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Typical nape make-up on a Maiko (Note the red collar)
.Geisha (芸者?), Geiko (芸子) or Geigi (芸妓) are traditional, female Japanese entertainers whose skills include performing various Japanese arts such as classical music and dance.^ A Maiko and Geisha's profession is based on preserving the traditional arts such as dance, singing and music and entertaining in a non-sexual manner.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Find : * Geisha A geisha, geiko, or geigi is a traditional female Japanese entertainer, whose skills may include performance of various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance, and playing instruments such as the shamisen (three stringed guitar).
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Geishas are the artisans and entertainers of traditional Japan.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Terms

.Geisha (pronounced /ˈɡeɪʃә/), like all Japanese nouns, has no distinct singular or plural variants.^ Abstract Japanese culture is very distinctive, from the prestige of the samurai to the art of kabuki theatre; the traditions of Japan are numerous and have developed throughout the various eras.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geishas are visual ideals and role models of the feminine, even though they are not meek or submissive like Japanese women are expected to be.
  • Geisha Stationery, Geisha Birthday Party Invitations Stationary 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.paperpow.com [Source type: General]

^ Female children usually grow up to become geisha, but male children have no real role in Japanese society even today.
  • How to Become a Geisha | eHow.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

.The word consists of two kanji, (gei) meaning "art" and (sha) meaning "person" or "doer". The most literal translation of geisha into English would be "artist" or "performing artist". Another name for geisha used in Japan is geiko, which is usually used to refer to geisha from Western Japan, including Kyoto.^ The word Geisha literally translates to "arts person" or "one trained in arts" ( gei = art, sha = person).
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the geishas never use their original name.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most direct translation of geisha into English would be "artist" or "performing artist".
  • Geisha can miaow in Dutch too. 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC suicidegirls.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Apprentice geisha are called maiko (舞子 or 舞妓), literally "dance child") or hangyoku (半玉), "half-jewel" (meaning that they are paid half the wage as opposed to a full geisha), or by the more generic term o-shaku (御酌), literally "one who pours (alcohol)". Maikos' white make-up and elaborate kimono and hairstyle is the popular image held of geisha.^ The geisha are much more than women with too much make-up on.
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^ They appear the same as geishas, they even wear the elaborate make up and hairstyle.
  • Geisha | Cracked.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Far East A geisha, with her flowing kimono and ghost-white make-up, is an enduring image of Japan.
  • Going Geisha article - WEXAS Japan travel guides and Japan articles 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.wexas.com [Source type: News]

.A woman entering the geisha community does not have to start out as a maiko, having the opportunity to begin her career as a full geisha.^ The apprentice period begins when a young woman finds an onesan ("older sister"), a full geisha who will serve as her mentor.

^ I was in the Military in Japan from 1971-1974, and on my off duty time, I was trained, worked as a Maiko, and eventually became a full Geisha.
  • How to Become a Geisha | eHow.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ As she makes the switch from Maiko to Geisha she will have a coming out or debut party at a teahouse.
  • Geisha Stationery, Geisha Birthday Party Invitations Stationary 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.paperpow.com [Source type: General]

.Either way, however, usually a year's training is involved before debuting either as a maiko or as a geisha.^ Young women become Maiko (apprentice Geisha) usually at the age of 16, and train for about five years before becoming Geisha.
  • Geisha Dolls Are A Beautiful Asian Doll That You Can Get Online Here 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.asiandollsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ These are designated areas where a young girl may be first apprenticed as a maiko for five intensive years of tuition and practice after which the title of geisha may be bestowed upon her.
  • Burlesque&Geisha Natalia Read 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC londongrip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a year of training, Eiko is prepared to make her debut, but in order to do so she must obtain a sizeable sum from Okimi, the madam who owns the teahouse from which she would operate.

.A woman above 21 is considered too old to be a maiko and becomes a full geisha upon her initiation into the geisha community.^ For instance, any woman above 21 is generally considered too old to be a maiko, and can become a full geisha as soon as she's initiated.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ I was in the Military in Japan from 1971-1974, and on my off duty time, I was trained, worked as a Maiko, and eventually became a full Geisha.
  • How to Become a Geisha | eHow.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha dress up – the chance to transform into a geisha, with full makeup, geisha wig, choice of kimono and several photo opportunities .
  • Going Geisha article - WEXAS Japan travel guides and Japan articles 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.wexas.com [Source type: News]

.However, those who do go through the maiko stage can enjoy more prestige later in their professional lives.^ However, those who do endure the training stages are more respected as professional geisha.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ There is also a group of women in the Asakusa district who go by the name of "Furisode-san", who appear to mimic the look and feel of Maiko.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prospects who go there to learn more are very impressed.

.Tokyo geisha are more likely to start at 18 years old for hangyoku, so on average, Tokyo hangyoku are slightly older than their Kyoto counterparts.^ After years went by, this basically same quarter had been moved around due to difficulties, Rokujo Misujimachi, and finally to Suzakuno in Kyoto , which soon started to bear more famous name "Shimabara of Kyoto".
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But like their male counterpart the samurai, the geisha and her world continue to fascinate people around the world as part of their image of a mysterious and timeless Japan.
  • Japanese Culture - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.japan-zone.com [Source type: General]

^ It is more likely to be a maiko , an apprentice, rather than a geisha whom a tourist may see out shopping, dressed in a kimono with an obi (sash), her face a mask of pure white pigment with red lips.
  • Burlesque&Geisha Natalia Read 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC londongrip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Throughout history, geisha often began the earliest stages of their training at a very young age, sometimes as early as at 3 or 5 years.^ Usually a young girl begins training at the age of six years.
  • Geisha Stationery, Geisha Birthday Party Invitations Stationary 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.paperpow.com [Source type: General]

^ A geisha's training began early in life, some at the tradition al if young age of three years and three days.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Usually, a girl at an early age was given by her parents for a sum of money to a geisha house, which taught, trained, fed, and clothed her for a period of years.
  • geisha (female entertainer) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

.The early shikomi (servant) and minarai (watching apprentice) stages of geisha training lasted years, which is significantly longer than in contemporary times.^ Watch for the Geisha next year!

^ The third stage of training is called “maiko,” and this stage can last for years.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha Lounge DC Grand Opening Female 30 years old WASHINGTON, Washington DC United States Last Login: 2/21/2008 .
  • MySpace - Geisha Lounge DC - 30 - Female - WASHINGTON, Washington DC - myspace.com/geishaloungedc 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is said that geisha and courtesans inhabit a separate reality which they call the karyukai or "the flower and willow world."^ Whether they can be called real Geisha or not, is debatable.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were called geiko , the predecessors of the geisha.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In time, geishas acquired social status of a kind, became what we would call fashion setters, and were revered for their grace and elegance in karyukai, ‘the flower and willow world’, the refined stratum they inhabited .
  • Burlesque&Geisha Natalia Read 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC londongrip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Modern geisha continue to use this term.^ It was primarily used by geisha of Tokyo and surrounding areas, but it is now used as the general term to talk about all geisha.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a "Japanese only" term, they use a slightly different first character to express " geisha " in Chinese.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: General]

.The courtesans were referred to as the colorful "flowers" and the geisha were the "willows" because of their modest, strong, and resilient nature.^ Re: Nature's Geisha Nice colors.
  • Shirt.Woot : Nature's Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC shirt.woot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I looked up geisha for a reference so I can get an idea for kimono pattern, because I am going to draw/paint a geisha & samurai this weekend.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ The word "Hanamachi" literally means "Flower Town" ( hana = flower, machi = town) and is the name used to refer to geisha districts.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]

Origins

.In early seventeenth-century Japan (long before the word geisha was ever used), the predecessor of the geisha, a combination of actress and prostitute, worked on the stages set in the driver river bed of the River Kamo in Kyoto.^ Geisha have been part of Japan 's culture for centuries.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is predominately used by Geisha of the Kyoto districts.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are also stories of promiscuity and prostitution during the Allied Occupation of Japan up to 1951 but they arose because Japanese prostitutes sometimes told soldiers they were geishas .
  • Burlesque&Geisha Natalia Read 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC londongrip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The line between actress and prostitute was then blurred. .The women would perform erotic dances and skits for their audiences.^ They singed and danced and performed in front of audience, and were very skilled in social skills.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This new type of performance was dubbed kabuku, meaning "to be wild and outrageous". Her dances were called "kabuki". This the beginning of kabuki theater.[1]
.Traditional Japanese views of sex were very relaxed.^ Abstract Japanese culture is very distinctive, from the prestige of the samurai to the art of kabuki theatre; the traditions of Japan are numerous and have developed throughout the various eras.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, the Geisha are to be creative, quick on their feet, witty and talkative, qualities very unlike the traditional roles of Japanese women.
  • Geisha Stationery, Geisha Birthday Party Invitations Stationary 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.paperpow.com [Source type: General]

It was a society that embraced sexual delights and where men were not constrained to be faithful to their wives. .In fact it was socially acceptable to be in love with one's wife, but only what was considered a "professional" woman.^ It was one of the only jobs that women could hold that was acceptable and at the same time allowed the woman to be independent of her family and a male counterpart.
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^ Geisha - Liza Dalby - Vintage Books London Liza Dalby is the only Western woman who ever became a professional geisha.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

For sexual enjoyment and romantic attachment, men did not go to their wives, but to courtesans. .In order to maintain this profession, the Japanese government created "pleasure quarters" where the courtesans could reside and work and men could go to relax and enjoy the entertainment.^ Also in 1886, the government established a set of regulations in order to maintain control and tax the entertainment in the pleasure quarters.
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^ These pleasure quarters had walls built around them and were strictly controlled by the government.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At its apogee there were extravagantly wealthy courtesans whom only the richest men could afford.
  • Burlesque&Geisha Natalia Read 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC londongrip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]
.These pleasure quarters quickly became glamorous entertainment centers that offered far more that just sex.^ This district began as a Chaya (teahouse where maiko and geiko entertain their guests) quarter for the area of Gion Uchiroku-cho became a center of the theatrical and performing arts and developed into a 'Chaya-machi'.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the more perceptive British promoters might well realise that exposure, on these shores, my see that pattern reversed…and very quickly.

^ Just a few more indicators when differentiating between oiran and geiko and maiko Oiran wear far more ornamentation in their hair than either a maiko or a geiko.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

.The highly accomplished courtesans of these districts entertained their clients by dancing, singing, and playing music.^ Find : * Geisha A geisha, geiko, or geigi is a traditional female Japanese entertainer, whose skills may include performance of various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance, and playing instruments such as the shamisen (three stringed guitar).
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ My Japanese friends seem to have the opinion that a geisha is so highly trained in the art playing musical instruments and dancing that the fact she might also be a prostitute is secondary to her performance on stage.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: General]

^ I can dance for you, play musical instruments, recite poetry, perform the tea cermony, or just have a nice conversation.
  • Geisha costume Adult Costumes at bizrate - Shop online this holiday season for Toys & Games 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.bizrate.com [Source type: General]

Some were even renowned poets and calligraphers. .Gradually, they all became specialized and the new profession, purely of entertainment, arose.^ They still have active roles as entertainers for hotels, nightclubs and special traditional high-class restaurants called ryotei.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was near the turn of the eighteenth century that the first entertainers of the pleasure quarters, called geisha, appeared.^ And the geisha was never to leave the pleasure quarters.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also in 1886, the government established a set of regulations in order to maintain control and tax the entertainment in the pleasure quarters.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Try the title of your work, such as: Women of the Pleasure Quarters ; My Life as a Geisha ; Geisha, Harlot, Strangler, Star ; etc.
  • HST101: Geisha, Wise Mothers and Working Women: Images of Japanese Womanhood 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.smith.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The very first geishas were men, entertaining customers waiting to see the most popular and gifted courtesans.^ When geisha entertainment first started, it was performed solely by men.
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^ Sort by: Popularity: Most popular first .

^ Business men will take foreigners to see geisha to entertain them...
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

[1]
.Around 1760, women began to join men in the art of the geisha and very quickly outnumbered the men.^ The book is as well great for anyone interested in gender functions in Japan – Geisha women never marry and play a very different role to that of the Japanese wife.

^ Straight men and women are also supporting the cause and even families of those who joined are present.

