Gauteng: Wikis

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Gauteng
—  Province of South Africa  —
The Province of Gauteng
Motto: Unity in Diversity
Map showing the location of Gauteng in the north-central part of South Africa
Location of Gauteng in South Africa
Country  South Africa
Established 27 April 1994
Capital Johannesburg
Districts
Government
 - Type Parliamentary system
 - Premier Nomvula Mokonyane (ANC)
Area [1]
 - Total 17,010 km2 (6,567.6 sq mi)
Area rank 9th in South Africa
Highest elevation 1,913 m (6,276 ft)
Population (2007)[2]
 - Total 10,451,713
 Density 614.4/km2 (1,591.4/sq mi)
Population rank 1st in South Africa
Population density rank 1st in South Africa
Population groups [3]
 - Black African 75.2%
 - White 18.4%
 - Coloured 3.7%
 - Indian or Asian 2.7%
Languages [4]
 - Zulu 21.1%
 - Afrikaans 13.6%
 - Sotho 12.6%
 - English 12.0%
 - Northern Sotho 11.2%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code ZA-GP
Website www.gautengonline.gov.za

Gauteng (English pronunciation: /ɡaʊ'tɛŋ/[5] or /xaʊ'tɛŋ/;[6] Sotho pronunciation [xɑ́.ú.ˈtʼè.ŋ̀]) is a province of South Africa. It was formed from part of the old Transvaal province after South Africa's first all-race elections on 27 April 1994. It was initially named Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging (or PWV) and was renamed 'Gauteng' in December 1994.

Situated in the heart of the Highveld, Gauteng is the smallest province in South Africa, with only 1.4% of the land area[7], but it is highly urbanised, containing the cities of Johannesburg and Pretoria. As of 2007, it had a population of nearly 10.5 million, making it the most populous province in South Africa.[8]

Contents

Etymology

The name Gauteng comes from the Sesotho word meaning "Place of Gold", the historical Sesotho name for Johannesburg and surrounding areas. This referred to the thriving gold industry in the province following the 1886 discovery of gold in Johannesburg.[7] The Sesotho word is a locative derived from the Afrikaans goud (gold) plus the locative suffix "-ng." When properly pronounced, the first letter of the name Gauteng is a voiceless velar fricative, pronounced similarly to the "ch" in the German achtung or Scottish loch. This pronunciation is natural in both the Sesotho and Afrikaans languages.

History

Gauteng, formerly known as Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging (PWV), was carved out of the old Transvaal province in 1994. Tokyo Sexwale was elected as the first premier of the province that same year. Politically, it has been dominated by the ANC throughout its post-apartheid history.

Law and Government

Since 6 May 2009, the premier has been Nomvula Mokonyane. Paul Mashatile, the former provincial minister of finance and economic affairs and the current provincial chairman of ANC in the Gauteng Province, was Premier from 7 October 2008 until Mokonyane's election. He replaced former premier Mbhazima Shilowa, who was premier from 1999. Shilowa resigned in protest against the decision by the ANC national executive committee (NEC) to remove former president Thabo Mbeki from office. Both Mashatile and Shilowa are from the African National Congress.

Geography & Climate

Gauteng's southern border is the Vaal River, which separates it from the Free State. It also borders on North West to the west, Limpopo to the north, and Mpumalanga to the east. Gauteng is the only landlocked province of South Africa without a foreign border. Most of Gauteng is on the Highveld, a high-altitude grassland (circa 1,500 m above sea-level). Between Johannesburg and Pretoria there are low parallel ridges and undulating hills, some part of the Magaliesberg Mountains and the Witwatersrand. The north of the province is more subtropical, due to its lower altitude and is mostly dry savanna habitat.

The climate is mostly influenced by altitude. Even though the province is at a subtropical latitude, the climate is comparatively cooler, especially in Johannesburg, at 1,700 m above sea level (Pretoria is at 1,330m). Most precipitation occurs as brief afternoon thunderstorms; however, relative humidity never becomes uncomfortable. Winters are crisp and dry with frost occurring often in the southern areas. Snow is rare, but it has occurred on some occasions in the Johannesburg metropolitan area.

