rajagaha and practised under two hermit teachers.^ Siddhartha took Alara Kalama, a hermit, as his first teacher.
  • The Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This interpretation is supported by the existence of Alara Kalama and Udaka Ramaputta, the two renown religious teachers under whom the Ascetic Gautama first learnt meditation.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Siddhartha took Alamo Kalamo, a hermit, as his first teacher.
  • Lord Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.dlshq.org [Source type: Original source]

After mastering the teachings of Alara Kalama (Skr. Ārāḍa .Kālāma), Siddhartha was asked by Kalama to succeed him, but moved on after being unsatisfied with his practices.^ After Govinda moves on, Siddhartha seeks out and finds the ferryman who treated him kindly about twenty years before.
  • Siddhartha: a Study Guide for the Hermann Hesse Novel 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cummingsstudyguides.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As they shared some tea made with herbs the meditator asked him about his spiritual practice.
  • Siddhartha (Mass Market Paperback) by Hermann Hesse - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ In particular, the king wanted to keep away from Siddhartha the 'four signs' which would move him to enter into the ascetic life.
  • Lord Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.dlshq.org [Source type: Original source]

He then became a student of Udaka Ramaputta (Skr. .Udraka Rāmaputra), but although he achieved high levels of meditative consciousness and was asked to succeed Ramaputta, he was still not satisfied with his path, and moved on.^ If one is put out for that reason with other people's food and drink, then one will not achieve stillness of mind in meditation, day or night.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But he who has destroyed that sort of reaction, has rooted it out and done away with it -- he will achieve stillness of mind in meditation, day and night.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It was only the reaching of Nirvana while still living in the body and on this earth that was due to His having been in previous births high on the Path of Dzyan (knowledge, wisdom).

[21]
Gandhara Buddha. 1st–2nd century CE, Tokyo National Museum.
.Siddhartha and a group of five companions led by Kaundinya then set out to take their austerities even further.^ Siddhartha sets out for Enlightenment.

^ The five had agreed that they would not speak even a word to Gautama who had abandoned austerities, but on seeing the dignified figure of Shakyamuni, they became his disciples.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Setting his dwelling in order and taking his robe and bowl, he set out for the Sunaparanta country and, after wandering stage by stage, he arrived there.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.They tried to find enlightenment through near total deprivation of worldly goods, including food, practising self-mortification.^ It is the opposite of sensuality and is expected to lead to the development of virtue and strength through exercises, self-denial and mortification.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ While they were contemporaries in India, Buddhists criticized Jain monks for their extreme self-mortification, claiming that this constituted a form of self-violence.
  • GANDHI AND MAHAYANA BUDDHISM 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.class.uidaho.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ His approach to achieving enlightenment varies from one extreme to another, from total self-deprivation to complete submission of will to carnal desires.
  • Siddhartha (Mass Market Paperback) by Hermann Hesse - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

.After nearly starving himself to death by restricting his food intake to around a leaf or nut per day, he collapsed in a river while bathing and almost drowned.^ According to the first definition, the climax of Siddhartha occurs in the chapter entitled "By the River," when Siddhartha hears the word Om while standing at the river as he considers drowning himself.
  • Siddhartha: a Study Guide for the Hermann Hesse Novel 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cummingsstudyguides.net [Source type: Original source]

Siddhartha began to reconsider his path. .Then, he remembered a moment in childhood in which he had been watching his father start the season's plowing, and he had fallen into a naturally concentrated and focused state that was blissful and refreshing, the jhāna.^ A state of strong concentration focused in a single sensation or mental notion.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Once the meditator achieves a strong and powerful concentration ( jhāna , Sanskrit ध्यान dhyāna ), his mind is ready to penetrate and gain insight ( vipassanā ) into the ultimate nature of reality, eventually obtaining release from all suffering.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a result, all present mental input into the processes of experience naturally came to a halt in a state of non-fashioning.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

Enlightenment

.After asceticism and concentrating on meditation and Anapana-sati (awareness of breathing in and out), Siddhartha is said to have discovered what Buddhists call the Middle Way—a path of moderation away from the extremes of self-indulgence and self-mortification.^ It is often described as the practice of non-extremism; a path of moderation away from the extremes of self-indulgence and opposing self-mortification.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The principle of the Middle Way -- between the extremes of asceticism on the one hand and indulgence on the other.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After abandoning asceticism and concentrating instead upon meditation and, according to some sources, Anapanasati (awareness of breathing in and out), Gautama is said to have discovered what Buddhists call the Middle Way—a path of moderation that lies mid-way between the extremes of self-indulgence and self-mortification.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He accepted a little milk and rice pudding from a village girl named Sujata, who wrongly believed him to be the spirit that had granted her a wish, such was his emaciated appearance.^ He accepted a little milk and rice pudding from a village girl and then, sitting under a pipal tree or Sacred fig , ( Ficus religiosa ), now known as the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, [10] [11] he vowed never to arise until he had found the Truth.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Suffering does nor befall him who is without attachment to names and forms, and possesses nothing of his own.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ 'There I had such a name, belonged to such a clan, had such an appearance.
  • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.Then, sitting under a pipal tree, now known as the Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, India, he vowed never to arise until he had found the Truth.^ Ten months sitting under a tree?
  • Teenage Buddha Missing CNN - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

^ The Bodhi Tree The Bodhi Tree is a pipal tree, a kind of fig tree found in India.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So he abandoned them and sat under the Bodhi tree.
  • Living Dharma Seminar II, featuring Dr. Nobuo Haneda 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.livingdharma.org [Source type: Original source]

.Kaundinya and the other four companions, believing that he had abandoned his search and become undisciplined, left.^ His five companions, believing that he had abandoned his search and become undisciplined, left.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Still not satisfied, Siddartha decided to practice the path of extreme austerities, and in this quest he was joined by the sage Kaundinya and four others.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CONSCIOUSNESS: (viññana) is here the bare "being conscious" left for consideration when the other four categories have been dealt with.
  • Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.After 49 days meditating, at the age of 35, he attained Enlightenment; according to some traditions, this occurred approximately in the fifth lunar month, and according to others in the twelfth.^ After 49 days meditating, at the age of 35, he attained bodhi , also known as "Awakening" or "Enlightenment" in the West.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Bodhisatva withstood the temptations and torments cast by Mara, the Evil One, and on the 49 th day, he was rewarded for his holy asceticism by "the great enlightenment" or Nirvana.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ According to legend this whole process occurred in one night after he had decided to sit under a tree until he became enlightened or died.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

.Gautama, from then on, was known as the Buddha or "Awakened One."^ Buddha: The Enlightened or Awakened One.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Siddhartha Gautama , now known as the Buddha, was born in what is now Nepal , just northeast of India .

^ But it is said by the Buddha: The Buddhas in the past, accomplished and fully awakened, those the Blessed Ones maintained the efficacy of action and of certain action to be done, and so will those do in the future, and so do I now.
  • Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.Buddha is also sometimes translated as "The Enlightened One."^ Practice and Enlightenment then lead one to Nirvân.a ("Extinction"), which the Buddha refused to positively characterize.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Forty-nine days later he was illuminated, becoming the Buddha, which means "Enlightened One."
  • Jesus, Zoroaster, Buddha, Socrates and Muhammad, by Edwin Yamauchi 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.irr.org [Source type: Original source]

^ How to cite this document (one suggested style): "Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha", translated by Ñanamoli Thera.
  • Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.Often, he is referred to in Buddhism as Shakyamuni Buddha or "The Awakened One of the Shakya Clan."^ Rather, he was calling for the shogunate to cease sponsoring harmful interpretations of Buddhism and instead sponsor the teaching which was actually in accord with what Shakyamuni Buddha taught in the sutras.
  • UD Newsletter ...10-28-2003 18 September 2009 8:32 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One is what is generally called the Buddhism of Shakyamuni and the other, Nichiren Daishonin’s Buddhism.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Buddha means 'the awakened one', so anyone who reaches enlightenment can call himself one.
  • 6 years to go and we'll have a new Buddha - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

.At this point, he is believed to have realized complete awakening and insight into the nature and cause of human suffering which was ignorance, along with steps necessary to eliminate it.^ Wisdom or insight penetrating into the real nature of life is essential to overcome suffering in life.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After six years he found that the severe practices did not lead to greater understanding, abandoned them and concentrated on meditation and the "middle way" (a practise of non-extremism), and soon afterwards claimed he had realized complete awakening or enlightenment into the nature and cause of human suffering and the steps necessary to eliminate it.
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Any human being can become a Buddha by realising the true nature of existence, but when one reaches this point, the soul will not be reincarnated.
  • Teenage Buddha Missing CNN - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

.This was then categorized into 'Four Noble Truths'; the state of supreme liberation—possible for any being—was called Nirvana.^ Second of the four noble truths.

^ These four are known as the Four Noble Truths.
  • Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By being enlightened; by obtaining a state of consciousness called nirvana.

.He then allegedly came to possess the Ten Characteristics, which are said to belong to every Buddha.^ The Dharma-Wheel (Dharmachakra); it is said that after Siddharta Gautama achieved enlightenment, Brahma came to him, offered a Dharma-Wheel and requested the Buddha to teach.
  • Newsletter ...10-1-2002 16 September 2009 4:16 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is said* that once he is released from his mother's womb every would- be-Buddha walks seven steps on his own facing north with a white umbrella on his head.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then the Great Being, after his assertion that the seat which Future Buddhas had always used on the day of their complete enlightenment belonged to him, continued, and said, .
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.According to one of the stories in the Āyācana Sutta (Samyutta Nikaya VI.1), a scripture found in the Pāli and other canons, immediately after his Enlightenment, the Buddha was wondering whether or not he should teach the Dharma to human beings.^ It is the story of one person's search for enlightenment.
  • Siddhartha (Mass Market Paperback) by Hermann Hesse - Reviews, Discussion, Bookclubs, Lists 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: General]

^ The Dharma : The teachings or law as expounded by the Buddha.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He wonders: Should I teach this Dhamma to others?
  • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.He was concerned that, as human beings were overpowered by greed, hatred and delusion, they would not be able to see the true dharma, which was subtle, deep and hard to understand.^ Men who are overpowered by passion and surrounded by a mass of darkness cannot see this Truth which is against the current, which is lofty, deep, subtle, and hard to understand."
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Any human being can become a Buddha by realising the true nature of existence, but when one reaches this point, the soul will not be reincarnated.
  • Teenage Buddha Missing CNN - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

^ If beings knew, as I know, the results of giving and sharing, they would not eat without having given, nor would the stain of miserliness overcome their minds.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, Brahmā Sahampati, interceded and asked that he teach the dharma to the world, as "there will be those who will understand the Dharma". With his great compassion to all beings in the universe, the Buddha agreed to become a teacher.^ It is a ritual power for those who teach it.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There is not a man in the world who is not criticised.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Dharma : The teachings or law as expounded by the Buddha.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Formation of the sangha

Painting of the first sermon depicted at Wat Chedi Liem in Thailand.
.After becoming enlightened, two merchants whom the Buddha met, named Tapussa and Bhallika became the first lay disciples.^ Buddha had many lay disciples also.
  • The Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While still seated following his Enlightenment, but before his departure for Benares and prior to beginning any teaching, two merchants, called in the texts Tapussa and Bhallika, along with their caravans came across the Buddha under the Bodhi-tree.
  • The Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This eighth later became one of Buddha's companions and one of his first five disciples.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

.They are given some hairs from the Buddha's head, which are believed to now be enshrined in the Shwe Dagon Temple in Rangoon, Burma.^ Now is the time when the many expedient means of the Buddha might be put to good use by guiding people to the Lotus Sutra as they were meant to do.
  • UD Newsletter ...10-28-2003 18 September 2009 8:32 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They also included the lesser teaching found in some Buddhist text that Maitreya and Siddhartha are two separate Buddha's and not two incarnations of the same being.

^ Some people believe that if they can become healthy, they will be happy.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddha intended to visit Asita, and his former teachers, Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta to explain his findings, but they had already died.^ Siddhartha took Alara Kalama, a hermit, as his first teacher.
  • The Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This interpretation is supported by the existence of Alara Kalama and Udaka Ramaputta, the two renown religious teachers under whom the Ascetic Gautama first learnt meditation.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On their way, they encounter followers of the Buddha, as well as many other pilgrims, and thus have no trouble finding the grove.
  • Siddhartha: a Study Guide for the Hermann Hesse Novel 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cummingsstudyguides.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddha thus journeyed to Deer Park near Vārāṇasī (Benares) in northern India, he set in motion the Wheel of Dharma by delivering his first sermon to the group of five companions with whom he had previously sought enlightenment.^ But then Buddha gave his first sermon, which he called Turning the Wheel of the Law.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ In a deer park at Benares the Buddha gave his first sermon.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Before arriving, in a Deer Park near Sarnath , he preached his first sermon.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

.They, together with the Buddha, formed the first saṅgha, the company of Buddhist monks, and hence, the first formation of Triple Gem (Buddha, Dharma and Sangha) was completed, with Kaundinya becoming the first stream-enterer.^ The Buddha realized that that he was not the first to become a Buddha.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We become the Dharma, we become buddhas.
  • Living Dharma Seminar II, featuring Dr. Nobuo Haneda 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.livingdharma.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If a person wants to become Buddhists take refuge in and rely on the Buddha, the Dharma , and the Sangha .
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.All five soon become arahants, and with the conversion of Yasa and fifty four of his friends, the number of arahants swelled to 60 within the first two months.^ They were soon followed by four friends of Yasa and then fifty more.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Within two weeks of joining the community both Shariputra and Maudgalyayana had become enlightened.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ THUS I HEARD: Words spoken by Ananda Thera at the First Council when all the Discourses were recited, three months after the Buddha's Parinibbana.
  • Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.The conversion of the three Kassapa brothers and their 200, 300 and 500 disciples swelled the sangha over 1000, and they were dispatched to explain the dharma to the populace.^ They were written down between 1000 and 500 B.C. and appear to be intended as a later addition to the Rig-Veda.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ So they're attracted to Buddha, Dharma and Sangha.