^ Instead, the Geisha are to be creative, quick on their feet, witty and talkative, qualities very unlike the traditional roles of Japanese women.
  • Geisha Stationery, Geisha Birthday Party Invitations Stationary 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.paperpow.com [Source type: General]

.The first woman to use the term "geisha" was an Edo prostitute named Kikuya and became a full-time entertainer.^ It is interesting that of all the different levels of courtesans and prostitutes of pre-twentieth century Japan, only the geisha ’s name is well known.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ This is probably the best area of the town to see the old typical houses (machiya) and the ones of them that became tea houses (ochiya) where the geishas used to entertain the customers.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ A geisha's life consisted of parties and banquets , where the idea was to keep the guests entertained and happy , for they were paying the woman to be there.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Soon, many women, whether they sold sex or not, began using the term geisha. Doing so was a way of acquiring respectability and proving that they were professionals.^ At a time when women in the world were unable to have control in a male dominated society, the geisha were able to lead an independent lifestyle in an undegrading way, thus further proving the uniqueness of Japan.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The word 'geisha' means 'artist' and they are highly respected, professional women trained from girlhood in conversation, traditional Japanese dance, singing and playing the shamisen (a string instrument), in order to lend an atmosphere of chic and gaiety to professional or social gatherings of men.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Although the geishas accompany the businessmen on their trip to Tokyo, they refuse to sleep with them, and Okimi, infuriated by their rebellion, refuses to use them.

.The geisha who worked within the pleasure quarters were essentially imprisoned and strictly forbidden to sell sex in order to protect the business of the courtesans.^ And the geisha was never to leave the pleasure quarters.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The geishas wanted to distinct from the courtesans (who were often specially picked up cute ones).
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also in 1886, the government established a set of regulations in order to maintain control and tax the entertainment in the pleasure quarters.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Geisha who worked outside the pleasure quarters, however, could do as they pleased.^ And the geisha was never to leave the pleasure quarters.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There’re still many men who are awkward about their wives working outside.

^ The implication was clear; the geishas outside of Kyoto didn’t do “true” geiko work.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

.Eventually, the gaudy courtesans began to fall out of fashion and the geisha were seen as the chic and desirable entertainers they are in modern Japan.^ Geishas are the artisans and entertainers of traditional Japan.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are also stories of promiscuity and prostitution during the Allied Occupation of Japan up to 1951 but they arose because Japanese prostitutes sometimes told soldiers they were geishas .
  • Burlesque&Geisha Natalia Read 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC londongrip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A geisha's life consisted of parties and banquets , where the idea was to keep the guests entertained and happy , for they were paying the woman to be there.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[1]

Ranking

.Within the complex world of geisha, there is a strict ranking system.^ Prostitution was not illegal in Japan before the Anti-Prostitution Law of 1956, but there was a strict separation distinguishing geisha and prostitutes, and the more refined geisha were not allowed or required to solicit sex, even though there was often intense pressure to do so within the geisha house.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Through the years, there has been tight control of the geisha due to the strict regulation on entertainers and prostitutes.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the very top of the rank are the grand dowagers of the Gion district of Kyoto.^ Kyoto Gion (Geisha district) Reviews .
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Most live and work in Gion and the surrounding districts of Kyoto, where they are referred to as geiko.
  • Going Geisha article - WEXAS Japan travel guides and Japan articles 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.wexas.com [Source type: News]

^ Gion (Hanami-koji) by bladedragon, 2 more photos Gion is Kyoto's most famous geisha district, and one of the city's most popular attractions.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

.These women consider themselves far above even the lower-ranking geisha of the same city.^ In fact, most of the women captured on film are either maiko (apprentice geisha) or tourists themselves, done up for a few hours of faux sophistication and attention seeking.
  • Japanese Culture - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.japan-zone.com [Source type: General]

^ It is unfortunate that many possess the misconception that the women who called themselves geisha were in fact the Japanese versions of prostitutes .
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Geishas are visual ideals and role models of the feminine, even though they are not meek or submissive like Japanese women are expected to be.
  • Geisha Stationery, Geisha Birthday Party Invitations Stationary 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.paperpow.com [Source type: General]

.In Kyoto there is a total of five geisha districts, also known as hanamachi or "flower towns". Three of these districts (Gion, Pontocho, and Kamishichiken) have a better reputation than the other two (Gion Higashi and Miyagawa).^ Kyoto's other geisha districts are Pontocho and the Kamishichiken district.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Collectively, they are referred to as Kyoto's Gokagai (Five Flower Towns).
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gyon by xaver Gion is the city area of Kyoto known as the geisha area.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

.The geisha of these districts are visited by powerful businessmen and politicians and are very expensive.^ It is very expensive to engage a Geisha/Maiko.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Learning to play these instruments makes one very prestigious in the geisha world.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geisha traditionally begin training at a very young age, and though some girls were sold as children to geisha houses, this was not as common in reputable districts.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

[1]
.At the opposite end of spectrum are the hot-spring geisha.^ If you are looking for a “scholarship” that talks about this, the book “Autobiography of a Geisha” by Sayo Masudo (which is obviously an autobiography, but it was written by a hot springs geisha) .
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ I talked about the geiko I had just seen, and someone made a comment that we could “see” geisha (note the difference) in the hot spring town where we were staying.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ Fact is, onsen geisha ( hot spring prostitute s) and their ilk have always way outnumbered so-called "real" geisha .
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.These geisha work in the spa resorts and are viewed by most Japanese as no better than a common prostitute.^ One of these is that geisha are prostitutes.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ In the years before World War II, a Japanese child is torn from her penniless family to work as a maid in a geisha house.
  • Memoirs of a Geisha - Movie Reviews, Photos & Videos, Layouts & Wallpapers, Fan Club 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.flixster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the years before World War II, a Japanese child is torn from her penniless family to work as a geisha house.
  • Memoirs of a Geisha (2005) - Yahoo! Shopping 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC shopping.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They normally cater to far less exclusive patrons, usually office workers or others of the sort, and are much less expensive.^ They are normally sponsored by a wealthy patron to pay for this.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.They very well may supplement their income by selling sex, however, they are not the same as prostitutes.^ They get a very intensive education in classical Japanese poetry , music (especially the koto ) and dance, as well as a broad general education (to improve conversational skills).
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is interesting to realize how the courtesans were not at all same, they soon formed their own hidden universe inside the walls of the quarters, and their own class system as well.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I find that geisha are very interesting - they are not at all about sex (if they do have sex, that is the geisha's business - they are not prostitutes!
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

.Like all other geisha, they are trained in the art of Japanese dance and music.^ There are no housekeeping duties; the focus is on field training, and although minarai attend banquets and other events, they do not participate at an advanced level.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Find : * Geisha A geisha, geiko, or geigi is a traditional female Japanese entertainer, whose skills may include performance of various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance, and playing instruments such as the shamisen (three stringed guitar).
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ My Japanese friends seem to have the opinion that a geisha is so highly trained in the art playing musical instruments and dancing that the fact she might also be a prostitute is secondary to her performance on stage.
  • Chinese & Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Selections Related to Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.orientaloutpost.com [Source type: General]

.Even so, hanamachi and other high-ranking geisha would not consider them geisha at all and perhaps would be horrified to be categorized together.^ The confusion would be made all the worse because geisha would play instruments to entertain the oiran and her customers .
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ So if you can help with some book suggestions please do e-mail me since I sure would love to read all I can find on Geisha's.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ The most mature geishas have almost no makeup at all, although even they wear the heavy cosmetics for formal events.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .Geisha has been around since the 18th century and originally started off as men and then the Japanese women took over.^ The book is as well great for anyone interested in gender functions in Japan – Geisha women never marry and play a very different role to that of the Japanese wife.

^ Home Mens Womens Sale Blog 0 item(s) in your cart CHECKOUT April 15, 2009 Geisha .
  • Geisha - Shirt Fight t-shirts - New cool and unique tees - Weekly tshirt design contest! 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.shirtfight.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When geisha entertainment first started, it was performed solely by men.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Stages of training

.Traditionally, Geisha began their training at a very young age.^ By the age of 17 (though today older girls apply) an apprentice geisha traditionally became a maiko - today a girl normally requires 5 years training first.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They originally were young girls who, at the age of 9 to 10 would join the Tokyo hanamachi and train in the various arts.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A young girl's training would continue until she made her debut as an apprentice geisha .
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some girls were bonded to geisha houses (okiya) as children.^ Two girls are sold into slavery; one is sent directly to the brothel, but young Chiyo is placed in a house and destined to become “Geisha.” What is a geisha, you ask?
  • Memoirs of a Geisha (2005) - Hollywood Jesus Movie Overview 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hollywoodjesus.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha traditionally begin training at a very young age, and though some girls were sold as children to geisha houses, this was not as common in reputable districts.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ The young girls join a particular okiya, where they live with the other trainees, maiko and geisha, under the care of a mama-san .
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.These girls were referred to as hangyoku and were as young as nine years old.^ It tells of the talents these young girls have (dance and music, mainly) and also of what happens when Geisha women get older and leave the profession.

.This was not a common practice in reputable districts and disappeared in the 1950s with the outlawing of child labor.^ Geisha traditionally begin training at a very young age, and though some girls were sold as children to geisha houses, this was not as common in reputable districts.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

[2] .Daughters of geisha were often brought up as geisha themselves, usually as the successor (atotori, meaning "heiress") or daughter-role (musume-bun) to the okiya.^ In fact, most of the women captured on film are either maiko (apprentice geisha) or tourists themselves, done up for a few hours of faux sophistication and attention seeking.
  • Japanese Culture - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.japan-zone.com [Source type: General]

^ The geishas wanted to distinct from the courtesans (who were often specially picked up cute ones).
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Geisha not wearing white make up will wear a subtle, often natural shade of make-up and her hair pulled back in a simple bun.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A maiko is essentially an apprentice and is therefore bonded under a contract to her okiya.^ The young girls join a particular okiya, where they live with the other trainees, maiko and geisha, under the care of a mama-san .
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

The okiya supplies her with food, board, tuition fees, kimonos, obis, and other tools of her trade. .Her training is very expensive and her debt must be repaid to the okiya with the earnings she makes.^ In reality this was more the sponsorship for all the Maiko training which was very expensive.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha have a fixed contract and at first earn no money, as they must pay for the expensive kimonos, wigs and make-up.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.This repayment may continue after the maiko becomes a full-fledged geisha and only when her debts are settled is she permitted to move out to live and work independently.^ I feel no remorse for the lives I have taken, as the stinging taste of sorrow was only known to my kind upon failure to carry out our orders.
  • Lip Service Webzine » geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.lip-service.com [Source type: General]

^ In deciding to become a geisha one has to be willing to commit herself to living away from home, having intense schooling in geisha studies and working in a teahouse.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though in the 1920s there may have been upwards of 80,000 geisha in Japan, today it is estimated that there are only 1,000-2,000, mostly in the resort town of Atami.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

[2]
.A maiko will start her formal training on the job as a minarai, which literally means "learning by watching". Before she can do this she must find an onee-san ("older sister": an older geisha acting as her mentor).^ Their relationship is important, as the senior “onee-san” (“big sister”) teaches her maiko “imouto-san” (“little sister”) everything about her job, including proper ways of serving tea, playing shamisen, dancing, and more.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ The bond that is to ensue is a lifelong bond that will result in the proper training of a geisha as well as a strong sisterhood between the older and younger geisha (Siegle).
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The word Geisha literally translates to "arts person" or "one trained in arts" ( gei = art, sha = person).
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is the onee-san's responsibility to bring her to the ozashiki, to sit and observe as the onee-san is at work. This is a way in which she will gain insights of the job, and seek out potential clients. .Although minarai attend ozashiki (banquets in which guests are attended by geisha), they do not participate at an advanced level.^ There are no housekeeping duties; the focus is on field training, and although minarai attend banquets and other events, they do not participate at an advanced level.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ At the age of 17, they can become Maiko , not a full Geisha yet, but allowed to attend the parties and work partially.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A geisha's life consisted of parties and banquets , where the idea was to keep the guests entertained and happy , for they were paying the woman to be there.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their kimono, more elaborate than a maiko's, are intended to do the talking for them.^ It is more likely to be a maiko , an apprentice, rather than a geisha whom a tourist may see out shopping, dressed in a kimono with an obi (sash), her face a mask of pure white pigment with red lips.
  • Burlesque&Geisha Natalia Read 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC londongrip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hangyoku were less elaborate than the Kyoto maiko and did not wear the long trailing kimono or obi.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The maiko have provided the false stereotype of a geisha to westerners with their white make-up and elaborate kimono.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.Minarai can be hired for parties but are usually uninvited (yet welcomed) guests at parties that their onee-san attends.^ At the age of 17, they can become Maiko , not a full Geisha yet, but allowed to attend the parties and work partially.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For one, it's 11:15 in the evening by which point I am usually beddy byes which means that tonight is SPESHUL. There was a welcome party, some pictures for which the link is here .