  • Johannesburg averages: January maximum: 26°C (min: 15°C), June maximum: 16°C (min: 4°C), annual precipitation: 713 mm
  • Pretoria averages: January maximum: 29°C (min: 18°C), June maximum: 19°C (min: 5°C), annual precipitation: 674 mm
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Municipalities

Map of the municipalities of Gauteng

Gauteng Province is divided into 3 metropolitan municipalities, and 3 district municipalities which are further divided into 9 local municipalities). [2]

See also: List of cities and towns in Gauteng

Demographics

Population density in Gauteng
     <1 /km²      1–3 /km²      3–10 /km²      10–30 /km²      30–100 /km²      100–300 /km²      300–1000 /km²      1000–3000 /km²      >3000 /km²
Dominant home languages in Gauteng
     Afrikaans      English      Ndebele      Xhosa      Zulu      Northern Sotho      Sotho      Tswana      Swati      Venda      Tsonga      No language dominant

Gauteng Province is home to 8.8 million people (2001 South African National Census), almost 20% of the total South African population. Gauteng Province is also the fastest growing province, experiencing a population growth of over 20% between the 1996 and 2001 censuses, thus Gauteng is likely to soon have the highest population of any province in South Africa.

As of the census of 2001, there are 8,837,172 people and 2,651,243 households residing in Gauteng. The population density is 519.53/km². The density of households is 155.86/km².

About 22.1% of all households are made up of individuals. The average household size is 3.33.

The province's age distribution was 23.6% under the age of 15, 19.6% from 15 to 24, 37.9% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 27 years. For every 100 females there are 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 102.3 males.

In the province, 14.4% of residents speak Afrikaans at home, 12.5% speak English, 1.5% speak IsiNdebele, 7.3% speak IsiXhosa, 20.5% speak IsiZulu, 10.7% speak Sepedi, 13.1% speak Sesotho, 8.4% speak Setswana, 1.2% speak SiSwati, 4.2% speak Tshivenda, and 5.1% speak Xitsonga. 1.0% of the population speaks a non-official language at home.

76.0% of residents are Christian, 18.4% have no religion, 1.7% are Muslim, 0.5% are Jewish, and 0.8% are Hindu. 2.6% have other or undetermined beliefs.

8.4% of residents aged 20 and over have received no schooling, 11.2% have had some primary school, 5.5% have completed only primary school, 34.3% have had some high school education, 28.0% have finished only high school, and 12.6% have an education higher than the high school level. Overall, 40.6% of residents have completed high school.

56.1% of housing units have a telephone and/or cell-phone in the dwelling, 41.5% have access to a phone nearby, and 2.3% have access that is not nearby or no access. 82.8% of households have a flush or chemical toilet. 84.2% have refuse removed by the municipality at least once a week and 2.6% have no rubbish disposal. 47.2% have running water inside their dwelling, 83.6% have running water on their property, and 97.5% have access to running water. 73.2% of households use electricity for cooking, 70.4% for heating, and 80.8% for lighting. 77.4% of households have a radio, 65.7% have a television, 15.1% own a computer, 62.1% have a refrigerator, and 45.1% have a cell-phone.

25.8% of the population aged 15–65 is unemployed.

The median annual income of working adults aged 15–65 is R 23 539 ($3,483). Males have a median annual income of R 24 977 ($3,696) versus R 20 838 ($3,083) for females. The annual income distribution in Gauteng Province is:

  • No income 2.0%
  • R 12 – R 4,800 ($2 – $721) 6.4%
  • R 4,812 – R 9,600 ($723 – $1,443) 13.0%
  • R 9,612 – R 19,200 ($1,445 – $2,886) 24.0%
  • R 19,212 – R 38,400 ($2,888 - $5,772) 20.4%
  • R 38,412 – R 76,800 ($5,774 - $11,543) 15.8%
  • R 76,812 – R 153,600 ($11,545 - $23,087) 10.4%
  • R 153,612 – R 307,200 ($23,089 - $46,174) 5.0%
  • R 307,212 – R 614,400 ($46,176 - $92,348) 1.8%
  • R 614,412 or more ($92,350+) 1.1%

Statistics South Africa Census 2001


Approximately half of the 2200 Filipinos in South Africa live in the province.[9]

Economy

Gauteng is considered the economic hub of South Africa and contributes heavily in the financial, manufacturing, transport, technology and telecommunications sectors, amongst others. It also plays host to a large number of overseas companies requiring a commercial base in and gateway to Africa.

Although Gauteng is the smallest of South Africa's nine provinces - it covers only 1.4% of the country's total land area - it contributes 33.9% of its gross domestic product (GDP). Indeed Gauteng generates 10% of the GDP of the entire African continent[10].

Future growth

Gauteng-logo.jpg

Gauteng is growing rapidly, due to mass urbanisation that is a feature of many developing countries. According to the State of the Cities Report, the urban portion of Gauteng - comprised primarily of the cities of Johannesburg, Ekurhuleni (the East Rand) and Tshwane (greater Pretoria) - will be a polycentric urban region with a projected population of some 14.6 million people by 2015, making it one of the largest cities in the world. AIDS may however negate this projection.

