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Gelsemium sempervirens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gelsemiaceae
Genus: Gelsemium
Species: G. sempervirens
Binomial name
Gelsemium sempervirens
(L.) J.St.-Hil.
Synonyms
  • Bignonia sempervirens L.
  • Gelsemium lucidum Poir.
  • Gelsemium nitidum Michx.
  • Jeffersonia sempervirens (L.) Brickell
  • Lisianthus sempervirens (L.) Mill. ex Steud.

Gelsemium sempervirens is a twining vine in the family Gelsemiaceae, native to warm temperate and tropical America from Guatemala north to the Southeastern United States. It has a number of common names including yellow jessamine or jasmine[1][2], Carolina jasmine or jessamine[1][2], evening trumpetflower[2][3], gelsemium[2] and woodbine.[2]

It can grow to 3-6 m high when given suitable climbing support in trees, with thin stems. The leaves are evergreen, lanceolate, 5-10 cm long and 1-1.5 cm broad, and lustrous, dark green. The flowers are borne in clusters, the individual flowers yellow, sometimes with an orange center, trumpet-shaped, 3 cm long and 2.5-3 cm broad. Its flowers are strongly scented and produce nectar that attracts a range of pollinators.

All parts of this plant contain the toxic strychnine-related alkaloids gelsemine and gelseminine and should not be consumed.[4] The sap may cause skin irritation in sensitive individuals. Children, mistaking this flower for honeysuckle, have been poisoned by sucking the nectar from the flower. The nectar is also toxic to honeybees, and causes brood death when gathered by the bees.

Despite the hazards, this is a popular garden plant in warmer areas, frequently being trained to grow over arbors or to cover walls.

Yellow Jessamine is the state flower of South Carolina.

References

  1. ^ a b "Gelsemium sempervirens". Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. University of Southern Florida. http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=874. Retrieved 2008-02-12.  
  2. ^ a b c d e "Taxon: Gelsemium sempervirens (L.) J. St.-Hil.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?393. Retrieved 2008-02-12.  
  3. ^ "Gelsemium sempervirens (L.) W.T. Aiton". PLANTS database. United States Department of Agriculture. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GESE. Retrieved 2008-02-12.  
  4. ^ Drug Information Online: Gelsemium sempervirens

Gallery

Gelsemium sempervirens
by Ellis Rowan, 1901

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Gelsemium sempervirens

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales
Familia: Gelsemiaceae
Genus: Gelsemium
Species: Gelsemium sempervirens

Name

Gelsemium sempervirens (L.) J.St.-Hil.

Synonyms

Homotypic
  • Jeffersonia sempervirens Brickell, Med. Repos. N. York, 1. 555. 1800.

References

  • Expos. fam. nat. pl. 1:338. 1805
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 393

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Carolina-Jasmin
English: Yellow Jessamine
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Gelsemium sempervirens on Wikimedia Commons.







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