.They only charge a third of the usual fee.^ It was very unusual for a maiko to live on her own - usually only some geiko can manage this, if they were successful!
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

.Minarai generally work with a particular tea house (minarai-jaya) learning from the okaa-san (literally "mother," the proprietress of the house).^ They work with the “okaa-san” (“mother”) to learn techniques not taught in school, such as conversation and gaming.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.From her, they would learn techniques such as conversation and gaming, which would not be taught to them in school.^ They work with the “okaa-san” (“mother”) to learn techniques not taught in school, such as conversation and gaming.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Making a conversation out of nothing and playing games to keep the customer amused are skills that are learned during the apprenticeship as a maiko.
  • web page template 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC academic.mu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They also make polite conversation with their clients, though such conversations are strictly private.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.This stage lasts only about a month or so.^ Once a young recruit was proficient in the geisha arts, especially in dance, she was promoted to the second training stage, “minarai.” This is a short stage, only about a month or so, and is the equivalent of an on-the-job internship.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.After a short period of time the final of training begins, and the students are called maiko.^ The third stage of training is called “maiko,” and this stage can last for years.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.Maiko (literally "dance girl") are apprentice geisha, and this stage can last for years.^ The third stage of training is called “maiko,” and this stage can last for years.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, most of the women captured on film are either maiko (apprentice geisha) or tourists themselves, done up for a few hours of faux sophistication and attention seeking.
  • Japanese Culture - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.japan-zone.com [Source type: General]

^ By the age of 17 (though today older girls apply) an apprentice geisha traditionally became a maiko - today a girl normally requires 5 years training first.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Maiko learns from their senior geisha mentor and follows them around to all their engagements.^ Maiko are geisha apprentices, and follow a senior geisha mentor at all times.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ The maiko also has red around her eyes, which is another distinctive difference between maiko and established geisha.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As a senior Maiko, she has the privilege to wear her hair in the Katsuyama style and Yakko Shimada style for special occasions, and finally the Sakkou hairstyle, right before she becomes a Geisha.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The onee-san and imouto-san (senior/junior, literally "older sister/younger sister") relationship is important.^ Their relationship is important, as the senior “onee-san” (“big sister”) teaches her maiko “imouto-san” (“little sister”) everything about her job, including proper ways of serving tea, playing shamisen, dancing, and more.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.Since the onee-san teaches her maiko everything about working in the hanamachi, her teaching is vital.^ Their relationship is important, as the senior “onee-san” (“big sister”) teaches her maiko “imouto-san” (“little sister”) everything about her job, including proper ways of serving tea, playing shamisen, dancing, and more.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.There are 5 different hairstyles that the maiko wear, that mark the different stages of her apprenticeship.^ There is a large variation throughout the history in the way geisha have been wearing their hairstyles.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.She will teach her proper ways of serving tea, playing shamisen, dancing, casual conversation and more.^ Geisha girls and women are trained in a number of traditional skills; Japanese ancient dance, singing, playing instruments (a three stringed instrument called shamisen is an essential instrument), flower arrangement, wearing kimono, tea ceremony, calligraphy, conversation, alcohol serving manners, and more.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Their relationship is important, as the senior “onee-san” (“big sister”) teaches her maiko “imouto-san” (“little sister”) everything about her job, including proper ways of serving tea, playing shamisen, dancing, and more.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ I had school to do - to learn to sing, to dance, to play the shamisen and more - every day, and chores to do around the okiya when I returned.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

The onee-san will even help pick the maiko's new professional name with kanji or symbols related to her name.
.There are three major elements of a maiko's training.^ There are traditionally three stages of geisha training.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.The first is the formal arts training.^ In accordance with tradition, she first worked as a servant while training in the arts of dance, song, shamisen, and drum.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

This takes place in special geisha schools which are found in every hanamachi. .The second element is the entertainment training which the maiko learns at various teahouses and parties by observing their onee-san.^ Even today, geiko, as they are referred to in Kyoto, and maiko entertain customers in traditional teahouses.
  • Japanese Culture - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.japan-zone.com [Source type: General]

^ Working life My job is to entertain all the guests invited to the parties in the teahouse, restaurants or sometimes hotels.

The third is the social skill of navigating the complex social web of the hanamachi. This is done on the streets. .Formal greetings, gifts, and visits are key parts of any social structure in Japan and for a maiko, they are crucial for her to build the support network she needs to survive as a geisha.^ The Shizuka Online Teahouse - Geisha and Maiko - The Shizuka Teahouse's information about geisha and maiko, explaining their role in Japan.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ Shirabyoshi (who got their name from the dance they performed) appeared at the time of social change in Japan.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Certainly geishas do flirt with men but they do it with art - and part of the game is always the certain social distance.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
Maiko are considered one of the great sights of Japanese tourism. .They appear very differenty from fully-qualified Geisha.^ I find that geisha are very interesting - they are not at all about sex (if they do have sex, that is the geisha's business - they are not prostitutes!
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ To Adi: it does seem like the geishas knew they were to be photographed since they are posing very nicely.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

.They are at the peak of traditional Japanese femininity.^ They are traditional artists ( geisha means 'art person'), appreciated by those who are interested in Japanese culture.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ Some of the houses haven't got Japanese-style rooms any more so they come and see the traditional costume and the traditional way of speaking and the traditional way of behaving.

.The scarlet fringed collar of a maiko's kimono hangs very loosely in the back to accentuate the nape of the neck which is considered a primary erotic area in Japanese sexuality.^ Their kimonos are usually "revealing" at the back of their neck.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ A Japanese passer-by told us that we were lucky to observe that and she also mentioned that a Maiko is usually very young and Geisha is generally older.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ It is striking that this kimono isn't usually so very different what ordinary Japanese woman might wear.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.She wears the same white makeup for her face on her nape, leaving two or sometimes three stripes of bare skin exposed.^ Make Up: Maiko paint their faces white, but leave a line of bare skin around their natural hairline.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are powdered white on their faces and their hairdo is uniquely "folded" like leaves.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ The nape of the neck has the typical W or V shape of clear skin which has no white makeup.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The effect of this style of makeup is essentially to tease, much like cleavage in western society.^ I had so much to learn before I could even put on makeup of my own, or to do up my hair in the traditional maiko style!
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

Her kimono is bright and colorful with an elaborately tied obi hanging down to her ankles. She takes very small steps and wears traditional wooden shoes called okobo which stand nearly ten centimeters high.[2]
.
When a girl is around 20-22, the maiko is promoted to a full-fledged geisha in a ceremony called erikae (turning of the collar)[3][4].
^ It is important to realize here that the courtesans discussed in this chapter doesn't have so much to do with concept of geisha as we know it, despite I sometimes call them "maiko" or "geisha".
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the ceremony, the maiko was allowed to “turn her collar,” which meant that she could wear the white collar of a geisha instead of the red worn by apprentices.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ After a period that may last from a few months to a few years, depending on the region, the maiko is promoted to a full-fledged geisha, and is able to charge full price.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.This could happen after two to five years of her life as a maiko or hangyoku, depending on at what age she debuted.^ By the age of 17 (though today older girls apply) an apprentice geisha traditionally became a maiko - today a girl normally requires 5 years training first.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After a period that may last from a few months to a few years, depending on the region, the maiko is promoted to a full-fledged geisha, and is able to charge full price.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ A geisha's training began early in life, some at the tradition al if young age of three years and three days.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.She now charges full price for her time.^ After a period that may last from a few months to a few years, depending on the region, the maiko is promoted to a full-fledged geisha, and is able to charge full price.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.Geisha remain as such until they retire.^ The back of the collar though remains red until she turns into a Geisha.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Female dominance in geisha society

“The biggest industry in Japan is not shipbuilding, producing cultured pearls, or manufacturing transistor radios or cameras. It is entertainment” [5]. .The term geisha literally translates to mean “entertainer.” Around the world, the term geisha has many different connotations; some western countries think that geishas are high-class prostitutes or escorts.^ Autobiography of a Geisha Sayo Masuda, G. G. Rowley Hardcover - May 2003 ISBN: 0231129505 The glamorous world of Kyoto's geisha is familiar to many readers.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ It is interesting that of all the different levels of courtesans and prostitutes of pre-twentieth century Japan, only the geisha ’s name is well known.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ It is unfortunate that many possess the misconception that the women who called themselves geisha were in fact the Japanese versions of prostitutes .
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Even some Japanese citizens see geisha in that way because of the lower class geisha who do sell their bodies and work as prostitutes.^ Many people visit Gion hoping to catch a glimpse of a geisha or geisha apprentice (referred to as geiko and maiko respectively in Kyoto), and if you are lucky you may be able to see one in the evenings on their way to or from an engagement at an ochaya teahouse.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ I was not so worried about this particular article, because both the correspondent and the photographer who worked with me were really wonderful.

^ They are traditional artists ( geisha means 'art person'), appreciated by those who are interested in Japanese culture.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

.The biggest misconception of geisha is that they have sex with their male customers, however modern day, true geisha do not.^ So me and my friend are doing life of a geisha for our sociall project, but i dont understand what they did during the day...
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the mizuage, the Geisha were not obliged to have sex with any customers, even the men who paid dearly for their virginity.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ I find that geisha are very interesting - they are not at all about sex (if they do have sex, that is the geisha's business - they are not prostitutes!
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

.Their sex life and love life are the most personal parts of a geisha’s life, rarely involving their professional lives.^ Geisha - A living tradition by Kyoko Aihara - Carlton Books A beautiful picture book with text about the daily life of geisha.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Real Audio - Voice Monologue from Kiharu Nakamura - Kiharu Nakamura is a geisha, who now lives in the USA. This is a 4 minute monologue of her talking about her life.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ Some geisha did sleep with a few, special clients and the act of mizuage (a client payed to sleep with a maiko for the first time in her life) was an integral part of a young maiko's career.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.They entrance their male customers with their traditional skills of music and dance.^ Find : * Geisha A geisha, geiko, or geigi is a traditional female Japanese entertainer, whose skills may include performance of various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance, and playing instruments such as the shamisen (three stringed guitar).
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ They singed and danced and performed in front of audience, and were very skilled in social skills.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Men pay high prices for geisha, and in return expect to be like the masculine and powerful men that they see themselves as being.^ Though true geisha definitely flirt with men and make playful innuendos, it is understood that nothing more can be expected.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ But can I just comment on the misconception that Geisha are prositutes - around the 1940's 'sell' their virginity to businessmen or aristocrats but it was at a very high price and Geisha could refuse if they beleived the offer too small.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm not really attracted to men that look like they came from a blister pack.

.Geisha are entirely different than the men's wives who stay at home and care for the family, and must retire from the profession if they get married.^ There’re still many men who are awkward about their wives working outside.

^ Geisha have a fixed contract and at first earn no money, as they must pay for the expensive kimonos, wigs and make-up.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Women need much more motivation than men when they do business.