This rapid growth has brought with it both opportunities and challenges. As a global focal point, with access to the Southern African hinterland, Gauteng has the ability to link the world to a population approximately the same size as the United States. It is fast becoming to sub-Saharan Africa what the Eastern Seaboard megalopolis is to America. But this also presents some formidable obstacles, most notably the ability to provide access to basic amenities such as electricity and potable water. Transport is also a major problem, and Johannesburg, as the core of Gauteng, is beginning to experience the heavy traffic problems of cities such as Los Angeles and Bangkok. The Gautrain Rapid Rail Link is an attempt to remedy this problem, by providing efficient high-speed rail between Pretoria, Sandton, Johannesburg and OR Tambo International Airport; completion due 2010.

Government inability to deal with corruption adds to the problem of a region already bursting at the seams with illegal immigrants. These refugees from the rest of Africa flood into the economic hub of Southern Africa seeking a better life. They bring with them the legacies of the countries they are fleeing. It remains to be seen if this region can continue to play savior to the people of other African states, without negatively being affected.

In May and June 2008 Gauteng, along with other provinces within South Africa, saw extremely violent xenophobic attacks on foreigners. The instigating factors of these attacks have been largely attributed to the South African Government's inability to deal with the massive influx of foreign nationals and its poor service delivery.

Education

The University of Pretoria's Old Arts Building[11]

Gauteng is a centre of learning in South Africa, and it has many universities and other schools of higher learning.

Gauteng Department of Education has embarked on a project to provide fully functional ICT laboratories to all public schools in Gauteng. The name of this project is Gauteng OnLine

Conservation

Although Gauteng province is dominated by the urban areas of Johannesburg and Pretoria, it has some beautiful nature reserves.

Botanical Gardens

Provincial reserves

There are 5 provincial reserves managed by the Gauteng Department of Agriculture, Conservation, Environment and Land Affairs

Private and Municipal Reserves

Gauteng is also home to the Cradle of Humankind UNESCO World Heritage Site

Sport and recreation

The national sport of South Africa is best considered association football, more commonly known in South Africa as "soccer". Several teams from Gauteng play in the country's top-level league, the Premier Soccer League (PSL), including Kaizer Chiefs and Orlando Pirates.

Rugby, or more accurately rugby union, is also a popular sport in South Africa, and in Gauteng in particular. Two rugby teams from Gauteng participate in the Southern Hemisphere Super 14 championship: the Pretoria-based Bulls, and the Johannesburg-based Lions (previously the Cats). Three Gauteng-based teams play in the country's domestic competition, the Currie Cup: the Blue Bulls from Pretoria, the Golden Lions from Johannesburg and the Falcons from the East Rand.

Cricket is also widely popular among all cultural groups in the country, and is the only sport to feature in the top two among all of South Africa's major ethnic/racial groups. The Highveld Lions represent both Gauteng and North West in the country's three domestic competitions—the first-class SuperSport Series, the List A one-day MTN Domestic Championship and the Twenty20 Standard Bank Pro 20 Series.

Popular individual sports include tennis and golf.

Walking and Hiking are also popular in Gauteng. But high crime rates and urban neglect have made it difficult and often dangerous to walk in the parks and greenbelts. For more info on walking in Gauteng, have a look at Gauteng Dogwalks homepage - it has photos, maps and more info on getting people safely back into the province's parks.

There are some interesting tourist attractions too: the Sterkfontein caves, and the Wonder Cave Kromdraai are in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site.