^ So please indulge me and allow me to explain what your Buddhism of the Three Great Secret Dharmas means to me.
  • UD Newsletter ...10-28-2003 18 September 2009 8:32 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is unknown what the Buddha's mother tongue was, and no conclusive documentation has been made at this point.^ Buddha: "There would be no deliverance from the born, the made, the compounded."
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While he made no superhuman claims for either himself or his teachings, his disciples early began to call him the enlightened one, the Buddha; later on, Sakyamuni Buddha.
  • The Melchizedek Teachings in the Orient: Paper 94, The Urantia Book 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.truthbook.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is likely that he preached and his teachings were originally preserved in a variety of closely related Middle Indo-Aryan dialects, of which Pali may be a standardization.^ Second, it has been preserved in a Middle Indo-Aryan language closely related to various Prakrit dialects spoken in North of India during the third century B.C.E., including the area where the Buddha spent most of his teaching years (Magadha).
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Originally Posted by yrreg So, if I may, I would like to address these questions to Ryokan the Resident Buddhists here: 1.
  • Teenage Buddha Missing CNN - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

^ You may study Buddhism or hear lectures on the Hokekyo and ask someone to teach you what Buddhahood is like, without getting a definite answer.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

Travels and teaching

Buddha with his protector Vajrapani, Gandhara, 2nd century CE, Ostasiatische Kunst Museum
.For the remaining 45 years of his life, the Buddha is said to have traveled in the Gangetic Plain, in what is now Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and southern Nepal, teaching his doctrine and discipline to an extremely diverse range of people— from nobles to outcaste street sweepers, mass murderers such as Angulimala and cannibals such as Alavaka.^ Buddha spent the time after that teaching and traveling.
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The noble eightfold path is found in this doctrine & discipline, and right here there are contemplatives of the first...
  • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Gotama had a career of traveling widely in the Ganges valley, making disciples, and preaching his Dharma for 40-45 years.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This extended to many adherents of rival philosophies and religions.^ Buddhism is a living, growing religion today because it succeeds in conserving many of the highest moral values of its adherents.
  • The Melchizedek Teachings in the Orient: Paper 94, The Urantia Book 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.truthbook.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddha founded the community of Buddhist monks and nuns (the Sangha) to continue the dispensation after his Parinirvāna (Pāli: Parinibbāna) or "complete Nirvāna", and made thousands of converts.^ The Sangha are the monks and nuns.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Sangha: The community of Buddhist nuns and monks.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A such, flowers are a symbol of the Sangha, the ordained community of monks and nuns.
  • Newsletter ...10-1-2002 16 September 2009 4:16 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His religion was open to all races and classes and had no caste structure.^ He embraced all the people of all castes or classes.
  • 6 years to go and we'll have a new Buddha - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

^ He has no need for faith who knows the uncreated, who has cut off rebirth, who has destroyed any opportunity for good or evil, and cast away all desire.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It was democratic: he attacked the caste system opening his order to all regardless of social position.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

He was also subject to attack from opposition religious groups, including attempted murders and framings.
.The sangha travelled from place to place in India, expounding the dharma.^ For the next forty-five years, the Buddha and his disciples went from place to place in India spreading the Dharma, his teachings.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This occurred throughout the year, except during the four months of the vassana rainy season.^ Each year during the rainy season he stayed in one place.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After a few months of wandering Mahavira went to an ashram in Moraga, where he was invited to spend the four-month rainy season by its abbot who was a friend of his father.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Jaina monks and other mendicants observed a treat during rainy season staying in one place for a period.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

.Due to the heavy amount of flooding, travelling was difficult, and ascetics of all religions in that time did not travel, since it was more difficult to do so without stepping on submerged animal life, unwittingly killing them.^ Hinduism renewed an emphasis on kindness to all things, on non-killing of animals, the elimination of caste barriers in religious matters.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His religion was open to all without distinction of caste or creed, and women were a large part of the Order.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They complained that the monks were moving from place to place all the time without a permanent dwelling.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

.During this period, the sangha would retreat to a monastery, public park or a forest and people would come to them.^ Library Authors Thanissaro Refuge An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha by Thanissaro Bhikkhu © 2001–2010 They go to many a refuge, to mountains, forests, parks, trees, and shrines: people threatened with danger.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was reasoned that, if Gautama had come to the peoples of India, then, in the remote past and in the remote future, the races of mankind must have been, and undoubtedly would be, blessed with other teachers of truth.
  • The Melchizedek Teachings in the Orient: Paper 94, The Urantia Book 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.truthbook.com [Source type: Original source]

The first vassana was spent at Varanasi when the sangha was first formed. .After this, he travelled to Rajagaha, the capital of Magadha to visit King Bimbisara, in accordance with his promise after enlightenment.^ And the king of Magadha, Ajatasattu, son of the Videhi queen, erected a stupa over the relics of the Blessed One at Rajagaha, and in their honor held a festival.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While begging for his food in Rajagriha, the capital city of Magadha, his princely demeanor was observed by King Bimbisara (Shrenika).
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the sermon King Bimbisara donated a bamboo grove near the capital as a site for a monastery.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was during this visit that Sariputta and Mahamoggallana were converted by Assaji, one of the first five disciples; they were to become the Buddha's two foremost disciples.^ This eighth later became one of Buddha's companions and one of his first five disciples.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ The Buddha realized that that he was not the first to become a Buddha.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Sariputta was the chief disciple of the Buddha and the one who excelled in wisdom.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddha then spent the next three seasons at Veluvana Bamboo Grove monastery in Rajagaha, the capital of Magadha.^ After the sermon King Bimbisara donated a bamboo grove near the capital as a site for a monastery.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The next three types of higher knowledge are especially important because they were experienced by the Buddha the night of his enlightenment, and because they are the Buddhist counterparts to the triple knowledge of the Vedas.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After spending the rainy season at Rajagriha, Mahavira went to Vaishali, where he initiated his daughter and son-in-law Jamali and spent the next year's monsoon season.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.The monastery, which was of a moderate distance from the city centre was donated by Bimbisara.^ After the sermon King Bimbisara donated a bamboo grove near the capital as a site for a monastery.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

.Upon hearing of the enlightenment, Suddhodana dispatched royal delegations to ask the Buddha to return to Kapilavastu.^ Buddha returned to five companions he met on his quest who had remained in Sarnath, and told them he was now enlightened.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Having heard that his son had become a Buddha, King Suddhodana sent Udayin to invite Shakyamuni to the capital at Kapilavastu.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Having heard that his son had become a Buddha, King Suddhodana sent Udayin to invite Siddartha to the capital at Kapilavastu.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nine delegations were sent in all, but the delegates joined the sangha and became arahants.^ I have heard that on one occasion the Blessed One was dwelling among the Sakyans at Kapilavatthu in the Great Wood, together with a large Sangha of approximately 500 bhikkhus, all of them arahants...
  • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

Neglecting worldly matters, they did not convey their message. .The tenth delegation, led by Kaludayi, a childhood friend, resulted in the message being successfully conveyed as well as becoming an arahant.^ The result is that according to Mahayana Buddhism, the Arahant attains Nirvana but not Bodhi, thus still being subject to delusion, while the Bodhisattva attains Bodhi.
  • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gandhi's continual references to becoming as well as being show a basic process orientation in his thought.
  • GANDHI AND MAHAYANA BUDDHISM 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.class.uidaho.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Actions we might perceive as good deeds might result in a state of well-being in a future life.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

.Since it was not the vassana, the Buddha agreed, and two years after his enlightenment, took a two month journey to Kapilavastu by foot, preaching the dharma along the way.^ Because the Buddha Dharma is the clearest, most practical and most universal way to live a meaningful life.
  • UD Newsletter ...10-28-2003 18 September 2009 8:32 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A: Normally in two ways: First with teachings of the Buddha.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After His Enlightenment, He made a long journey to Benares — a journey that took Him more than a week — just to convert a group of five ascetics and made them a monk.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

.Upon his return, the royal palace had prepared the midday meal, but since no specific invitation had come, the sangha went for an alms round in Kapilavastu.^ After the alms round and meal, on his return, he spoke to the Venerable Ananda, saying: "Take up a mat, Ananda, and let us spend the day at the Capala shrine."
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "A monk called Gotama, it seems, a son of the Sakyans who went forth from a Sakyan clan, has been wandering in the Kosalan country with a large Sangha of bhikkhus and has come to Sala.
  • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After the alms round and meal, on his return, he looked upon Vesali with the elephant's look, 36 and said to the Venerable Ananda: "This, Ananda, is the last time that the Tathagata will look upon Vesali.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

Hearing this, Suddhodana hastened to approach the Buddha, stating "Ours is the warrior lineage of Mahamassata, and not a single warrior has gone seeking alms", to which the Buddha replied
That is not the custom of your royal lineage. But it is the custom of my Buddha lineage. Several thousands of Buddhas have gone by seeking alms
Suddhodana invited the sangha back to the royal palace for the meal, followed by a dharma talk, after which he became a sotapanna. .During the visit, many members of the royal family joined the sangha.^ Many of his followers had come into conflict with family members or their clan lords.
  • UD Newsletter ...10-28-2003 18 September 2009 8:32 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

.His cousins Ananda and Anuruddha were to become two of his five chief disciples.^ Ananda was converted and remained a lifelong friend and follower, becoming the Buddha's most devoted disciple, to whom the Buddha addressed many sermons.
  • entities ~ metaxu buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC metaxu.to [Source type: Original source]

^ There were also those within Buddha's circle who created opposition to him, chief among them a disciple named Devadatta, who was one of Buddha's cousins.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ "Ananda shall be servitor And on The Conqueror attend; Khema and Uppalavanna Shall female Chief Disciples be, .
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.His son Rahula also joined the sangha at the age of seven, and was one of the ten chief disciples.^ 'The Sangha of the Blessed One's disciples who have practiced well...
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sharihotsu (Sariputra in Sanskrit) literally is the name for one of the ten great disciples of Sakyamuni who is known for his unparalleled wisdom.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First seven are mentioned, then ten, then twenty-one, and so on.

.His half-brother Nanda also joined the sangha and became an arahant.^ Nanda became another one of the arahants.
  • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Siddartha's half-brother Nanda was about to be declared crown prince and married to Sundari, the most beautiful woman in the kingdom, but he decided to join the community instead.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another cousin Devadatta also became a monk although he later became an enemy and tried to kill the Buddha on multiple occasions.^ His cousin Devadatta, jealous of Buddha, tried to kill him by driving a wild elephant in his path, but the Buddha calmed the animal with gentleness.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This eighth later became one of Buddha's companions and one of his first five disciples.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Hired killers were converted by the Buddha, but Devadatta tried to roll a huge boulder from Vulture Peak down upon him.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.Of his disciples, Sariputta, Mahamoggallana, Mahakasyapa, Ananda and Anuruddha comprised the five chief disciples.^ "Ananda shall be servitor And on The Conqueror attend; Khema and Uppalavanna Shall female Chief Disciples be, .
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Sariputta was the chief disciple of the Buddha and the one who excelled in wisdom.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

His ten foremost disciples were completed by the quintet of Upali, Subhoti, Rahula, Mahakaccana and Punna.
In the fifth vassana, the Buddha was staying at Mahavana near Vesali. .Hearing of the impending death of Suddhodana, the Buddha went to his father and preached the dharma, and Suddhodana became an arahant prior to death.^ Hearing these words, Asita quickly descended [from heaven] and went to Suddhodana's dwelling.
  • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His father was determined that his son would became a Cakravartin -- the prince was to be shielded from contact with sickness, decrepitude, and death.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One day she went to hear the Master preach the Truth.
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

The death and cremation led to the creation of the order of nuns. .Buddhist texts record that he was reluctant to ordain women as nuns.^ The first message of Mahavira after his enlightenment is recorded in the Buddhist text Majjhima Nikaya : .
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pema Chodron (formerly known as Deirdre Blomfield-Brown) is an ordained Buddhist nun in the Tibetan Vajrayana tradition, and a teacher in the lineage of Chogyam Trungpa.
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Buddhism: practice, religious views and beliefs 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.His foster mother Maha Pajapati approached him asking to join the sangha, but the Buddha refused, and began the journey from Kapilavastu back to Rajagaha.^ At that very moment came four pure-minded Maha-Brahma angels bearing a golden net, and, receiving the Future Buddha on this golden net, they placed him before his mother and said, .
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When they arrived, the Buddha was sitting in silent meditation; they too joined him in silent concentration.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prajapati, the aunt and foster mother of Shakyamuni, asked to be admitted to the community.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.Maha Pajapati was so intent on renouncing the world that she led a group of royal Sakyan and Koliyan ladies, following the sangha to Rajagaha.^ He never took an advantage of being born to a royal family nor did he ever highlight the fact that he renounced the world as a crown prince.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddha eventually accepted them five years after the formation of the Sangha on the grounds that their capacity for enlightenment was equal to that of men, but he gave them certain additional rules (Vinaya) to follow.^ Buddha returned to five companions he met on his quest who had remained in Sarnath, and told them he was now enlightened.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Respect to status and duty, observance of rules and precepts, as well as the intrinsic goodness of certain external bodily and verbal actions are equally necessary to assess the goodness of at least certain actions.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ To cover 218 years the tradition only lists five kings and five masters of the Buddhist vinaya , the monastic discipline.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

This occurred after Ananda interceded on their behalf. Yasodhara also became a nun, with both becoming arahants.
.
Devadatta tries to attack the Buddha.
^ His cousin Devadatta, jealous of Buddha, tried to kill him by driving a wild elephant in his path, but the Buddha calmed the animal with gentleness.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Hired killers were converted by the Buddha, but Devadatta tried to roll a huge boulder from Vulture Peak down upon him.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

Picture of a wallpainting in a Laotian monastery.
.During his ministry, Devadatta (who was not an arahant) frequently tried to undermine the Buddha.^ His cousin Devadatta, jealous of Buddha, tried to kill him by driving a wild elephant in his path, but the Buddha calmed the animal with gentleness.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Hired killers were converted by the Buddha, but Devadatta tried to roll a huge boulder from Vulture Peak down upon him.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the night, he was visited by Mara, the evil one, who tried to tempt him away from his virtuous path.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.At one point Devadatta asked the Buddha to stand aside to let him lead the sangha.^ His cousin Devadatta, jealous of Buddha, tried to kill him by driving a wild elephant in his path, but the Buddha calmed the animal with gentleness.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But as Mara's army gradually drew near to the throne of wisdom, not one of these gods was able to stand his ground, but each fled straight before him.
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Reverend Sir, what, pray, was the reason, and what was the cause that The Blessed One was harsh to the venerable Upavana, saying, 'Step aside, O priest; stand not in front of me'?"
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddha declined, and stated that Devadatta's actions did not reflect on the Triple Gem, but on him alone.^ His cousin Devadatta, jealous of Buddha, tried to kill him by driving a wild elephant in his path, but the Buddha calmed the animal with gentleness.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Hired killers were converted by the Buddha, but Devadatta tried to roll a huge boulder from Vulture Peak down upon him.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This book is a short introduction to the basic principles of Buddhism: the Buddha, the Dhamma (his teachings), and Sangha (the community of his noble disciples), also known as the Triple Gem or the Triple Refuge.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.Devadatta conspired with Prince Ajatasattu, son of Bimbisara, so that they would kill and usurp the Buddha and Bimbisara respectively.^ His cousin Devadatta, jealous of Buddha, tried to kill him by driving a wild elephant in his path, but the Buddha calmed the animal with gentleness.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When the five mendicants saw Siddartha Gautama, they thought they would not rise in respect but would offer him a seat.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Devadatta became resentful and used his magical powers to win the favor of Prince Ajatashatru, the son of King Shrenika Bimbisara.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.Devadatta attempted three times to kill the Buddha.^ His cousin Devadatta, jealous of Buddha, tried to kill him by driving a wild elephant in his path, but the Buddha calmed the animal with gentleness.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And if The Buddhas, who always include in their teachings the Three Characteristics, were to attempt at such a time to discourse concerning transitoriness, misery, and the lack of substantive reality, men would not think it worth while listening to them, nor would they give them credence.
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Devadatta vowed revenge and made three attempts on the life of the Buddha, all of which failed.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

