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Genazzano
—  Comune  —
Comune di Genazzano

Coat of arms
Genazzano is located in Italy
Genazzano
Location of Genazzano in Italy
Coordinates: 41°50′N 12°58′E / 41.833°N 12.967°E / 41.833; 12.967Coordinates: 41°50′N 12°58′E / 41.833°N 12.967°E / 41.833; 12.967
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Rome (RM)
Government
 - Mayor Francesco Pitocco (since June 2004)
Area
 - Total 32.04 km2 (12.4 sq mi)
Elevation 375 m (1,230 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 5,892
 - Density 183.9/km2 (476.3/sq mi)
 - Demonym Genazzanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 00030
Dialing code 06
Website Official website

Genazzano is a town and comune in the province of Rome, located on a tuff spur at 375 m over the sea level which, starting from the Monti Prenestini, ends on the Sacco River valley.

History

The name originates from its role as vacation resort for the ancient Roman gens Genucia. In the 11th century AD it was a fief of the Colonna family who, from their Baronal Palace (castle), controlled the road from Naples to Rome.

In the fifth century, during the reign of Pope Sixtus III, the town of Genazzano contributed a large portion of its revenue for the Roman basilica now known as Santa Maria Maggiore. In appreciation, a church was built in Genazzano and was later entrusted to the Augustinian Order in 1356.

The Our Lady of Good Counsel original fresco from Genazzano.

The church holds the original fresco of Our Lady of Good Counsel (Latin: Mater boni consilii) a title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary, after the allegedly miraculous fresco. Measuring 40 by 45 centimeters the image is executed on a thin layer of porcelain no thicker than an egg shell.[1] Over the centuries, devotions to Our Lady of the Good Counsel grew among saints and Popes. More than any other pope, Leo XIII was deeply attached to this devotion.[2] The small Scapular of Our Lady of Good Counsel (the White Scapular) was presented by the Hermits of St. Augustine to Pope Leo XIII, who, in December 1893, approved it and endowed it with indulgences. On April 22, 1903, that same Pope included the invocation "Mater boni consilii" in the Litany of Loreto.

Other

It is the birthplace of Pope Martin V (Oddone Colonna).

Genazzano is the namesake of Genazzano FCJ College in Kew, Victoria, Australia.

Notes

  1. ^ Joan Carroll Cruz, 1984 Relics, Huntington: Our Sunday Visitor, ISBN 0-87973-701-8 page 74
  2. ^ Ann Ball, 2003 Encyclopedia of Catholic Devotions and Practices ISBN 087973910X page 515
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