See also: Vodacom Cup

See also

References

http://www.mg.co.za/article/2008-10-07-mashatile-elected-to-lead-gauteng

  1. ^ Burger, Delien, ed (2009). "The land and its people". South Africa Yearbook 2008/09. Pretoria: Government Communication & Information System. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-621-38412-3. http://www.gcis.gov.za/resource_centre/sa_info/yearbook/2009/chapter1.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "Community Survey 2007: Basic results" (PDF). Statistics South Africa. p. 2. http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/CS2007Basic/CS2007Basic.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  3. ^ "Statistical release P0301: Community Survey, 2007 (Revised version)" (PDF). Statistics South Africa. p. 25. http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/P0301/P0301.pdf. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  4. ^ "Table: Census 2001 by province, language, population group and gender.". Census 2001 Interactive Tables. Statistics South Africa. http://www.statssa.gov.za/timeseriesdata/pxweb2006/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=Language%20by%20province&ti=Table%3A+Census+2001+by+province%2C+language%2C+population+group+and++gender%2E&path=../Database/South%20Africa/Population%20Census/Census%202001%20-%20NEW%20Demarcation%20boundaries%20as%20at%209%20December%202005/Provincial%20level%20-%20Persons/&lang=1. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  5. ^ Merriam-Webster Online.[1] They transcribe it /ˈɡaʊtɛŋ/, with the stress on the first syllable, but the audio file is /ɡaʊˈtɛŋ/, with the stress on the second; the latter more closely matches the Sotho.
  6. ^ Yahoo! Answers; the discussion does not mention where the stress falls.
  7. ^ a b "About Gauteng". Gauteng Provincial Government. http://www.gpg.gov.za/frames/gallery-f.html. Retrieved 2008-10-25. 
  8. ^ "Community Survey 2007: Basic results" (PDF). Statistics South Africa. p. 2. http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/CS2007Basic/CS2007Basic.pdf. Retrieved 23 September 2009. 
  9. ^ {{cite news|url=http://globalnation.inquirer.net/news/breakingnews/view/20080523-138414/No-Filipinos-reported-hurt-killed-in-South-Africa--DFA|title=No Filipinos reported hurt, killed in South Africa--DFA |date=2008-05-23|publisher=Global Inruirer|accessdate=2009-02-18}
  10. ^ Gauteng Economic Development Agency
  11. ^ https://www.up.ac.za/dspace/handle/2263/6561 Old Arts Building. Retrived September 18, 2009

External links

Coordinates: 25°58′25″S 28°7′42″E / 25.97361°S 28.12833°E / -25.97361; 28.12833


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

View towards Johannesburg over the N1
View towards Johannesburg over the N1

Gauteng is one of the provinces in the north-east of South Africa. The word "Gauteng" is a Sesotho phrase meaning "Place of gold", referencing to the thriving gold industry following the 1886 discovery of gold in Johannesburg. The province is the centre of South Africa's industrial and commerce sectors.

Regions

Gauteng is divided into six regional districts, though the central part of Gauteng (Johannesburg, the southern half of Tshwane, western half of Ekurhuleni and north-east of the West Rand) together forms one continuous urban area.

Regions of Gauteng
Regions of Gauteng
Johannesburg
South Africa's economic heart.
Tshwane
The greater Pretoria district.
Metsweding
The far north east
Ekurhuleni
Also know as the East Rand
Sedibeng
The southern part of the province
West Rand
The west of the province
  • Johannesburg - economic heart of Africa and most like the any travellers entry point to South Africa (and the provincial capital)
  • Pretoria - the national administrative capital
  • Vereeniging - industrial centre, but also water sport on the Vaal river and site of the Sharpeville Massacre.
  • Krugersdorp
  • Carltonville - mining town on the West Rand
Summer storms are often accompanied by lightning
Summer storms are often accompanied by lightning

A summer rainfall area, Gauteng experiences hot summer days that often result in short but intense afternoon thunderstorms, commonly accompanied by thunder and lightning. Summers nights are also hot.

The real-time Irene radar map [1] provided by the South African weather service is a great tool to help you plan any afternoon outdoor activity in summer. It gives ample warning of any approaching thunder storms.

Winter is dry and cold with temperatures dropping to a little above freezing at night, however, winter days are beautiful with comfortable temperatures.

Tshwane is generally 2°C to 3°C warmer then Johannesburg.

Other destinations

Gauteng is considered the gateway to Southern Africa. Many spectacular destinations are a short flight or drive away. It is a small province, flanked by four other provinces in South Africa.

  • The Tswaing Meteorite Crater, [3], [4], in Tshwane is a very well preserved meteor crater.

Talk

English is widely spoken in Gauteng and you will rarely meet someone who can't speak it. Afrikaans, Sotho and Zulu are also common.

Get in

By plane

Almost all international flights arrive at Johannesburg's OR Tambo International Airport [5], so it's highly likely that Gauteng with be your first destination on a holiday to Southern Africa.

By car

Gauteng is bordered by four provinces:

  • North-West to the west, connected via the N4 (northern North-West), N14 (central North-West) and N12 (southern North-West)
  • Limpopo to the north, connected via the N1
  • Mpumalanga to the east, connected via the N12/N4 (northern Mpumalanga) and N17 (southern Mpumalanga)
  • Free State to the south, connected via the N1 (western Free State) and N3 (eastern Free State)

Get around

By car

Public transport is non-existent by European standards, so it is best to rent a car. All the national car rental agencies are well represented.