.The first attempt involved the hiring of a group of archers, whom upon meeting the Buddha became disciples.^ This eighth later became one of Buddha's companions and one of his first five disciples.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ Hired killers were converted by the Buddha, but Devadatta tried to roll a huge boulder from Vulture Peak down upon him.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Sharihotsu" whom the Buddha addressed was the wisest disciple of the Buddha and also a man of the two vehicles (Learning and Absorption) or Nijo.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

.A second attempt followed when Devadatta attempted to roll a large boulder down a hill.^ Hired killers were converted by the Buddha, but Devadatta tried to roll a huge boulder from Vulture Peak down upon him.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.It hit another rock and splintered, only grazing the Buddha in the foot.^ Another common interpretation of the advice to the Kālāmas is that for the Buddha of the Pāli Nikāyas only personal experience provides reliable knowledge.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In another rock edict Ashoka said he had been an open follower of the Buddha for two and a half years.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

A final attempt by plying an elephant with alcohol and setting it loose again failed. .Failing this, Devadatta attempted to cause a schism in the sangha, by proposing extra restrictions on the vinaya.^ Devadatta vowed revenge and made three attempts on the life of the Buddha, all of which failed.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, the Buddha admitted Devadatta to the order even though he knew that he would cause a schism because he perceived that even this contact with the Buddha would keep Devadatta from becoming even worse.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

.When the Buddha declined, Devadatta started a breakaway order, criticising the Buddha's laxity.^ For example, the Buddha admitted Devadatta to the order even though he knew that he would cause a schism because he perceived that even this contact with the Buddha would keep Devadatta from becoming even worse.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Buddha did not start preaching to every one before He had had the Monastic Order well established.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

.At first, he managed to convert some of the bhikkhus, but Sariputta and Mahamoggallana expounded the dharma to them and succeeded in winning them back.^ Christian schools in Ceylon had some success at winning converts, as they would long be successful into conveying modern Western learning.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.When the Buddha reached the age of 55, he made Ananda his chief attendant.^ Ananda was a cousin of the Buddha and his personal attendant for twenty-four years.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Buddha heartily agreed, and Ananda was his personal attendant for the rest of the Buddha's life.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was then, at the age of 29, that Buddha made his famous GREAT RENUNCIATION. He vowed to give up his family, his kingdom, his entire life to seek spiritual truth.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

Death / Mahaparinirvana

An artist`s portrayal of Buddha's entry into Parinirvana.
.According to the Mahaparinibbana Sutta of the Pali canon, at the age of 80, the Buddha announced that he would soon reach Parinirvana or the final deathless state abandoning the earthly body.^ Pali canon - what the Buddha said  .
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ It was designed to free the spirit from the body's demands, to subdue one's appetites and discipline oneself to reach a high state, spiritually and intellectually.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After the Mahaparinibbana (the Great Passing Away) of the Buddha Himself, the whole responsibility of both perpetuation and propagation of His Teachings would certainly fall on the Sangha.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

.After this, the Buddha ate his last meal, which he had received as an offering from a blacksmith named Cunda.^ Making an offering of foods to the statue of the Buddha is last what I would like to explain here today.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally Shakyamuni took his last meal, ordering a smith named Cunda to give him some mushrooms (literally pig's food or pork) and give the monks other food and then bury the rest of the mushrooms.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Buddha arranged to share a last meal with several of his monks.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

.Falling violently ill, Buddha instructed his attendant Ānanda to convince Cunda that the meal eaten at his place had nothing to do with his passing and that his meal would be a source of the greatest merit as it provided the last meal for a Buddha.^ After the Mahaparinibbana (the Great Passing Away) of the Buddha Himself, the whole responsibility of both perpetuation and propagation of His Teachings would certainly fall on the Sangha.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Buddha instructed countless people, but he, himself, wrote nothing down, just as Jesus wrote nothing down.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The sexism was also apparent when the Buddha told Ananda that the religious life would only last five hundred years instead of a thousand because women had been admitted.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

[22] .Mettanando and von Hinüber argue that the Buddha died of mesenteric infarction, a symptom of old age, rather than food poisoning.^ In this sense, the narratives of the Buddha are perhaps better understood as hagiographies rather than as biographies.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, we now come to see that the Dhamma rather than the Buddha are the heart of what we know of as Buddhism today.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anyone regarding a malfunctioning axle as "deeper" than the experience of disease, old age, or death sounds like they have not had much experience of disease, old age, and death, or grief, despair, and lamentation.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

[23] .The precise contents of the Buddha's final meal are not clear, due to variant scriptural traditions and ambiguity over the translation of certain significant terms; the Theravada tradition generally believes that the Buddha was offered some kind of pork, while the Mahayana tradition believes that the Buddha consumed some sort of truffle or other mushroom.^ Traditional Offerings Traditional offerings are to show respect to the Buddha.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Let it be as it may, whether all of them have attained realization, as each of them would have it believed, or whether none of them has, or whether some have attained realization and others not.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally Shakyamuni took his last meal, ordering a smith named Cunda to give him some mushrooms (literally pig's food or pork) and give the monks other food and then bury the rest of the mushrooms.
  • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

The sharing of the relics of the Buddha, Zenyōmitsu-Temple Museum, Tokyo
.
Buddha relics from Kanishka's stupa in Peshawar, Pakistan, now in Mandalay, Burma.
^ Stupas and Pagodas S tupas and pagodas are monuments where the relics of the Buddha and high monks and nuns are kept so that people can show their respects.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

Teresa Merrigan, 2005
.The Mahayana Vimalakirti Sutra claims, in Chapter 3, that the Buddha doesn't really become ill or old but purposely presents such an appearance only to teach those born into samsara about the impermanence and pain of defiled worlds and to encourage them to strive for Nirvana.^ The Buddha realized that that he was not the first to become a Buddha.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Everyone can realize it with the help of the Buddha's teachings.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Monuments to the Buddha Sutras: The Buddha's teachings in writing.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

"Reverend Ánanda, the Tathágatas have the body of the Dharma—not a body that is sustained by material food. The Tathágatas have a transcendental body that has transcended all mundane qualities. .There is no injury to the body of a Tathágata, as it is rid of all defilements.^ He actually said there are five elements of human existence: form (physical body) and perception, conception, impulse and consciousness (all "mental" elements), and all are impermanent.
  • Living Dharma Seminar II, featuring Dr. Nobuo Haneda 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.livingdharma.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He who does no wrong with body, speech or mind, but is restrained in all three spheres -- that is what I call a brahmin.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There is some terrible mystery involved in all this story, one that no uninitiated intellect can ever unravel.

The body of a Tathágata is uncompounded and free of all formative activity. .Reverend Ánanda, to believe there can be illness in such a body is irrational and unseemly!'^ They believe there is a transformative effect aiding in the transition from a life devoted to gratification of desires of the body to a higher, sanctified life in the spirit through ascetic resistance.
  • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

Nevertheless, since the Buddha has appeared during the time of the five corruptions, he disciplines living beings by acting lowly and humble."[14]
.Ananda protested Buddha's decision to enter Parinirvana in the abandoned jungles of Kuśināra (present-day Kushinagar, India) of the Malla kingdom.^ "Following that, the Buddha entered a deep meditation of Muryogi-sho Sanmai and a great omen just as was seen at the present moment appeared.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These stories have been passed down to the present day and the most popular ones are the Jataka tales, a collection of hundreds of tales about the Buddha's past lives.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Lord Buddha Himself in His dying bed, at Kushinagar, India said this.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

Buddha, however, reminded Ananda how Kushinara was a land once ruled by a righteous wheel-turning king that resounded with joy:
44. Kusavati, Ananda, resounded unceasingly day and night with ten sounds—the trumpeting of elephants, the neighing of horses, the rattling of chariots, the beating of drums and tabours, music and song, cheers, the clapping of hands, and cries of "Eat, drink, and be merry!"
.Buddha then asked all the attendant Bhikshus to clarify any doubts or questions they had.^ They, and all the Seven Patriarchs, are examples of Nirmana-kaya Buddhas.
  • Living Dharma Seminar II, featuring Dr. Nobuo Haneda 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.livingdharma.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When thus I asked, response was made: "A mighty Buddha has appeared, A Conqueror, Lord of All the World, Whose name is called Dipamkara.
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "When to the strenuous, meditative Brahman There come to light the elements of being, Then vanish all his doubts and eager questions, What time he knows How Causes have an Ending."
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

They had none. He then finally entered Parinirvana. .The Buddha's final words were, "All composite things pass away.^ After the Mahaparinibbana (the Great Passing Away) of the Buddha Himself, the whole responsibility of both perpetuation and propagation of His Teachings would certainly fall on the Sangha.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But when they heard these words, the Mallas of Kusinara addressed the assembly, saying: "The Blessed One has passed away in our township.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And standing at one side he spoke to the Blessed One, saying: "Now, O Lord, let the Blessed One come to his final passing away; let the Happy One utterly pass away!
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.Strive for your own liberation with diligence."^ Rather you should strive, Ananda, and be zealous on your own behalf, 46 for your own good.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When he passed away, Buddha's last words were: "Work out your own salvation with diligence."
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

.The Buddha's body was cremated and the relics were placed in monuments or stupas, some of which are believed to have survived until the present.^ Hindus believe that the Atman (spirit, soul, or eternal part of an individual) survives death and transmigrates to another body (human or animal) unless the individual has achieved moksha .
  • Siddhartha: a Study Guide for the Hermann Hesse Novel 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cummingsstudyguides.net [Source type: Original source]

^ However, for some Buddhists the supernatural events that appear in the life of Buddha did take place and are historically true.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Stupas and Pagodas S tupas and pagodas are monuments where the relics of the Buddha and high monks and nuns are kept so that people can show their respects.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.For example, The Temple of the Tooth or "Dalada Maligawa" in Sri Lanka is the place where the relic of the right tooth of Buddha is kept at present.^ Stupas and Pagodas S tupas and pagodas are monuments where the relics of the Buddha and high monks and nuns are kept so that people can show their respects.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All the temples have a Bo tree in Sri Lanka while not even every town has one in Burma and Thailand.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Erecting pandol and illustrate story of the Buddha with wonderful electronic displays is a celebration unique to Sri Lanka.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to the Pāli historical chronicles of Sri Lanka, the Dīpavaṃsa and Mahāvaṃsa, the coronation of Aśoka (Pāli: Asoka) is 218 years after the death of Buddha.^ Niji means the time of Mappo, the period following 2,000 years after the death of Sakyamuni Buddha, and Seson, Nichiren Daishonin, the True Buddha of Mappo.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the traditional Buddhist account, shortly after the Buddha’s death five hundred disciples gathered to compile his teachings.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Following what seems to be a growing scholarly tendency, I will reconstruct the philosophy of the historical Buddha by drawing on the Sutta Piṭaka of the Pāli canon.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.According to one Mahayana record in Chinese (十八部論 and 部執異論), the coronation of Aśoka is 116 years after the death of Buddha.^ According to Esoteric teaching Buddha lived one hundred years in reality, though having reached Nirvana in his eightieth year he was regarded as one dead to the world of the living.

^ To become one with Buddha means ending the continuous cycle of birth, death, and rebirth that it is believed the soul goes through until it reaches enlightenment.
  • Teenage Buddha Missing CNN - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

^ One hundred and forty years after his death, his followers formed councils and tried to reach an agreement on a definition of Buddhism.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

.Therefore, the time of Buddha's passing is either 486 BCE according to Theravāda record or 383 BCE according to Mahayana record.^ Theravada monks follow the practices that have been passed down by the senior monks from the Buddha's time, such as living in the forests and meditating.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Last Years Shakyamuni Buddha passed away around 486 BC at the age of eighty.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Therefore, the advent of a new Buddha is needed in the time of Mappo.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the actual date traditionally accepted as the date of the Buddha's death in Theravāda countries is 544 or 543 BCE, because the reign of Aśoka was traditionally reckoned to be about 60 years earlier than current estimates.^ The Second Council was held about a century after the Buddha's death, at Vaisali.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Buddha supposed to have been born in its territory; and although about 76% Hindu, the country still contains a 20% Buddhist minority.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ceylon, however, continued as a Dominion far longer than the others, for 24 years, until 1972.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.At his death, the Buddha told his disciples to follow no leader, but to follow his teachings (dharma).^ His disciples then teach others to follow this system.
  • Siddhartha: a Study Guide for the Hermann Hesse Novel 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cummingsstudyguides.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Niji means the time of Mappo, the period following 2,000 years after the death of Sakyamuni Buddha, and Seson, Nichiren Daishonin, the True Buddha of Mappo.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, this is misleading because analogical and inferential reasoning are widely used by the Buddha and his disciples to teach others as well as in debates with non-Buddhists.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

.However, at the First Buddhist Council, Mahakasyapa was held by the sangha as their leader, with the two chief disciples Mahamoggallana and Sariputta having died before the Buddha.^ The First Council was held shortly after the Buddha's death, at Rajagriha.
  • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sariputta was the chief disciple of the Buddha and the one who excelled in wisdom.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He appointed two chief female disciples.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

Physical characteristics

For the .Fat or Laughing Buddha, see Budai.^ Yrreg, aspiring Fat Laughing Buddha --------------- From Nirvana with love, Bude.
  • Teenage Buddha Missing CNN - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

