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Gavar
Գավառ
Gavar from the suburbs
Nickname(s): Kyavarr
Gavar Գավառ is located in Armenia
Gavar
Գավառ
Coordinates: 40°21′32″N 45°07′36″E / 40.35889°N 45.12667°E / 40.35889; 45.12667
Country  Armenia
Marz Gegharkunik
Established
City status
1830
1850
Government
 - Mayor Gurgen Martirosyan
Area
 - Total 35 km2 (13.5 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 22,444
Time zone GMT +4 (UTC+4)
 - Summer (DST) GMT+5 (UTC+5)

Gavar or Gavarr (Armenian: Գավառ; also known as Kyavar; until 1959, Nor Bayezid, Novyi Bayaset, Novo Bayazet, Nor Bayazet, and Nor-Bajaset, then Kamo (named in honor of Bolshevik of the same name) until 1996) is a city and provincial capital of the Armenian province of Gegharkunik. The town is situated in the mountains with an average altitude of 2000 meters above sea level, on a distance of 98 kilometers to the east of the capital Yerevan.

Contents

General Information

Gavar lies in the Armenian highlands, just few miles away from the western shores of Lake Sevan. The city was founded in 1830 by people from Bayazit (now in Turkey), and named "New Bayazit", and achieved city status in 1850. It was once home to 36,400 people[1] but the population has declined to 23,302 reported in the 2001 census and an estimated 22,444 today. Much of the Soviet era infrastructure has failed and the industrial capacity has floundered. However, the local economy is improving at a slow rate. Some business men are returning to Gavar from abroad and there is hope the new mayor will greatly improve the city's public works. Major local manufacturers include electronics and machinery plants, textile mills, which are located in and around Gavar.

Despite its relatively modern rebirth, the center has an ancient past. Fabled monuments dating back to the Bronze Age adorn the region, a testimony to the presence of Armenians in the region for thousands of years.

Education

Education continues to be one of the main values in the society of Gavar. A literacy rate of 99% was reported as early as 1960. Nowadays, there are 9 public education schools, 6 nursery schools, 4 specialized technical intermediate colleges, 1 sports school, 2 music and art schools, 1 special school for children with special educational needs and 1 university in the town of Gavar. The Gavar Special School which is the only school for mentally and physically handicapped children in the region, is currently carrying out steps towards improvement and development with the assistance of its partners and sponsors, so it can become the premier school for special children in Armenia.

The Gavar State University was opened in 1993 after the independence. It is a major educational centre for the Gegharkunik region which consits of the five following faculties: Philological, Natural Sciences, Humanities, Economics and Education. Today, more than 2,400 students are attending those faculties.

Gavar does have a city portal which is used by many people outside of Gavar. The name of the portal is Kyavar.com as the locals pronounce the name of the city with a "ky" sound instead of a "g" sound at the beginning of the name.

Religion

Religion is a very important part of people's lives in Gavar. The majority of the population is Christian and belongs to the Armenian Apostolic Church. In the center of Gavar, the church of Holy Mother of God was built in 1903. It was the tallest church in Armenia until recent times when newer churches were built. Four kilometers to the north from Gavar is the Noradus sight which is an impressive khachkar (cross-stone) cemetery.

Hayravank, the 9th century monastery is very close to Gavar. Few kilometers away from Gavar, the ruins of a 1100 years old fortress are still visible.

Cuisine

Gavar cuisine is as ancient as the history of Armenia,it is closely related to eastern cuisine, various spices, vegetables, fish, and fruits combination.

Kyavari Kyufta (kofta of Gavar), the town's most favourite dish, is made from minced meat spiced with onions and rolled into balls before boiling in water. Served in slices, it is garnished with butter.People of Gavar like to eat bread with almost everything, and the two traditional types of bread in Gavar are lavash and matnakash.

Kyavari Pakhlava: many-layered with tissue-thin sheets of phyllo dough, this pastry is filled with nuts and sugar and finished with a dousing of hot honey.

Notable people

Here are some notable people whoe were born or raised in the town of Gavar:

  • Frunze Dovlatyan (1927-1997), was a film director, actor and screenwriter.
  • Byureghik Mneyan (1935), actress, honoured pedagogue of the Republic of Armenia.
  • Hranoush Hakobyan (1954), political scientist and current minister of diaspora of the Republic of Armenia.
  • Tigran Arzakantsyan (1966) a veteri­narian and an honorary Doctor of International Business, deputy to the National Assembly of Armenia.

Points of interest

At Gavar, there is a huge broadcasting center for long-, mediumwave and shortwave broadcasting.

References

  1. ^ [1]

More Information

Coordinates: 40°21′32″N 45°07′36″E / 40.35889°N 45.12667°E / 40.35889; 45.12667

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Alternative spellings

Etymology

From Armenian Գավառ (Gavaṙ).

Proper noun

Singular
Gavar

Plural
-

Gavar

  1. a town in Gegharkunik province of Armenia

Translations


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