Road are generally in good condition, but peak hour traffic (7AM to 9AM and 4PM to 6PM) can be very busy and slow. Congestion is very common on the N1 between the west of Johannesburg and Pretoria, the N3 between Alberton and the Buccleuch interchange where it joins the N1 and the N12 and R24 between Johannesburg and O.R. Tambo Airport.

National Car Rental Agencies

  • First Car Rental (First Car Rental), 106 Constantia Road, Pomona, Johannesburg, +27 (0) 11 230 9999 (toll free: 0861 011 323, ), [13]. 24 hours. Collect your hire car in Gauteng and return it to any First Car Rental branch nationwide. From R165 per day. (S26°06'8,E28°15'52) edit

By bus

Scheduled bus services are provided in the larger urban areas such as Johannesburg and Pretoria, but the service is limited compared to what you might find in most European cities.

By train

A rapid rail link (Gautrain) is currently under construction between Johannesburg, Pretoria and OR Tambo International Airport, but this is not expected to be completed before 2010. Construction work does however have an impact on road travel, especially in the Rosebank area of Johannesburg where a number of road diversions are in place.

See

Being a major metropolitan area there are a large number of museums and galleries that one can visit.

Anyone interested in the recent history and transformation of South Africa will find the Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg and the Mandela Family Museum in Soweto fascinating.

The Johannesburg Art Gallery is the largest on the African continent and offers a good collection of both local and international work.

Johannesburg is also home to the only officially recognized Lipizzaners school outside of Vienna

There are a number of small nature reserves located throughout Gauteng. These are surprisingly underutilized by the local population and offers a good quite getaway from the busy city life. The exception to the rule would be the Lion Park in the north of Johannesburg as it has become a bit of a tourist trap and will be very busy over weekends.

Much of Gauteng's wealth originally came from the Main Reef of gold that runs east to west through the province. A visit to one of the preserved goldmines in Johannesburg and the West Rand is both interesting and educational.

Eat

In Gauteng the locals eat out a lot, so there are plenty of restaurants & take-away places around. Johannesburg, Pretoria & surrounding areas are filled with places offering a variety of cuisine. From traditional African to American, Asian & European foods.

Drink

You'll be hard-pressed to find a non-licensed restaurant in Gauteng. There are many coffee shops, most of which are unlicensed since they serve hot beverages.

Stay safe

Though Gauteng (In particular Johannesburg) has a reputation for crime, rest assured it isn't all bad. As with everywhere in the world, some places are less safe than others.

It might be helpful to ask someone - perhaps several people - who would seem to know, what are or are not safe activities in a particular area. If you are staying in a hotel, for instance, you might ask the management where and when it is okay to walk or drive in the area. Even upscale parts of Johannesburg can be dangerous to drive through. As a general rule, it's smart to leave yourself an opening when traveling in traffic. If you are threatened, or even feel as much at an intersection, don't be afraid to run a red light if it's your means of escape.

Certain sections of the major cities (Pretoria & Johannesburg) are best visited in a group with an experienced guide, while others can be safely visited by the individual. Though many tourists are keen to visit a Township, be advised that the only safe option is to go with a tour operator that offers the service, do not go into a township by yourself or without an experienced guide!

Unfortunately petty theft is a problem everywhere in South Africa, so keep an eye on your belongings. Don't, for example, leave your mobile phone lying unattended on a table at a restaurant. Make sure that if you are carrying a handbag, that is is secure, & not easily grabbed off your shoulder or out of your hands. Also make sure that your belongings are not visible when in your car, as "smash and grab" incidents do occur, particularly at traffic lights.

If you are travelling with a laptop or camera, use a bag that doesn't advertise its contents. Disguise your laptop by using a normal backpack bag instead of a laptop bag & do the same with your camera.

Stay healthy

HIV infection rate is high, DO NOT HAVE UNPROTECTED SEX.

Municipal water is safe to drink.

Hospitals

It is best to avoid public hospitals when possible, but private hospitals are of world class standard.

The following hospitals all cater for 24 hour accident and emergency treatment:

  • Sunninghill Hospital, Cnr Witkoppen & Nanyuki Rds, Sunninghill, Johannesburg, ph:+27 (0)11 8061500
  • Millpark Hospital, 9 Guild Road, Parktown West, Johannesburg, ph:+27 (0)11 4805600
  • Unitas Hospital, Clifton Avenue, Lyttelton, Centurion, ph:+27 (0)12 4216700
  • The Drakensberg mountain range is only at a distance of a three hour drive.
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