The 8m tall statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in the Tawang Monastery.
Buddha Daibutsu in Kamakura, Japan.
.Buddha is perhaps one of the few sages for whom we have mention of his rather impressive physical characteristics.^ In this sense, the narratives of the Buddha are perhaps better understood as hagiographies rather than as biographies.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But another seven Buddhas in the past whose name was mentioned in the Anguttara Nikaya***** are not among the 28 to whom we are paying homage here today.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those sages who do harm to no-one, and who are always physically restrained, go to the everlasting abode, reaching which they will face no more suffering.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

A kshatriya by birth, he had military training in his upbringing, and by Shakyan tradition was required to pass tests to demonstrate his worthiness as a warrior in order to marry. .He had a strong enough body to be noticed by one of the kings and was asked to join his army as a general.^ At the end of this long dialog King Ajatasatru confessed his sin in putting to death his father and asked to be a disciple of the blessed one.
  • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Seeing the foam-like nature of the body, and awakening to its mirage-like quality, one can escape the sight of the King of Death, snapping Mara's flowery bonds.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Then issued Mucalinda, the serpent-king, from his abode, and enveloping the body of The Blessed One seven times with his folds, spread his great hood above his head, saying, .
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

He is also believed by Buddhists to have "the 32 Signs of the Great Man".
.The Brahmin Sonadanda described him as "handsome, good-looking, and pleasing to the eye, with a most beautiful complexion.^ He was described as a very handsome man with great beauty of complexion, a sublime color, a perfect stature, and a noble presence.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

He has a godlike form and countenance, he is by no means unattractive."(D,I:115).
."It is wonderful, truly marvellous, how serene is the good Gotama's appearance, how clear and radiant his complexion, just as the golden jujube in autumn is clear and radiant, just as a palm-tree fruit just loosened from the stalk is clear and radiant, just as an adornment of red gold wrought in a crucible by a skilled goldsmith, deftly beaten and laid on a yellow-cloth shines, blazes and glitters, even so, the good Gotama's senses are calmed, his complexion is clear and radiant."^ Uplifted as a god from earthly woes, Shining with risen Truth, golden and clear.
  • "The Light of Asia" by Edwin Arnold (The Life of GautamaBuddha) 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC bulfinch.englishatheist.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "And every tree, and every vine, Is straightway laden down with fruit; Even so to-day they're laden down Surely a Buddha thou shalt be!
  • Indian History Sourcebook: Sources on the Buddha's Life and Death 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And the Venerable Ananda said to the Blessed One: "Marvellous it is, O Lord, most wonderful indeed it is, how clear and radiant the skin of the Tathagata appears!
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

(A,I:181)
.A disciple named Vakkali, who later became an Arahant, was so obsessed by Buddha's physical presence that Buddha had to tell him to stop and reminded Vakkali to know Buddha through the Dhamma and not physical appearances.^ However those who have seen the figure of the Buddha in some past existence can recall to their minds the figure of the Gohonzon gradually through T’ien-t’ai’s method of speculation.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As we all know the Buddha was the one who went against unnecessary ritual practices in seeking for a relief from suffering.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Im Buddhism, Buddha ‘in the position of Myoji-soku means the person who knows that every phenomenon is the function of Buddhism.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although the Buddha was not represented in human form until around the 1st century CE (see Buddhist art), the physical characteristics of fully-enlightened Buddhas are described by the Buddha in the Digha Nikaya's Lakkhaṇa Sutta (D,I:142).^ The list of these 28 Buddhas is found in the Buddhavamsa.**** Seven of them appear in the Mahapadana Sutta, Digha Nikaya as well.
  • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He attained arahatship after the passing away of the Buddha, just before the commencement of the First Council, at which he was the reciter of the Digha Nikaya and the authority for the Sutta Pitaka.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In Buddhism, it usually refers specifically to the Buddha, although occasionally it also refers to any of his disciples who have attained the Buddhist goal.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

[24] .In addition, the Buddha's physical appearance is described by Yasodhara to their son Rahula upon the Buddha's first post-Enlightenment return to his former princely palace in the non-canonical Pali devotional hymn, Narasīha Gāthā ("The Lion of Men").^ Pali canon - what the Buddha said  .
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Channa had been the Buddha's charioteer while the latter was still a prince living in the palace.
  • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These people became the first followers of Gautama Buddha, and, I believe, all of them reached enlightenment.
  • 6 years to go and we'll have a new Buddha - JREF Forum 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: General]

[25]

Teachings

Seated Buddha, Gandhara, 2nd century CE.
.Some scholars believe that some portions of the Pali Canon and the Agamas could contain the actual substance of the historical teachings (and possibly even the words) of the Buddha.^ The Pali Canon is our oldest source on the teachings of Buddha.
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Pali canon - what the Buddha said  .
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Thus, he pledged that he would believe in any teaching of the Buddha even if he could not grasp its meaning.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

[26][27] .This is not the case for the later Mahayana sutras.^ The provisional teachings in this case indicate the Hinayana and Mahayana sutras which Shakyamuni had taught during the forty-two years before he revealed the Hokekyo.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

[28] .The scriptural works of Early Buddhism precede the Mahayana works chronologically, and are treated by many Western scholars as the main credible source for information regarding the actual historical teachings of Gautama Buddha.^ Buddha; Siddharta Gautama - the founder of Buddhism  .
  • Buddhism: practice, religious views and beliefs 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In Mahayana Buddhism, there are many Buddhas and Bodhisattvas.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Chapter 2 BUDDHISM IN THE WEST Even before the 17th century, people in the West heard of the Buddha and his teachings from early travelers such as Marco Polo and Christian missionaries.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

Some of the fundamentals of the teachings of Gautama Buddha are:
.
  • The Four Noble Truths: that suffering is an inherent part of existence; that the origin of suffering is ignorance and the main symptoms of that ignorance are attachment and craving; that attachment and craving can be ceased; and that following the Noble Eightfold Path will lead to the cessation of attachment and craving and therefore suffering.
  • The Noble Eightfold Path: right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration.
  • Dependent origination: that any phenomenon 'exists' only because of the ‘existence’ of other phenomena in a complex web of cause and effect covering time past, present and future.^ Noble Eightfold Path: The Buddha's prescription for ending suffering.
    • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Because of "dependent origination," we are all products of causes and conditions.
    • Living Dharma Seminar II, featuring Dr. Nobuo Haneda 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.livingdharma.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The path to the end of suffering: The path to end suffering is known as the Noble Eightfold Path .
    • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Because all things are thus conditioned and transient (anicca), they have no real independent identity (anatta).
  • Rejection of the infallibility of accepted scripture: Teachings should not be accepted unless they are borne out by our experience and are praised by the wise.^ Nirvân.a is thus not the removal of an ultimate cause but the simultaneous removal of all causes, all of conditioned existence.
    • Basic Teachings and Philosophical Doctrines of Buddhism, Himalayan realms 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Similarly with all the five senses, one may not be able to avoid all experiences; but one is not to be attached to the agreeable ones, for those who acquiesce and indulge in worldly pleasures are born again and again.
    • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thus the study of the Hokekyo should be based on the Ongi Kuden - the record of Nichiren Daishonin’s oral teachings on the Hokekyo.
    • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

    See the Kalama Sutta for details.
  • Anicca (Sanskrit: anitya): That all things are impermanent.
  • Dukkha (Sanskrit: duḥkha): That all beings suffer from all situations due to unclear mind.
  • Anatta (Sanskrit: anātman): That the perception of a constant "self" is an illusion.
.However, in some Mahayana schools, these points have come to be regarded as more or less subsidiary.^ Great spiritual teachers - my favorite inspirational people These are some of the teachers - past and present - who will keep reminding us that there IS more to life.
  • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]
  • Buddhism: practice, religious views and beliefs 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ At that point there was nothing further for the mind to do — there was nothing more it could do in these terms.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perceptions arise with regard to those results, some more appropriate than others.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

.There is some disagreement amongst various schools of Buddhism over more esoteric aspects of Buddha's teachings, and also over some of the disciplinary rules for monks.^ Sutra Pitaka~Sutras and their explanations Vinaya Pitaka~Rules for monks and nuns Abhidharma Pitaka~The psychology and philosophy of the Buddha's teachings Buddhists treat Sutras with great respect and place them on the highest shelves in the most respected areas.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ There was some disagreement, however, as to whether one's identity from life to life would change or remain the same.
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Chapter 2 BUDDHISM IN THE WEST Even before the 17th century, people in the West heard of the Buddha and his teachings from early travelers such as Marco Polo and Christian missionaries.
  • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.According to tradition, the Buddha emphasized ethics and correct understanding.^ According to the traditional Buddhist account, shortly after the Buddha’s death five hundred disciples gathered to compile his teachings.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In ethics, the Buddha proposes a threefold understanding of action: mental, verbal, and bodily.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

He questioned the average person's notions of divinity and salvation. .He stated that there is no intermediary between mankind and the divine; distant gods are subjected to karma themselves in decaying heavens; and the Buddha is solely a guide and teacher for the sentient beings who must tread the path of Nirvāṇa (Pāli: Nibbāna) themselves to attain the spiritual awakening called bodhi and see truth and reality as it is.^ There are beings who conduct themselves in a bad way in body...
  • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We must see Buddhas subjectively, as they see themselves.
  • Living Dharma Seminar II, featuring Dr. Nobuo Haneda 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.livingdharma.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Few are those who see the truth.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Buddhist system of insight and meditation practice is not believed to have been revealed divinely, but by the understanding of the true nature of the mind, which must be discovered by personally treading a spiritual path guided by the Buddha's teachings.^ Buddhist teachings to guide His people.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nichiren Daishonin has the mind of the True Buddha.
  • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather, the truth of Buddhism depends on the efficacy of the Buddhist path exemplified by the life of the Buddha and his disciples.
  • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Turner, Sir Ralph Lilley (1962–1985). "buddha 9276". A comparative dictionary of the Indo-Aryan languages. London: Oxford University Press. Digital Dictionaries of South Asia, University of Chicago. p. 525. http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/contextualize.pl?p.2.soas.1976481. Retrieved 22 Feb 2010. "Hypothetical root budh ‘ perceive ’ 1. Pali buddha – ‘ understood, enlightened ’, masculine ‘ the Buddha ’; Aśokan, that is, the language of the Inscriptions of Aśoka Budhe nominative singular; Prakrit buddha – ‘ known, awakened ’; Waigalī būdāī ‘ truth ’; Bashkarīk budh ‘ he heard ’; Tōrwālī būdo preterite of – ‘ to see, know ’ from bṓdhati; Phalūṛa búddo preterite of buǰǰ – ‘ to understand ’ from búdhyatē; Shina Gilgitī dialect budo ‘ awake ’, Gurēsī dialect budyōnṷ intransitive ‘ to wake ’; Kashmiri bọ̆du ‘ quick of understanding (especially of a child ’); Sindhī ḇudho past participle (passive) of ḇujhaṇu ‘ to understand ’ from búdhyatē, West Pahāṛī buddhā preterite of bujṇā ‘ to know ’; Sinhalese buj (j written for d), budu, bud – , but – ‘ the Buddha ’." 
References
  1. ^ The Buddha
  2. ^ L. S. Cousins (1996), "The dating of the historical Buddha: a review article", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (3)6(1): 57–63.
  3. ^ "As is now almost universally accepted by informed Indological scholarship, a re-examination of early Buddhist historical material, ..., necessitates a redating of the Buddha's death to between 411 and 400 BCE." Paul Dundas, The Jains, 2nd edition, (Routledge, 2001), p. 24.
  4. ^ a b Michael Carrithers, The Buddha, 1983, pages 13, 14. Found in Founders of Faith, Oxford University Press, 1986.
  5. ^ Sue Hamilton, Identity and Experience. LUZAC Oriental, 1996, pages 110-111.
  6. ^ Carrithers, page 15.
  7. ^ Carrithers, page 10.
  8. ^ Buddhanet.net
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Richard Gombrich, Theravada Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern Colombo. Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1988, page 49.
  11. ^ Romila Thapar, The Penguin History of Early India: From Origins to AD 1300. Penguin Books, 2002, page 137.
  12. ^ Richard Gombrich, Theravada Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern Colombo. Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1988, pages 49-50.
  13. ^ Romila Thapar, The Penguin History of Early India: From Origins to AD 1300. Penguin Books, 2002, page 146.
  14. ^ Lopez (1995). Buddhism in Practice. Princeton University Press. pp. 16. 
  15. ^ Sacred-texts.com
  16. ^ Turpie, D. 2001. Wesak And The Re-Creation of Buddhist Tradition. Master's Thesis. Montreal, Quebec: McGill University. (p. 3). Available from: Mcgill.ca, Accessed 17 November 2006.
  17. ^ a b Narada (1992). A Manual of Buddhism. Buddha Educational Foundation. p. 9–12. ISBN 967-9920-58-5. 
  18. ^ Narada (1992), p11-12
  19. ^ a b Narada (1992), p14
  20. ^ Narada (1992), pp15-16
  21. ^ Narada (1992), pp19-20
  22. ^ Maha-parinibbana Sutta (DN 16), verse 56
  23. ^ Mettanando Bhikkhu and Oskar von Hinueber, "The Cause of the Buddha's Death"; Vol. XXVI of the Journal of the Pali Text Society, 2000. See also this article by Mettanando saying the same thing: Buddhanet.net.
  24. ^ Maurice Walshe, The Long Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Dīgha Nikāya, 1995, Boston: Wisdom Publications, "[DN] 30: Lakkhaṇa Sutta: The Marks of a Great Man," pp. 441-60.
  25. ^ Ven. Elgiriye Indaratana Maha Thera, Vandana: The Album of Pali Devotional Chanting and Hymns, 2002, pp. 49-52, retrieved 2007-11-08 from "BuddhaNet" at Buddhanet.net
  26. ^ It is therefore possible that much of what is found in the Suttapitaka is earlier than c.250 B.C., perhaps even more than 100 years older than this. If some of the material is so old, it might be possible to establish what texts go back to the very beginning of Buddhism, texts which perhaps include the substance of the Buddha’s teaching, and in some cases, maybe even his words. How old is the Suttapitaka? Alexander Wynne, St John’s College, 2003, p.22 (this article is available on the website of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies: [www.ocbs.org/research/Wynne.pdf]
  27. ^ It would be hypocritical to assert that nothing can be said about the doctrine of earliest Buddhism ... the basic ideas of Buddhism found in the canonical writings could very well have been proclaimed by him [the Buddha], transmitted and developed by his disciples and, finally, codified in fixed formulas. J.W. De Jong, 1993: The Beginnings of Buddhism, in The Eastern Buddhist, vol. 26, no. 2, p. 25
  28. ^ The Mahayana movement claims to have been founded by the Buddha himself. The consensus of the evidence, however, is that it originated in South India in the 1st century CE–Indian Buddhism, AK Warder, 3rd edition, 1999, p. 335.