“Geisha are not submissive and subservient, but in fact they are some of the most financially and emotionally successful and strongest women in Japan, and traditionally have been so” [6]. .There is currently no western equivalent for a geisha- they are truly the most impeccable form of Japanese art [7].^ There are no housekeeping duties; the focus is on field training, and although minarai attend banquets and other events, they do not participate at an advanced level.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Kyoto being the ‘hot spot’ for the top geisha, they were essentially artists & companions & nothing else, but there were still other areas where the geisha made most of their money from actually sleeping with clients.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ They are traditional artists ( geisha means 'art person'), appreciated by those who are interested in Japanese culture.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

.Geisha learn the traditional skills of dance and instruments to perform for public and private groups.^ Find : * Geisha A geisha, geiko, or geigi is a traditional female Japanese entertainer, whose skills may include performance of various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance, and playing instruments such as the shamisen (three stringed guitar).
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha girls and women are trained in a number of traditional skills; Japanese ancient dance, singing, playing instruments (a three stringed instrument called shamisen is an essential instrument), flower arrangement, wearing kimono, tea ceremony, calligraphy, conversation, alcohol serving manners, and more.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ When I was at the Gino Corner one evening, I was lucky to be able to peep into a traditional restaurant where Geishas/Maikos were performing.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

.They hold the highest social status in Japan.^ Shirabyoshi (who got their name from the dance they performed) appeared at the time of social change in Japan.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before the twentieth century, geisha training began when a girl was around the age of four.^ It is interesting that of all the different levels of courtesans and prostitutes of pre-twentieth century Japan, only the geisha ’s name is well known.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ The shikomi attended training classes at a geisha school, and this tradition still exists in order to train the girls in the traditional dialect, traditions, and dress.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha traditionally begin training at a very young age, and though some girls were sold as children to geisha houses, this was not as common in reputable districts.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.Now, girls usually go to school until they are teenagers and then make the personal decision to train to become a geisha.^ They are traditional artists ( geisha means 'art person'), appreciated by those who are interested in Japanese culture.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ The two has been previously featured here in Geisha Diaries and this time they're making a great comeback with their music videos.

^ The shikomi attended training classes at a geisha school, and this tradition still exists in order to train the girls in the traditional dialect, traditions, and dress.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.Before World War II, young geisha sold their virginity to the highest bidder in order to fund their geisha debut, but this became illegal in 1959. Geisha are single women, though they may have lovers or boyfriends whom they have personally picked, who support them financially.^ Prostitution was not illegal in Japan before the Anti-Prostitution Law of 1956, but there was a strict separation distinguishing geisha and prostitutes, and the more refined geisha were not allowed or required to solicit sex, even though there was often intense pressure to do so within the geisha house.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ In the years before World War II, a Japanese child is torn from her penniless family to work as a maid in a geisha house.
  • Memoirs of a Geisha - Movie Reviews, Photos & Videos, Layouts & Wallpapers, Fan Club 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.flixster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though in the 1920s there may have been upwards of 80,000 geisha in Japan, today it is estimated that there are only 1,000-2,000, mostly in the resort town of Atami.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

.World War II brought a huge decline to the art of being a geisha because most women had to go to factories or other places to work for Japan.^ Geisha are beauiful works of art and I thank you for sharing that.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm used to young boys in anime being voiced by women but there you go.

^ You can go and dress up as a maiko or geisha at some places, and have your photo taken.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

.The geisha name also lost some status during this time because prostitutes began referring to themselves as “geisha girls” to American military men.^ True geisha are strictly entertainers, though some prostitutes have marketed themselves as geisha over time.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Many U.S. service came home from Japan with wild and raunchy stories of " Gee-sha Girls " whom, for most of the part where not in fact real Geisha, but rather, ordinary Japanese women or prostitutes masquerading or calling themselves "Geisha", largely because it was easiest for the service men to understand.
  • Immortal Geisha - Geisha, Geiko, Maiko FAQ 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.immortalgeisha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is unfortunate that many possess the misconception that the women who called themselves geisha were in fact the Japanese versions of prostitutes .
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.During Japan's rebuilding, only a few geisha went back to their districts to rebuild their culture to bring it back to completely traditional ways[8].^ Though in the 1920s there may have been upwards of 80,000 geisha in Japan, today it is estimated that there are only 1,000-2,000, mostly in the resort town of Atami.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Many geisha leave to get married, and some open up their own businesses like bars or restaurants, a common way for retired geisha to live since there are few careers open to middle-aged women in Japan.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha I know that only a few, select people will be interested in reading my story.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

Relationships with male patrons

.Japan is viewed as a very male-dominant society, so the world of geishas is both surprising and intriguing as it is strictly matriarchal.^ And I have become very busy ever since, ordering both the English version of the novel by Arthur Golden as well as the Japanes-translated version entitled, gSAYURIh.
  • sayuri 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pymmik.com [Source type: General]

Geisha are meant to be completely different from wives. Wives in Japanese society are expected to be more submissive to their husbands. .They typically don't work so that they can stay at home with their children.^ You partners want you to stay at home, because they feel they’re worthless among the families without their income.

.Men look for wives who will provide them with healthy children, not necessarily women whom they love.^ Beautiful and accomplished, Sayuri captivates the most powerful men of her day, but is haunted by her secret love for the one man who is out of her reach.
  • Memoirs of a Geisha - Movie Reviews, Photos & Videos, Layouts & Wallpapers, Fan Club 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.flixster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There’re still many men who are awkward about their wives working outside.

^ Women need much more motivation than men when they do business.

.Men look for their wives to be good mothers and child-bearers, whereas they want their geisha to make them feel like more of a man.^ It looks like the G3 is in good hands...
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Though true geisha definitely flirt with men and make playful innuendos, it is understood that nothing more can be expected.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ With this aspect, it is good to note also that first geishas were in fact, men.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Geisha will remain unmarried, but if they choose to become a wife, they must retire from their profession.^ At the age of 17, they can become Maiko , not a full Geisha yet, but allowed to attend the parties and work partially.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After they have become full Geisha, they start to pay back the Geisha house for their education and equipment (a good kimono costs a fortune).
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Geisha have a fixed contract and at first earn no money, as they must pay for the expensive kimonos, wigs and make-up.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

For men, geisha are everything in a woman that their wife is not. .Geisha are meant to be entertainers whose main goal is to make their male customers feel more dominant and masculine.^ The confusion would be made all the worse because geisha would play instruments to entertain the oiran and her customers .
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ This is probably the best area of the town to see the old typical houses (machiya) and the ones of them that became tea houses (ochiya) where the geishas used to entertain the customers.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ By the 1800, female geishas (onna geisha) had already become more popular than male geisha.It was around this time when the word "onna geisha" was simply changed to "geisha" referring to the female professionals.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Men pay for geisha to be entertained at a teahouse or private party.^ The men were the ones that entertained the audience in many ways, until the first modern geisha Kikuya, came onto stage.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Business men will take foreigners to see geisha to entertain them...
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ The district filled with ochaya (teahouses where geisha entertain), theaters, shops and restaurants.
  • Gion (Geisha district)- Kyoto, Japan - VirtualTourist.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

They are paying for the experience and company that they desire, which they don’t receive from their wives. .Geisha offer pleasure to men by their classical entertainment and overall femininity, not by having sex with them.^ After the mizuage, the Geisha were not obliged to have sex with any customers, even the men who paid dearly for their virginity.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ Business men will take foreigners to see geisha to entertain them...
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

“The cultural style of masculinity in Japan tends to demand female subservience, and many things contribute to an ideology in which men are the sources of authority” [9]. .Men aren’t meant to experience the behind-the-scenes work of geisha, because one of the main goals of geisha is to make the man feel more dominant and masculine.^ Though true geisha definitely flirt with men and make playful innuendos, it is understood that nothing more can be expected.
  • The Geisha Liner Notes | AnimEigo 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.animeigo.com [Source type: General]

^ But to make matters more interesting, she is unyielding in her love for Japan`s number-one-top-ranked-genius-cuteboy.

^ I agree that it’s very convenient, on the one hand, to say “the women thought it was horrible” because a modern and ethical mind might find the concept repulsive — probably more so for women than men.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

.The relationships that geisha have with their male patrons are one of the most interesting aspects of their lives.^ Maybe your interest was captured by the word geisha , and you wished to find out what one was.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ This book presents a different view, one that bears little resemblance to the elegant geisha quarter frequented by illustrious patrons.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ After all, geisha must have much more interesting lives than normal people!
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

.They basically withhold sex through graceful seduction, which is one of the reasons the men keep coming back for entertainment.^ The men were the ones that entertained the audience in many ways, until the first modern geisha Kikuya, came onto stage.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I've had three completely different dreams about being back in England (once with my family, once in Leeds and once with one of mum's old colleagues for some completely unexplainable reason) and one about Andrew coming to visit me.

.In a way, not having sex with their patrons puts the women in a more powerful position than the men because they are more in control.^ Women need much more motivation than men when they do business.

^ I knew many people in Gion - the rich and powerful men who could afford to hire myself and Mameko - but they were clients.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

^ Geisha are absolutley stunning - they put western women to shame.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

Their years of apprenticeship teach the women how to keep men infatuated with their entertainment. .They act as every man’s fantasy and learn to adapt to different male personalities to maintain interest.^ They are traditional artists ( geisha means 'art person'), appreciated by those who are interested in Japanese culture.
  • Geisha - My Story 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.thekeep.org [Source type: General]

.In the film, Memoirs of a Geisha, the young girl is given a description of her future career as a geisha.^ I just finished "Memoires of a Geisha" and was having a difficult time putting the wonderful descriptions to a "picture."
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

"Remember Chiyo, geisha are not courtesans, and we're not wives. We sell our skills, not our bodies. We create another secret world, a place only of beauty. The very word "geisha" means artist, and to be a geisha is to be judged as a moving work of art" [10].

Matriarchal society

.Women in the geisha society are some of the most successful businesswomen in Japan.^ Nitta Sayuri reveals how she transcended her fishing-village roots and became one of Japan's most celebrated geisha.
  • Memoirs of a Geisha (2005) 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: General]

In the geisha society, women run everything. .Without the impeccable business skills of the female teahouse owners, the world of geisha would cease to exist.^ I do not think that there is any other culture in the world to have been able to produce a Finishing School, to produce such a perfect female hostess to sooth the nerves of the exhausted business executive.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Can’t you be a little nicer?) - It would be so easy with men… In business world, “results” count.

The teahouse owners are entrepreneurs, whose service to the geisha is highly necessary for the society to run smoothly. Men are also needed, but in contingent positions such as hair stylists, dressers, and sometimes accountants[11]. .In an interview with the Boston Phoenix, Mineko Iwasaki, reportedly the most successful geisha of all time, stated, “The geisha system was founded, actually, to promote the independence and economic self-sufficiency of women.^ Mineko Iwasaki, one of the most prolific geiko’s still alive, condemns his book as crap.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ The mizuage is actually the total earnings of a geisha and also refers to her coming of age ceremony (Mineko Iwasaki, “Geisha: A Life,” page 187).
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ If you want to read a book about what a REAL geiko’s life was like, read, “Geisha: A Life”, an autobiography of Mineko Iwasaki.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

.And that was its stated purpose, and it actually accomplished that quite admirably in Japanese society, where there were very few routes for women to achieve that sort of independence” [12].^ I believe the estimation to be quite true , it was very common profession for women.
  • Hanami Web - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.hanamiweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The majority of women were wives who didn’t work outside of their familial duties.^ There’re still many men who are awkward about their wives working outside.

^ The implication was clear; the geishas outside of Kyoto didn’t do “true” geiko work.
  • Oiran versus Geisha » Japundit Blog 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC blog.japundit.com [Source type: General]

^ Straight men and women are also supporting the cause and even families of those who joined are present.

Becoming a geisha was a way for women to support themselves without submitting to becoming a wife. The geisha women live in a strictly matriarchal society. Women dominate. Women run the geisha houses, they are teachers, they run the teahouses, they recruit aspiring geisha, and they keep track of geishas’ finances. The only role that men play in the society is that they are the people being entertained. Sometimes men work as hair stylists or kimono dressers, but their jobs are hardly ever long-term. .Men aren’t meant to see the behind-the-scenes workings of geisha to ensure the mystery behind the women.^ Issue @ Geisha Today Working with women is ...

^ After seeing these beautiful photos of geisha helped me understand what Liza meant by "dead white and heart shaped lips."
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Issue @ Geisha Today Working with women is troublesome???

Geishas also embody a type of feminism [13]. "We find our own way, without doing family responsibilities. Isn't that what feminists are?” [14]. .These women leave their families at a young age to immerse themselves in their art.^ But these young men and women came here not get an adventure.

.They believe that men can make a life for themselves, always being in control, so why can't women?^ Women need much more motivation than men when they do business.

^ He’d seriously believe, “I’m worse than everyone, and I always mess things up.” Ryo might end up not being able to accept himself.

