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Gen'ō (元応 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Shōwa and before Genkō. This period spanned the years from 1319 to 1321. The reigning Emperor was Go-Daigo-tennō (後醍醐天皇 ?).[1]


Change of era

  • Gen'ō gannen (元応元年 ?); 1319: The new era name was created to mark the accession of Emperor Go-Daigo and the beginning of his reign. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Bunpō 3.

Events of the Gen'ō era

After the abdication of Emperor Hanazono in Bunpō 2, Takaharu-shinno was proclaimed emperor at the age of 31. Nijō Michihira was kampaku (chancellor); but the court remained under the direction of former-Emperor Go-Uda. Prince Morikuni was the shogun in Kamakura; and the daimyo of Sagami, Hōjō Takatoki, was shikken or chief minister of the shogunate.[2]

  • Gen'ō 1, in the 3rd month (1319): Prince Kuniyoshi, the son of former-Emperor Go-Nijō, was declared Crown Prince (tōgu).[2]
  • Gen'ō 1, in the 6th month (1319): The sadaijin (minister of the left), Konoe Tsunehira, died.[2]
  • Gen'ō 1, in the 12th month (1319): Nijō Michihira was obliged to resign his position as kampaku because of pressure from the bakufu in Kamakura; and Ichijō Uchitsune became kampaku instead.[3]
  • Gen'ō 1, in the 8th month (1319): The emperor took Kishi, the daughter of Saionji Sanekane, as one of his concubines; and she became a favorite. In addition, he had many concubines, which meant that he had many sons and daughters.[3]
  • Gen'ō 2, in the 5th month (1320): Hōjō Tokiasu, the kanrei in Kyoto, died at Rokuhara mansion, which was the stronghold of the Kamakura shogunate in the capital. Tokiasu's shogunate position was also known as Rokuhara Tandai and Kitakata.[3]
  • Gen'ō 2, in the 5th month (1320): The former regent, Kujō Moronori died at age 48.[3]


  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 278-281; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 239-241.
  2. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 281.
  3. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 282.


External links

Gen'ō 1st 2nd 3rd
Gregorian 1319 1320 1321

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:

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