Further reading

  • Armstrong, Karen. Buddha. (New York: Penguin Books, 2001).
  • Bechert, Heinz (ed.) .(1996) When Did the Buddha Live?^ Bechert, H. (Ed) 1995 When Did the Buddha Live?
    • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The Controversy on the Dating of the Historical Buddha
    .^ The Controversy on the Dating of the Historical Buddha.
    • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The oldest known date in the history of India is the death of the one called Buddha in 483 BC, and even that date is somewhat controversial.
    • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is no complete agreement among scholars and Buddhist traditions regarding the dates of the historical Buddha.
    • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Delhi: Sri Satguru.
  • Sathe, Shriram: Dates of the Buddha.^ Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications.
    • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Bharatiya Itihasa Sankalana Samiti, Hyderabad 1987.

External links



Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.
Hatred does not cease by hatred, but only by love.
^ Hatred does not cease through hatred at any time.
  • Buddha quote - Hatred does not cease through hatred at any time. Hatred ceases throug... 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC quotationsbook.com [Source type: General]

^ Jump to: navigation , search Hatred does not cease by hatred, but only by love.
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Redirected from Buddha ) Jump to: navigation , search Hatred does not cease by hatred, but only by love.
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

This is the eternal rule.
Gautama Buddha (c. 563 - c. .483 BC) was a philosopher, teacher, and religious leader.^ BUDDHA (GAUTAMA BUDDHA) Indian religious leader (563 BC - 483 BC) .
  • Buddha Quotations Compiled by GIGA (Page 1) 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.giga-usa.com [Source type: Original source]

^ BC) was a philosopher, teacher, and religious leader.
  • The mind is everything; what you think, you become - Quotations - Hunch 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC hunch.com [Source type: General]

^ BC) was a philosopher , teacher , and religious leader.
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

."Buddha", meaning "awakened one" or "enlightened one" is a title, not a name; the Shakyamuni Buddha, whose original name was Siddhartha Gautama, was the founder of Buddhism.^ The term Buddha is a title, not a name.
  • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

^ It is a family of rituals and principles referred to Siddhartha Gautama that is known as the Buddha (the Awakened One).

^ Siddhartha then became enlightened and is now known as the Buddha, which means "Awakened One".
  • How Does One Convert to Buddhism? - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

See also Dhammapada

Contents

Sourced

.
Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.
^ Do not believe what your teacher tells you merely out of respect for the teacher.
  • Quotes and Passages – Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) | datSplat! 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.datsplat.com [Source type: Original source]
  • KryssTal: Biographies 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.krysstal.com [Source type: Original source]
  • SriJagannatha.com: Saguna and Nirguna Brahman and the Path to Liberation 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.allfaith.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Thoughts from the Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.livinglifefully.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.
  • Is the Universe finite? And other Big Questions the Buddha said "don't matter." | elephant journal 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.elephantjournal.com [Source type: General]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • frank's web space | awareness | Siddhārtha Gautama (the Buddha) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.frankswebspace.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) Quotations 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.smallbusinessnotes.com [Source type: Original source]
  • believe not... ... - Oprah.com 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.oprah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Buddha Quotes,Famous Quotes Sayings from the Buddha,Quotations of the Buddha 15 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.buddhist-tourism.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha Quotes, Famous Buddha Quotes Quotations Sayings Siddhartha Gautama 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.allgreatquotes.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Blood Type Diet Forums: Gautama Buddha Says ... 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.dadamo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great-Inspirational-Quotes.com: The Wisdom of Buddha Quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.great-inspirational-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]
  • BUDDHA - the Founder of Buddism: Life, Teachings and Quotes 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Do not believe anything on the mere authority of teachers or priests.
  • AllMax.com: Health, Wealth and Liberty 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC allmax.com [Source type: Original source]

.Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations.^ But I believe if forgiving is generous as many believe as long as they believed in Jesus they'd be saved.
  • The Life of Buddha in Legend and Art 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.exoticindia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations.
  • Is the Universe finite? And other Big Questions the Buddha said "don't matter." | elephant journal 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.elephantjournal.com [Source type: General]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • frank's web space | awareness | Siddhārtha Gautama (the Buddha) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.frankswebspace.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • believe not... ... - Oprah.com 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.oprah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Buddha quotes 15 September 2009 10:39 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha Quotes,Famous Quotes Sayings from the Buddha,Quotations of the Buddha 15 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.buddhist-tourism.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha Quotes, Famous Buddha Quotes Quotations Sayings Siddhartha Gautama 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.allgreatquotes.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Blood Type Diet Forums: Gautama Buddha Says ... 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.dadamo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great-Inspirational-Quotes.com: The Wisdom of Buddha Quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.great-inspirational-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]
  • BUDDHA - the Founder of Buddism: Life, Teachings and Quotes 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Do not believe in traditions merely because they have been handed down for many generations and in many places; do not believe in anything because it is rumoured and spoken of by many; do not believe because the written statements of some old sage is produced; do not believe in what you have fancied, thinking that because it is extraordinary, it must have been implanted by a deva or a wonderful being.

But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.
Live and let live.
  • We are what we think.
    .All that we are arises with our thoughts.^ All that we are arises with our thoughts.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • United Earth - Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha Quotes, Biography & Chronology 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.unitedearth.com.au [Source type: Original source]
    • URI - United Religions Initiative 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.uri.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Buddha Quotes 11 September 2009 14:27 UTC www.brainyquote.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Philosophers + Philosophy on Facebook 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC apps.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Thoughts from the Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.livinglifefully.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha quotes, quotations, phrases, words 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.icelebz.com [Source type: General]
    • Buddha quotes 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.timelessquotes.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All that we are arises with our thoughts.  .
    • Buddha's Enlightened Wisdom and Metta Sutra - Ancient Spiritual Awakening Information taken from the Tipitaka (written in 80 B.C) 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.enlightenedbeings.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Right intentions entail renouncing all of our sensual pleasures and not having malicious thoughts about others.
    • Center for Ethical Deliberation 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.mcb.unco.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .With our thoughts we make the world.
    • Dhammapada, as translated by T. Byrom (1993), Shambhala Publications.
  • No one saves us but ourselves, no one can and no one may.^ No one saves us but ourselves.

    ^ "No one saves us but ourselves.
    • Who was Siddhartha Gautama? - Buddhism - Helium 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.helium.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ No one saves us but ourselves, no one can and no one may.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha Quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.quotesby.net [Source type: Original source]

    .We ourselves must walk the path but Buddhas clearly show the way.
    • Dhammapada Ch.^ We ourselves must walk the path but Buddhas clearly show the way.
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha Quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.quotesby.net [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Buddha showed us we got to do it, and we can do it, ourselves.
      • Buddha Reviews on RateItAll 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.rateitall.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ We ourselves must walk the path.
      • Spiritual Quotes from Gautama Buddha - Spiritual Experiences and Spirituality 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.spiritual-experiences.com [Source type: Original source]
      • Buddha quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]

      .165
  • "But truly, Ananda, it is nothing strange that human beings should die."^ But truly , Ananda, it is nothing strange that human beings should die.
    • Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha (DN 16) 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "But truly, Ananda, it is nothing strange that human beings should die."
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He says time and time again that "religion is our human response to the dual reality of being alive and having to die."
    • Current Course Brochure 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.usguu.org [Source type: General]
    • Current Course Brochure 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC usg.livesitehost.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Digha Nikaya (DN) 16
  • "This is deathless, the liberation of the mind through lack of clinging."^ Digha Nikaya (DN) 16 "This is deathless, the liberation of the mind through lack of clinging."
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Before his head touched the pillow and after his feet left the ground, his heart was in this interval liberated from taints through not clinging.

    ^ I gain the liberation of immediacy — from lack of clinging, unbound.
    • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Majjhima Nikaya (MN) 106
  • "To cease from evil, to do good, and to purify the mind yourself, this is the teaching of all the Buddhas."^ The Buddha said that his teachings can be summarised as "Avoid evil, Do good, and Purify the Mind".
    • The Life of Buddha in Legend and Art 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.exoticindia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To avoid all evil, to do good, to purify the mind- that is the teaching of the Buddhas.

    ^ An Introduction to Buddhism An Introduction to Buddhism* To do no evil; To cultivate good; To purify one's mind: This is the teaching of the Buddhas.
    • Buddhism < Religion < Community 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.galaxy.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Dhammapada verse 183
  • "Whatever is subject to origination is all subject to cessation."^ Kondañña the dustless, stainless Dhamma eye: Whatever is subject to origination is all subject to cessation.
    • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dhammapada verse 183 "Whatever is subject to origination is all subject to cessation."
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now during this utterance, there arose in the venerable Kondañña the spotless, immaculate vision of the True Idea: "Whatever is subject to arising is all subject to cessation."
    • Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • MN 74 Dighanaka Sutta (this saying is also in many other suttas as well)
  • Behold now, Bhikkhus, I exhort you: All compounded things are subject to decay.^ All compound things are subject to breaking up.
    • Quotes and Passages – Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) | datSplat! 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.datsplat.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Helping others helps you as well.
    • How to Become a Buddhist - wikiHow 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.wikihow.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Then he spoke his final words: "Now then, bhikshus, I address you: all compound things are subject to decay; strive diligently."

    Strive with diligence! .
    • DN 16 Mahaparinibbana Sutta 6:8
  • Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.^ Buddha said: "Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard..."
    • Buddha quotes 15 September 2009 10:39 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.
    • believe not... ... - Oprah.com 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.oprah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.
    • Buddha quotes 15 September 2009 10:39 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]
    • BUDDHA - the Founder of Buddism: Life, Teachings and Quotes 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : About buddha, budh, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.himalayanmart.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many.^ Do not believe anything because it is spoken and rumored by many.
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : About buddha, budh, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.himalayanmart.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.
    • Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) Quotations 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.smallbusinessnotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • believe not... ... - Oprah.com 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.oprah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.
    • Is the Universe finite? And other Big Questions the Buddha said "don't matter." | elephant journal 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.elephantjournal.com [Source type: General]
    • Buddha Quotes, Famous Buddha Quotes Quotations Sayings Siddhartha Gautama 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.allgreatquotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Great-Inspirational-Quotes.com: The Wisdom of Buddha Quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.great-inspirational-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]
    • BUDDHA - the Founder of Buddism: Life, Teachings and Quotes 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.1000ventures.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : About buddha, budh, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.himalayanmart.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books.^ "Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it.
    • Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) Quotations 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.smallbusinessnotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • believe not... ... - Oprah.com 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.oprah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • frank's web space | awareness | Siddhārtha Gautama (the Buddha) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.frankswebspace.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) Quotations 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.smallbusinessnotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha Quotes,Famous Quotes Sayings from the Buddha,Quotations of the Buddha 15 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.buddhist-tourism.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Do not believe in anything because it is written in your religious books.
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : About buddha, budh, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.himalayanmart.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.^ Do not believe what your teacher tells you merely out of respect for the teacher.
    • KryssTal: Biographies 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.krysstal.com [Source type: Original source]
    • SriJagannatha.com: Saguna and Nirguna Brahman and the Path to Liberation 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.allfaith.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Thoughts from the Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.livinglifefully.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • frank's web space | awareness | Siddhārtha Gautama (the Buddha) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.frankswebspace.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) Quotations 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.smallbusinessnotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha quotes 15 September 2009 10:39 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha Quotes,Famous Quotes Sayings from the Buddha,Quotations of the Buddha 15 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.buddhist-tourism.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha Quotes, Famous Buddha Quotes Quotations Sayings Siddhartha Gautama 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.allgreatquotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Great-Inspirational-Quotes.com: The Wisdom of Buddha Quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.great-inspirational-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • frank's web space | awareness | Siddhārtha Gautama (the Buddha) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.frankswebspace.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) Quotations 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.smallbusinessnotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha quotes 15 September 2009 10:39 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha Quotes,Famous Quotes Sayings from the Buddha,Quotations of the Buddha 15 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.buddhist-tourism.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha Quotes, Famous Buddha Quotes Quotations Sayings Siddhartha Gautama 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.allgreatquotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Great-Inspirational-Quotes.com: The Wisdom of Buddha Quotes 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.great-inspirational-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations.^ But I believe if forgiving is generous as many believe as long as they believed in Jesus they'd be saved.
    • The Life of Buddha in Legend and Art 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.exoticindia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • frank's web space | awareness | Siddhārtha Gautama (the Buddha) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.frankswebspace.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • believe not... ... - Oprah.com 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.oprah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Buddha quotes 15 September 2009 10:39 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha Quotes,Famous Quotes Sayings from the Buddha,Quotations of the Buddha 15 September 2009 19:019 UTC www.buddhist-tourism.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha Quotes, Famous Buddha Quotes Quotations Sayings Siddhartha Gautama 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.allgreatquotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha : budh, Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.buddhastatues.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Do not believe in traditions merely because they have been handed down for many generations and in many places; do not believe in anything because it is rumoured and spoken of by many; do not believe because the written statements of some old sage is produced; do not believe in what you have fancied, thinking that because it is extraordinary, it must have been implanted by a deva or a wonderful being.

    .But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.
    • As quoted in the Kalama Sutra, as translated in The American Buddhist Directory (1985) by Kevin O'Neill, p.^ After observation and analysis, when it agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.

      ^ But after observation and analysis, when you find anything that agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it."
      • believe not... ... - Oprah.com 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.oprah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ But after observation and anal ysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and the benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.
      • Buddha : About buddha, budh, Buddha birth, Buddha Education, Buddha married life.. 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.himalayanmart.com [Source type: Original source]

      7

Exertion

Full text online, as translated from the Pali by Thanissaro Bhikkhu
  • Sensual passions are your first enemy.
Your second is called Discontent.
Your third is Hunger & Thirst.
Your fourth is called Craving.
Fifth is Sloth & Drowsiness.
Sixth is called Terror.
Your seventh is Uncertainty.
Hypocrisy & Stubbornness, your eighth.
Gains, Offerings, Fame, & Status wrongly gained,
and whoever would praise self
& disparage others.
That, Namuci, is your enemy,
the Dark One's commando force.
A coward can't defeat it,
but one having defeated it
gains bliss.
.
  • I spit on my life.^ I spit on my life.
    • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Death in battle would be better for me
    than that I, defeated, survive.
    ^ Better to me is death in battle than that I should be defeated in life."