Also, they "have grown adept at using their silken charms to wind their men around their little fingers... [to] manipulate the dumb, unsuspecting male of the species... to make a man think that he is the one who has the brilliant ideas" [15].

Misconceptions

.There are many misconceptions over what a geisha truly is because the tumultuous past of artisans, prostitutes, and pleasure quarters in Japan.^ There are several misconceptions about the job and position of the Japanese geisha.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

“The world of the geisha, the "flower and willow world," is a very separate society that is shrouded in mystery. .The myths that have been created by outsiders about the environment and the lifestyle of the geisha world have, for the most part, been able to grow unchecked.^ I am doing a make up artistry course and I'm creating a geisha (Maiko) as part of my final exam.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

.And because it is a very private,elite world, most people would be uncomfortable speaking about it” [16].^ I dreaded anyone asking me what it was about because all I would have been able to offer is an um-studded babble of "It's about this spy, um, who comes in from the cold...."

Other misconceptions are derived from true prostitutes in Japan, confused with the word geisha. .During World War II, some prostitutes referred to themselves as geisha girls to the foreign military men who they spent time with.^ The two has been previously featured here in Geisha Diaries and this time they're making a great comeback with their music videos.

^ My mother and I were watching a documentary on "the Secreat World of Geisha's" and she said that they act as prostitutes.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

.However, prostitution was legal in Japan until the turn of the twentieth century, which is another reason that people may be misinformed about geishas not offering sex to customers [17].^ So few people understand about geisha.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ I`ve speculated about this issue before, but I think that I may have finally found the real root cause of Japan`s declining birthrate.

History

The first geisha were men during the 1600s. They entertained as comedians and musicians. It wasn’t until 1751 when a female geisha surprisingly emerged. “The profession originated in the 17th century in response to male demand for cultured female company. According to Confucian custom, most marriages were loveless affairs arranged purely to produce heirs. While licensed courtesans existed to meet men's sexual needs, geisha carved out a separate niche as artists and erudite female companions” [18]. By 1800, being a geisha was considered a female occupation. There were many different statuses of geisha to represent what type of business they conducted. Some women would have sex with their male customers, whereas others would strictly entertain with their art forms. Prostitution was legal up until the 1900s, so it was practiced in many quarters throughout Japan, also fueling the misconception between geisha and prostitution. World War II brought many changes to the world of geishas. In 1944, everything in the geisha’s world was forced to shut down, including teahouses, bars, and houses. About a year later, they were allowed to reopen, after the women had been working laboriously in factories every day. .The very few women who returned back to the geisha areas decided to reject western influence and revert back to traditional ways of entertainment and life.^ A place of entertainment in the traditional area of Geishas, Gion ...
  • Geisha Images and Stock Photos. 439 Geisha photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha - A living tradition by Kyoko Aihara - Carlton Books A beautiful picture book with text about the daily life of geisha.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ I recognized most of them are Maiko and very few are Geisha.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

“The image of the geisha was formed during .Japan’s feudal past, and this is now the image they must keep in order to remain geisha” [19].^ Online Now in Japan Forum So that you can see the contents of this side, you must activate Javascript in your browser!
  • Japanese Culture - Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.japan-zone.com [Source type: General]

World War II resulted with most of the laboring geisha not returning to their previous occupation. .It was up to the few women who did return to change the thwarted view of geisha back its traditional ways.^ Ipinaskil ni Geisha Tuesday, December 29, 2009 2 violent reactions By the way, before we'll post the beneficiaries of the project, allow me to introduce to you the men and women that i had the pleasure working for the past few weeks.

Because of the devastations of the war, people post-war wanted to bring nationalism back to the country through a reinvention of traditional values and the arts. Another major change after World War II was the absence of a young geisha’s mizuage, or selling their virginity to the highest bidder. This reform was also in the form of a feminist movement, because the girls wanted control over their bodies, especially sexually. “There is no doubt that coerced sex and bidding on a new geisha’s virginity occurred in the period before WWII…After Japan lost the war, geisha dispersed and the profession was in shambles. .When they regrouped during the Occupation and began to flourish in the 1960s during Japan’s postwar economic boom, the geisha world changed.^ My mother and I were watching a documentary on "the Secreat World of Geisha's" and she said that they act as prostitutes.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

In modern Japan, girls are not sold into indentured service, nor are they coerced into sexual relations. Nowadays, a geisha’s sex life is her private affair” [20]. .In her book, Geisha, a Life, Mineko Iwasaki said, “I lived in the karyukai during the 1960s and 1970s, a time when Japan was undergoing the radical transformation from a post-feudal to a modern society.^ Geisha - A living tradition by Kyoko Aihara - Carlton Books A beautiful picture book with text about the daily life of geisha.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha of Gion - by Mineko Iwasaki - Pocket Books Mineko was one of the famous geisha here in Gion (Kyoto) and she wrote her own story.
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^ Does someone know other books regarding the life of a geisha?
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

But I existed in a world apart, a special realm whose mission and identity depended on preserving the time-honored traditions of the past” [21].

Modern geisha

A geiko entertaining a guest in Gion (Kyoto)
The Gion geiko district (hanamachi) of Kyoto, Japan
.Modern geisha still live in traditional geisha houses called okiya in areas called hanamachi (花街 "flower towns"), particularly during their apprenticeship.^ Geisha - A living tradition by Kyoko Aihara - Carlton Books A beautiful picture book with text about the daily life of geisha.
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^ A place of entertainment in the traditional area of Geishas, Gion ...
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Many experienced geisha are successful enough to choose to live independently. .The elegant, high-culture world that geisha are a part of is called karyūkai (花柳界 "the flower and willow world").^ Email this page view sizing chart You are here: Home → History & World Culture Costumes → Geisha Costumes .

^ You are here: Home → History & World Culture Costumes → Geisha Costumes .

.Young women who wish to become geisha now most often begin their training after completing middle school, high school, or even college.^ Also, Kenji, who's running it, has suggested that we learn a dance called Tenjin Ayatori which is really cool and I really want to do it but apparently, even though it's a traditional Akita dance, barely anyone knows what it is so Kenji wants to start an Ayatori club at one of the high schools so that more young people will learn it.

Many women begin their careers in adulthood. Geisha still study traditional instruments: the shamisen, shakuhachi, and drums, as well as traditional songs, Japanese traditional dances, tea ceremony, literature, and poetry.[22][23] Women dancers drawing their art from butō (a classical Japanese dance) were trained by the Hanayagi school, whose top dancers performed internationally. .Ichinohe Sachiko choreographed and performed traditional dances in Heian court costumes, characterized by the slow, formal, and elegant motions of this classical age of Japanese culture in which geisha are trained.^ The word 'geisha' means 'artist' and they are highly respected, professional women trained from girlhood in conversation, traditional Japanese dance, singing and playing the shamisen (a string instrument), in order to lend an atmosphere of chic and gaiety to professional or social gatherings of men.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ (Normally 25.99) Girls Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume - Japanese Geisha Costumes - Child Halloween Costumes - This Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume includes the red dress with black obi and headpiece.

^ (Normally 44.99) Adult Japanese Lady Costume - Japanese Geisha Costumes - Sexy Halloween Costumes - This sexy Japanese Geisha costume includes the Geisha costume dress, obi and the wig.

[22]
.By watching other geisha, and with the assistance of the owner of the geisha house, apprentices also become skilled dealing with clients and in the complex traditions surrounding selecting and wearing kimono, a floor length silk robe embroidered with intricate designs which is held together by a sash at the waist.^ It See Full Description Adult Asian Madame Butterfly Costume Japanese and Chinese Costumes (Item #TRAD242) $44.16 (Normally 51.95) Adult Asian Madame Butterfly Costume - Japanese and Chinese Costumes - Halloween Costumes for Women - This Adult Asian Madame Butterfly Geisha Costume includes the kimono and the waist sash.

[24][25]
Kyoto is considered by many to be where the geisha tradition is the strongest today, including Gion Kobu. The geisha in these districts are known as geiko. The Tokyo hanamachi of Shimbashi, Asakusa and Kagurazaka are also well known.
In modern Japan, geisha and maiko are now a rare sight outside hanamachi. In the 1920s, there were over 80,000 geisha in Japan,[26][27] but today, there are far fewer. The exact number is unknown to outsiders and is estimated to be from 1,000 to 2,000, mostly in the resort town of Atami. .Most common are sightings of tourists who pay a fee to be dressed up as a maiko.^ We had to pay about $100 gratuity fee, and this was the most unreasonable price I've been charged for anything in my life!!!!
  • Geisha House - Hollywood Reviews - Rated by OpenTable Diners 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC reviews.opentable.com [Source type: General]

[28]
A sluggish economy, declining interest in the traditional arts, the exclusive nature of the flower and willow world, and the expense of being entertained by geisha have all contributed to the tradition's decline.
.Geisha are often hired to attend parties and gatherings, traditionally at tea houses (茶屋, Chashitsu|ochaya) or at traditional Japanese restaurants (ryōtei)[25].^ (Normally 25.99) Girls Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume - Japanese Geisha Costumes - Child Halloween Costumes - This Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume includes the red dress with black obi and headpiece.

Their time is measured by the time it takes an incense stick to burn and is called senkōdai (線香代, "incense stick fee") or gyokudai (玉代 "jewel fee"). In Kyoto, the terms ohana (お花) and hanadai (花代), meaning "flower fees", are preferred. The customer makes arrangements through the geisha union office (検番 kenban), which keeps each geisha's schedule and makes her appointments both for entertaining and for training.
In 2007, the first Caucasian geisha debuted under the name of "Sayuki", in the Asakusa district of Tokyo.[29][30]

Arts

.Geisha begin their study of music and dance when they are very young and continue it throughout their lives.^ To Adi: it does seem like the geishas knew they were to be photographed since they are posing very nicely.
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.They could be as old as sixty and still learning the art of their profession.^ It is nice to see an old art form is still there with all the modern changes going on in Japan.
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[2] The dance of the geisha has evolved from the dance performed on the kabuki stage. The "wild and outrageous" dances transformed into a more subtle, stylized, and controlled form of dance. It is not athletic, like ballet, but slower and more graceful. It is also extremely disciplined, similar to tai chi. Every dance uses gestures to tell a story and only a connoisseur can understand the subdued symbolism. For example, a tiny hand gesture represents reading love letter, holding the corner of a handkerchief in ones mouth represents coquetry and the long sleeves of the elaborate kimono are often used to symbolize dabbing tears. The dance sends a message of femininity but the small steps and the limited range of movements.[1]
The dances are accompanied by traditional Japanese music. The primary instrument is the shamisen. This shamisen, originating in Okinawa, is a banjo-like three-stringed instrument that is played with a plectrum. It has very distinct, melancholy sound that is often accompanied by flute. It takes years to master and only a very experienced geisha can play with the precision and passion of a master. All geisha are required to learn to play a shamisen. .Along with the shamisen and the flute, geisha also learned to play a ko-tsuzumi, a small, hourglass-shaped shoulder drum, and the taiko, a large floor drum.^ A Geisha Girl Playing A Wooden Flute.
  • Geisha Images and Stock Photos. 439 Geisha photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ A Geisha Girl Playing The Flute.
  • Geisha Images and Stock Photos. 439 Geisha photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.Some geisha would not only dance and play music, but would write beautiful, melancholy poems.^ So if you can help with some book suggestions please do e-mail me since I sure would love to read all I can find on Geisha's.
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^ I would love to know some good names of books pertaining to Geisha since I find them to be absolutely beautiful.
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^ Geisha playing traditional musical instruments, Japan, 1880.
  • Geisha Images and Stock Photos. 439 Geisha photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

.Others painted pictures that gave glimpses into the mysterious lives of the geisha, and even others would compose music.^ Geisha - A living tradition by Kyoko Aihara - Carlton Books A beautiful picture book with text about the daily life of geisha.
  • Geisha Photo Gallery Photo Gallery by Julian Hebbrecht at pbase.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm a Melbourne based artist - and I would very much like to paint from some of your fantastic geisha photos - may I do so?
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The art of the geisha is her main entertainment and is most important in her training.[1]

Geisha and prostitution

.There remains some confusion, even within Japan, about the nature of the geisha profession.^ There are several misconceptions about the job and position of the Japanese geisha.
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^ For one, it's 11:15 in the evening by which point I am usually beddy byes which means that tonight is SPESHUL. There was a welcome party, some pictures for which the link is here .