    ^ Better to me is death in battle than that I should live defeated.
    • Birth of Buddha and its Vedic Parallel 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Better to me is death in battle than that I should be defeated inlife.
    • Buddha And His Dhamma:[BOOK I: PART IV : Enlightenment and the Vision of the New Way] - a knol by Siddhartha Chabukswar 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    • This statement is made in reference to his battle against the personification of temptation to evil, Mara.
  • That army of yours,
that the world with its devas can't overcome,
I will smash with discernment
  • I will go about, from kingdom to kingdom,
training many disciples.
They — heedful, resolute
doing my teachings —
despite your wishes, will go
where, having gone,
there's no grief.
  • Sn 3.2, Buddha's Purpose

After Enlightenment

  • Open are the doors to the Deathless
to those with ears.
Let them show their conviction.(SN 6.1 Ayacana Sutta)
  • In a world become blind,
I beat the drum of the Deathless.'(MN 26 Ariyapariyesana Sutta)

Anguttara Nikaya

Friends
Nothing is as intractable as an untamed heart.
The untamed heart is intractable.
Nothing is as tractable as a tamed heart.
The tamed heart is tractable.
Nothing tends toward loss as does an untamed heart.
The untamed heart tends towards loss.
Nothing tends toward growth as does a tamed heart.
The tamed heart tends towards growth.
Nothing brings suffering as does
the untamed, uncontrolled unattended and unrestrained heart.
That heart brings suffering.
Nothing brings joy as does a
tamed, controlled, attended and restrained heart.
This heart brings joy.

Samyutta Nikaya

Online Translations
Soma and Mara An adapation of a translation by C.A.F. Rhys-Davids
Once Soma, having returned from her alms round
and having eaten her meal, entered the woods to meditate.
Deep in the woods, she sat down under a tree.
Everything changes, nothing remains without change....
The tempter Mara, desirous and capable of arousing fear, wavering and dread,
and wishing her to interrupt her focused meditation, came to her and said,
Your intent is difficult, even for the sages;
Completion cannot be reached by a woman regardless the wisdom reaped."
Then Soma thought, "Who is this speaking, human or nonhuman?
Surely it is evil Mara desiring to interrupt my focused meditation."
Knowing that it was Mara, she said,
"What does gender matter with regard to a well-composed mind,
which experiences insight in the light of the dharma?"
The evil Mara thought, "Soma knows me"
and sorrowful for the evil, instantly vanished into darkness.
In protecting oneself, others are protected; In protecting others, oneself is protected.
Bamboo Acrobats An adaptation of a translation by John Ireland.
The Exalted One was dwelling in the Sumbha country,
in a location of the Sumbhas called Sedaka
There He addressed the monks:
"Once upon a time, a bamboo-acrobat set up his pole
and called to his pupil, Medakathalika, saying,
'Come my lad Medakathalika,
climb the pole and stand on my shoulders!'
'All right master,'
replied the pupil to the bamboo-acrobat.
The student then climbed the pole
and stood on the master's shoulders.
Then the bamboo-acrobat said to his pupil:
'Now Medakathalika, protect me well and I shall protect you.
Thus watched and warded by each other,
we will show our tricks, get a good fee and
come down safe from the bamboo pole.'
.
Meditation brings wisdom; lack of meditation leaves ignorance.
^ From lack of meditation, loss of wisdom.
  • EAWC Anthology: The Dhammapada 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC eawc.evansville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Meditation brings wisdom; lack of meditation leaves ignorance.
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Quotes and Passages – Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) | datSplat! 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.datsplat.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A transport from the common-sense shore of non enlightenment, spiritual ignorance, desire, and death to -- to the bank of wisdom which brings liberation.
  • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hoocher.com [Source type: Original source]

Know well what leads you forward and what hold you back, and choose the path that leads to wisdom.
At these words Medakathalika the pupil
said to the bamboo-acrobat,
'No, no! That won't do master!
Look after yourself and I'll look after myself.
Thus watched and warded each by himself,
we'll show our tricks and get a good fee and
come down safe from the bamboo-pole.'"
"In the synthesis is the right way,"
said the Exalted One,
"Just as Medakathalika the pupil said to his master,
'I shall protect myself,'
by this the Foundation of Mindfulness is practiced.
'I shall protect others,'
by this the Foundation of Mindfulness is practiced.
In protecting oneself, others are protected;
In protecting others, oneself is protected."
.
Words have the power to both destroy and heal.
^ Words have the power to both destroy and heal.
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Quotes and Passages – Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) | datSplat! 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.datsplat.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Spiritual Quotes from Gautama Buddha - Spiritual Experiences and Spirituality 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.spiritual-experiences.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So shin means a method of healing body and mind, and the word came to be used for a maxim that has the power to cure a human being of physical and mental discomfort.
  • Intros Book 2 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.windbell.com [Source type: Original source]

When words are both true and kind, they can change our world.
And how does one in protecting oneself, protect others?
By frequent practice, development and
making much of the Foundation of Mindfulness.
Thus in protecting oneself, others are protected.
And how does one, in protecting others, protect oneself?
By forbearance and nonviolence,
By loving kindness and compassion.
Thus in protecting others, one protects oneself.
With the intention, 'I shall protect myself,'
the Foundation of Mindfulness is practiced.
With the intention, 'I shall protect others,'
the Foundation of Mindfulness is practiced.
In protecting oneself, others are protected;
In protecting others, oneself is protected."
.
  • And this, monks, is the noble truth of the origination of dukkha: the craving that makes for further becoming — accompanied by passion & delight, relishing now here & now there — i.e., craving for sensual pleasure, craving for becoming, craving for non-becoming.^ Now, this O monks, is the noble truth about the origin of sorrow: sorrow arises from craving, which leads to rebirth and a thirst for sensual delights.

    ^ Here he taught the 4 Noble Truths.

    ^ They are the noble truth of Dukkha ; the noble truth of the origin of Dukkha ; the noble truth of the cessation of Dukkha ; and the noble truth of the way to the cessation of Dukkha .
    • A Sketch of the Buddha's Life: Readings from the Pali Canon 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

    • 56.11 Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta: Setting the Wheel of Dhamma in Motion translated by Thanissaro Bhikkhu

The Gospel of Buddha (1894)

The Gospel of Buddha is a compilation from ancient records by Paul Carus
Neither fire, nor moisture, nor wind can destroy the blessing of good deeds, and blessings enlighten the whole world.
Ch. 58 The Buddha Replies to the Deva
On a certain day when the Blessed One
dwelt at Jetavana, the garden of Anathapindika,
a celestial deva came to him in the shape of a Brahman
enlightened and wearing clothing as white as snow.
The deva asked,
What is the sharpest sword?
What is the deadliest poison?
What is the fiercest fire?
What is the darkest night?"
The Blessed One replied,
The sharpest sword is a word spoken in wrath;
the deadliest poison is covetousness;
the fiercest fire is hatred;
the darkest night is ignorance.
The deva said,
What is the greatest gain?
What is the greatest loss?
Which armour is invulnerable?
What is the best weapon?
The Blessed One replied,
The greatest gain is to give to others;
the greatest loss is to greedily receive without gratitude;
an invulnerable armor is patience;
the best weapon is wisdom.
The deva said,
Who is the most dangerous thief?
What is the most precious treasure?
Who can capture the heavens and the earth?
Where is the securest treasure-trove?
A saviour has a greater right over the saved one than killer.
The Blessed One replied,
The most dangerous thief is unwholesome thought;
the most precious treasure is virtue;
the heavens and the earth may be captured by the mind's eye;
surpassing rebirth locates the securest treasure-trove.
The deva asked,
What is attraction?
What is repulsion?
What is the most horrible pain?
What is the greatest enjoyment?
The mind is everything. What you think you become.
The Buddha replied,
Attraction is wholeness;
repulsion is unwholesomeness;
the most tormenting pain is bad conscience;
the height of bliss is redeemed awakening.
The deva asked,
What causes ruin in the world?
What breaks off friendships?
What is the most violent fever?
Who is the best physician?"
The Blessed One replied,
Ruin in the world is caused by ignorance;
friendships are broken off by envy and selfishness;
the most violent fever is hatred;
the best physician is the Buddha;
The deva continued,
Now I have only one doubt to resolve and absolve:
What is it fire cannot burn,
nor moisture corrode,
nor wind crush down,
but is able to enlighten the whole world.
To conquer oneself is a greater task than conquering others.
The Buddha replied,
Blessing!
Neither fire, nor moisture, nor wind
can destroy the blessing of good deeds,
and blessings enlighten the whole world.
Hearing these answers,
the deva was overflowing with joy.
Then clasping hands, bowed down in respect and
disappeared suddenly from the presence of the Buddha.
.
  • True charity occurs only when there are no notions of giving, giver, or gift.^ For that there is no teaching, only experiencing.
    • Free Essay Synopsis of Hermann Hesse's Siddhartha 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.echeat.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There was no reason for him to mention “only” if it was not true.
    • Sakyamuni Buddha 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC bizpartner.com.my [Source type: Original source]

    ^ True charity occurs only when there are no notions of giving, giver, or gift.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • David Ross, 1,001 Pearls of Wisdom, 2006, p.^ David Ross, 1,001 Pearls of Wisdom , 2006, p.
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .26
  • We forgive principally for our own sake, so that we may cease to bear the burden of rancour.^ We forgive principally for our own sake, so that we may cease to bear the burden of rancour.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Christianity is said to be Theism and Monotheism but in Genesis Chapter 1, verse 26, Cod said: "Let us make man in our own image."
    • Buddha and Divinity_CW28:No.28 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.yogichen.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • David Ross, 1,001 Pearls of Wisdom, 2006, p.^ David Ross, 1,001 Pearls of Wisdom , 2006, p.
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .30
  • Rather than continuing to seek the truth, simply let go of your views.^ Rather than continuing to seek the truth, simply let go of your views.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Buddhas are distinguished from other enlightened beings such as Arhats by virtue of the fact that they discover the truth (Dharma) themselves, rather than hearing it from another.
    • Buddha Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Buddha 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "Cessation of suffering, as a noble truth, is this: It is remainderless fading and ceasing, giving up, relinquishing, letting go and rejecting, of that same craving.
    • Three Cardinal Discourses of the Buddha 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • David Ross, 1,001 Pearls of Wisdom, 2006, p.^ David Ross, 1,001 Pearls of Wisdom , 2006, p.
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      39

Disputed

These quotes are unsourced and their authenticity as sayings of the Gautama Buddha has been questioned.
.
Life is no more than a dewdrop balancing on the end of a blade of grass.
  • Your work is to discover your work and then with all your heart to give yourself to it.
  • Thousands of candles can be lit from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened.^ Your work is to discover your world and then with all your heart give yourself to it.
    • United Earth - Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha Quotes, Biography & Chronology 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.unitedearth.com.au [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha quotes, quotations, phrases, words 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.icelebz.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Thousands of candles can be lit from a single candle, and the life of the candle will not be shortened.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha quotes, quotations, phrases, words 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.icelebz.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Your work is to discover your work and then with all your heart to give yourself to it.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha quotes, quotations, phrases, words 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.icelebz.com [Source type: General]

    .Just as the candle won't be shortend, one's happiness never decreases by being shared.
  • The secret of health for both mind and body is not to mourn for the past, nor to worry about the future, but to live the present moment wisely and earnestly.
  • Words have the power to both destroy and heal.^ When we talk about time, we are talking about past, present and future.
    • Siddhartha's Intent - Gentle Voice #12 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.siddharthasintent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is impossible to retain past mind, impossible to hold on to present mind, and impossible to grasp future mind.

    ^ At that moment, they were living in the present moment.
    • Newsletter ...5-13-2003 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

    .When words are both true and kind, they can change our world.
  • If we could see the miracle of a single flower clearly, our whole life would change.
  • Let us all be thankful for this day, for we have learned a great deal; if we have not learned a great deal, then at least we learned slightly; if we did not learn slightly, then at least we did not become sick; if we did become sick, then at least we did not die.^ Let us all be thankful for this day, for we have learned a great deal; if we have not learned a great deal, then at least we learned slightly; if we did not learn slightly, then at least we did not become sick; if we did become sick, then at least we did not die.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Princely life and the great change .
    • The Early Life Of The Buddha 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.hinduwebsite.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our life literally just changes.

    .So, let us all be thankful.
  • On life's journey faith is nourishment, virtuous deeds are a shelter, wisdom is the light by day and right mindfulness is the protection by night.^ Protect us from all dangerous risks.
    • A Ritual of Fire Sacrifice to Sakyamuni Buddha 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.yogichen.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ On life's journey faith is nourishment, virtuous deeds are a shelter, wisdom is the light by day and right mindfulness is the protection by night.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • United Earth - Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha Quotes, Biography & Chronology 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.unitedearth.com.au [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Let all of them be free and have long life.
    • A Ritual of Fire Sacrifice to Sakyamuni Buddha 20 September 2009 19:53 UTC www.yogichen.org [Source type: Original source]

    If a man lives a pure life, nothing can destroy him.
  • Teach this triple truth to all: A generous heart, kind speech, and a life of service and compassion are the things which renew humanity.
  • Desire is the cause for all your sickness and misery.
  • It is your mind that creates this world.
  • When you realize how perfect everything is, you will tilt your head back and laugh at the sky.

Quotes about Buddha

.
To understand everything is to forgive everything.
  • The age in which true history appeared in India was one of great intellectual and spiritual ferment.^ The age in which true history appeared in India was one of great intellectual and spiritual ferment.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To understand everything is to forgive everything.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He ruled from 273-232BC. He is one of the most famous rulers in the history of India.