Geisha are regarded as prostitutes by many[citation needed] non-Japanese. However, legitimate geisha do not engage in paid sex with clients. .Their purpose is to entertain their customer, be it by dancing, reciting verse, playing musical instruments, or engaging in light conversation.^ And by professional, I mean, it takes years of training and education in the Art of Courtesy and Respect,of playing musical instruments, of dancing and grace, of listening in humility, of entertaining and pleasing a guest, of diplomacy and charm, of being able to cope with almost any topic of conversation, and to make a man feel like a king.
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.Geisha engagements may include flirting with men and playful innuendos; however, clients know that nothing more can be expected.^ For those who want to know more about geisha, here are a few book titles: 1.
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In a social style that is common in Japan, men are amused by the illusion of that which is never to be.[31]
Geisha have been confused with the Edo period's high-class courtesans known as oiran, from whom they evolved. Like geisha, oiran wore elaborate hairstyles and white makeup, but oiran knotted their obi in the front. .It has been commonly thought the obi was tied that way for easy removal, though anthropologist Liza Dalby has suggested that it was because it was the practice of married women at the time.^ Liza Dalby writes about her experiances as her time as a geisha.
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[citation needed]
During the Edo period, prostitution was legal. Prostitutes such as the oiran worked within walled-in districts licensed by the government. In the seventeenth century, the oiran sometimes employed men called "geisha" to perform at their parties. Therefore, the first geisha were men. In the late eighteenth century, dancing women called "odoriko" and newly popular female geisha began entertaining men at banquets in unlicensed districts. Some were apprehended for illegal prostitution and sent to the licensed quarters, where there was a strict distinction between geisha and prostitutes, and the former were forbidden to sell sex. In contrast, "machi geisha", who worked outside the licensed districts, often engaged in illegal prostitution.[32]
In 1872, shortly after the Meiji Restoration, the new government passed a law liberating "prostitutes (shōgi) and geisha (geigi)". The wording of this statute was the subject of controversy. .Some officials thought that prostitutes and geisha worked at different ends of the same profession—selling sex— and that all prostitutes should henceforth be called "geisha". In the end, the government decided to maintain a line between the two groups, arguing that geisha were more refined and should not be soiled by association with prostitutes.^ Same difference really) and we all decided on which group we wanted to be part of.

[33]
Also, geisha working in onsen towns such as Atami are dubbed onsen geisha. Onsen geisha have been given a bad reputation due to the prevalence of prostitutes in such towns who market themselves as "geisha," as well as sordid rumors of dance routines like Shallow River (which involves the "dancers" lifting the skirts of their kimono higher and higher). .In contrast to these "one-night geisha," the true onsen geisha are in fact competent dancers and musicians.^ One of these is that geisha are prostitutes.
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However, the autobiography of Sayo Masuda, an onsen geisha who worked in Nagano Prefecture in the 1930s, reveals that in the past, such women were often under intense pressure to sell sex.[34]

Personal relationships and danna

Geisha are expected to be single women; those who choose to marry must retire from the profession.
It was traditional in the past for established geisha to take a danna, or patron. A danna was typically a wealthy man, sometimes married, who had the means to support the very large expenses related to a geisha's traditional training and other costs. This sometimes occurs today as well, but very rarely.
A geisha and her danna may or may not be in love, but intimacy is never viewed as a reward for the danna's financial support. The traditional conventions and values within such a relationship are very intricate and not well understood, even by many Japanese.
While it is true that a geisha is free to pursue personal relationships with men she meets through her work, such relationships are carefully chosen and unlikely to be casual. A hanamachi tends to be a very tight-knit community and a geisha's good reputation is not taken lightly.

"Geisha girls"

."Geisha girls"[35] were Japanese women who worked as prostitutes during the period of the Allied Occupation of Japan.^ (Normally 25.99) Girls Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume - Japanese Geisha Costumes - Child Halloween Costumes - This Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume includes the red dress with black obi and headpiece.

^ It improves the wig fit for better style and See Full Description Japanese Geisha Girl Wig Japanese Geisha Costume Accessories (Item #WIG92) In Stock!
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^ It improves the wig fit for better style and See Full Description Geisha Girl Wig Japanese Costume Accessories (Item #WIG93) In Stock!
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They almost exclusively serviced American GIs stationed in the country, who incorrectly referred to them as "Geesha girls." The term is a mispronunciation of the word geisha.[35][36] The mispronunciation persists among some Westerners.
Adding to the confusion is the fact that these women dressed in kimono and imitated the look of geisha. .Americans unfamiliar with the Japanese culture could not tell the difference between legitimate geisha and these costumed prostitutes.^ (Normally 25.99) Girls Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume - Japanese Geisha Costumes - Child Halloween Costumes - This Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume includes the red dress with black obi and headpiece.

^ It improves the wig fit for better style and See Full Description Japanese Geisha Girl Wig Japanese Geisha Costume Accessories (Item #WIG92) In Stock!
  • Plus Size Geisha Costume - Asian Japanese Geisha Costumes 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.costumecraze.com [Source type: General]

^ It improves the wig fit for better style and See Full Description Geisha Girl Wig Japanese Costume Accessories (Item #WIG93) In Stock!
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[35] Shortly after their arrival in 1945, occupying American GIs are said to have congregated on the Ginza and shouted in unison, "We want geesha girls!"[37]
.Eventually, the term "geisha girl" became a general word for any female Japanese prostitute or worker in the mizu shobai and included bar hostesses and streetwalkers.^ (Normally 25.99) Girls Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume - Japanese Geisha Costumes - Child Halloween Costumes - This Red Dragon Girl Geisha Costume includes the red dress with black obi and headpiece.

^ It improves the wig fit for better style and See Full Description Japanese Geisha Girl Wig Japanese Geisha Costume Accessories (Item #WIG92) In Stock!
  • Plus Size Geisha Costume - Asian Japanese Geisha Costumes 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.costumecraze.com [Source type: General]

^ It improves the wig fit for better style and See Full Description Geisha Girl Wig Japanese Costume Accessories (Item #WIG93) In Stock!
  • Plus Size Geisha Costume - Asian Japanese Geisha Costumes 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.costumecraze.com [Source type: General]

[35]
Geisha girls are speculated by researchers to be largely responsible for the continuing misconception in the West that all geisha engaged in prostitution.[35]

Mizuage

Mizuage (水揚げ) was a ceremony undergone by a maiko (apprentice geisha) to signify her coming of age. Mizuage literally means "raising the waters" and originally meant unloading a ship's cargo of fish. Over time, the word came to represent money earned in the entertainment business.[2]
During the Edo period, courtesans' undergoing mizuage were sponsored by a patron who had the right of taking their virginity[38]. This practice became illegal in 1959.[4] All maikos had to go through this ceremony in order to become a full fledged geisha. Once the mizuage patron's function was served (of deflowering the young maiko) he was to have no further relations with the girl.[39]
Mizuage was not considered by geisha to be an act of prostitution. The ceremonial deflowering of the Geisha is not only a rite of passage, but a commercial transaction.[2] The money acquired for a maiko’s mizuage was a great sum and it was used to promote her debut as a geisha.[40]

Appearance

Women posing as maiko (geisha apprentices), Kyoto, Japan, wearing traditional furisode and okobo
A geisha's appearance changes throughout her career, from the girlish, heavily made-up maiko, to the more sombre appearance of an older established geisha.

Makeup

Today, the traditional makeup of the apprentice geisha is one of their most recognizable characteristics, though established geisha generally only wear full white face makeup characteristic of maiko during special performances.
.The traditional makeup of an apprentice geisha features a thick white base with red lipstick and red and black accents around the eyes and eyebrows.^ (Normally 9.99) Black, Red or White Lace Costume Fan - Costume Accessories - This Lace Costume Fan is made of plastic with lace and gold trim.
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Originally, the white base mask was made with lead, but after the discovery that it poisoned the skin and caused terrible skin and back problems for the older geisha towards the end of the Meiji Era, it was replaced with rice powder.
The application of makeup is hard to perfect and is a time-consuming process. Makeup is applied before dressing to avoid dirtying the kimono. First, a wax or oil substance, called bintsuke-abura, is applied to the skin. Next, white powder is mixed with water into a paste and applied with a bamboo brush starting from the neck and working upwards. The white makeup covers the face, neck, and chest, with two or three unwhitened areas (forming a W or V shape, usually a traditional W shape) left on the nape, to accentuate this traditionally erotic area, and a line of bare skin around the hairline, which creates the illusion of a mask.
After the foundation layer is applied, a sponge is patted all over the face, throat, chest, the nape and neck to remove excess moisture and to blend the foundation. Next the eyes and eyebrows are drawn in. Traditionally, charcoal was used, but today, modern cosmetics are used. The eyebrows and edges of the eyes are colored black with a thin charcoal; a maiko also applies red around her eyes.
The lips are filled in using a small brush. The color comes in a small stick, which is melted in water. Crystallized sugar is then added to give the lips lustre. Rarely will a geisha color in both lips fully in the Western style, as white creates optical illusions and colouring the lips fully would make them appear overly large. The lower lip is colored in partially and the upper lip left white for maiko in her first year, after which the upper lip is also colored. Newly full-fledged geisha will color in only the top lip fully. Most geisha wear the top lip colored in fully or stylized, and the bottom lip in a curved stripe that does not follow the shape of the lip.The geisha round the bottom lips to create the illusion of a flower bud.
Maiko who are in their last stage of training will sometimes color their teeth black for a short period of time. This practice used to be common among married women in Japan and, earlier, at the imperial court, but survives only in some districts, or even families. While this sounds unsavoury to Western ears, it is again at least partly because of the optical illusion generated by white makeup: in contrast, teeth seem very yellow; colouring the teeth black means that they seem to "disappear" in the darkness of the open mouth. This illusion is of course more pronounced at a distance.
For the first three years, a maiko wears this heavy makeup almost constantly. During her initiation, the maiko is helped with her makeup either by her onee-san, or "older sister" (an experienced geisha who is her mentor), or by the okaa-san, or "mother" of her geisha house. After this, she applies the makeup herself.
After a maiko has been working for three years, she changes her make-up to a more subdued style. The reason for this is that she has now become mature, and the simpler style shows her own natural beauty. For formal occasions, the mature geisha will still apply white make-up. .For geisha over thirty, the heavy white make-up is only worn during special dances which require her to wear make-up for her part.^ There was more dancing and then the couple's outer clothing came off to make a two parts of a love heart with their T-shirts.

Dress

Rear view of a minarai in a teahouse, her richly embroidered obi clearly visible
Geisha always wear kimono. Apprentice geisha wear highly colorful kimono with extravagant obi. Always, the obi is brighter than the kimono she is wearing to give a certain exotic balance. Maiko wear the obi tied in a style called "darari" (dangling obi). .Older geisha wear more subdued patterns and styles (most notably the obi tied in a simpler knot utilized by married women known as the "taiko musubi" (太鼓結び), or "drum knot").^ Find more products like this in: Plus Size Costumes • Adult Costumes for Women • Adult Halloween Costumes • Asian Costumes • Japanese Costumes • Chinese Costumes • Geisha Costumes • Oriental Costumes .
  • Plus Size Geisha Costume - Asian Japanese Geisha Costumes 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.costumecraze.com [Source type: General]

The sign of a prosperous okiya is having geisha not wearing a kimono more than once, meaning that those okiya with higher economic status will have "storehouses" of sorts where kimono are stored and interchanged between geisha.
Kimono can be as many as 12 or 15 layers thick for a maiko. An apprentice geisha's kimono will have, in addition to the heavy dangling obi, pocketed sleeves called "furi" which dangle all the way to the ground. .During a dance or performance, an apprentice must wrap the pocketed sleeves around her arms many times to avoid tripping.^ Not that many people showed up but there was dancing and sugary things and I think everyone had a pretty good time.

.The color, pattern, and style of kimono is also dependent on the season and the event the geisha is attending.^ Geisha girls in colorful kimonos on bridge over pond reflecting ...
  • Geisha Images and Stock Photos. 439 Geisha photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Three Geishas in colorful kimonos at shrine in Kyoto .
  • Geisha Images and Stock Photos. 439 Geisha photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

In winter, geisha can be seen wearing a three-quarter length haori lined with hand-painted silk over their kimono. Lined kimono are worn during colder seasons, and unlined kimono during the summer. A kimono can take from two to three years to complete, due to painting and embroidering.
Geiko wear red or pink nagajuban, or under-kimono. A maiko wears red with white printed patterns. .The junior maiko's collar is predominantly red with white, silver, or gold embroidery.^ (Normally 9.99) Black, Red or White Lace Costume Fan - Costume Accessories - This Lace Costume Fan is made of plastic with lace and gold trim.
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Two to three years into her apprenticeship, the red collar will be entirely embroidered in white (when viewed from the front) to show her seniority. At around age 20, her collar will turn from red to white.
Geisha wear a flat-soled sandal, zori, outdoors, and wear only tabi (white split-toed socks) indoors. In inclement weather geisha wear raised wooden clogs, called geta. Maiko wear a special wooden clog known as okobo.

Hair

The maiko Mamechiho in the Gion district of Kyoto. Notice the green pin on the mid-left called tsunagi-dango: this identifies her as a maiko of Gion kobu.
The hairstyles of geisha have varied through history. In the past, it has been common for women to wear their hair down in some periods, but up in others. During the 17th century, women began putting all their hair up again, and it is during this time that the traditional shimada hairstyle, a type of traditional chignon worn by most established geisha, developed.
.There are four major types of the shimada: the taka shimada, a high chignon usually worn by young, single women; the tsubushi shimada, a more flattened chignon generally worn by older women; the uiwata, a chignon that is usually bound up with a piece of colored cotton crepe; and a style that resembles a divided peach, which is worn only by maiko.^ Also, I think this will do wonders for my Japanese because there's only five of us and the other four are Japanese and all seem lovely.

^ I'm used to young boys in anime being voiced by women but there you go.

^ There were dancing ninjas as well that ended up being a Romeo and Juliet-esque type story for about a minute before they seemed to decide that dancing was obviously more fun.

This is sometimes called "Momoware", or "split peach". Additional hairstyles: Ofuku, Katsuyama, Yakko-shimada, and Sakko. Maiko of Miyagawa-chō and Pontochō will wear an additional six hairstyles leading up to the Sakko, including Umemodoki, Oshidori no Hina, Kikugasane, and Osafune.
These hairstyles are decorated with elaborate hair-combs and hairpins (kanzashi). In the seventeenth century and after the Meiji Restoration period, hair-combs were large and conspicuous, generally more ornate for higher-class women. Following the Meiji Restoration and into the modern era, smaller and less conspicuous hair-combs became more popular.
Geisha were trained to sleep with their necks on small supports (takamakura), instead of pillows, so they could keep their hairstyle perfect. To reinforce this habit, their mentors would pour rice around the base of the support. If the geisha's head rolled off the support while she slept, rice would stick to the pomade in her hair. The geisha would thus have to repeat the tiresome process of having her hair elaborately styled. Without this happening, a geisha will have her hair styled every week or so.
Many modern geisha use wigs in their professional lives, while maiko use their natural hair. However, either one must be regularly tended by highly skilled artisans. Traditional hairstyling is a slowly dying art. Over time, the hairstyle can cause balding on the top of the head.

In popular culture

The growing interest in geisha and their exotic appearance have spawned various popular culture phenomena both in Japan and in the West. Western interest in geisha increased with the 1997 novel and 2005 film Memoirs of a Geisha and the autobiography of former geisha Iwasaki Mineko, titled Geisha of Gion.

Geisha photography

  • A girl inherited Maiko (apprentice geisha) life (2007) by Naoyuki Ogino at the Canon Gallery, Japan
  • A Geisha's Journey (2008) Photographs by Naoyuki Ogino, text by Komomo, ISBN 9784770030672, Kodansha International [2]
  • Geisha of Pontocho (1954) by P.D. Perkins. Photographs by Francis Haar. Published by Tokyo News Service.

In film

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Lesley Downer, "The City Geisha and Their Role in Modern Japan: Anomaly or artistes", in Martha Feldman and Bonnie Gordon, eds, The Courtesan's Arts: Cross-Cultural Perspectives (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006; ISBN 0195170288), pp. 223–242.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Gallagher, John. Geisha: A Unique World of Tradition, Elegance, and Art. London: PRC, 2003. ISBN 1856486974
  3. ^ Melissa Hope Ditmore (2006). Encyclopedia of prostitution and sex work. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32969-9. , page 184[1]
  4. ^ a b Reynolds, Wayne; Gallagher, John (2003). Geisha : A Unique World of Tradition, Elegance and Art. PRC Publishing. ISBN 1-85648-697-4.  page 159
  5. ^ De Mente, Boye (1966). Some Prefer Geisha. Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle Company. 
  6. ^ Mineko, Iwasaki; Rande Brown (2003). Geisha, A Life. New York: Washington Square. 
  7. ^ Champeon, Kenneth (3). "the Floating World". Things Asian. http://www.thingsasian.com/stories-photos/2130. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  8. ^ Dalby, Liza (1998). Geisha. Berkeley: University of California. 
  9. ^ Dalby, Liza (1998). Geisha. Berkeley: University of California. 
  10. ^ Suzuka Ohgo, Togo Igawa, Mako. (2005). Memoirs of a Geisha. [DVD]. Japan: Columbia Pictures Corporation. 
  11. ^ Dalby, Liza (1998). Geisha. Berkeley: University of California. 
  12. ^ Wieder, Tamara (17 October 2002). news_features/qa/documents/02473409.htm "Remaking a memoir" (in English). Boston Phoenix. http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/ news_features/qa/documents/02473409.htm. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  13. ^ Collins, Sarah (24). "Japanese Feminism". Serendip's Exchange. http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1656. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  14. ^ Dalby, Liza (1998). Geisha. Berkeley: University of California. 
  15. ^ Hua, Julietta (2009). ""Gucci Geishas" and Post-feminism". Academic Search Premier. 
  16. ^ Wieder, Tamara (17 October 2002). news_features/qa/documents/02473409.htm "Remaking a memoir" (in English). Boston Phoenix. http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/ news_features/qa/documents/02473409.htm. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  17. ^ Dalby, Liza (1998). Geisha. Berkeley: University of California. 
  18. ^ Haworth, Abigail (November 2009). "Meet Japan’s First Western Geisha". Marie Claire. http://www.marieclaire.com/world-reports/news/japans-western-geisha. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  19. ^ Dalby, Liza (1998). Geisha. Berkeley: University of California. 
  20. ^ Dalby, Liza. "Do They or Don’t They". http://www.lizadalby.com/LD/ng_geisha_sex.html. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  21. ^ Mineko, Iwasaki; Rande Brown (2003). Geisha, A Life. New York: Washington Square. 
  22. ^ a b Coutsoukis, Photius (2004-11-10). "Japan Performing Arts". http://www.photius.com/countries/japan/society/japan_society_performing_arts.html. Retrieved 2009-06-02.  Originally from The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook.
  23. ^ Coutsoukis, Photius (2004-11-10). "Japan Dance". http://www.photius.com/countries/japan/society/japan_society_dance.html. Retrieved 2009-06-02.  Originally from The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook.
  24. ^ Tames, Richard (September 1993). A Traveller's History of Japan. Brooklyn, New York: Interlink Books. ISBN 1566561388. 
  25. ^ a b Kalman, Bobbie (March 1989). Japan the Culture. Stevens Point, Wisconsin: Crabtree Publishing Company. ISBN 0865052069. 
  26. ^ Dougill, John (2006). Kyoto: a cultural history. Oxford University Press. p. 182. ISBN 0195301374. http://books.google.com/books?id=ggmbp2pv8toC&pg=PA182&dq=geisha+80,000#v=onepage&q=geisha%2080%2C000&f=false. 
  27. ^ Merriam-Webster, Inc (2000). Merriam-Webster's collegiate encyclopedia. Merriam-Webster, Inc. p. 639. ISBN 0877790175. http://books.google.com/books?id=V2d12iZkgOwC&pg=PA639&dq=geisha+80,000#v=onepage&q=geisha%2080%2C000&f=false. 
  28. ^ Lies, Elaine (2008-04-23). "Modern-day geisha triumphs in closed, traditional world". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUST23171020080423?pageNumber=1&virtualBrandChannel=0. Retrieved 2009-06-02. 
  29. ^ "Turning Japanese: the first foreign geisha". The Independent. 2008-01-24. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/turning-japanese-the-first-foreign-geisha-773167.html. Retrieved 2009-06-02. 
  30. ^ Ryall, Julian (2008-01-09). "Westerner inducted into mysteries of geisha". Telegraph.co.uk. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/1574835/Westerner-inducted-into-mysteries-of-geisha.html. Retrieved 2009-06-02. 
  31. ^ Henshall, K. G., 1999, A History of Japan, Macmillan Press LTD, London, ISBN 0333749405, page 61
  32. ^ Seigle, Cecilia Segawa (1993). Yoshiwara: the glittering world of the Japanese courtesan. [Honolulu]: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-1488-6.  pages 170-175.
  33. ^ Matsugu, Miho, 2006, "In the Service of the Nation: Geisha and Kawabata Yasunari's "Snow Country"", in Martha Feldman and Bonnie Gordon, ed. The Courtesan's Arts, Oxford University Press, London, ISBN 0195170288, page 244
  34. ^ Masuda, Sayo, 2003, Autobiography of a Geisha, trans. G.G. Rowley, Columbia University Press, New York ISBN 0231129513
  35. ^ a b c d e Sheridan Prasso, The Asian Mystique: Dragon Ladies, Geisha Girls & Our Fantasies of the Exotic Orient PublicAffairs, 2005. ISBN 1586482149
  36. ^ Ruth Ozeki, Inside and other short fiction: Japanese women by Japanese women Kodansha International, 2005. ISBN 4770030061
  37. ^ Alan Booth, Looking for the Lost: Journeys Through a Vanishing Japan Kodansha Globe Series, 1995. ISBN 1568361483
  38. ^ Seigle, Cecilia Segawa (1993). Yoshiwara: the glittering world of the Japanese courtesan. [Honolulu]: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-1488-6.  page 179.
  39. ^ Liza Crihfield Dalby. Geisha. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998)
  40. ^ Lesley Downer. Geisha: The Secret History of a Vanishing World. (London: Headline Book Publishing, 2000) Pages 256-266.

Further reading

  • Aihara, Kyoko. Geisha: A Living Tradition. London: Carlton Books, 2000. ISBN 1858689376, ISBN 1858689708.
  • Ariyoshi Sawako, The Twilight Years. Translated by Mildred Tahara. New York: Kodansha America, 1987.
  • Burns, Stanley B., and Elizabeth A. Burns. Geisha: A Photographic History, 1872–1912. Brooklyn, N.Y.: powerHouse Books, 2006. ISBN 1576873366.
  • Downer, Lesley. Women of the Pleasure Quarters: The Secret History of the Geisha. New York: Broadway Books, 2001. ISBN 0767904893, ISBN 0767904907.
  • Ishihara, Tetsuo. Peter MacIntosh, trans. Nihongami no Sekai: Maiko no kamigata (The World of Traditional Japanese Hairstyles: Hairstyles of the Maiko). Kyōtō: Dōhōsha Shuppan, 1993. ISBN 4810412946.
  • Iwasaki, Mineko, with Rande Brown. Geisha, A Life (also known as Geisha of Gion). New York: Atria Books, 2002. ISBN 0743444329, ISBN 0756781612; ISBN 074343059X.
  • Masuda, Sayo. G.G. Rowley, trans. Autobiography of a Geisha. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. ISBN 0231129505. * Masuda, Sayo. G.G. Rowley, trans. Autobiography of a Geisha. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003. ISBN 0231129505.
  • Scott, A.C. The Flower and Willow World; The Story of the Geisha. New York: Orion Press, 1960.

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.GEISHA (a Chino-Japanese word meaning "person of pleasing accomplishments"), strictly the name of the professional dancing and singing girls of Japan.^ A Geisha girl adjusting her hat, Japan.
  • Geisha Images and Stock Photos. 439 Geisha photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Geisha girls are synonymous with Japanese culture.