    .Mystics and sophists of all kinds roamed through the Ganga Valley, all advocating some form of mental discipline and asceticism as a means to salvation; but the age of the Buddha, when many of the best minds were abandoning their homes and professions for a life of asceticism, was also a time of advance in commerce and politics.^ The Buddha also declared that in regard to this ascetic life all the castes are equal.
    • Ethics of Buddha and Buddhism by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Mahavira and Buddha by Sanderson Beck 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC san.beck.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Buddha and Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.purifymind.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All the Buddhas have different life spans, different kinds of Bo tree.
    • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mystics and sophists of all kinds roamed through the Ganga Valley, all advocating some form of mental discipline and asceticism as a means to salvation; but the age of the Buddha, when many of the best minds were abandoning their homes and professions for a life of asceticism, was also a time of advance in commerce and politics.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It produced not only philosophers and ascetics, but also merchant princes and men of action.^ It produced not only philosophers and ascetics, but also merchant princes and men of action.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That is, for the Buddha, only voluntary actions produce karma.
    • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • A. L. Basham in The Wonder that was India
  • For the first time in human history, the Buddha admonished, entreated and appealed to people not to hurt a living being, and it is not necessary to offer prayer, praise or sacrifice to gods.^ It had not happened for the first time in the history of religions.
    • Buddhism 15 September 2009 10:39 UTC www.alislam.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He lived at about the same time as Buddha.
    • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.tftw2.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A. L. Basham in The Wonder that was India For the first time in human history, the Buddha admonished, entreated and appealed to people not to hurt a living being, and it is not necessary to offer prayer, praise or sacrifice to gods.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .With all the eloquence at his command the Buddha vehemently proclaimed that gods are also in dire need of salvation themselves.^ With all the eloquence at his command the Buddha vehemently proclaimed that gods are also in dire need of salvation themselves.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Explained by Gautama Buddha, he also stated that there is no intermediary between mankind and the divine; distant gods and God are subjected to karma themselves in decaying heavens.
    • Gautama Buddha - Discussion and Encyclopedia Article. Who is Gautama Buddha? What is Gautama Buddha? Where is Gautama Buddha? Definition of Gautama Buddha. Meaning of Gautama Buddha. 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Perchance the gods have need of help themselves Being so feeble that when sad lips cry They cannot save!
    • "The Light of Asia" by Edwin Arnold (The Life of GautamaBuddha) 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC bulfinch.englishatheist.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Thomas William Rhys Davids
  • India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages: she was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self-government and democracy.^ Thomas William Rhys Davids India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages: she was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self-government and democracy.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Approximately five centuries older than Christianity, by the time of the birth of Christ, Buddhism had already spread through much of India and Ceylon and had penetrated into Central Asia and China.
    • A comprehensive anti-missionary counter-missionary book. 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.drazin.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At the time of the Buddha ’s birth, the area was at or beyond the boundary of Vedic civilization , the dominant culture of northern India at the time; it is even possible that his mother tongue was not an Indo-Aryan language .

    .Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all.^ Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ India was a mother of many religions, particularly Hinduism and Buddhism.
    • Free Buddhism Essays 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This is a symbolic way of talking about the Dharma, a symbol for us of the truth of impermanence, of the innermost aspiration we all have to be humble (Namu) and dynamic (Amida)."
    • Living Dharma Seminar II, featuring Dr. Nobuo Haneda 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.livingdharma.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Will Durant,prolific American writer, historian, and philosopher in (The Case for India (1931)
  • If there is any religion that would cope with modern scientific needs it would be Buddhism...A human being is part of the whole, called by us "Universe"; a part limited in time and space.^ Will Durant ,prolific American writer, historian, and philosopher in (The Case for India (1931) If there is any religion that would cope with modern scientific needs it would be Buddhism...A human being is part of the whole, called by us "Universe"; a part limited in time and space.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Other religions are religions of a part while Buddhism is a religion of the whole.
    • Buddha and Divinity_CW28:No.28 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.yogichen.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Buddha was not a human being, as he was in Theravada Buddhism, but the manifestation of a universal, spiritual being.

    .He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as something separated from the rest — a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness.^ He experiences himself, his thoughts and feelings as something separated from the rest — a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Khandha means not only one of the five "heaps" (form, feeling, perception, thought processes, and consciousness) that define all conditioned experience, but also the trunk of a tree.
    • Refuge: An Introduction to the Buddha, Dhamma, & Sangha 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.accesstoinsight.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The sentient being is generally defined as any living creature with a mind, one which has developed enough consciousness awareness to experience feelings, particularly suffering.

    .This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and affection for a few persons nearest us.^ This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and affection for a few persons nearest us.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That Nirvana, or rather, that state in which we are in Nirvana, is quite the reverse of annihilation is suggested to us by our reason and consciousness, and that is sufficient for us personally.

    ^ In its diagnosis of the mental defilements as the underlying causes of human suffering, the teaching shows us the hidden roots of our personal and collective problems.

    .Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole nature in its beauty.^ He must harm no living creature.
    • Buddhism 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC wri.leaderu.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion to embrace all living creatures and the whole nature in its beauty.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Right Conduct (action) : A beneficent behavior extended universally to all living things coupled with an abstinence from alcohol and drugs, for a person must have complete control over his mind to accomplish the difficult task of redemption.
    • History of Buddhism 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.truthnet.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Nobody is able to achieve this completely but striving for such achievement is, in itself, a part of the liberation and a foundation for inner security.^ Nobody is able to achieve this completely but striving for such achievement is, in itself, a part of the liberation and a foundation for inner security.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A person who has achieved the enlightenment that leads to release from the cycle of existence (samsara) and has thereby attained complete liberation (nirvana).

    .
  • I have no hesitation in declaring that I owe a great deal to the inspiration that I have derived from the life of the Enlightened One.^ Albert Einstein I have no hesitation in declaring that I owe a great deal to the inspiration that I have derived from the life of the Enlightened One.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The universality of the teachings of the Buddha has led one of the world's greatest scientists, Albert Einstein to declare that 'if there is any religion that could cope with modern scientific needs, it would be Buddhism' .
    • Newsletter... 11-5-2002 16 September 2009 4:16 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No matter how hard one tries to live one's own life in one's own way, in the end one is easily influenced by others and by external factors....
    • Issues about the Gohonzon 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Asia has a message for the whole world, if only it would live up to it.^ For Asia to be not for Asia but for the whole world, it has to re-learn the message of the Buddha and deliver it to the whole world.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Asia has a message for the whole world, if only it would live up to it.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This simple law explains a number of things: inequality in the world, why some are born handicapped and some gifted, why some live only a short life.

    .There is the imprint of Buddhistic influence on the whole of Asia, which includes India, China, Japan, Burma, Ceylon, and the Malay States.^ There is the imprint of Buddhistic influence on the whole of Asia, which includes India, China, Japan, Burma, Ceylon, and the Malay States.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Followers brought them from ancient India (where the Buddha's teaching later died out) down to Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia – Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, and Indonesia, then North to China, then Tibet, Korea and Japan.
    • Chapter 1 from Wide awake: a Buddhist guide for teens by Diana Winston 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.wide-awake.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Buddha's message spread to many countries like Tibet, China, Ceylon, Burma, Thailand, and Japan.

    .For Asia to be not for Asia but for the whole world, it has to re-learn the message of the Buddha and deliver it to the whole world.^ For Asia to be not for Asia but for the whole world, it has to re-learn the message of the Buddha and deliver it to the whole world.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Asia has a message for the whole world, if only it would live up to it.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Gospel of Buddha is a compilation from ancient records by Paul Carus Neither fire, nor moisture, nor wind can destroy the blessing of good deeds, and blessings enlighten the whole world.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .His love, his boundless love went out as much to the lower animal, to the lowest life as to human beings.^ His love, his boundless love went out as much to the lower animal, to the lowest life as to human beings.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And whatever its defects, it has unquestionably done much to benefit the human race by introducing and perpetuating a higher standard of conduct in life.
    • Hindutva Series : Hindu History - BUDDHISM 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.hindutva.org [Source type: Original source]
    • BUDDHISM 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.hindunet.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Heavenly Beings Humans Asuras are beings who have many good things in life, but still like to fight.
    • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .And he insisted upon purity of life.^ And he insisted upon purity of life.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • The Buddha is a being who is totally free of all delusions and faults, who is endowed with all good qualities and has attained the wisdom eliminating the darkness of ignorance.^ The Buddha is the one who has developed His wisdom to the ever—highest point that all living beings can develop.
    • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Chenrezig is an enlightened being who is a manifestation of all Buddhas' compassion.
    • Himalayan Mart Browse Product Catalog 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.himalayanmart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mahatma Gandhi The Buddha is a being who is totally free of all delusions and faults, who is endowed with all good qualities and has attained the wisdom eliminating the darkness of ignorance.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The Dharma is the result of his enlightenment.^ The Dharma is the result of his enlightenment.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .After having achieved enlightenment, a Buddha teaches, and what he or she teaches is called the Dharma.^ The Buddha didn't call his teachings "Buddhism."
    • Chapter 1 from Wide awake: a Buddhist guide for teens by Diana Winston 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.wide-awake.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Buddha had achieved his enlightenment at the age of 35.
    • Buddhist Psychology 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC webspace.ship.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His teaching were called Dharma (the law).
    • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The Sangha is made up of those who engage in the practice of the teachings given by the Buddha.^ The Sangha is made up of those who engage in the practice of the teachings given by the Buddha.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is a ritual power for those who teach it.
    • sallow wood, of sal trees, a willowlike shrub growing about 8 feet high with narrow leaves that are silvery on the underside 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.gss.ucsb.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The community of those who practice the dharma.

    . . . .One of the benefits of refuge is that all of the misdeeds you have committed in the past can be purified, because taking refuge entails accepting the Buddha's guidance and following a path of virtuous action.^ The Eightfold Path consists of the following: One.
    • Buddha-Siddartha Gautama (Life and Times) 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.scribd.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This is the right path, and this the world of all Buddhas.
    • Mahaparinirvana Sutra: Chapter 12 On the Buddha Nature 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC nichirenscoffeehouse.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One of the benefits of refuge is that all of the misdeeds you have committed in the past can be purified, because taking refuge entails accepting the Buddha's guidance and following a path of virtuous action.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Now in this realm Buddha's speeches are a source and mine of quite unparalleled richness and depth.^ Now in this realm Buddha's speeches are a source and mine of quite unparalleled richness and depth.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ India also is home to the government of Tibet in exile under Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama.
    • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Essence of superfine gold : a guide on stages of the paths to enlightenment / The Third Dalai Lama ; translator, Chok Tenzin Monlam.

    .As soon as we cease to regard Buddha's teachings simply intellectually and acquiesce with a certain sympathy in the age-old Eastern concept of unity, if we allow Buddha to speak to us as vision, as image, as the awakened one, the perfect one, we find him, almost independently of the philosophic content and dogmatic kernel of his teachings, a great prototype of mankind.^ Every one of us is a Buddha inside.
    • Philosophers + Philosophy on Facebook 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC apps.facebook.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As soon as we cease to regard Buddha's teachings simply intellectually and acquiesce with a certain sympathy in the age-old Eastern concept of unity, if we allow Buddha to speak to us as vision, as image, as the awakened one, the perfect one, we find him, almost independently of the philosophic content and dogmatic kernel of his teachings, a great prototype of mankind.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This is the book where can one fine Buddhas teachings.

    .Whoever attentively reads a small number of the countless speeches of Buddha is soon aware of harmony in them, a quietude of soul, a smiling transcendence, a totally unshakeable firmness, but also invariable kindness, endless patience.^ Whoever attentively reads a small number of the countless speeches of Buddha is soon aware of harmony in them, a quietude of soul, a smiling transcendence, a totally unshakeable firmness, but also invariable kindness, endless patience.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As ways and means to the attainment of this holy quietude of soul, the speeches are full of advice, precepts, hints.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This chapter contains three kinds of higher and highest beings all of which are in great number: the Tantric Hindu deities which have all been converted into Tantric Buddhism; the divinities in Tantric Buddhism; and Buddhas.
    • Buddha and Divinity_CW28:No.28 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.yogichen.org [Source type: Original source]

    .As ways and means to the attainment of this holy quietude of soul, the speeches are full of advice, precepts, hints.^ As ways and means to the attainment of this holy quietude of soul, the speeches are full of advice, precepts, hints.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The intellectual content of Buddha's teaching is only half his work, the other half is his life, his life as lived, as labour accomplished and action carried out.^ As a youth, Buddha lived a life of pleasure.
    • The Life of Shakyamuni Buddha 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.berzinarchives.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They live in monasteries and carry on the Buddha's teaching.
    • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The intellectual content of Buddha's teaching is only half his work, the other half is his life, his life as lived, as labour accomplished and action carried out.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .A training, a spiritual self training of the highest order was accomplished and is taught here, a training about which unthinking people who talk about "quietism" and "Hindu dreaminess" and the like in connection with Buddha have no conception; they deny him the cardinal Western virtue of activity.^ Are they talking about Beverly Hills?
    • Call For A New Buddhism, by Christopher Calder at American Buddha Online Library 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.american-buddha.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What was Buddha talking about?

    ^ Likewise with the Hindu concepts that the Buddha borrowed.
    • Seriously Sandeep - Buddha as a Vedantin 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.sandeepweb.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Instead Buddha accomplished a training for himself and his pupils, exercised a discipline, set up a goal, and produced results before which even the genuine heroes of European action can only feel awe.^ That is, for the Buddha, only voluntary actions produce karma.
    • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Instead Buddha accomplished a training for himself and his pupils, exercised a discipline, set up a goal, and produced results before which even the genuine heroes of European action can only feel awe.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Buddhism - Buddhism In reading this account on Buddhism, the goal is, for you (the reader) to understand a fascinating belief system, that has been around since before Christ ever set foot on this earth.
    • Free Buddhism Essays 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • For natures such as Jesus of Nazareth, Mohammed and Gautama Buddha is already the capacity of its openness for a world vision part of its application documents.^ Herman Hesse For natures such as Jesus of Nazareth, Mohammed and Gautama Buddha is already the capacity of its openness for a world vision part of its application documents.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nothing can ever destroy such a Buddha Nature.
    • Mahaparinirvana Sutra: Chapter 12 On the Buddha Nature 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC nichirenscoffeehouse.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Illuminated Buddhism, or, The true nirvana : the original doctrines of "The light of Asia," and explanations of the nature of life in the physical and spiritual worlds / by Siddartha, Sakya Muni, or Gautama the Buddha ; transmitted by the law of occult sc .

    .With its virtues, experiences and abilities they belong to each post written out in the world with each interview to the most promising candidates and easy are erhalten.^ With its virtues, experiences and abilities they belong to each post written out in the world with each interview to the most promising candidates and easy are erhalten.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Rejection of the infallibility of accepted scripture: Teachings should not be accepted unless they are borne out by our experience and are praised by the wise.
    • MySpace - Siddhartha Gautama - 103 - Male - FREE TIBET - myspace.com/10100101z 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Rejection of the infallibility of accepted scripture : Teachings should not be accepted unless they are borne out by our experience and are praised by the wise.

    • James Redfield, in the MANUAL of the tenth prophecy of CELESTINE, part of I: The threshold; Heyne publishing house Munich, German-language edition 1997,ISBN 3-453-11809X
.
Even death is not to be feared by one who has lived wisely.
  • If we ask, for instance, whether the position of the electron remains the same, we must say 'no'; if we ask whether the electron's position changes with time, we must say 'no'; if we ask whether the electron is at rest, we must say 'no'; if we ask whether it is in motion, we must say 'no'. The Buddha has given such answers when interrogated as to the conditions of a man's self after his death; but they are not familiar answers for the tradition of seventeenth and eighteenth century science.^ As they pass, Pasenadi asks the Buddha whether any of them are arahants or on the arahant path.

    ^ Buddha says no.
    • ICG -- Vittorio Storaro and Little Buddha 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cameraguild.com [Source type: General]

    ^ They must also no harm any living creature.

    .
  • Buddha conquered the lands of China, Japan, entire South-east Asia, Burma, Indonesia, Java, Sumatra, Lanka and other countries without sending out even one soldier; he spread the message of karuna (mercy), prema (compassion), samanata (equality) and atmasanyam ( tolerance) throughout the world many centuries before Jesus and Mohammad; even today the flame of his sandesha ( message) lights up the whole world and entire humanity with the soft glow of manavatavadi (humanitarian), vaidhnyanik (scientific) and addhatmik (spiritual) message of India.^ The highest country in the world, in Asia, surrounded by China, Nepal, India, East Turkestan, and Mongolia.
    • places ~ metaxu buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC metaxu.to [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Amitabha in China and Japan has been more popular than any other Buddha.
    • Conversation With The CyberBuddha 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cyberbuddha.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ J. Robert Oppenheimer Buddha conquered the lands of China, Japan, entire South-east Asia, Burma, Indonesia, Java, Sumatra, Lanka and other countries without sending out even one soldier; he spread the message of karuna (mercy), prema (compassion), samanata (equality) and atmasanyam ( tolerance) throughout the world many centuries before Jesus and Mohammad ; even today the flame of his sandesha ( message) lights up the whole world and entire humanity with the soft glow of manavatavadi (humanitarian), vaidhnyanik (scientific) and addhatmik (spiritual) message of India.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • J. K. Verma
  • The fundamental teachings of Gautama, as it is now being made plain to us by study of original sources, is clear and simple and in the closest harmony with modern ideas.^ Some of the fundamentals of the teachings of Gautama Buddha are: .

    ^ Many of our best modern ideas are in closest harmony with it.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ J. K. Verma The fundamental teachings of Gautama, as it is now being made plain to us by study of original sources, is clear and simple and in the closest harmony with modern ideas.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It is beyond all disputes the achievement of one of the most penetrating intelligence the world has ever known.^ It is beyond all disputes the achievement of one of the most penetrating intelligence the world has ever known.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In Islamic eschatology (the teaching about the future) the ultimate goal of Islam is to convert or kill all Jews and Christians , and to have a one-world Islamic government and religion.
    • Overview of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.familybible.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He is one of the most important Asian thinkers and spiritual masters of all time, and he contributed to many areas of philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics and ethics.
    • Buddha [The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.iep.utm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Buddhism is the advance of world civilization and true culture than any other influence in the chronicles of mankind.^ Buddhism is the advance of world civilization and true culture than any other influence in the chronicles of mankind.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Buddhism the term used to refer to the Buddha before he attained supreme enlightenment; more generally...bodhisattvas are worshiped along with the Gautama Buddha and the buddhas of other worlds.
    • Buddha: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]
    • Buddha: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The concept of the Middle Kingdom dates to the earliest years of Chinese civilization, and along with the religious and philosophical influences of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, remains a fundamental aspect of Chinese culture.
    • http://journal.hsmc.org/ijnidd/print.asp?id=67 16 September 2009 4:16 UTC journal.hsmc.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
I do not believe in a fate that falls on men however they act; but I do believe in a fate that falls on them unless they act.
  • The Buddha Is Nearer to Us You see clearly a man, simple, devout, lonely, battling for light, a vivid human personality, not a myth.^ You will see things clearly.
    • Newsletter ...5-13-2003 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Let them share with you what they believe.

    ^ They knew that Buddha was a wise man.
    • Newsletter ...5-13-2003 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Beneath a mass of miraculous fable I feel that there also was a man.^ Beneath a mass of miraculous fable I feel that there also was a man.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He too, gave a message to mankind universal in its character.^ He too, gave a message to mankind universal in its character.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The significance of Vesak lies with the Buddha and his universal peace message to mankind.
    • Newsletter... 11-5-2002 16 September 2009 4:16 UTC www.urbandharma.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Many of our best modern ideas are in closest harmony with it.^ Many of our best modern ideas are in closest harmony with it.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ J. K. Verma The fundamental teachings of Gautama, as it is now being made plain to us by study of original sources, is clear and simple and in the closest harmony with modern ideas.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .All the miseries and discontents of life are due, he taught, to selfishness.^ All the miseries and discontents of life are due, he taught, to selfishness.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For the remainder of his life he traveled and taught in the Gangetic plain, instructing disciples and giving his teaching to all who came to him, regardless of caste or religion.
    • Buddha: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]
    • Buddha: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 10 February 2010 12:45 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ He loved truth and sought it all his life He taught the truth he found for the rest of his life, out of love for humanity His truth came in a form that did not require belief, but reason and meditation .
    • Gautama Buddha - Inspirer of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    .Selfishness takes three forms — one, the desire to satisfy the senses; second, the craving for immortality; and the third the desire for prosperity and worldliness.^ The cause of suffering is craving (selfish desire).
    • Overview of Buddhism 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.familybible.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Selfishness takes three forms — one, the desire to satisfy the senses; second, the craving for immortality; and the third the desire for prosperity and worldliness.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His enlightenment is said to have come suddenly and was exceedingly simple - viz., that all pain is caused - by desire, and therefore peace comes when one ceases to crave for anything.
    • Hindutva Series : Hindu History - BUDDHISM 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.hindutva.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Before a man can become serene he must cease to live for his senses or himself.^ Before a man can become serene he must cease to live for his senses or himself.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Man must start with himself.
    • Conversation With The CyberBuddha 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.cyberbuddha.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ [This] denotes it to be the creation of maya, all the works of which are as nothing before the uncreated Form [Spirit], in whose profound and sacred depths all motion must cease for ever.

    .Then he merges into a greater being.^ Then he merges into a greater being.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is the merging of the individual into being one with the universe.
    • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.tftw2.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Buddha in a different language called men to self-forgetfulness five hundred years before Christ.^ Buddha in a different language called men to self-forgetfulness five hundred years before Christ .
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The nature of self and the Buddha Nature Do not differ.
    • Mahaparinirvana Sutra: Chapter 12 On the Buddha Nature 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC nichirenscoffeehouse.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The suitable age for a Buddha is, therefore, when men live not less than one hundred years and not more than ten thousand.

    .In some ways he was near to us and our needs.^ In some ways he was near to us and our needs.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He will need a guide to show him which path to follow and some traveling companions to help him along the way.
    • THE BASIC TEACHING OF BUDDHA 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC online.sfsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We know anger, jealousy, gossip and attachment as our enemies because the Buddha describes them to us very clearly in that way.
    • 'DHAMMA MADE EASY' BY VEN. DHAMMASAMI / dmasami2.htm 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.thisismyanmar.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Buddha was more lucid upon our individual importance in service than Christ, and less ambiguous upon the question of personal immortality.^ Buddha was more lucid upon our individual importance in service than Christ, and less ambiguous upon the question of personal immortality.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dialects which we now know only by name have left us no more than their imprint on the grammatical structures and vocabularies of our modern tongues.
    • Dhammapada: Wisdom of the Buddha, trans. Harischandra Kaviratna 16 October 2009 10:57 UTC www.theosociety.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The suitable age for a Buddha is, therefore, when men live not less than one hundred years and not more than ten thousand.

    .
  • The teachings of Buddha are eternal, but even then Buddha did not proclaim them to be infallible.^ The teachings of Buddha are eternal, but even then Buddha did not proclaim them to be infallible.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What did the Buddha himself actually teach?

    ^ Buddha did not teach that.

    .The religion of Buddha has the capacity to change according to times, a quality which no other religion can claim to have...Now what is the basis of Buddhism?^ The religion of Buddha has the capacity to change according to times, a quality which no other religion can claim to have...Now what is the basis of Buddhism?
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Other religions are religions of a part while Buddhism is a religion of the whole.
    • Buddha and Divinity_CW28:No.28 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.yogichen.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now Christianity is the major religion,not the basis.
    • The Life of Buddha in Legend and Art 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC www.exoticindia.com [Source type: Original source]

    .If you study carefully, you will see that Buddhism is based on reason.^ If you study carefully, you will see that Buddhism is based on reason.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You should do your best in your faith and work in the belief that everything is based on Buddhism.
    • Lecture on the Lotus Sutra 17 September 2009 19:19 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If you study the texts and the prayers of Tibetan Buddhism it is focused on the invocation that all Buddhas immediately reincarnate, bringing all sentient beings to enlightenment.

    .There is an element of flexibility inherent in it, which is not found in any other religion.^ There is an element of flexibility inherent in it, which is not found in any other religion.
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Gautama Buddha - Wikiquote 27 January 2010 23:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Although Buddhism is generally seen as benign and peaceful in the West, there is some criticism of it, from the anti-religious ( atheists ) as well as from other religions.
    • Buddhism - Psychology Wiki 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In China...religions are viewed as inclusive, and a person may commonly be a combination of Buddhist, Taoist, and Confucianist, with some other elements thrown in as well.
    • BUDDHISM 6 February 2010 13:31 UTC www.tftw2.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches

See also

External links

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Simple English

[[File:|thumb|300px|right|A statue of the Buddha]] Siddhārta Gautama is the person who began the religion of Buddhism. He lived from about 563 BCE to about 483 BCE.[1] He was the most recent Buddha, and some people just call him "the Buddha". He is also called Sakyamuni or Tathāgata. Some Buddhists believe that Siddhārtha Gautama was a perfect person.

Contents

The life of Siddhārta Gautama

There are many old stories about the life of the Buddha. No one knows which stories are true and which stories are made up. But most historians think that the Buddha was a real person. He was very kind and wise and wanted to change the world.

His early years

Old stories say that Siddhārtha Gautama was born in the kingdom of Kapilavastu in Nepal. At that time, a clan called the Sakyas ruled Kapilavastu. His father was a king named Suddodana Gautama, and his mother was the beautiful Mahamaya.[1] Siddhārtha lived in luxury; his father kept trouble and hard work far from him. A seer predicted that if Siddhārtha stayed inside his palace his whole life, then he would become a great king. However, if he left the palace, then he would become a great religious leader. The king did not want his son to become a religious leader. He kept Siddhartha in the palace for his whole childhood.

When he was older, his father found a woman for Siddhārtha to marry at the age of 16. He married the woman named Yashodhara,[2] and they had a son, Rahula.[3] Although Gautama had everything he could want, he still was not happy. He wanted to learn the meaning of his existence.

He got out of the castle against his father's orders. He saw the "Four Passing Sights": an old crippled man, a sick man, a dead man, and a holy man with no home. Right then, Gautama knew that nothing can stop people from being born, becoming old, getting sick, and dying. He decided to give up his worldly life. He would not keep his wives, his children , his wealth, or his palace. He would become a holy man with no home. He would look for the answer to the problem of birth, old age, sickness, and death. He left his home in the middle of the night.

Seeking answers

At that time, holy men were usually ascetics. They hurt their bodies in order to help their spiritual beings. They do not do things they like so they can defeat their desires. The most ascetic kinds of holy men were called Jains. They practiced self-denial and made themselves suffer very much. They believed this would free the ātman (soul) from pain and sadness. Siddhārtha did these things well. Eventually he was better than his teachers. He still found no answer, and he left his teachers. Some friends and he went even farther. He ate only six grains of rice a day. He tried not breathing. He became just skin and bones, and he nearly died. Still, he had no answer.

Siddhārtha started to think again about this path. He thought there might be a better way than hurting himself. He found a big tree (now called the Bodhi tree) and started to meditate. He told himself that he would not get up until he had found enlightenment. He meditated under the tree for 49 days.[4] His mind is said to have become pure, and then, six years after he began his path, he said he found Enlightenment, and became a Buddha.[4]

The life as a Buddha

[[File:|thumb|400x|Sarnath (also known as "Deer Park") is said to be the place where the Buddha first taught.]] When the Buddha became enlightened, he knew the answer to suffering, and he knew how to defeat suffering. This answer was called the Four Noble Truths. He was not sure if he should teach his new ideas or not. He asked himself if the world was ready for such a deep teaching. But in the end, he decided to travel to a town called Sarnath to teach the people his new way. He taught about the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. The people listened to him.

When he taught, he did not pretend to be a god. He said he was just a man who had found the meaning of life (enlightenment), and that any person can also find the meaning of life. For the rest of his life, he walked all over Southern Nepal and parts of India to teach people what he believed. He started a Sangha, which is a group of Buddhist monks and nuns. Many people became enlightened because of him. At the age of 80, Gautama Buddha died.

The life teachings

Buddhism


Basic terms

Three Jewels
Four Noble Truths
Noble Eightfold Path
Buddhahood
Enlightenment
Nirvana

People

Gautama Buddha
Dalai Lama
Bodhisattva
Sangha

Schools

Theravada
Mahayana
Zen
Vajrayana
Nyingma Kagyu Sakya Gelug

Practices

study Dharma
Meditation
Metta

The teachings of the Buddha are known as Buddhism. Buddhism is mostly about ending the feeling of pain that all people feel inside. Gautama Buddha taught that pain is a part of all life. He taught that pain is because of desire. And he showed that there is a way to end desire and end pain by doing good things, not doing bad things, and training one's mind. This is done to end pain and gain enlightenment.

Buddhism teaches non-harm and balance — not going too far one way or the other. The Buddha taught people to meditate, or think deeply, while sitting in the lotus position. Some Buddhist chant and meditate while walking. Buddhists sometimes do these things to understand the human heart and mind. Sometimes they do these things to understand the way the world works. Sometimes they do these things to find peace.

The Buddha would not say if gods exist or not. He taught that people should not look to gods to save them or bring them enlightenment. The gods may have power over world events and they might help people, or they might not. But Buddha believed that it is up to each person to become enlightened.

Other pages

References

Other websites

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