^ A Geisha therefore is an accomplished woman of the arts, a dancing and singing girl, or art person.
  • Geisha Stationery, Geisha Birthday Party Invitations Stationary 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.paperpow.com [Source type: General]

.The word is, however, often loosely used for the girls and women inhabiting Shin Yoshiwara, the prostitutes' quarter of Tokyo.^ The word is, however, often loosely used for the girls and women inhabiting Shin Yoshiwara, the prostitutes' quarter of Tokyo .

^ Japanese geisha have long been mistaken for prostitutes, because during WWII, prostitutes often imitated the look of geisha, even calling themselves "Geisha Girls."
  • How to Create the Geisha Hairstyle | eHow.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Cite This Source Word Origin & History geisha 1887, "Japanese girl whose profession is to sing and dance to entertain men;" hence, loosely, "prostitute," from Japanese, lit.
  • Geisha Definition | Definition of Geisha at Dictionary.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: General]

.The training of the true Geisha xI. 18 a or singing girl, which includes lessons in dancing, begins often as early as her seventh year.^ A Japanese singing and dancing girl.
  • Geisha@Everything2.com 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Be a true geisha girl.
  • Search: geisha - Costumes 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.buycostumes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This training often lasts for many years.

Her apprenticeship over, she contracts with her employer for a number of years, and is seldom able to reach independence except by marriage. .There is a capitation fee of two yen per month on the actual singing girls, and of one yen on the apprentices.^ Coaching/Consulting package includes: One one-hour coaching session per month, two 15-minute spot sessions per month, unlimited email access to the Coach and the Time Geisha Newsletter, current and returning clients only.
  • Time Geisha 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC timegeisha.com [Source type: News]

^ One shouldn’t compare western ideals with those of the orient when we hear the term dancing and singing girl.
  • Geisha Stationery, Geisha Birthday Party Invitations Stationary 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.paperpow.com [Source type: General]

^ With only one day off every two or three months, Komomo at first sometimes longed for the life of an ordinary teenager, able to see movies on a whim.
  • Modern-day geisha triumphs in closed, traditional world| Reuters 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.reuters.com [Source type: News]
  • Modern-day geisha triumphs in closed, traditional world| Reuters 11 January 2010 0:42 UTC www.reuters.com [Source type: News]

See Jukichi Inouye, Sketches of Tokyo Life.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also geisha

German

Noun

Geisha f. (genitive Geisha, plural Geishas)
  1. geisha

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Geisha distinctissima

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Cladus: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Paraneoptera
Superordo: Condylognatha
Ordo: Hemiptera
Subordo: Auchenorrhyncha
Infraorder: Fulgoromorpha
Superfamilia: Fulgoroidea
Familia: Flatidae
Genus: Geisha
Species: G. distinctissima

Name

Geisha Kirkaldy, 1900
Type species: Poeciloptera distinctissima Walker, 1858

Simple English

[[File:|thumb|250px|Two maikos in Kyoto.]] Geisha (芸者?) or Geigi (芸妓?) are traditional female Japanese entertainers. They are skilled at different Japanese arts, like playing classical Japanese music, dancing and poetry. Some people believe that geishas are prostitutes, but this is not true.[1] The term "geisha" is made of two Japanese words, (gei) meaning "art" and 者 (sha) meaning "person who does" or "to be employed in". The most literal translation of geisha to English is "artist". Geishas are very respected and it is hard to become one.

Another common word to call geishas is Geiko (芸子). This word was made in Kyoto, and it is what they are called there. Kyoto is the city where the geisha tradition is older and stronger. Becoming a professional geisha (geiko) in Kyoto usually takes five years of training.

Apprentice geisha are called "maiko" (舞妓). This name is made of the Japanese words (mai) meaning "dancing" and (ko) meaning "child". The traditional image of the geisha in white make-up and kimono of many bright colors is really the maiko. Full geishas wear simpler kimonos, and only use white make-up at special times.

There are also geishas in other cities, but they are different. In Tokyo, becoming a full geisha takes from six months to a year. The Tokyo geisha apprentice is called "han'gyoku" (半玉) "half-jewel", or "o-shaku" (御酌), "one who serves (alcohol)". Tokyo geishas are normally older than Kyoto geikos.[2]

Modern geisha still live in traditional geisha houses called "okiya" ("geisha house") in neighborhoods named "hanamachi" (花街 "flower towns"). However, most older geisha who are successful have their own home. The elegant world that geisha are a part of is called "karyūkai" (花柳界 "the flower and willow world").[3] A famous geisha, Mineko Iwasaki, said this is because "geisha is like a flower, beautiful in her own way, and like a willow tree, gracious, flexible, and strong."[4]

Contents

History

Geisha are more modern than many people think. There were some women who worked as artists before geisha appeared, since the Heian Period (794-1185); but the true geishas appeared much later. In 1589, Toyotomi Hideyoshi authorized the building of a neighborhood in Kyoto, closed from the outside with walls. It was called Shimabara, and it was dedicated to pleasure.[5] This included enjoying arts, drinking, and luxury prostitution. Courtesans (called oiran 花魁) worked as expensive prostitutes, and attracted rich clients. Many artists also worked at the same houses, to entertain the clients with music, dancing and poetry. For a long time, these artists were men, and they called themselves "geisha" (artists), "hōkan" (jesters) or "taikomochi" (drummers, because they played the taiko, a Japanese drum).[6]

Like many things in Japanese culture, the world of courtesans became very complicated. Every man who wished to be with an oiran had to follow difficult rituals and etiquette, and only the very rich and noble could.[7] For this reason, many tea houses (ochaya) appeared outside Shimabara. At some of them, some women practiced cheaper prostitution, the "sancha-joro". However other women, who were called "odoroki" (dancing girls), acted as dancers and musicians. These women soon became very popular. They started calling themselves "geishas", like the male artists who worked at Shimabara. More or less by the year 1700, the female geishas became much more popular than the male ones. A few years later, almost all geishas were women.[8]

The government made laws that prohibited geishas to work as prostitutes, and only gave them permission to act as entertainers.[9] One of these laws said that they had to tie their obi ( sash) in the back, to make it harder for them to take their kimono off. Their hairstyle, make-up and kimono also had to be simpler than the oirans', because their beauty had to be in their art, not their bodies.[10] Soon, geishas became so much more popular than oirans, that by the year 1750 all oirans had disappeared. Other new geisha neighborhoods (hanamachi) were created in Kyoto and other cities.

In the 19th century, geishas were in better position than common women, but they also had problems in Japanese society. Sometimes, poor people sold their daughters to the hanamachi tea houses. Some rich men, called danna (patrons) paid a lot of money to get personal attention from a geisha. Geishas could not marry anymore, so they could have a danna to pay for her expenses. Other men paid a lot of money to take the new girls' virginity (mizuage).[11] But the reputation and respect for the geishas grew again in the Meiji Restoration, and even more after World War II. Important laws that protect them were created. Young girls could not be sold to the tea houses anymore, and the virginity of young geishas could not be bought. Since then, women only become geisha by their free will.[12]

Modern geisha

Most of the activity of geishas today is located at the hanamachis of Kyoto (especially the Gion hanamachi) and Tokyo. In modern Japan, they are almost never seen outside of them. In the 1920s there were over 80,000 geisha in Japan, but today there are far fewer. The main reason is the introduction of Western culture. The exact number of geishas today is not known, but is estimated to be from 1,000 to 2,000.[13] Most women who appear as geisha for tourists are in fact actresses dressed as maikos.

Young women who wish to become geisha now usually begin their training after finishing junior high school or even high school or college. Many women begin their careers as adults. Geisha still study traditional musical instruments like the shamisen, shakuhachi (bamboo flute), and drums, as well as traditional songs, Japanese traditional dance, tea ceremony, literature and poetry. By watching other geisha, apprentices also become skilled in the difficult traditions of dressing, make-up, and in dealing with clients.

Geisha are often hired to go to parties and gatherings, normally at tea houses or at traditional Japanese restaurants (ryōtei). Their time is measured by the time it takes an incense stick to burn, and is called "senkōdai" (線香代, "incense stick fee") or "gyokudai" (玉代 "jewel fee"). In Kyoto the terms "ohana" (お花) and "hanadai" (花代), meaning "flower fees", are used instead. The clients hire the service of geishas through the Geisha Union Office (検番 kenban), which takes care of the geisha's schedule and makes her appointments both for entertaining and for training.[14]

Training

File:Maiko
Three maikos showing their embroidered kimonos and obis.

Traditionally, geisha began their training at a very young age. Although some girls were sold to become geishas as children, this was not normal practice in hanamachis with good reputation.[15] Daughters of geisha were often educated as geisha themselves.

The first stage of training is called "shikomi". In the past, when girls first arrived at the okiya (tea house), they were put to work as maids, or do everything they were told. The work was difficult, to "make" and "break" the new girls. The most junior shikomi of the house had to wait late into the night for the senior geisha to return from work, sometimes as late as two or three in the morning. During this stage of training, the shikomi went to classes at the hanamachi's geisha school. In modern times, this stage still exists, but it is not as hard as it was in the past. Now, shikomis become used to the traditions and dress of the "karyūkai" ("flower and willow world").

When the apprentice became skilled in the geisha arts, and passed a final and difficult dance test, she was promoted to the second stage of training: "minarai". Minarai did not do the housework anymore. This stage also exists today, but is much shorter than in the past (only a month). The minarai learn in the field. They go to banquets and dance with the geishas, but they do not participate: they just sit, watch and learn from their onee-san (older sisters). Their kimono are more elaborate than even a maiko's, to do the talking for them.

After a short time, the third (and most famous) stage of training begins, called "maiko". Maiko are apprentice geisha, and this stage can last for years. Maiko learn from their senior geisha and follow them around to every presentation she does. The "onee-san/imoto-san" ("older sister/younger sister") relationship is very important. The onee-san teaches her maiko everything about working in the hanamachi. She will teach her the right ways of serving tea, playing the shamisen, and dancing, and everything about the art of Iki (see below). Maikos have to wear heavy white make-up, elaborate hairstyle, and have her lips painted almost all the time. Their kimonos and obi have much more colors and richer embroidery than those of full geisha. Like the minarai, maikos do not charge as much money to go to parties or gatherings as a full geisha.

After a period of only six months (in Tokyo) or five years (in Kyoto), the maiko is promoted to a full geisha, and charges full price for their time. Geisha use kimono of less colors and only use make-up for work or dance, because she is more mature than a maiko, and the simpler style shows her own natural beauty. Geishas remain as such until they retire.[16]

The art of geisha and Iki

Geishas must be very skilled at traditional Japanese music, dance, and poetry, because they use all these arts when they work. The art of make-up, hairstyles, and clothing are very important too.

However, the most important principle of a geisha is called Iki.[17] Iki started in the 18th century as a reply to the extravagant ways of the courtesans (oirans) and those who liked their style. Oirans wore very elaborate clothes, make-up, and jewelry. Geishas preferred to be discreet, and more intelligent. They created iki as a style that gave more importance to conversation and wit. Instead of working with sex, like oirans did and simple prostitutes do today, geishas try to be sexy. A geisha will flirt, tease, and joke with men, but always with art and elegance. Japanese clients know that nothing more can be expected. Men enjoy the illusion of that which is never to be. Geishas do not have sex with clients for money.[18] Geishas give much importance to their reputation, and they almost never enter a relationship with a client. Those that do generally act with care, and usually to get married. Normally, when a geisha marries, she retires from the profession. The most important quality of a geisha is her trustworthiness, especially to Japanese clients. Anything that her clients do, or tell her, must remain a secret. Anything said or done at a tea house will remain anonymous.[19]

To become a geisha needs much discipline. A geisha believes she must be a work of art in herself. They work every day to improve, in everything they do. A geisha's movements, her way of walking, sitting, and talking are very important. Geishas are geishas all the time, even when they are not working, or at home. An example of this dedication is the old custom of kangeiko ("lessons in the cold"). Until the early 1920s, apprentice geishas used to put their hands in icy water, and then go outside in cold weather to practice playing the shamisen until their fingers bled.[20][21]

Picture gallery

Related pages

References

Other websites

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Geisha, which are similar to those in the above article.








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